Predictive Analytics and Forensics
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Aspect 3: FBI has new crime-fighting tool: Facial recognition software

Aspect 3: FBI has new crime-fighting tool: Facial recognition software | Predictive Analytics and Forensics | Scoop.it
Criminals who fear the FBI and its National Crime Information Center (NCIC) or its Integrated Automated Fingerprint Information System (IAFIS) have reason to ge
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Elliot Krisher's comment, April 4, 2014 1:27 PM
10.The federal law enforcement agency just launched a $1 billion facial recognition program that will aid them in ways fingerprints and criminal background record information can’t.Face recognition isn’t a new aspect of the FBI, as they’ve been identifying subjects from images for the past 40 years, but that has been done through their Forensic Audio, Video and Image Analysis Unit (FAVIAU) rather than a facial recognition computer program. tracking people in crowds and elsewhere through surveillance footage. They will also be able to determine if someone that comes across their radar during a stake-out or surveillance has a criminal history, and to identify them immediately, even through a tattoo.
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Aspect 3: Next Generation Identification

Aspect 3: Next Generation Identification | Predictive Analytics and Forensics | Scoop.it
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Elliot Krisher's comment, April 4, 2014 1:15 PM
3.Driven by advances in technology and growing demand for Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS) services, the FBI has initiated the Next Generation Identification (NGI) program. This program will further advance the FBI’s biometric identification services.The NGI Program Office mission is to reduce terrorist and criminal activities by improving and expanding biometric identification and criminal history information services through research, evaluation, and implementation of advanced technology within the IAFIS environment.
Elliot Krisher's comment, April 4, 2014 1:19 PM
5.b)nterstate Photo System Enhancements-The IPS will also allow for easier retrieval of photos, and include the ability to accept and search for photographs of scars, marks, and tattoos. In addition, this initiative will also explore the capability of facial recognition technology.<br>
Elliot Krisher's comment, April 4, 2014 1:19 PM
4. a)Quality Check Automation-The QC Automation capability has eliminated the manual review of the majority of fingerprint transactions. Approximately 15% still require a manual review. This automation has provided our customers with faster response times and more consistent processing decisions. Just to give you an idea of how QC affects response times, the average processing time with QC automation is approximately .7 seconds, as opposed to a manual QC processing time of 16.1 seconds.
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Apect 3 : Facial Recognition

Apect 3 : Facial Recognition | Predictive Analytics and Forensics | Scoop.it
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Elliot Krisher's comment, April 4, 2014 1:06 PM
1.Humans often use faces to recognize individuals, and advancements in computing capability over the past few decades now enable similar recognitions automatically. Major advancements and initiatives in the past 10 to 15 years have propelled facial recognition technology into the spotlight. Facial recognition can be used for both verification and identification.Automated facial recognition is a relatively new concept which locate features such as eyes, ears, nose, and mouth.
Elliot Krisher's comment, April 4, 2014 1:09 PM
2. The technology first captured the public’s attention from the media reaction to a trial implementation at the January 2001 Super Bowl, which captured surveillance images and compared them to a database of digital mugshots. This demonstration initiated much-needed analysis on how to use the technology to support national needs while beingconsiderate of the public’s social and privacy concerns. Today, face recognition technology is being used to combat passport fraud, support law enforcement, identify missing children, and minimize benefit/identity fraud.
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Crime-Fighting Chemical Spray Catches Thieves Off Guard

Police turning to high-tech mist that leaves invisible, odorless paint on crook.
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Elliot Krisher's comment, March 14, 2014 9:02 PM
7.) There is a new water like spray that is invisible and odorless paint that can be used to catch criminals. It can only be seen with a UV black light. IT is called Smartwater CSI. It lasts for years on clothing and anyone can use it to protect their valuables. It has led to many convictions in the UK and Europe.
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From Fallujah to the San Fernando Valley, Police Use Analytics to Target "High-Crime" Areas

From Fallujah to the San Fernando Valley, Police Use Analytics to Target "High-Crime" Areas | Predictive Analytics and Forensics | Scoop.it
Police are now crunching crime statistics to divine when and where future crimes are most likely to occur, a method seen by some as an expansion of a militarization of police work.
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Elliot Krisher's comment, March 14, 2014 8:08 PM
3.) LAPD Rolls Out Predictive Policing: In 2010, LAPD received a $3 million grant from the National Institute of Justice to develop "intelligence-led policing" (crime-prediction methods.) By 2012, officer were patrolling with maps of 20 zones with predictions where crime was supposedly most likely to occur. LAPD Captain Jorge Rodriguez, believes that the program has made a big impact and had brought crime reduction. Since then they have expanded with the program.
Elliot Krisher's comment, March 14, 2014 8:14 PM
4.) Militarized, Racialized Police Technologies: There are strong concerns that such police practices unjustly target people of color. Whitney Richards-Calathes, a doctoral candidate at the City University of New York who is studying predictive policing, said that predictive policing in Los Angeles has its conceptual "broken windows" policy. Under broken-windows policing, officers are encouraged to aggressively police small crimes. She does not believe that there is enough evidence to stop murders and more serious crimes.
Elliot Krisher's comment, March 14, 2014 8:18 PM
5.) Hamid Khan, an organizer with the Stop LAPD Spying Coalition, has closely studied LAPD's surveillance and information-gathering techniques. He views predictive policing as "a feedback loop of injustice." "There's a clear bias that is inherent because it can only predict the information that is being uploaded," said Khan. Khan believes that predictive policing has the potential to invert core principles of "justice." "In essence, the principle that has been held for the longest time - of innocent until proven guilty - has now been turned onto its head because now we're all guilty until proven innocent." Khan said. <br>
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Aspect 3: Iris Scan

Aspect 3: Iris Scan | Predictive Analytics and Forensics | Scoop.it
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Elliot Krisher's comment, April 4, 2014 1:24 PM
8.ris recognition is the process of recognizing a person by analyzing the random pattern of the iris. The automated method of iris recognition is relatively young, existing in patent since only 1994.Before recognition of the iris takes place, the iris is located using landmark features. These landmark features and the iris’ distinct shape allow for imaging, feature isolation, and extraction.While iris recognition utilizes the iris muscle to perform verification, retinal recognition uses the unique pattern of blood vessels on an individual’s retina at the back of the eye.
Elliot Krisher's comment, April 4, 2014 1:24 PM
9.Having only become automated and available within the past decade, the iris recognition concept and industry are still relatively new, so a need for continued research and testing remains. Through the determination and commitment of industry, government evaluations, and organized standards bodies, growth, and progress will continue to raise the bar for recognition technology.
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Aspect 3: IAFIS

Aspect 3: IAFIS | Predictive Analytics and Forensics | Scoop.it
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Elliot Krisher's comment, April 4, 2014 1:21 PM
6.The Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System, or IAFIS, is a national fingerprint and criminal history system that responds to requests 24 hours a day.Not only fingerprints, but corresponding criminal histories; mug shots; scars and tattoo photos; physical characteristics like height, weight, and hair and eye color; and aliases. The system also includes civil fingerprints, mostly of individuals who have served or are serving in the U.S. military or have been or are employed by the federal government. The fingerprints and criminal history information are submitted voluntarily by state, local, and federal law enforcement agencies.<br>
Elliot Krisher's comment, April 4, 2014 1:22 PM
7.IAFIS is the largest criminal fingerprint database in the world, housing the fingerprints and criminal histories for more than 70 million subjects in the criminal master file, along with more than 34 million civil prints.While IAFIS has been an effective system, criminal and terrorist threats have evolved over the past decade. Today’s environment demands faster and more advanced identification capabilities. The Next Generation Identification program, or NGI, represents a quantum leap in fingerprint identification that will help us in solving investigations, preventing crime, and apprehending criminals and terrorists.
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Predicting Crime Using Analytics and Big Data

Predicting Crime Using Analytics and Big Data | Predictive Analytics and Forensics | Scoop.it
A unique approach to crime analysis may allow police officers to predict illegal activity.
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Elliot Krisher's comment, March 14, 2014 9:25 PM
8.) Police officers sometimes feel like they’re playing Whac-A-Mole. They identify a hot spot, and they realize that it emerges in other places or comes back the moment they leave. “They’re trying to figure out how to manage crime in a way that produces long-term positive outcomes,” Caplan said. Caplan partnered with two Rutgers colleagues, professors Eric Piza and Leslie Kennedy, to research risk terrain modeling. The approach takes an area and blends its history of crime with data on local behavioral and physical characteristics to create a map of locations with the greatest crime risk.
Elliot Krisher's comment, March 14, 2014 9:26 PM
9.)Risk terrain modeling examines the factors that contribute to this concentration and helps police officers predict where new hot spots could arise using data that’s often ignored or taken for granted. “Information can be communicated in a consistent way among other officers in their department and across jurisdictions and provide useful information that might have otherwise been difficult to articulate or convey prior to this mapping technique.”
Elliot Krisher's comment, March 14, 2014 9:27 PM
10.) DEMYSTIFYING RISK: In December 2012, Rutgers researchers applied their approach to the crime data displayed on old maps of Irvington, N.J., to demonstrate the method. In one portion of their demonstration, the researchers analyzed maps displaying spatial relationships between shooting incidents in 2007 and nearby clusters of bars, clubs, liquor stores and fast food restaurants, which were designated as crime risk factors. All shootings occurred within blocks of those crime risk factors, so researchers concluded that the presence of these businesses caused higher crime rates.
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Predictive Analytics Using Real Time Data to help transform Public Safety 00 12 - YouTube

http://www.network-engineer.usa.cc/index.php http://www.network-engineer.usa.cc/feed/ http://www.ibm.com https://twitter.com/CharlyPrudent‎; https://plus.goog...
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Elliot Krisher's comment, March 14, 2014 8:37 PM
6.) Police have always treied to be better at reacting the crimes, but predicting is start to take a surge. Police used to rely on their own knowledge and jurisdiction, knowing their own hot spots on where crime takes place. Thenchiques life the wall map with the push-pins have been used for decades. With the new era, more fact based is what is to be relied on. Officer want more clarity on the pronblem. Knowing the time of day, weather,or certain event taking place will help estimate crimes based on that data. A police officer wants to know if the person has a history of a firearm or is registered before knocking on their front door. Memphis and New York are some of the cities that have had a decline in crime rates. Predictive analyitcs are also useful to any fire department, knowing what generates the fire to occur. The use of analytics data based on risk based when inspecting a building. Overall a Smart city is a Safe city.