Two dogs scrap on Okuma's empty streets. In the early days of the crisis the no-go zone was alive with roaming farm animals and pets: cows, pigs, goats, dogs, cats, even ostriches. Often defying police patrols and barricades, volunteer rescuers rounded up and decontaminated some pets, returning them to their owners, and fed others. But by midsummer, a number of the pets had perished of starvation and disease.
This word appeared in the French language for the first time around 1874, following the German usage proposed by Haeckel in 1866; however it seems that the American philosopher Thoreau, had already invented the word in 1852. Since then ecology has acquired two meanings:
It refers to a scientific discipline, dedicated to the study of more or less numerous sets of living beings interacting with their environment. The discipline of ecology started with a comprehensive study of the Mont Ventoux, in France, and about the same time with the development of limnology or the science of lakes, with studies in the vicinity of Madison, Wisconsin. In studying the interlinked totality of living beings and inert objects, ecology relies on the combination of both traditional and recent disciplines, mathematics (differential equations), thermodynamics, biochemistry etc. Ecology also refers to the controversial ideological and political doctrine varying from author to author or group to group that aims at the protection of the environment through diverse means.
Guallart briefly sketched the model, which is based on five major systems: Information, Water, Energy, Mobility and Production. This last area, where cities must generate jobs to continue attracting residents, could serve as the target for the surprising proposals of Neil Gershenfeld and the Center for Bits and Atoms (CBA), a research center at MIT that he directs. The CBA is the birthplace of initiatives like Fab Labs, factories in which state-of-the-art machines and digital technology are used to manufacture objects. Fab Labs could spark a veritable urban revolution to reverse the general trend of cities losing industrial production over the past half-century.
at first, the landscapes appear hostile to the characters and events which play out before them. But rather than staging a tired critique of global industrialization and the dehumanizing effects it inheres, Antonioni instead renders his scenery in much more ambiguous terms. As The Funambulist points out, Antonioni alternates between visions of “disgust and fascination,” producing a strange atmospheric condition that hangs over the filmmaker’s protagonists–in most cases women, best epitomized by Monica Vitti.
This book draws on quantitative and qualitative data with concrete case studies to show how networks already operating in cities are used to foster and strengthen connections in order to achieve breakthroughs in learning and innovation.
I mentioned “clouds of trust” earlier. These are informal networks of confidence that link civic elites, and they are an essential feature of city learning. I call them elite networks not because they are exclusive, but because they consist of people, public and private, who are engaged in a specific project to improve the city, because they live there, they have a stake in the outcome, they care about their city. Networks like these were revealed in extensive interviews of 20 to 25 stakeholders in each of four cities. In each city, I asked key stakeholders to simply name up to 10 people they trusted, people who were active in the same area of concern (in each city, this was either a strategic plan, a program, or a project). Trust was defined in terms of confidence only, and not popularity, or status, or income, or family ties. It was surprising for me and others to see that key figures in the community who were most often trusted—sometimes people who were not obvious—and others, for instance elected officials—who were not named at all.
EARTH 2.0™ is an exciting and ambitious collaboration of innovative and far sighted developments in science and technology combined with the visualisation, imagery and stimulus achieved through the medium of film and interactive technologies to alter thinking and create a movement for change to deliver the sustainable world of the future. Earth 2.0: Initialization features Dr. Rachel Armstrong, Melissa Sterry, Niall Dunne and Tia Kansara, with a special appearance by international best-selling author Graham Hancock.
Simrishamn is a sleepy fishing town in a decaying region off the coast of the Baltic Sea. EcoLogicStudio’s master plan to redesign the area with algae farms, research labs and activity spaces aims to reinvigorate the town’s economy by involving local farmers, builders, and fishermen in the plans. With a number of interactive sites including a spa and a museum, the studio hopes to inject wealth and even tourism back to the coast.
EcoLogicStudio plans to incorporate the harvesting and use of algae in a number of areas around the town. “Crane Greenhouses” that resemble upside-down trees are planned for unused ports around the coast. Canopies of ETFE pedals will hold small bags that act as tiny greenhouses for algae production.
Read more: EcoLogicStudio Unveils an Awesome Algae-Powered Eco-City to Reinvigorate the Baltic Coast EcoLogicStudio Algae Farm – Inhabitat - Green Design Will Save the World
“The Smart City is just a dead-end discourse; we don’t believe in ‘smart’ for that matter. We don’t believe that cities can be smart, or should be smart. We believe that people can be wise, and equipped and empowered with the proper tools. We believe that wise, empowered people make better decisions and better places. It’s that simple.”
With a little help from what's called the Internet of Things, engineers are transforming cities from passive conduits for water into dynamic systems that store and manage it like the tissues of desert animals.
Interview with Janine Benyus, President of the Biomimicry InstituteBiomimicry has already influenced our lives in more ways than you'd likely begin to imagine: Anti-virus software? Airport scanners? That's biomimicry. If you're a regular Treehugger reader, you already know that. And you probably already know that biomimicry is currently helping to drive some of the most intriguing trends in sustainable design. That's why I was eager to catch up with Janine Benyus, who was a panelist at the 'Form and Function: Designing for Humanity' talk at this year's Clinton Global Initiative.
The use of ICT solutions applied to different essential areas in urban environments such as transport, energy, building constructions, etcâ�¦is key to assure a determined sustainability and an adequate quality ...
For this visualization, we analysed data from SciVerse Scopus for over 94,000 publications over the last ten years. A dynamic network provides a high-level map of the Max Planck Institutes and their connections. The size of the institute icons represents the number of scientific publications, and the width of the connecting lines the number of jointly published papers between two institutes.
The map of Max Planck institutes on the right shows their respective locations, whereas the world map on the bottom shows the locations of external collaboration partners
Could we use our understanding of chemistry and physics to design building materials that grow, self-repair, and sense the environment around them, opening up a new frontier in green technology? Dr Rachel Armstrong, from the UCL Bartlett School of Architecture, believes such metabolic materials could become a key sustainable technology with the potential to transform the worlds urban environments.
The software of cities can be modified through new technologies, but what about their hardware? "The Internet has changed our lives, but it has not yet changed our cities," remarked Vincent Guallart, chief architect at Barcelona City Hall, during a plenary session of the Smart City World Congress. The session was dedicated to debating the role of urban planners in designing the urban spaces in which we will live and work in the future.
As global temperatures continue to rise at an accelerated rate due to deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels, natural stores of carbon in the Arctic are cause for serious concern, researchers say.
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