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Scientists See Advances in Deep Learning, a Part of Artificial Intelligence

Scientists See Advances in Deep Learning, a Part of Artificial Intelligence | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it

Using an artificial intelligence technique inspired by theories about how the brain recognizes patterns, technology companies are reporting startling gains in fields as diverse as computer vision, speech recognition and the identification of promising new molecules for designing drugs.

 

The advances have led to widespread enthusiasm among researchers who design software to perform human activities like seeing, listening and thinking. They offer the promise of machines that converse with humans and perform tasks like driving cars and working in factories, raising the specter of automated robots that could replace human workers.

 

The technology, called deep learning, has already been put to use in services like Apple’s Siri virtual personal assistant, which is based on Nuance Communications’ speech recognition service, and in Google’s Street View, which uses machine vision to identify specific addresses.


Via Ashish Umre, Nicholas Smith
Miro Svetlik's insight:

Deep learning is one of the subjects I need to dig deeper in.

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Nicholas Smith's curator insight, March 22, 2013 6:45 AM

This article talks about advances made in deep learning, a part of artificial intelligence. This is quite an interesting article as deep learning is the technology which Apple's Siri uses and Google's Street View uses.

 

The interesting concept of deep learning is 'recognition', for example Apple's Siri voice recognition. It is absolutely extraordinary to think that an AI is able to recognize somebody when they speak and react to that person's command or question. Even with such amazing breakthroughs like Siri, in ten to fifteen years, we are most likely going to see more voice recognition programs in GPS's, phones and many more devices.

 

Deep learning is an extremely interesting and complex system. This source provides a decent insight into deep learning and artificial intelligent and was extremely helpful with my research topic.

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New polymer developed that can “remember” and shapeshift

New polymer developed that can “remember” and shapeshift | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
3D printing has truly evolved in the past year, but did you know that some 3D printers can even recreate the complex shapes of origami? But, what if you wanted to unfold your 3D printed crane or lotus flower and refold it into something else? This is easy using paper, but more difficult using the hard plastic of 3D printing.

 

Research by Qian Zhao and colleagues, published in the journal Science Advances, details a new method involving shape memory polymers, a unique class of polymers that can be “programmed” to assume certain shapes. After the polymer is programmed, its shape can be temporarily altered by subsequent heating. However, upon cooling, the polymer will return to its programmed shape, a process known as recovery. In other words, the plastic “remembers” the shape it was originally programmed to achieve.


Although this is a useful ability in itself, what if we wanted to change the programmed shape after it is already programmed, like unfolding  a crane origami and refolding  it into a lotus flower? Here, the authors revealed their experiments with a cross-linked polycaprolactone polymer system. This polymer showed a large degree of plasticity, meaning that it could be programmed to “remember” one shape, and then reprogrammed to remember another. In addition, this material can show cumulative plasticity, the ability to retain some of the characteristics of previously-programmed shapes, even when its shape is later changed to something completely different!


The unprecedented flexibility is shown in their first experiment, where a flat, square-shaped film was programmed to assume the shape of an origami bird. When heated, the bird became “elastic”, meaning it could be deformed into various temporary shapes, such as a plane.  Upon cooling, however, the polymer would return to the programmed bird shape. As describe above, this ability is not new. However, using a transesterification reaction catalyzed by a neutralized organic base, the authors were able to reprogram the recovered bird into a drastically different permanent structure – that of an origami sailboat. This boat, in turn, could be heated to create new temporary shapes, such as a windmill. Upon cooling, the shape then recovered to the sailboat shape.


In their next experiment, they programmed a flat film of polymer five consecutive times. During the first four deformations, the film was given different surface features by stretching and embossing. Each plastic deformation built on the previous one, creating a progressively more complicated pattern on the surface of the film.  In the last stage, the film was programmed to roll into a tube so that the surface pattern lined the inside of the tube. Therefore, one could even add textures on surfaces that aren’t actually accessible in the final shape.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Miro Svetlik's insight:

New materials are new frontier of 3D printing I believe. Advances we can make with new materials will be differentiators in 3D printing industry in next decade.

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Google, NASA: Our quantum computer is 100 million times faster than a normal PC

Google, NASA: Our quantum computer is 100 million times faster than a normal PC | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
But only for very specific optimisation problems.
Miro Svetlik's insight:

I've predicted this to happen some two years ago. Now it is slowly becoming the truth. Welcome in brave new world of Quantum computing.

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Physicists say energy can be teleported ‘without a limit of distance’

Physicists say energy can be teleported ‘without a limit of distance’ | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
A team of physicists has proposed a way of teleporting energy over long distances. The technique, which is purely theoretical at this point, takes advantage of the strange quantum phenomenon of entanglement where two particles share the same existence. The researchers, who work out of Tohoku University in Japan, and led by Masahiro Hotta,describe their ...
Miro Svetlik's insight:

Again a step closer to the teleportation ;-). If we would manage to teleport energy as described here we can exploit sun or even our earth core for clean and practically limitless energy for our civilization.

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The AI Revolution: Road to Superintelligence - Wait But Why

The AI Revolution: Road to Superintelligence - Wait But Why | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
The topic everyone in the world should be talking about.

Via Xaos
Miro Svetlik's insight:

We all talk about exponential future and why we have to keep our eyes glued on AI but I did not read an article yet so comprehensively written on this topic. I find it summarizes most threats to humanity and helps us partially understand what might come.

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Productivity Future Vision - YouTube

Learn more at: http://microsoft.com/productivityvision How could emerging technologies transform the way we get things done 5-10 years in the future? Watch K...

Via Geoffrey Aubert
Miro Svetlik's insight:

I remember when Microsoft announced some years ago their efforts to patent transparent touch screens with ability to let feel a texture of surface. I knew they were busy on something cool. They are still going the same way as is apparent from this productivity video. I hope they will be able to execute their vision.

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Building interleaving and spaced practice into our pedagogy | Great Maths Teaching Ideas

Building interleaving and spaced practice into our pedagogy | Great Maths Teaching Ideas | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
Miro Svetlik's insight:

Interleaving should be a very important part of learning process, specially because our cognitive process is not designed for monotone information processing. Variety of topics and playful teaching should be a norm not an exception in a modern school system.

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East Asia is More “Transhumanist” than the USA & Europe - BrighterBrains.org

East Asia is More “Transhumanist” than the USA & Europe - BrighterBrains.org | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
Transhumanism is a “Western philosophy” - it’s roots can be traced to FM-2030 (born in Iran, but lived and taught in New York, Los Angeles, and Miami) and Max More (born in England, founded Extropy Institute in California, currently CEO of Alcor in Arizona). Transhumanism today is primarily identified with Humanity Plus, a nonprofit affiliated with two California groups - Singularity Institute and Foresight Institute, plus Utah’s Mormon Transhumanist Association.…
Miro Svetlik's insight:

Interesting observations on state of Western and Asian trans-humanism. We need to acknowledge trans-humanists not as a class but a natural step to evolution brought by the research and technology. Humans have tendency to improve their life by medicaments or drugs for ages. This need to be stronger, more efficient or just smarter can change with the help of technology to much more radical changes. Our technology have reached the level where we can alter basic building blocks and programs of life. East Asian society is probably more prepared for this next step than the western one. Hopefully we will recognize the importance of the fact that our society must open it's eyes and try to understand pragmatic trans-humanism as a possible next step in the evolution of human.

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'Fibonacci quasiparticle' could form basis of future quantum computers

'Fibonacci quasiparticle' could form basis of future quantum computers | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
(Phys.org)—Topological quantum computing (TQC) is a newer type of quantum computing that uses 'braids' of particle tracks, rather than actual particles such as ions and electrons, as the qubits to implement computations. Using braids has one important advantage: it makes TQCs practically immune to ...
Miro Svetlik's insight:

New type of quantum computing using braiding anyons to implement logical gates. This is next step towards fault-tolerant quantum computing.

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Global quantum communications—no longer the stuff of fiction?

Global quantum communications—no longer the stuff of fiction? | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it

Neither quantum computers nor quantum cryptography will become prevalent technologies without memory systems able to manipulate quantum information easily and effectively.


Via LeapMind
Miro Svetlik's insight:

Easy to implement quantum memory is a key to next development in this area of computing. I hope this will enable quantum devices to go mainstream.

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What Does Wi-Fi Sound Like?

What Does Wi-Fi Sound Like? | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
A project called Phantom Terrains sniffs out signals and translates them into an augmented soundscape.

Via Alessio Erioli
Miro Svetlik's insight:

Ever wondered how it sound when computers are communicating? Well Wifi is waves afterall only not audible to us. This is an interesting attempt to make it more reachable and maybe even artistic in some way.

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Isabelle Lefebvre's curator insight, February 12, 2015 6:02 AM

Tout à fait adapté à une illustration de l'ISEN.

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This Is The Most Advanced Flying Car Prototype Yet

This Is The Most Advanced Flying Car Prototype Yet | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
After news of breakthroughs in the development...
Miro Svetlik's insight:

Interesting flying car prototype which can be an efficient solution for medium long distances. The fact this development comes from my homeland makes me even more happy and proud. Hopefully it will have success.

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GravitySketch Tablet Is a Portable 3D Augmented Reality Sketchpad For Designers

GravitySketch Tablet Is a Portable 3D Augmented Reality Sketchpad For Designers | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
There’s an imposing wall dividing real world creation and digital design. To transfer a paper design to a computer, you need training and
Miro Svetlik's insight:

Our problem to find a practical 3d interface to use the computer is becoming quite urgent. Computing hardware is improving day to day, but the way we are interacting with it did not change already for decades. We need a novel ideas like this to finally break from typing.

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[Video] Watch Damon Albarn Perform A Solo Concert For Androids | The Creators Project

[Video] Watch Damon Albarn Perform A Solo Concert For Androids | The Creators Project | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
What do 'bots think of Damon Albarn's new tunes? We took a trip to Damon Albarn's live performance for androids at Miraikan (National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation) to find out.

Via Alessio Erioli
Miro Svetlik's insight:

It is important to recognize we are facing a big social revolution in how we embrace symbiosis with technology. We try to personify the gadgets and robots which are present in our daily life to make it easier I suppose. In any case the density of our interaction with them will only increase and we will have to find the ways to recognize their social place.

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Creative people’s brains really do work differently

Creative people’s brains really do work differently | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
What makes highly creative people different from the rest of us? In the 1960s, psychologist and creativity researcher Frank X. Barron set about finding out. Barron conducted a series of experiments on some of his generation’s most renowned thinkers in an attempt to isolate the unique spark of creative genius. In a historic study, Barron...
Miro Svetlik's insight:

Messiness of artistic people scientifically deciphered and the answer as we could of guess already is complexity. Many facets, many expressions, many experiences, keep iterating... and be a beautiful human 

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ContentWise - PrintRod

ContentWise - PrintRod | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
Miro Svetlik's insight:

I would like to introduce our PrintRod, our portable - high volume - low resolution 3D Printer prototype. We believe that mass adoption of 3D printing is kept back by inability to print larger objects anywhere and with low energy footprint. Check it out at http://contentwise.info/printrod/ .

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Chemists Invent New Letters for Nature’s Genetic Alphabet

Chemists Invent New Letters for Nature’s Genetic Alphabet | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
Scientists hope that new genetic letters, created in the lab, will endow DNA with new powers.
Miro Svetlik's insight:

It would be quite interesting if we can extend and improve our genetic code. Certainly with current boom in biotechnology it wont take long to consider this kind of improvement.

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The Dumbest Question You Can Ask a Scientist

The Dumbest Question You Can Ask a Scientist - How to Fly a Horse - Medium
No one who knows the history of science would ask this question.
Miro Svetlik's insight:

Kevin perfectly summarized what is the value of science and research. To me immediately came Peter Thiel's analogy of 0 to 1 (http://zerotoonebook.com). This is a perfect explanation why people do not get the value of research, it offers no tangible insight how it might impact not only economy but a mankind as such.

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What is the real cost of your online attention? – Tom Chatfield – Aeon

What is the real cost of your online attention? – Tom Chatfield – Aeon | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
It costs nothing to click, respond and retweet. But what price do we pay in our relationships and our peace of mind?
Miro Svetlik's insight:

A thoughtful article about 'Attention Economic' and as well examination of our purpose in adjusting our focus to information feeds competing for our attention. Author touches as well on something I call fractal zoom or complexity vs detail paradigm. With focus, things become more detailed and complex every time we manage to get closer to them. Maybe we shall sometimes focus more to ourselves and things we do to our surroundings as to try to catch all news around us in fear not to miss anything.

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How To Master Your Third Arm

How To Master Your Third Arm | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
Because in a virtual world, why should you only have two?
Miro Svetlik's insight:

I am happy there are scientists (Lanier) which do not think in an conventional 'Virtual Reality' constraints. One big truth we seem to oversee when dealing with virtual that it is 'virtual' and it does not have to necessarily imitate our worldly experiences. Through experiments like this we can maybe find a better more efficient way to control the events in Virtual Reality.

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CyberPower’s Fang Trinity redefines the concept PC with off-the-shelf components | ExtremeTech

CyberPower’s Fang Trinity redefines the concept PC with off-the-shelf components | ExtremeTech | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
High concept PCs are a common sight at CES, but CyberPower's Fang Trinity is one heck of an interesting build. The company says it plans to launch the chassis inside three months, using standard, off-the-shelf components.
Miro Svetlik's insight:

It is quite a time I have seen a PC that would catch my eye. Well this concept has it all :) simplicity of common replaceable components, design which made me think of 'The Battlestar Galactica' and power enough to be current. Hopefully it will make it to the shelfs.

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45-year physics mystery shows a path to quantum transistors

45-year physics mystery shows a path to quantum transistors | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
An odd, iridescent material that's puzzled physicists for decades turns out to be an exotic state of matter that could open a new path to quantum computers and other next-generation electronics.

Physicists at the University of Michigan have discovered or confirmed several properties of the compound samarium hexaboride that raise hopes for finding the silicon of the quantum era. They say their results also close the case of how to classify the material—a mystery that has been investigated since the late 1960s.

The researchers provide the first direct evidence that samarium hexaboride, abbreviated SmB6, is a topological insulator. Topological insulators are, to physicists, an exciting class of solids that conduct electricity like a metal across their surface, but block the flow of current like rubber through their interior. They behave in this two-faced way despite that their chemical composition is the same throughout.

The U-M scientists used a technique called torque magnetometry to observe tell-tale oscillations in the material's response to a magnetic field that reveal how electric current moves through it. Their technique also showed that the surface of samarium hexaboride holds rare Dirac electrons, particles with the potential to help researchers overcome one of the biggest hurdles in quantum computing.

These properties are particularly enticing to scientists because SmB6 is considered a strongly correlated material. Its electrons interact more closely with one another than most solids. This helps its interior maintain electricity-blocking behavior.

This deeper understanding of samarium hexaboride raises the possibility that engineers might one day route the flow of electric current in quantum computers like they do on silicon in conventional electronics, said Lu Li, assistant professor of physics in the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts and a co-author of a paper on the findings published in Science.

Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Miro Svetlik's insight:

New compounds like this are much needed to simplify the production or even make breakthrough for new kind of quantum circuits. If we harness their properties quantum computing will be again a step closer to the mainstream.

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The Myth Of AI | Edge.org

The Myth Of AI | Edge.org | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
Miro Svetlik's insight:

An incredible article about the myths & reality of AI threats. If the real AGI will ever be implemented there is a big chance it will have no interests as we imagine. These are our own projections based on anthropomorphic thinking. AGI will have a impact on our reality, however it will not step out as a divine presence like in the myths.

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New Clock May End Time As We Know It

New Clock May End Time As We Know It | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
Scientists working to create the perfect atomic clock have a fundamental problem: Right now, on the ceiling, time is passing just a bit faster than it is on the floor.

Via Alessio Erioli
Miro Svetlik's insight:

What is time is the question we are asking ourselves repeatedly. More accurate clock we build more inaccuracy we see. To produce a clock which would keep a constant time in all environments is a real challenge. Maybe the main problem is we should not see time as a constant measure and account for the possible fluctuations and irregularities. Universe is a flexible place after all.

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Haptic holographic display turns thin air into a touchscreen | ExtremeTech

Haptic holographic display turns thin air into a touchscreen | ExtremeTech | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
Touchscreens have become a normal part of everyday life, from the phones in our pockets to the automated checkout line at the grocery store. Touchscreens are now abundant, but one research team is working on removing the physical aspect of the screen altogether.
Miro Svetlik's insight:

Really nice holographic touchscreen display. With displays like this we are finally starting getting closer to a Virtual Reality promise of 90-ties. I am looking forward to see some real life implementations.

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Microsoft “loves Linux” as it makes Azure bigger, better

Microsoft “loves Linux” as it makes Azure bigger, better | The promised land of technology | Scoop.it
11 million servers, new giant VMs, and more third party app support.
Miro Svetlik's insight:

It is nice to see the recognition of this sort. It helps to the technical progress. Let's stop pointless flame-wars and focus on getting things done.

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