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Economic harm looms for isles after shutdown - Hawaii News - Honolulu Star-Advertiser

Economic harm looms for isles after shutdown - Hawaii News - Honolulu Star-Advertiser | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Hawaii economy affected enough by #shutdown to trigger comment from Moody's. We need to diversify! @TulsiGabbard http://t.co/49ZT0ZEGJK
Russell Roberts's insight:

Moody's Analystics says Hawaii's research and military dependance make it vulnerable to future government shutdowns.  The business analysis firm recommends that Hawaii diversify its economic base at the earliest opportunity.  The agreement reached by Congress on the debt ceiling issue is only a temporary fix....the deal expires in mid-January 2014.  If the government shuts down again, economic damage to Hawaii could be highly disruptive.  Aloha, Russ.

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PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS
Hawaii news--analysis, commentary, and discussion.
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Can the Big Island of Hawaii Get All of Its Electricity From Renewables? : Greentech Media

Can the Big Island of Hawaii Get All of Its Electricity From Renewables? : Greentech Media | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
HELCO seeks to achieve 92 percent renewable electricity by 2030. Is 100 percent possible? ("Can the Big Island of Hawaii Get All of Its Electricity From Renewables?
Russell Roberts's insight:

A thoughtful and careful examination of Hawaii's transition to renewable energy--a goal of 92 percent of electric power by 2030.  Reporter Tom Hunt gives an optimistic appraisal of HELCO plans to convert most of dependence on diesel-fueled generators to a reliance on an energy mix consisting of wind, hydro, and biomass-produced electricity.  Hunt takes a dim view of geothermal power on Hawaii Island.  He raises serious health, security, and reliability issues that must be solved before another geothermal plant like PGV near Pohoiki is built.  Overall, this is an excellent analysis of the power generating challenges ahead of us on Hawaii Island.  Aloha, Russ.

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Hawaii one of the worst states for teachers, WalletHub study says - Pacific Business News

Hawaii one of the worst states for teachers, WalletHub study says - Pacific Business News | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
North Carolina is the worst, the report says. (#Hawaii one of the worst states for #teachers, WalletHub study says http://t.co/5ZHSfPViLp)
Russell Roberts's insight:

A sobering report by "Pacific Business News" reporter Bill Cresenzo. According to the consumer financial website "WalletHub", Hawaii ranks 47th overall on the list of 50 states and the District of Columbia and shows up dead last in salaries.  Wyoming was rated the top state for teachers, while North Carolina pulled in last.  Aloha, Russ.

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M 2.8, 56km WNW of Kalaoa, Hawaii | Earthquake NewsEarthquake News

M 2.8, 56km WNW of Kalaoa, Hawaii | Earthquake NewsEarthquake News | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
#Sismo: M 2.8, 56km WNW of Kalaoa, Hawaii http://t.co/t32UjZYsEV Earthquake News
Russell Roberts's insight:

Preliminary seismic reports put the epicenter of this afternoon's (Tuesday, 29 September 2014) earthquake at 56 km/35 miles west northwest of Kalaoa, Hawaii.  The depth of the 3:49 p.m. temblor was estimated to be around 2.3 km/1.43 miles).  No damage or injuries have been reported.  Aloha, Russ.

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County of Hawaii - Civil Defense Alerts and Information

County of Hawaii - Civil Defense Alerts and Information | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
CIVIL DEFENSE MESSAGES AND ALERTS

Civil Defense Messages and Alerts RSS Feed

Lava Flow And Brush Fire Information Update 09/29/14 At 8:00AM

Incident: Eruption Information Update    

This is an eruption and lava flow Information Update for Monday, September 29th at 8:00am.

This morning’s assessment shows lava flow activity continues along the edges of the leading surface lava flow. Activity is primarily along the north side of the flow. The flow front has not advanced since yesterday however; the small breakout flow upslope from the leading edge along the north flank remains active and has advanced approximately 100 yards in a north direction. The breakout flow remains further upslope and to the north and does not pose an immediate threat to area communities.

No evacuation is needed at this time and area residents will be given adequate notice to safely evacuate should that be necessary. 

Smoke conditions were light to moderate with light trade winds out of the northeast. There is no fire threat at this time.

HELCO crews are continuing with work in the Government Beach road area. This will result in the road being blocked and the access will be limited to beach road residents only to minimize disruption and delays to the operations.   

The public is reminded that the flow is not visible and cannot be accessed from any public areas. Access to the Kaohe Homesteads subdivision will remain restricted to area residents only.

We would like to thank everyone for your patience and understanding and your cooperation and assistance is greatly appreciated.




Civil Defense Lava Flow Map - Current As Of 9/29/2014, 7:00 am

Additional Resources:

For daily eruption updates including the latest information on the currently active June 27th lava flow, please visit the U.S. Geological Survey Hawaii Volcano Observatory (HVO) at http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/

The American Lung Association has issued a warning of health effects from smoke. Please visit their website for more information http://www.lung.org/associations/state/hawaii/ or read the September 8, 2014 Press Release.
The State of Hawaii Department of Health advises residents downwind of the lava flow to take precautions against smoke. Please visit their website for more information http://health.hawaii.gov/or read the September 5, 2014 advisory.
 

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Mayor's Proclamation From September 4, 2014

June 27th Lava Flow Proclamation for Hawaii Island, Effective Thursday, 09/04/2014 and continuing thereon for 60 days or until further act.

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Mayor's Proclamation From August 7, 2014

State of Emergency exists on the Hawaii Island, Effective 6:00 AM   Thursday, 08/07/2014  and continuing thereon for 60 days or until further act.

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SIGN UP FOR CIVIL DEFENSE & HAWAI‘I POLICE DEPARTMENT
VOICE, EMAIL, AND TEXT MESSAGE ALERTS

 

NIXLE – HAWAI‘I POLICE TRAFFIC ADVISORIES & MEDIA RELEASES

The Hawai‘i County Police Department has a new service that will provide traffic advisories and police media releases via text messaging and email
 
To sign up go to http://www.nixle.com and click on the button that says, “Residents Sign Up Now!” Once signed up go to “locations” and enter any location in Hawai’i County to start receiving messages.

Home | Mayor | Legislative | Departments | Community | Businesses | Visitors | Contact Us
Russell Roberts's insight:

Here's the latest lava flow update from Hawaii County Civil Defense. No evacuation orders have been issued. Work continues on three alternate routes in and out of lower Puna.  Aloha, Russ.

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Blue Angels dazzle the sky with precision flight formations

Blue Angels dazzle the sky with precision flight formations | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
The Blue Angels soared across the sky dazzling crowds today in the "Wings Over The Pacific" air show at the Joint Base at Pearl Harbor and Hickam.
Russell Roberts's insight:

The U.S. Navy aerial demonstration team, The Blue Angels, was quite a hit over the weekend.  The team has begun public air shows after being inactive for several years because of funding cuts.  I saw the team many years ago and was impressed by their precision and discipline.  Aloha, Russ.

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Derek Jeter has RBI single in last at-bat - Hawaii News Now

Derek Jeter has RBI single in last at-bat - Hawaii News Now | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Derek Jeter has RBI single in last at-bat
Hawaii News Now
(AP Photo/Charles Krupa).
Russell Roberts's insight:

A fitting close to a truly outstanding career.  Jeter's career with the Yankees has been marked by excellence, dedication, and devotion to the game.  Jeter is a credit to baseball.  Aloha, Russ.

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LIVE BLOG: Updates from USGS, Civil Defense on Puna lava threat

LIVE BLOG: Updates from USGS, Civil Defense on Puna lava threat | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Experts are keeping a close eye on the June 27th lava flow and its impact in Puna. For now, it is still not an immediate threat to residential areas.
Russell Roberts's insight:

Although the lava flow headed for Pahoa Town has slowed considerably, Hawaii County Civil Defense authorities are still preparing for its eventual arrival at Pahoa Village Road.  Over the weekend, the slow-moving lava flow advanced a little over 25 yards with several breakouts taking place toward the northeast.  Another community meeting is set for Thursday, 6:30 p.m., at the Pahoa High School cafeteria to review the lava situation.  Daily overflights of the lava are continuing.  No evacuation order has been given.  Aloha, Russ.

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County of Hawaii - Civil Defense Alerts and Information

County of Hawaii - Civil Defense Alerts and Information | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
CIVIL DEFENSE MESSAGES AND ALERTS

Civil Defense Messages and Alerts RSS Feed

Road Closure And Traffic Information Update For Sunday 9/28/14

This is a road closure and traffic information update for Sunday September 28th  8:00am.

The Hawaii Police Department and the State Department of Transportation report that Highway 19 or the Bay Front Highway in Hilo remains closed to all traffic from Waianuenue  Avenue to Pauahi Street due to high surf and wave run up and debris.  

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Lava Flow And Brush Fire Information Update 09/28/14 At 8:00AM

Incident: Eruption Information Update    

This is an eruption and lava flow Information Update for Sunday September 28th at 8:00am

This morning’s assessment shows some activity has resumed along the edges of the leading surface lava flow.  The flow front has advanced approximately 25 yards since yesterday.  The small breakout flow upslope from the leading edge along the north flank also remains active and has advanced approximately 30 yards since yesterday and remains further upslope and to the north and does not pose an immediate threat to area communities.

 No evacuation is needed at this time and area residents will be given adequate notice to safely evacuate should that be necessary. 

Smoke conditions were light to moderate with a light rain throughout the area.  There is no fire threat at this time.

 HELCO crews will be working in the Government Beach road area and digging holes to allow for the installation of power poles.  This will result in the road being blocked and the access will be limited to beach road residents only to minimize disruption and delays to the operations.   

 The public is reminded that the flow is not visible and cannot be accessed from any public areas.   Access to the Kaohe Homesteads subdivision will remain restricted to area residents only.

We would like to thank everyone for your patience and understanding and your cooperation and assistance is greatly appreciated.


Civil Defense Lava Flow Map - Current As Of 9/26/2014, 7:00 am

Additional Resources:

For daily eruption updates including the latest information on the currently active June 27th lava flow, please visit the U.S. Geological Survey Hawaii Volcano Observatory (HVO) at http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/

The American Lung Association has issued a warning of health effects from smoke. Please visit their website for more information http://www.lung.org/associations/state/hawaii/ or read the September 8, 2014 Press Release.
The State of Hawaii Department of Health advises residents downwind of the lava flow to take precautions against smoke. Please visit their website for more information http://health.hawaii.gov/or read the September 5, 2014 advisory.
 

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Mayor's Proclamation From September 4, 2014

June 27th Lava Flow Proclamation for Hawaii Island, Effective Thursday, 09/04/2014 and continuing thereon for 60 days or until further act.

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Mayor's Proclamation From August 7, 2014

State of Emergency exists on the Hawaii Island, Effective 6:00 AM   Thursday, 08/07/2014  and continuing thereon for 60 days or until further act.

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SIGN UP FOR CIVIL DEFENSE & HAWAI‘I POLICE DEPARTMENT
VOICE, EMAIL, AND TEXT MESSAGE ALERTS

 

NIXLE – HAWAI‘I POLICE TRAFFIC ADVISORIES & MEDIA RELEASES

The Hawai‘i County Police Department has a new service that will provide traffic advisories and police media releases via text messaging and email
 
To sign up go to http://www.nixle.com and click on the button that says, “Residents Sign Up Now!” Once signed up go to “locations” and enter any location in Hawai’i County to start receiving messages.

Home | Mayor | Legislative | Departments | Community | Businesses | Visitors | Contact Us
Russell Roberts's insight:

Here's the latest update on the slow-moving lava flow headed for Pahoa Town. Hawaii County Civil Defense is monitoring the advance of the flow and issues daily updates over Hilo and Kailua-Kona radio stations.  Aloha, Russ.

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Honolulu joins other Hawaii counties in banning plastic grocery bags - Pacific Business News

Honolulu joins other Hawaii counties in banning plastic grocery bags - Pacific Business News | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Retailers will be able to charge for paper and compostable bags once the plastic bag ban takes effect on July 1, 2015.
Russell Roberts's insight:

Honolulu has joined other communities across the state in banning certain types of plastic bags, including "biodegradable" varieties.  The ban takes effect on 01 July 2016 to give businesses and consumers time to exhaust current inventory and prepare for "bagless" shopping. Aloha, Russ.

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Surfer avoids trial in attempted murder case

Surfer avoids trial in attempted murder case | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
A state judge on Thursday ordered a woman accused of trying to kill a 73-year-old woman in a Waikiki apartment parking garage to the Hawaii State Hospital for treatment
Russell Roberts's insight:

According to the Associated Press, a woman charged with second-degree attempted murder was ordered to receive treatment a the Hawaii State Hospital.  Jill Hansen was found unfit for trial on Thursday by state Circuit Judge Richard Perkins.  He made the decision based on evaluations by three doctors. Perkins ordered Hansen to be sent to the psychiatric hospital for three months.  Prosecutors say Hansen tried to kill a 73-year-old woman in a Waikiki apartment parking garage by striking her with her car.  Aloha, Russ.

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Aloha gas stations, mini marts sold for $240M

Aloha gas stations, mini marts sold for $240M | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Aloha Petroleum Ltd., which markets 100 Shell, Aloha and Mahalo branded fuel stations and operates 44 Aloha Island Mart convenience stores statewide, is being purchased by a mainland partnership for $240 million.
Russell Roberts's insight:

Here's some more background information on the pending sale of Aloha Petroleum, Ltd. to Houston-based Susser Petroleum Partners MLP. Under the new deal, all of the employees, management teams, and brand names will be retained after the sale.  Aloha, Russ.

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Stolen Hawaii Red Cross truck found destroyed - Hawaii News - Honolulu Star-Advertiser

Stolen Hawaii Red Cross truck found destroyed - Hawaii News - Honolulu Star-Advertiser | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Honolulu police have found the stolen disaster pick up truck destroyed in a former Kunia cane field, the Hawaii Red Cross said Saturday.

The white 2000 Nissan Frontier was reported stolen early Thursday morning from the Hawaii Red Cross Headquarters at 4155 Diamond Head Road.

This is the second time a Red Cross vehicle has been stolen.

On Aug. 6, the organization's only Big Island disaster truck was stolen from the Red Cross office in Hilo as authorities were preparing for Tropical Storm Iselle's imminent arrival.

The truck was found a day later in Papaikou with silver spray paint over the Ford F-150's Red Cross logos. It was operational and workers were able to use it to deliver supplies and conduct assessments after Tropical Storm Iselle made landfall over Puna.
Russell Roberts's insight:

Here's some good news for the Hawaii Red Cross.  The stolen disaster truck taken from the Red Cross headquarters on Diamond Head Road has been found in a cane field near Kunia.  Another Red Cross truck was stolen from the Hilo office of the Hawaii Red Cross in Hilo on 06 August 2014.  Fortunately, that truck was found and later returned to service.  Aloha, Russ.

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County of Hawaii - Civil Defense Alerts and Information

County of Hawaii - Civil Defense Alerts and Information | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
CIVIL DEFENSE MESSAGES AND ALERTS

Civil Defense Messages and Alerts RSS Feed

Road Closure And Traffic Information Update For Saturday 9/27/14

This is a road closure and traffic information update for Saturday September 27th  9:15 am.

The Hawaii Police Department and the State Department of Transportation report that Highway 19 or the Bay Front Highway in Hilo is closed to all traffic from Waianuenue  Avenue to Pauahi Street due to high surf and wave run up and debris.  Traffic is being routed through the Wainaku area for access to and from Highway 19. 

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Lava Flow And Brush Fire Information Update 09/27/14 At 8:15AM

Incident: Eruption Information Update    

This morning’s assessment shows the leading surface lava flow has not advanced however some increase in activity along the edges was noted.  The small breakout flow upslope from the leading edge along the north flank also appeared to be more active with increased burning activity.   That breakout has advanced approximately 75 yards since yesterday and remains further upslope and to the north and does not pose an immediate threat to area communities.

No evacuation is needed at this time and area residents will be given adequate notice to safely evacuate should that be necessary. 

Smoke conditions were light to moderate with a light rain throughout the area.  There is no fire threat at this time.

HELCO crews will be working in the Government Beach road area and digging holes to allow for the installation of power poles.  This will result in the road being blocked and the access will be limited to beach road residents only to minimize disruption and delays to the operations.   

 The public is reminded that the flow is not visible and cannot be accessed from any public areas.   Access to the Kaohe Homesteads subdivision will remain restricted to area residents only.

We would like to thank everyone for your patience and understanding and your cooperation and assistance is greatly appreciated.


Civil Defense Lava Flow Map - Current As Of 9/26/2014, 7:00 am

Additional Resources:

For daily eruption updates including the latest information on the currently active June 27th lava flow, please visit the U.S. Geological Survey Hawaii Volcano Observatory (HVO) at http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/

The American Lung Association has issued a warning of health effects from smoke. Please visit their website for more information http://www.lung.org/associations/state/hawaii/ or read the September 8, 2014 Press Release.
The State of Hawaii Department of Health advises residents downwind of the lava flow to take precautions against smoke. Please visit their website for more information http://health.hawaii.gov/or read the September 5, 2014 advisory.
 
Russell Roberts's insight:

Here is the Hawaii County Civil Defense lava flow and road update.  Aloha, Russ.

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Major Hawaii geothermal project cut in half, switches areas on Big Island - Pacific Business News

Major Hawaii geothermal project cut in half, switches areas on Big Island - Pacific Business News | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Boston Pacific Co. Inc., the Washington D.C.-based consultant hired by Hawaii regulators to monitor Hawaii Electric Light Co.’s bidding process, for what was once a 50-megawatt project on the east side of the Big Island, still has concerns with the...
Russell Roberts's insight:

According to "Pacific Business News" reporter Duane Shimogawa, the Hawaii Electric Light Company (HELCO) plans to develop a 25 megawatt power facility in West Hawaii, a significant change from an original 50 megawatt power plant for East Hawaii.  Consultant Boston Pacific, hired by the PUC to monitor HELCO's bidding process for what was once a 50 megawatt project in East Hawaii, is deeply concerned.  The consultant says HELCO has outlined no plans to build a geothermal plant in East Hawaii.  HELCO officials said they want to build a smaller, 25 megawatt facility in West Hawaii, "where most of the growth is happening."  HELCO plans to release a RFP on 27 October 2014 and select a developer by 14 February 2015.  Aloha, Russ.

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Toyota recalls 690,000 pickups to fix rear springs

Toyota recalls 690,000 pickups to fix rear springs | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Toyota says it is recalling 690,000 Tacoma pickup trucks because the rear leaf springs could break, puncture the gas tank and cause a fire.
Russell Roberts's insight:

A potentially deadly problem with the rear leaf springs of Toyota 4 X 4 Tacoma Trucks and Pre-Runner vehicles has led to the recall of 690,000 vehicles manufactured between 2005 and 2011.  Toyota will notify owners and replace the defective parts at no cost to the owner.  Aloha, Russ.

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Oahu under flood advisory - Hawaii News - Honolulu Star-Advertiser

Oahu under flood advisory - Hawaii News - Honolulu Star-Advertiser | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Breaking - Hawaii's news leader for Hawaii news. Honolulu Star-Advertiser provides up to the minute breaking news in Honolulu, Hawaii. With expanded photo coverage of Hawaii sports, entertainment, nightlife and insightful business news coverage.
Russell Roberts's insight:

Heavy showers and thunder that rattled over Hawaii Island Sunday evening have now moved onto Oahu, where showers and flooding are expected today through Tuesday morning. Aloha, Russ.

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HVO Kilauea Status

HVO Kilauea Status | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Recent Kilauea Status Reports, Updates, and Information Releases
HAWAIIAN VOLCANO OBSERVATORY DAILY UPDATE
Monday, September 29, 2014 8:27 AM HST (Monday, September 29, 2014 18:27 UTC)


This report on the status of Kilauea volcanic activity, in addition to maps, photos, and Webcam images (available at http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/activity/kilaueastatus.php), was prepared by the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO). All times are Hawai`i Standard Time.

KILAUEA VOLCANO (VNUM #332010)
19°25'16" N 155°17'13" W, Summit Elevation 4091 ft (1247 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WARNING
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Activity Summary: Kīlauea continued to erupt at its summit and within the East Rift Zone, and gas emissions remained elevated. Minor inflationary ground tilt and a small rise in lava level were recorded at the summit over the past day. At the middle East Rift Zone, the leading edge of the June 27th lava flow has not advanced since Sunday morning, but the northern edge of the flow front is active.

June 27th Lava Flow Observations: A Civil Defense overflight on Monday morning found that the leading edge of the June 27th lava flow had not advanced in the past 24 hours, although it was active along its northern margin. The flow lobe upslope and north of the leading edge advanced by 90 m (100 yards) since it was observed on Sunday morning. HVO plans to conduct an overflight of the entire June 27th lava flow field later on Monday.

Puʻu ʻŌʻō Observations: There was no net change in ground tilt at Puʻu ʻŌʻō over the past day. Glow was visible overnight above several outgassing openings in the crater floor. The most recent sulfur-dioxide emission-rate measurement for the East Rift Zone was 550 tonnes per day (from all sources) on September 25, 2014. Seismic tremor is low and constant.

Summit Observations: A small amount of inflationary tilt was tracked by a slight increase in lava level at the summit over the past 24 hours. A few earthquakes occurred beneath Kīlauea’s south flank, and seismic tremor at the summit varied with changes in spattering on the surface of the lava lake but overall remained low. GPS receivers spanning the summit caldera recorded about 5 cm (2 in) of extension between early May and early July. Since then, little significant extension or contraction has occurred. During the week ending on September 23, 2014, the elevated summit sulfur-dioxide emission rate was measured at 4,400–6,300 tonnes/day (see caveat below), and a small amount of particulate material was carried aloft by the plume.
Russell Roberts's insight:

Here's the latest update on lava flows and eruptive activity from the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory.  Aloha, Russ.

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Finalists selected for Manoa vice chancellor spot - Hawaii News Now

Finalists selected for Manoa vice chancellor spot - Hawaii News Now | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Finalists selected for Manoa vice chancellor spot
Hawaii News Now
HONOLULU (AP) - There are four finalists for the vice chancellor for students position at the University of Hawaii's Manoa campus.
Russell Roberts's insight:

According to the Associated Press, the finalists will be interviewed on the UH-Manoa campus next month.  The finalists include Adam Rickman (Queen's College, NY), Robert Kelly (Loyola University, Chicago), Jan Javinar (UH-Manoa), and Jimmy Jung (University of Maine). Aloha, Russ.

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Did Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg just drop $70 million on a huge beachfront estate? - San Francisco Business Times

Did Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg just drop $70 million on a huge beachfront estate? - San Francisco Business Times | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg is the likely buyer of a 357-acre beachfront estate, that was on the market for $70 million, on the Hawaiian Island of Kauai’s North Shore.
Russell Roberts's insight:

According to "Pacific Business News", Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg "is the likely buyer" of the 357-acre Kahuaina Plantation along the North Shore of Kauai. The property reportedly sold for around $65 million.  The area is permitted to have 80 homesteads with approved roads.  Zuckerberg also owns a condominium project near Ala Moana in Honolulu.  Aloha, Russ.

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Why do lava flows stop advancing?

Why do lava flows stop advancing? | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Why do lava flows stop advancing?


Special to West Hawaii Today
Much scientific study has been done to determine what types of eruptions produce long lava flows. In the 1970s, a very simple idea seemed to guide future work — the length of a lava flow is limited by either the supply of lava or by how well the lava is thermally insulated during its transport to the flow front.

Supply-limited lava flows are those that stop advancing when the vent closes down or eruptive activity moves to another location, cutting off the lava supply. This is a fairly simple idea that’s easy to visualize — the lava flow lasts as long as its vent erupts. The best examples of supply-limited flows in Hawaii are from Mauna Loa. Lava flows that advanced on Hilo in 1855, 1881 and 1984, eventually stalled above the town as their respective eruptions waned and the supply of lava to the flow stopped.

But what about vents that keep erupting, such as Puu Oo? Are they capable of producing lava flows that get longer and longer? It depends on how well the lava is thermally insulated as it’s transported through the flow’s tube system.

Solidified lava is an excellent thermal insulator. As lava forms a surface crust, the flow progressively insulates its internal plumbing and eventually forms a lava tube system. That tube system transports lava from the vent to its leading edge, and, as long as the lava doesn’t lose too much heat, the flow will continue to advance.

Over the past three decades, lava flows erupted at Puu Oo have formed some robust tube systems that have delivered lava to ocean entries for months — or years — before changes at the vent caused the tube to be abandoned. If those flows hadn’t encountered a coastline, the lava might have continued to advance for a much greater distance.

The Kazumura lava tube system is a particularly good example of how far lava can travel. The tube is within the Ailaau lava flow field that erupted from vents near the summit of Kilauea 550 to 600 years ago and sent flows down the northeast flank of the volcano and into the sea. Kaloli Point was built by an ocean entry during this eruption, which is estimated to have lasted more than 50 years. The Kazumura lava tube system is more than 40 miles long, and the part of it not filled with lava is the longest lava tube cave in the world.

Within this context, why did the June 27 lava flow slow as it approached Pahoa? HVO scientists noted that the lava flow began to slow considerably as the summit of Kilauea began to deflate Sept. 18. Such deflations have caused decreases in eruptive output at Puu Oo in the past, and that could be the case with the current flow as well.

Another possibility for the stalled flow front is that the tube system feeding the June 27 lava flow could be approaching its limits in terms of efficiently insulating the lava moving through it. Based on HVO observations during our Sept. 24 overflight, the lava tube system seems fairly robust from the vent at Puu Oo to just before the point where lava first flowed into a crack. The exact condition of the lava tube within the crack is unknown because we can’t see into it, but it seems to also be robust.

However, the nature of the tube system from the point at which the lava flow exits the ground crack system near Kaohe Homesteads and heads northeast toward Pahoa is not yet clear. Although lava has traveled beneath this section of the flow to the flow front since early September, a lava tube system is not yet evident.

The June 27 lava flow is now longer than any other flow formed during the ongoing eruption of Puu Oo. While the evidence favors a decrease in eruptive output as the cause of the current slow-down, careful study is still needed. If and how a lava tube develops within the distal portion of the June 27 lava flow is important to understanding just how far it is capable of advancing.

It’s important to note that although the flow front has slowed, the June 27 lava flow remains active. Puna residents are encouraged to stay informed about the flow’s status and progress through daily updates posted on HVO and Hawaii County Civil Defense websites — hvo.wr.usgs.gov and hawaiicounty.gov/active-alerts.

Kilauea activity update

The June 27 lava flow from Puu Oo remained active on Kilauea volcano’s east rift zone, but had slowed. The flow reached 10.2 miles from the vent and 1.4 miles from Apaa Street before its front stalled. Breakouts continue, however, along the surface and margins of the flow upslope from the stalled front. Within the Puu Oo crater, glow was visible above several small outgassing openings in the crater floor.

The summit lava lake within Halemaumau Crater produced nighttime glow visible via HVO’s webcam over the past week. The lava lake dropped to about 230 feet below the rim of the overlook crater during the week, in response to summit deflation, and was rising again as of this writing, Sept. 25, with a return to inflation.

There were no earthquakes reported felt on Hawaii Island during the past week.

Visit hvo.wr.usgs.gov for past Volcano Watch articles and current Kilauea, Mauna Loa and Hualalai activity updates, volcano photos and earthquake information; call 967-8862 for a Kilauea summary; email questions to askhvo@usgs.gov.

Volcano Watch is a weekly article and activity update written by scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey’s Hawaiian Volcano Observatory.

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Russell Roberts's insight:

Thanks to "West Hawaii Today" for this exhaustive analysis of why lava flows start and stop.  According to the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, the condition of tubes that transport the molten rock and the amount of deflation of the Kilauea Volcano have much to do with how fast and in what direction lava flows.  Because of the unknown conditions below the lava flow,  predictions of impacts are at best educated guesses. As the article states: "It's important to note that although the flow front as slowed, the June 27 lava flow remains active.  Puna residents are encouraged to stay informed about the flow's status and progress through daily updates posted on HVO and Hawaii County Civil Defense websites.  Check in here:  http://www.hvo.wr.usgs.gov and http://www.hawaiicounty.gov/active-alerts.

Stay alert and stay safe!

Aloha, Russ.

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HVO Kilauea Status

HVO Kilauea Status | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Recent Kilauea Status Reports, Updates, and Information Releases
HAWAIIAN VOLCANO OBSERVATORY DAILY UPDATE
Sunday, September 28, 2014 8:10 AM HST (Sunday, September 28, 2014 18:10 UTC)


This report on the status of Kilauea volcanic activity, in addition to maps, photos, and Webcam images (available at http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/activity/kilaueastatus.php), was prepared by the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO). All times are Hawai`i Standard Time.

KILAUEA VOLCANO (VNUM #332010)
19°25'16" N 155°17'13" W, Summit Elevation 4091 ft (1247 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WARNING
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Activity Summary: Kīlauea continued to erupt at its summit and within the East Rift Zone, and gas emissions remained elevated. Inflationary ground tilt and a rise in lava level were recorded at the summit over the past day. At the middle East Rift Zone, the June 27th lava flow front advanced by a small amount since Saturday morning.

June 27th Lava Flow Observations: A Civil Defense overflight Sunday morning found that the leading edge of the lava flow had advanced by about 20 meters (25 yards) over the past day, while the flow upslope and north of the front advanced by about 25 meters (30 yards). Both of these advances reflect an overall increase in activity of the June 27th flow since Friday.

Puʻu ʻŌʻō Observations: Tilt at Puʻu ʻŌʻō has been inflationary over the past day, but this signal, especially since 4 AM Sunday morning, has been heavily influenced by rainfall and does not reflect volcanic activity. Glow was visible overnight above several outgassing openings in the crater floor, but there were no significant changes in activity within the crater over the past day. The most recent sulfur-dioxide emission-rate measurement for the East Rift Zone was 550 tonnes per day (from all sources) on September 25, 2014. Seismic tremor was low and constant.

Summit Observations: Steady inflationary tilt was recorded at the summit over the past 24 hours, and the lava level within the Overlook crater correspondingly rose by several meters. A few earthquakes were recorded beneath Kīlauea’s summit and south flank, and seismic tremor varied with changes in spattering on the surface of the lava lake but was low for most of Saturday and Sunday morning. GPS receivers spanning the summit caldera recorded about 5 cm (2 in) of extension between early May and early July. Since then, little significant extension or contraction has occurred. During the week ending on September 23, 2014, the elevated summit sulfur-dioxide emission rate was measured at 4,400–6,300 tonnes/day (see caveat below), and a small amount of particulate material was carried aloft by the plume.
Russell Roberts's insight:

Here's the latest eruption and lava flow information from the Hawaiian Volcanoes Observatory.  Aloha, Russ.

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MAVEN spacecraft returns first mars observations - Astronomy Magazine

MAVEN spacecraft returns first mars observations - Astronomy Magazine | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Astronomy Magazine
MAVEN spacecraft returns first mars observations
Astronomy Magazine
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Russell Roberts's insight:

Here are some of the first photos received from the Maven Mars orbiter.  The mission of the Maven Mars satellite is to analyze the Martian atmosphere for any sign of gases that could have produced life on the planet eons ago.  An Indian satellite has also attained a Mars orbit with a similar mission.  Aloha, Russ.

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FBI chief: Apple, Google phone encryption perilous

FBI chief: Apple, Google phone encryption perilous | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
The FBI director on Thursday criticized the decision by Apple and Google to encrypt smartphones data so it can be inaccessible to law enforcement, even with a court order.
Russell Roberts's insight:

FBI Director James Comey told reporters that plans by Apple and Google to encrypt data on their new cell phones would hinder law enforcement and could put some people "beyond the law's reach." With encryption, law enforcement could still intercept conversations, but "would not be able to access call data, contacts, photos, and email stored on the phone."  Comey said encryption would make investigation of various crimes, such as kidnappings and murder, more difficult.  Aloha, Russ.

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Solar Industry Ups and Downs in Hawaii | The Energy Collective

Solar Industry Ups and Downs in Hawaii | The Energy Collective | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Hawaii's solar industry is in a precarious situation.
Russell Roberts's insight:

A pointed, sobering article by reporter Stephen Lacey about the woes facing Hawaii's solar industry.  Ever since the Hawaiian Electric Company (HECO) imposed new solar installation requirements to protect the grid, companies selling PV technology have reduced sales and personnel.  According to Lacey "about 3,000 people have left the state this year...that corresponds with a 50 percent drop in permits issued after Hawaiian Electric Company (HECO) initiated a strict approval process...."  The result of these new procedures is a growing backlog of permits and a growing suspicion that HECO is trying to limit competition.  HECO denies the charge, saying that its circuits "are exceeding 100 percent capacity during daylight peak in residential areas."  Even the Public Utilities Commission is concerned, having required the utility to submit plans on how it will integrate the new PV technology into the grid without causing customer distress. Aloha, Russ.

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Hawaii rebounding from recession despite storm, lava

Hawaii rebounding from recession despite storm, lava | PRG HAWAII NEWS WITH RUSS ROBERTS | Scoop.it
Despite Tropical Storm Iselle and the threat of the June 27 lava flow, Hawaii Island is expected to continue its recovery from the Great Recession in the coming year, according to economist Dr. Jack Suyderhoud.
Russell Roberts's insight:

Economist Dr. Jack Suyderhoud, speaking before the 40th annual First Hawaiian Bank Hawaii Business Outlook Forum in Hilo, based his upbeat economic forecast on several June 2014 interviews with representatives of various industries on Hawaii Island.  Despite the possible impact of lava flows on lower Puna, Dr. Suyderhoud said people around Pahoa Town will make difficult, but necessary adjustments, including longer commutes via the Chain of Craters Road and the relocation of businesses to safer areas. He also noted that because Puna is the state's lowest income district, "residents there will be harder hit by the economic impacts of the lava." A number of East Hawaii projects will "bolster the economy"--among them the new interisland cargo facility at Hilo's Pier 4 and the "widening demolition of parts of Pier 1 and widening of Kumau Street."  Keaau and Puna will also see significant activity in the months ahead, including the widening of Highway 130 and HMSA's new facility at the Keaau Town Center.  Aloha, Russ.

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