Shift 1: Balancing Informational Text and Literature
Shift 2: Building Knowledge in the Disciplines
Shift 3: Staircase of Complexity
Shift 4: Text Based Answers
Shift 5: Writing from Sources
Shift 6: Academic Vocabulary
These shifts have direct implications for the social studies classroom. The increased focus on both informational text and close reading provides social studies teachers with unique opportunities to support student learning.
Although U.S. kids have made progress in decoding words, leading to a slight uptick in elementary-grade reading scores over the past two decades, they’re still shaky at the second part of reading—understanding what they sound out.