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Kingston boy ‘sleeps off poor vision’

Kingston boy ‘sleeps off poor vision’ | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
Sleep – something that youngsters never seem to tire of – has an added advantage for one Kingston boy.
UpTempo Group's insight:

Excellent article that reinforces the benefits of Orthokeratology for the treatment of Myopia...The article also highlights the benefits of treatment at night, allowing children to maintain their busy sports activities without corrective vision during the day

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In 2050, Half the World Will Be Nearsighted

In 2050, Half the World Will Be Nearsighted | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it

Researchers expect eyesight to worsen across the globe thanks to more screens and less time outdoors.

UpTempo Group's insight:

Researchers see the Myopia epidemic getting worse, with nearly half the World's population experiencing nearsightedness.

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UpTempo Group's curator insight, February 24, 6:08 PM

More info about Myopia - a study in Opthalmology estimates that 

by 2050, half of the world's population will be near-sighted.

UpTempo Group's curator insight, February 24, 6:12 PM

Researchers see the myopia epidemic getting worse!

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Zeiss Smart Lenses Get Right What Google Glass Got So Wrong

Zeiss Smart Lenses Get Right What Google Glass Got So Wrong | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
The smartest thing about these "smart" glasses? They look just like the ones you already wear.
UpTempo Group's insight:

Google glass was one of the most exciting tech advancements in the world over the last two years, however it has also been one of the most disappointing. Google Glass is a gadget that uses a small projection to provide a Heads Up Display on a person's glasses.  This allows people to read their text messages, take pictures from their glasses, and even share on facebook using the small projection on their glasses (instead of looking at their Phones).

However, Google Glass had one major issue.  It was ugly!  People were largely embarrassed to wear the Google Glass in public.  Those that were adventurous enough to wear Google Glasses, were often called out as Geeks, or asked to remove the Google Glass because it made others around them feel uncomfortable (for fear of getting recorded without their knowing). 

One of the leaders in the world of Optometry and Optics, Zeiss, may have solved this problem.  This article discusses the recent advancements that Zeiss has made in creating a Lens which may be used as a Heads Up Display for consumers.  the Lens can be easily fitted into stylish frames, removing the "ugly" factor of the Google Glass product.

Zeiss has been working in the work of optometry for over 170 years.  They were able to go from prototype to working smart lens in less than 12 months. As this article mentions, the smart lens product isn't yet ready for prime time, however, this innovator and leader in optics should be able to bring this new technology to our shelves in the near future.



 



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UpTempo Group's curator insight, January 20, 5:35 PM

Zeiss may bring some fashion sense to Google Glass!

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NY Giants wide receiver Victor Cruz talks about contact lenses and Myopia

Check out Optometry Times' exclusive interview with New York Giants wide receiver Victor Cruz on his contact lens wearing experience.
UpTempo Group's insight:

Victor Cruz is not unlike many children that walk through the office every day.  He mentions in this great interview his experience as an athlete dealing with nearsightedness or myopia. He discusses how he would wear corrective protective lenses as a young basketball player during games, and how other children didn't think these glasses were cool.

Victor Cruz also discusses the impact that Myopia had on his on field success. As a result of being nearsighted, Cruz would have to make last minute adjustments to catch the football. Myopia had an impact on Victor Cruz's life both on and off the football field.

There are many different treatment options available for children with Myopia such as the following:

1. Corrective Lenses: Myopia can easily be treated with corrective lenses for a child.  Cruz mentions in this interview that corrective lenses may not be the most comfortable option for young athletes either on the field, or in the classroom. 

2. Corrective Contact Lenses: Corrective contact lenses are another great solution for vision care patients. Cruz mentions that he is wearing Daily Disposable Contact Lenses to treat his myopia.  For athletes, Daily Disposable Contact lenses may be a great solution for them. If an athlete loses a contact lens, they merely need to replace the lens with another after washing their hands. Also, Daily Disposable Contact Lenses offer a great long term solution for eye care hygiene. The busy athlete simply needs to dispose their contact lenses every day, without the need to keep up with contact lens storage and lens solutions, especially in the dirt locker rooms!

3. Orthokeratology: For athletes that don't want to wear corrective lenses or corrective contact lenses, their is another option for the treatment of myopia.  Orthokeratology, or Ortho-K, is the use of custom contact lenses at night in order to correct the curvature of the cornea for a child with myopia. Orthokeratology does not require any corrective lenses to be worn during the day in the classroom or on the football field. Dr. Blair is an expert in the treatment of Myopia with Orthokeratology.


How to Prevent Myopia?

Recent research suggests that outdoor play by children may have the ability to reduce the rates of myopia.  The following articles all refer to this exciting new study recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.


Making Kids Play Outside Reduces Rates of Myopia in Study -  NBC News


For Kids, More Time Outdoors May Mean Better Vision -  Newsweek


Outdoor Play "Good For the Eyes" - BBC


Kids Who Get More Sunlight Less Likely to Need Glasses - CBS News


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Night time contact lenses stop children becoming short-sighted

Night time contact lenses stop children becoming short-sighted | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
None of the children within the study suffered further change in their vision during the three year trial period
UpTempo Group's insight:

An exciting study regarding the treatment of myopia with contact lenses worn at night, demonstrated that this treatment may stop the progression of myopia.  Orthokeratology, this treatment of myopia with contact lenses worn at night to reshape the lens of the eye, was proven to stop the progression of myopia in about 300 children tested in this study. In fact, none of the children in the test group within the study suffered further change in their vision during the three year trial period although all of the control groups rapidly deteriorated. "Parents who are worried about myopic progression in their children now have a viable option,” said Professor Pauline Chom, of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, which carried out one of the trials.


The incidence of myopia is increasing at an alarming rate across the world, with many studies linking the increase in myopia to a lack of play outside or too much screen time for children. A recent study in Britain's Ulster University found that the rate of myopia has doubled in the last 50 years in that country.  In fact, twenty-three per cent of British 12 and 13-year-olds now suffer from myopia. 


Dr. Blair is an expert in the treatment of myopia with orthokeratology. Orthokeratology is a great option for patients if they do not feel comfortable wearing corrective lenses during the day.  With the increase in the incidence of myopia, and studies demonstrating the effectiveness of Orthokeratology in treating myopia, many parents are choosing Ortho-K as a treatment option for their children. If you have questions about Orthokeratology, please set up an appointment with Dr. Blair.

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Contact lens experts discuss new technologies: Orthokeratology and Custom Scleral Lenses

Contact lens experts discuss new technologies: Orthokeratology and Custom Scleral Lenses | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it

NEW YORK – "A panel of practitioners told attendees here at the Global Contact Lens Forum that the contact lens prescribing rate is considered low in the U.S., but a number of factors could contribute to its growth.
Scot Morris, OD, FAAO, ABO, reported at the Vision Expo East forum that of a U.S. population of 314 million, 94 million are myopic and 31 million are hyperopic."

UpTempo Group's insight:

One of the largest Vision Care events of the year is the Vision Expo East meeting in New York City.  This past spring, experts from Optometry and Opthalmology met to discuss the recent trends and advances in vision care treatments.

Dr. Blair is an expert in two of the key treatment technologies mentioned in this article from Vision Expo East, Orthokeratology and Custom Scleral Lenses. Myopia, or nearsightedness is a growing problem in the U.S. and there is a growing need for treatment options in addition to traditional eyeglasses and soft contact lenses. Myopia may be caused by an irregular curve of the cornea, impacting the vision of the patient. Orthokeratology is a technology whereby custom rigid contact lenses are worn at night to adjust the curvature of the cornea.  Therefore, patients do not need to wear corrective lenses during the day to correct for their myopia.

Custom Scleral Lenses are another major advance in the treatment of vision disorders.  These lenses must be custom fitted to the eye of each patient, and they sit on the Sclera instead of the cornea of a patient's eye.  This lenses are gas-permeable, allowing oxygen to pass through the lens, and the lenses may provide comfort to patients with corneal abrasions, dry eye, or a coning of the cornea known as keratoconus.

The advantage of seeing an expert like Dr. Blair, is the availability of custom treatment options for patients.  Eyeglasses and soft contact lenses offer an excellent option for most patients with vision disorders such as myopia or hyperopia.  For those patients that desire a more custom treatment option, advanced technologies such as Orthokeratology or Custom Scleral Lenses may provide a great treatment option for a patient. As this article mentions, custom contact lenses have significanlty improved the quality of life of many vision care patients.


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What is Keratoconus | Early Symptoms |

What is Keratoconus | Early Symptoms | | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
Learn more about the non-inflammatory eye disease: Keratoconus. The Discovery Eye Foundation is a Los Angeles-based non profit and your source to eye health.
UpTempo Group's insight:

Keratoconus is a very common eye disorder in which the normally round cornea begins to progressively thin causing a cone-like bulge to develop on the cornea.  Keratoconus causes blurring, distortion of vision, and sensitivity to light. This eye disorder can make even simple daily tasks difficult if not treated properly. Keratoconus symptoms usually appear in the late teens or early twenties.


As a result of the bulge in the cornea, Keratoconus sufferers may not be candidates for normal contact lenses. Keratoconus patients often have symptoms of dry eye as well, further complicating the possible vision solution options.


Dr. David Blair is a specialist in the treatment of keratoconus, and other corneal related problems with the use of Custom Scleral Lenses. Custom Sceral Lenses are rigid custom contact lenses designed to sit on the sclera, or the white of your eyes.  Traditional soft contact lenses are designed to sit on the cornea, and may not be an option for patients with Keratoconus. Custom Scleral Lenses provide a much more comfortable vision option for patients with keratoconus.


If you have been treated for keratoconus, and you are experiencing poor vision, or discomfort from the treatment, please give Dr. Blair a call and set up an appointment.  He will provide you with a complete eye exam and provide you with a recommendation on the best treatment for your eyes. 

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Will your kid need glasses? New formula predicts myopia

Will your kid need glasses? New formula predicts myopia | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
Researchers think they’ve come up with a simple formula for predicting which children will need glasses as they hit middle school:...
UpTempo Group's insight:

This is a very interesting study regarding myopia in children in the United States.  The authors concluded that myopia can be predicted in children by measuring their eyesight at the age of 6.  Researchers found that most children in 1st grade were found to be somewhat farsighted. Those that were less farsighted seemed to have a higher rate of myopia by the time they were thirteen.

These are very important data because the data reinforce the need for children to get an annual eye exam. Myopia affects one in three individuals in the Unites States, between 12-54 years old.

Treatments for myopia include corrective lenses, both eyeglasses and contact lenses, and orthokeratology or Ortho-K. Orthokeratology is the use of specialty lenses at night to adjust the curvature of the cornea. Dr. David Blair is an expert in the treatment of myopia, including  treatment using Ortho-K.

Ortho-K may be helpful for children if there are concerns about self-esteem as a result of wearing corrective lenses at school or during athletic activities. With Orthokeratology, lenses are worn at night, and children may not need to wear corrective eyeglasses during the school day.

Please call Dr. Blair to schedule an annual eye exam for your child, or to discuss the treatment options of myopia.



 


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Study: Number of myopia sufferers to reach 4 billion by 2050 - Sydney Morning Herald

Study: Number of myopia sufferers to reach 4 billion by 2050 - Sydney Morning Herald | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
A research organisation has predicted that 46 per cent of the world's population will suffer from "shortsightedness" in the next 35 years.

Via Justin Bazan
UpTempo Group's insight:

This is another article reviewing the prevalence of myopia worldwide. The article states that by 2050, the number of people in the world with myopia will exceed 4 Billion!


This article reviews many of the key topics regarding myopia such as the increased incidence of myopia and the link to too much time spent indoors. Many other publications have also cited the link between children in developed countries spending more and more time indoors, and identifying this link to an increase in childhood myopia.


The increase in childhood myopia has been a major factor in the need for children to receive an annual eye exam.  During an annual eye exam, our optometrist, Dr. Blair can help identify if your child has myopia and recommend various treatments to support the eye care needs of your child.


Orthokeratology, or corneal refractive therapy, is a new advancement in the treatment of myopia.  Ortho-K includes the use of specialty contact lenses worn at night to change the curvature of the cornea. Myopia is often caused by the abnormal curvature of the cornea in relation to the length of the eye.  


Dr. Blair is an expert in the use of Orthokeratology, or Ortho-K for the treatment of myopia.  Please call our office to request a consultation or an eye exam.

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Chinese Study Demonstrates the Value of Orthokeratology in Children

Chinese Study Demonstrates the Value of Orthokeratology in Children | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it

This 2-year study indicates that ortho-k contact lens wear is effective for reducing myopia progression in children with low, moderate and high myopia.


Via Antonio Calossi
UpTempo Group's insight:

A retrospective study conducted by researchers in China evaluated the effectiveness of Orthokeratology, (Ortho-K) in treating myopia for children between the ages of 7 and 14.  These children had no other ocular problems outside of myopia. 


The study concludes that Orthokeratology is a promising treatment for children with myopia as compared to spectacles.  The study also concludes that the early treatment of myopia may reduce the prevalence of high myopia. Another conclusion is that orthokeratology may be most beneficial for younger children.   


Studies looking into myopia are very important as this paper suggests. Per this article, the World Health Organization's Vision 2020 initiative ranks the treatment of myopia as one of the top 5 vision priorities.  Although Myopia may not be as debilitating as cataracts, there are concerns that the early age of onset of Myopia may have a much more significant effect due to the total lifetime burden of the disease.


The study recommends early treatment of myopia to reduce the progression of myopia and  to protect the quality of life for patients as they age. 

 


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Increasing prevalence of myopia underscores need for control

Increasing prevalence of myopia underscores need for control | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
Primary Care Optometry News | The incidence of myopia has increased significantly over the past several decades, according to several researchers and presenters who discussed the topic at the American Academy of Optometry meeting in Denver in November 2014.Citing a 2009 study from Vitale and colleagues published in the Archives of Ophthalmology, presenters reported that there has been a 17% increase in myopia in 30 years and
UpTempo Group's insight:

Myopia, or nearsightedness is a growing problem in the U.S. with a prevalence of nearly 42%. This is a 17% increase over the last 30 years. Myopia is also associated with a higher risk of developing other eye disorders such as choroidal neovascularization, glaucoma, cataract and retinal detachment.  As a result, Optometrists at the recent American Academy of Optometry meeting in Denver, CO expressed their concern for early recognition of Myopia and the associated early treatment.

There have been recent studies linking the high rate of myopia in the United States, and across the world, to a lack of outdoor play by children.

Myopia can be controlled and treated through corrective lenses and also through orthkeratology.  Dr. David Blair is an expert trained in the use of orthkeratology to control myopia. Myopia control is an important reason to schedule an annual eye exam for both children and adults. If you are concerned about myopia, please discuss the diagnosis of myopia and the treatment options with Dr. Blair on your next visit.

 


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UpTempo Group's curator insight, January 21, 2015 8:01 PM

Interesting article following the American Optometric Association Meeting in November.  The prevalence of Myopia, or nearsightedness in the U.S. has increased significantly, with nearly 42% of the population experiencing this eye disorder. Choroidal neovascularization, glaucoma, cataract and retinal detachment are all diseases associated with myopia as well.  For this reason, it is very important to see an optometrist and get control of myopia as soon as possible. 

UpTempo Group's curator insight, January 21, 2015 8:04 PM

Myopia or nearsightedness is a very important problem in the U.S. and is also associated with other disorders such as choroidal neovascularization, glaucoma, cataract and retinal detachment. The best treatment for Myopia is early control. This is an important reason to schedule an annual eye exam.

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Column: Aging and eye health — a reason to go green

Column: Aging and eye health — a reason to go green | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
While many folks know a carrot a day can help keep the eye doctor away, few realize that kale is the superior eye-strengthening veggie.
UpTempo Group's insight:

As this article states, leafy green vegetables like spinach and kale offer the highest amount of lutein per serving, according to the American Macular Degeneration Foundation. Lutien is also known as the "eye vitamin" and may help to prevent diseases such as age-related macular degeneration - the leading cause of vision loss among those 50 and older in the U.S.


The macula is the small spot near the center of the eye which is responsible for sharp, central vision The macula is essential for everyday activities such as driving a car, reading, and recognizing someone's face. A daily intake of Lutien through supplements or green vegetables such as kale and spinach, may help protect your eyes from age-related macular degeneration.


Some risk factors for age - related macular degeneration include Caucasian race, smoking, poor diet and lack of exercise.  Smoking increases the risk of age- related macular degeneration by a multiple of 4! Patients with AMD often first notice their problems with the disease when their reading rate decreases significantly.


If you are over 50, please schedule an eye care appointment with Dr. Blair and discuss the benefits of good nutrition for your overall wellness and vision care.


 

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UpTempo Group's curator insight, December 29, 2014 2:48 PM

Kale is high in lutien, often referred to as the "eye vitamin". Leafy green vegetables like  Kale and Spinach may offer protection against eye disorders such as Age Related Macular Degeneration according to this article.

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Pac-Man: Better than an eye-patch for some vision-impaired

Pac-Man: Better than an eye-patch for some vision-impaired | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
An Ohio State University researcher has found playing a Pac-Man-style video game can help train people with lazy eye back to 20/20 vision.
UpTempo Group's insight:

Lazy eye, or amblyopia, affects between 2 and 3 percent of the U.S. population. The vision disorder most often occurs in infancy when the neural pathway between the brain and one eye (or sometimes both) fails to fully develop. The cause of lazy eye is often  strabismus, in which the eyes are misaligned or "crossed." To prevent double vision, the brain blocks the fuzzy images from one eye, thereby causing incomplete visual development. The result is lazy eye.


The typical treatment for lazy eye is a patch worn over the dominant eye in order to strengthen the weaker eye.  Researchers out of Ohio State University looked into the use of the popular Pac-Man game as a possible treatment for Lazy Eye.


The researchers had players wear red-green 3-D glasses that filter images to the right and left eyes. Ten Leng Ooi, professor of optometry at Ohio State University, presented her research findings at last week's annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience. Although only a handful of test subjects were involved in the experimental training, all saw weak-eye improvement to 20/20 vision or better and for a period of at least eight months.





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Optometry Today | Dangers of low eye health literacy

Optometry Today | Dangers of low eye health literacy | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
A gap in eye health literacy could cost patients their vision, researchers behind a new US study are warning

Via UpTempo Group
UpTempo Group's insight:

Recent research, published in JAMA Ophthalmology, asked 237 patients at a New York internal medicine clinic about four emergency eye problems: retinal detachment, acute angle-closure glaucoma, giant cell arteritis and central retinal artery occlusion. The authors found that a minority of patients had heard of these diseases and only a small fraction knew about treatments or symptoms. Authors warned that low public knowledge of these diseases may delay treatment and cause some patients to go blind as a result.

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UpTempo Group's curator insight, March 15, 8:20 PM

Recent research, published in JAMA Ophthalmology, asked 237 patients at a New York internal medicine clinic about four emergency eye problems: retinal detachment, acute angle-closure glaucoma, giant cell arteritis and central retinal artery occlusion. The authors found that a minority of patients had heard of these diseases and only a small fraction knew about treatments or symptoms. Authors warned that low public knowledge of these diseases may delay treatment and cause some patients to go blind as a result.

UpTempo Group's curator insight, March 15, 8:22 PM

Recent research, published in JAMA Ophthalmology, asked 237 patients at a New York internal medicine clinic about four emergency eye problems: retinal detachment, acute angle-closure glaucoma, giant cell arteritis and central retinal artery occlusion. The authors found that a minority of patients had heard of these diseases and only a small fraction knew about treatments or symptoms. Authors warned that low public knowledge of these diseases may delay treatment and cause some patients to go blind as a result.

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Optometry Today | Undiagnosed hyperopia linked to low literacy levels in young children

Optometry Today | Undiagnosed hyperopia linked to low literacy levels in young children | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
Children with undiagnosed hyperopia have significantly lower literacy levels than their peers, according to a new study

Via UpTempo Group
UpTempo Group's insight:

A recent study conducted in the U.S. highlights the need for young children to get an annual eye exam.  In this study 492 children between the ages of 4-5 were asked to complete a standard literacy test. The results of this literacy test were then compared to the outcomes of early eye exams. Researchers found that children with undiagnosed hyperopia had significant problems with the print sections of the test that covered recognition of letters and numbers. 

Researchers estimate that up to 14% of preschool age children suffer from undiagnosed hyperopia.

Prior studies have proven a link between farsightedness and reading ability in school-age children. This study is one of the first to show a link between early untreated hyperopia and reading ability.  One of the researchers, Dr. Kulp, believes that undiagnosed hyperopia in early life may lead to literacy problems later on in their school years.

Dr. David Blair is an expert in the treatment of both hyperopia, farsightedness, and myopia, nearsightedness. For myopia, he is an expert in the treatment with orthokeratology, as well as corrective lenses and contact lenses.  If you are concerned about the vision of your child, please schedule an appointment with Dr. Blair for a comprehensive eye exam.



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UpTempo Group's curator insight, February 9, 5:10 PM

This article highlights an important reason for children to get an annual eye exam.  Literacy levels in children are closely tied to their vision.

UpTempo Group's curator insight, February 9, 5:15 PM

This article is an important reminder of the need for an annual eye exam for children.

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The Eye Care Industry Focuses On Boomers -- And Millennials

The Eye Care Industry Focuses On Boomers -- And Millennials | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it

"According to mounting research, myopia (nearsightedness) among the young has become a global epidemic. In the United States, myopia rates have roughly doubled over the last generation. A recent study published in JAMA reports that in China (where rates of myopia have skyrocketed to roughly 90% among urban youth), the major cause could be a lack of sun exposure. But young adults aren’t the only ones struggling to see clearly. Older adults are also looking for treatments that address their age-related vision problems. Amid rising demand, the eye care industry is poised to accelerate. It’s already developing new technologies that not only treat, but also prevent (and in some cases eliminate) vision problems."

UpTempo Group's insight:

This article highlights the growing need for eye care across the age spectrum in the United States and across the globe.  In the younger populations, myopia or nearsightedness, has reached epidemic proportions. The rate of myopia has nearly doubled over the last generation in the United States.  Also, a recent study reported that 90% of the urban youth in China may have myopia.  The causes of this increase in myopia aren't clear, although many studies point to a lack of sun exposure, or too much exposure to digital devices as possible causes of the increase of myopia in youth.

The article also highlights the need for older generations to get an annual eye exam. Diseases like Macular Degeneration,  Diabetic Retinopathy, and Cataracts may be identified early with an annual eye exam, allowing for better treatment options through early detection and diagnosis.  The eye care industry is at a unique time, with technology providing more and more treatment options for these diseases. Dr. Blair's office has some of the best equipment for diagnosing eye diseases at an early stage. This equipment includes the state of the art Optomap retinal scanner.

Dr. Blair specializes in the treatment of eye care for both the young and old.  For younger patients with myopia, he is one of the few specialists certified to treat with orthokeratology. Orthokeratology, or Ortho-K, is the use of custom contact lenses at night to adjust the curvature of the cornea, improving vision and treating myopia. This allows a child to see clearly during the day without the need for eyeglasses or contact lenses.  With the growing rate of myopia in children, many are affected in school and in their athletic endeavors by nearsightedness. Orthokeratology may be a very good treatment options for children that do not want to wear corrective eyewear during the day.

The need for expert eye care and treatment options have never been greater. Fortunately, the eye care industry is on the leading edge of providing technology solutions to meet these problems. Dr. Blair is at the forefront of bringing these technologies to his eye care patients. Please call us today to schedule an eye exam.


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Near tasks may worsen myopia in children

Near tasks may worsen myopia in children | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it

Researchers found that myopic children have close working distances for near tasks such as reading, writing and playing video games, which may increase the risk of myopia progression.

UpTempo Group's insight:

Myopia is a growing problem in children across the U.S. and researchers in eye care are doing their best to discover the causes for this epidemic.  The study mentioned in this article has identified a possible association between close working distance for reading, writing and video games and myopia progression in children.

This article is among many recent articles on myopia progression in children.  Other research in myopia in children has focused on an association of lack of outdoor activities and myopia progression.  Another group of studies have indicated a possible relationship between mobile device usage and myopia progression in children.

Dr. Blair specializes in the treatment of myopia in children with the most advanced treatment options which may be suitable for your child.  These treatment options include corrective contact lenses, corrective lenses, and Orthokeratology, or Ortho-K. Orthokeratology offers an option for children that do not want to wear corrective lenses at school or during the day during sports activities.  Orthokeratology lenses are worn at night, and correct the shape of the cornea in patients, supporting the correction of their vision during the day.

Myopia is a growing problem and one which requires early intervention in children. There are many options available for children with myopia to prevent progression of the disease and support their school and athletic aptitude.  Please give Dr. Blair a call to discuss Myopia treatment options for your family. 



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What To Expect for Optometry’s Future

What To Expect for Optometry’s Future | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
As technology advances in the examination room, optometrists should focus on learning as much as they can about virtual reality, telemedicine, 3D printing, and related technologies that will have a...
UpTempo Group's insight:

This is a very interesting article by Dr. Purcell from the lens company Essilor. Dr Purcell provides us with a helpful overview of the new technologies that may play a major role for optometrists and their enhanced treatment of patients.  Dr. Purcell mentions that the goal of technology for optometrists should be quality, accuracy, customization, efficiency and customer service.


According to the article, the main technologies that may have an impact on an optometrist's practice may be  telemedicine, 3D printing, and device technologies


Telemedicine: This is a new technology which allows practitioners to have consults with their patients via a computer video feed or even a smartphone. Recently, United Healthcare has announced their support for this technology in treating some patients. Telemedicine allows instant access to a doctor for a patient and also allows a face to face conversation via the video feed on the internet. Some practitioners are excited about this technology as it allows immediate access for patients to their practitioners. This technology may be especially helpful for those patients that have a difficult time traveling to meet a specialist. For countries with poor access to health care, this technology is already being used along with field based technicians to take measurements in the field and treat patients remotely.  As Dr. Purcell mentions in this article, optometrists need to pay close attention to this technology to discover how it may help their treatment of vision problems for their patients.


3D Printing: Also known as additive manufacturing, 3D printing involves the custom development of a 3D item based on a design entered into a computer.  3D printing basically allows anyone with a computer and a printer to manufacture a 3D item.  In the past, this process required the development of custom molds and a large scale manufacturing process. Now, even a home hobbyist may create a custom design using their home 3D printer. 3D printing has already been widely used in the development of crowns in the dental space.  Recently, 3D printing has made significant advances in surgery as well. In eye care, 3D printing may be used to develop custom frames in your optometrist's office in the future. Dr. Purcell mentions that this technology may also be able to support lenses and contact lenses in the future as well.


Devices: Many devices are now being developed to help practitioners better diagnose and monitor diseases. Many new technologies have been developed to aid in early identification of macular degeneration, allowing optometrists to prescribe early intervention for their patients. Researchers are working on a new tool to allow doctors to conduct an eye exam in the palm of their hand. This would be a great benefit to those living in remote areas without the resources to see their optometrist.


Optometry will change with the use of new technologies in the future, and Dr. Blair will continue to be a leader in this field.  He is already one of the leaders in the area in the treatment of orthokeratology for the treatment of Myopia.  Dr. Blair is also an expert in the use of Custom Scleral lenses for the treatment of diseases such as keratoconus. Please continue to schedule an annual eye exam with Dr. Blair to take an active role in your health care and specifically your vision.





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What Are Scleral Lenses? - Scleral Lens Education Society

What Are Scleral Lenses? - Scleral Lens Education Society | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
Find out what scleral lenses are and the many benefits of scleral lenses. Scleral lenses can provide a more comfortable fit and can protect and even allow healing of damaged corneal tissue for patients with irregular corneas, conditions affecting the tear film and refractive error (nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism).
UpTempo Group's insight:

Recent advancements in traditional contact lens technologies such as silicon hydrogel lenses haven't been able to address some of the major problems facing patients with vision disorders and corneal irregularities.  The cornea is one of the most sensitive tissues in the body, and traditional contact lenses that fit on the cornea often cause problems in patients experiencing corneal discomfort or diseases.


Custom Scleral Contact Lenses are contact lenses that are designed to sit on the Sclera of the eye instead of the cornea. This provides several advantages for a patient

  • Custom Scleral Lenses provide a smooth surface on the front of the eye. When patients have keratoconus or corneal degeneration, the surface of the eye is often not smooth, making vision correction with spectacles or contact lenses very difficult.  Custom Scleral Lenses mask this irregularity by providing a smooth front surface to allow light to enter the eye. 
  • Scleral lenses trap a reservoir of fluid behind the lens.  This reservoir may allow the cornea to heal in patients with recent corneal damage.
  • This fluid reservoir may also help patients that have disorders such as Stevens Johnson syndrome, and dry eye syndrome as it allows the cornea to heal from the effects of these disorders
  • Patients may also find that the larger diameter of custom scleral lenses provides better comfort than traditional silicon hydrogel lenses.   
If you are experiencing problems with traditional silicon hydrogel lenses, or you have a corneal problem that causes you discomfort or vision problems, please discuss custom scleral lenses with Dr. David Blair.  Dr. Blair is an expert in the treatment of visual problems with Custom Scleral Lenses.
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Contact Designs for Keratoconus - Scleral Lenses

Contact Designs for Keratoconus - Scleral Lenses | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
There is no one design that is best for every type or stage of keratoconus. The “best lens” is the one that fits your eye, corrects your vision and is comfortable to wear.  Rely on an experienced KC lens fitter to select the best lens for your eye.The needs of each individual is carefully weighed to find the lens …
UpTempo Group's insight:

Keratoconus occurs when the cornea of the eye become more cone shaped.  This cone shape causes a distortion and blurring of your vision. Keratoconus is caused by the weakening of the tiny fibers in your eye known as collagen, which hold the normal dome shape of the cornea.  When these fibers become too weak to hold the structure of the cornea, the cornea begins to progressively become more cone shaped.

Keratoconus usually is hereditary and should be part of a child's normal vision screening by the age of 10.  Keratoconus is usually diagnosed in the teenage years and my also be diagnosed in a person's 20s or 30s.  It is rare for a person older than 40 to be diagnosed with Keratoconus.


Keratoconus may affect vision in two ways:

  • As the cornea begins to change from a dome shape to a cone shape, the smooth surface becomes wavy.  This is known as irregular astigmatism.
  • As the cornea begins to expand into a cone shape, the patient may begin to experience difficulty seeing far objects, also known as myopia or nearsighted.

Other Symptoms of Keratoconus include:

  • Multiple and Ghost images when looking through one eye
  • Objects both near and far look distorted and burred
  • Bright Lights Look like they have halos
  • Lights Streaking


Treating Keratoconus with Scleral Lenses

A Scleral contact lens is a contact lens that fits on the Sclera, "white of the eye", and creates a tear-filled vault over the cornea. Scleral contact lenses may be used to treat keratoconus as well as other disorders such as severe dry eye syndrome, and corneal dystrophies. Scleral lenses are usually more comfortable than corneal contact lenses because they do not sit directly on the cornea.


Dr. David Blair may help fit custom Scleral lenses for patients with keratoconus or other corneal problems.  These lenses are usually much more comfortable for patients with Keratoconus since they do not sit directly on the cornea.  Also, these lenses provide a significant improvement in vision and comfort for patients.


More information on Scleral Lenses may be found at the Scleral Lens Education Society website.  If you are experiencing Keratoconus, or other issue with your cornea, please discuss Custom Scleral Lenses with Dr. Blair.



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The Importance of Early Detection in Eye Problems

The Importance of Early Detection in Eye Problems | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
We know that regular eye exams can alert physicians to diseases and ailments totally unrelated to vision, along with eye problems that, if caught early enough, can be treated and extend the gift of...
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A Crisis in Vision - Childhood Myopia

A Crisis in Vision - Childhood Myopia | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
Pinpointing the causes of increased vision loss in children and youth is not facile. Some explanations for increased vision loss point to the digital age as the culprit. The bottom line is that we expose our eyes to conditions and prolonged focus th...
UpTempo Group's insight:


Myopia is a growing concern across the world with a significant increase seen in children in middle income and wealthier families. The causes of this increase in myopia are not very well known just yet, although there are several theories:

  1. One theory links the increased use of digital devices by children to the growing trend of childhood nearsightedness.
  2. Another theory links excessive time spent indoors or in the classroom to the increase in childhood myopia.

It is not yet clear why Myopia's rate in children is growing at such a high rate on a global scale. However, it is very clear that untreated visual impairments have a significant impact on a child's schoolwork and athletic ability, as well as their self esteem.  For these reasons, it is very important for parents to schedule an annual eye exam for their children.


Myopia may be diagnosed during a routine eye exam and an optometrist can treat nearsightedness with several different options for the child and parents.

  1. Eyeglasses can be worn with corrective lenses
  2. Children may be fitted for corrective contact lenses
  3. Orthokeratology may be prescribed for the child.  This therapy includes the use of nighttime contact lenses to reshape the cornea of the patients.  As a result, the child may not need to wear corrective lenses during the day.


Dr. Blair is an expert at treating childhood myopia and is a trained professional in the treatment of Orthokeratology to reshape the cornea in patients. Although childhood myopia is a growing problem, there are therapies in place which allow for the correction of vision, and also provide the patient with several alternatives for this treatment.


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Easy on the eyes: How to protect your vision in a technology-driven world - Shelby Star

Easy on the eyes: How to protect your vision in a technology-driven world - Shelby Star | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
Easy on the eyes: How to protect your vision in a technology-driven world
UpTempo Group's insight:

This article includes some very good tips on how to protect your vision in this world filled with technology.  One of the primary concerns with technology is exposure of our eyes to bluer violet light, which may cause damage to the back of the eye, or Macula.  Macular Degeneration is a major concern in our society so protecting our eyes from blue violet light may improve our ability to prevent this disease.

Also, the pixelation of mobile devices may lead to tired eyes for children as their eyes are developing.


Below are some tips for protecting your eyes from blue violet light.

Keep your distance:  When viewing a computer monitor, it is important to  be able to reach your arm out as far as it will go and touch the screen with your fingertips. If you can't do this, you may be too close to your computer screen.

20/20/20 Rule: Every 20 minutes, focus on something 20 feet away for 20 seconds

Proper Lighting: Lighting should not be too bright or too dim.  Also, side lighting is optimal, prevent your light source from coming from your direct front or directly behind you.

Adjust Device displays: If your are reading from a tablet, adjust the display to black and white so it is more similar to a book display.  Also, adjust your computer monitor if you are experiencing eye strain. The adjusted settings may help.

Be Proactive: Schedule an annual eye exam!

Eye Strain, Headaches, Blurry Vision: These are the most common symptoms concerning eye health and technology.  Please call Dr. Blair if you are experiencing these symptoms

Ask about new products such as Prevencia which may block out blue violet and ultraviolet light

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Last line of defense: Sports-safe eyewear a must

Last line of defense: Sports-safe eyewear a must | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
Thousands suffer sports-related eye injuries each year and nearly all can be prevented by using the proper protective eyewear, but do patients know what’s considered ‘proper’ eye protection?
UpTempo Group's insight:

Eye injuries are very common in youth, high school, and collegiate sports and should be considered an primary health focus by parents.  Basketball is the leading cause of eye injuries due to sports in the United States.


This article mentions a kicker from the Harvard Football Team wearing dress wear glasses while kicking a field goal in a competitive game.  Eye wear for competitive sports should meet the standards for sports activities and should be purchased with the advice of your eye doctor.  This article mentions that those wearing dress eye wear on the court or field are at greater risk of eye injury than those not wearing any vision correction at all.


If your child plays youth sports, especially basketball, please consider eye protection.  Even if your child does not require vision correction, there is still a risk of eye injury in youth sports. Please visit Dr. Blair to discuss the new designs and fashions available for youth sports eye protection for your child.


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Everyone with learning disabilities should get good eyecare

Everyone with learning disabilities should get good eyecare | Primary Eye Care Associates | Scoop.it
There is a dearth of tailored services despite six in 10 people with learning disabilities having sight problems

Via irissorg
UpTempo Group's insight:

This is a very important article regarding the increased need for eye care for those with learning disabilities.  The article states that 6 out of ten people with learning disabilities have vision problems.  Myopia, Hyperopia, and astigmatism can be diagnosed and treated following an eye exam.  The problem is that many people with learning disabilities do not know that they have a sight problem, or they have difficulty communicating this problem to others.


This article reviews the focus of the National Health System in Britain on supporting the vision care of those patients with learning disabilities.  These patients typically require more time during an eye exam to allow for the Optometrist to fully explain the process throughout the exam.


Vision Care is exceptional in the U.S. with many treatments available for the most common vision disorders.  For those with learning disabilities, it is very important for them to get an annual eye exam as they may not be able to identify the vision disorders or symptoms that they are experiencing. 


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