Poverty Assignment_Lee Li Ying
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Asian women workers risk "persistent vulnerability, poverty and exploitation"

Asian women workers risk "persistent vulnerability, poverty and exploitation" | Poverty Assignment_Lee Li Ying | Scoop.it

BANGKOK (TrustLaw) – Women workers in Asia face the risk of “persistent vulnerability, poverty and exploitation” despite a recovering economy and their huge potential due to prejudice, according to a report by the International Labour Organisation and Asian Development Bank. A large majority of women here are stuck in lower-end, lower-pay jobs in vulnerable, informal and insecure sectors with little social protection and at the lowest rung of the global supply chain, it said. While progress has been made in past decades addressing gender inequalities, “discrimination against women remains pervasive throughout the labour markets of the region,” Women and labour markets in Asia: Rebalancing Gender Equality said. According to the report, the Asia Pacific region is losing $24 billion to $47 billion annually because of women’s limited access to employment opportunities and another $16 billion to $30 billion as a result of gender gaps in education.
Also listen to the following radio broadcast on Radio Australia
http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/connectasia/stories/201104/s3203663.htm


Via Cindy Sullivan, Tricia Chan
Lee Li Ying's insight:

After reading this article, I understand how Poverty is connected to Asia.

 

The title “Asian women workers risk "persistent vulnerability, poverty and exploitation"” tells me that a large majority of women are stuck in lower-end, lower-pay jobs in vulnerable, informal and insecure sectors with little social protection and at the lowest rung of the global supply chain. Because of women’s limited access to employment opportunities and gender gaps in education, the Asia Pacific region is losing out.

 

The fact that females are being discriminated in some countries is really annoying. I really do not understand why there is a difference in treatment between a male and a female. If a female is more capable in accomplishing something than a male is, would the gender really matter? In my opinion, a male and a female should be treated equally. If a male is respected, then a female deserve respect too. If a male is given his rights, then I do not see why a female should not be given hers. It is very unfair and unreasonable when a woman’s pay is 70-90% lower than a man’s pay when they are doing the same chores. Such bias towards males and discrimination towards females would only crumble the economy of a country.

 

There are a few questions I would like to ask. What is the cause of such discrimination? Did the females do something which offended the males and cause the whole country to turn against them? Or is it just the way which everyone perceives females as – inferior, vulnerable and useless? Why is there an unfair treatment between the genders? Why is the government not taking into account of such discrimination?

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Tan Jun Wei's curator insight, February 3, 2013 1:28 PM

This is my insight using one of the thinking methods. As stated in the article, a large majority of women are stuck in lower-end, lower-pay jobs in vulenrable, informal and insecure sectors with little social protection. According to the report, the Asia Pacific region is losing $24 billion to $47 billion annually because of women's limited access to employment opportunites and another $16 billion to $30 billion as a result of gender gaps in education. I think that both males and females should be treated equally the same with the same job opportunites and also recieving proper education as both males and females ara humans too and therefore we need to have the same job opportunies and recieve proper education so that we can earn enough money for ourselves and family and also to help out with the growth of the country. I wonder if the government or any other organisations will help out by setting up campaigns to support the idea of both males and females to have equal rights.

Eliza Koh JL's curator insight, February 4, 2013 9:58 AM

Although the poverty gender gap is higher than any other developed country, the “feminization of poverty” is a global problem. This is not because women do less work. Quite the opposite: Women produce half of the world’s food and by some estimates work two-thirds of the world’s working hours. Women and men did different work based on the demands of childbearing and the community’s reproduction, but all people were valued for their contributions to the survival of their society. Women were held in the highest esteem. Once society separated into social classes, however, women were pushed into a subordinate role. Men dominated private property and its inheritances from generation to generation. Women became the property of their fathers and husbands in the same way that slaves were the property of their owners. Women, both enslaved and free, were largely without independent property and legal rights. Under feudalism, the product of their labours, both in the home and outside of it, was controlled by the men.

Iris Lee's curator insight, February 4, 2013 10:09 AM

This article depicts the inequality of the priviledges of the females and the males. The males are seen as superior, having a more stable job than the females, who were given a lesser paying job. However, gender discrimination is not something that can be easily passed off as both genders contribute an equal amount of hard work, except that they contribute to different categories in the industry, based on their strengths. I think that females should also be given a chance to have a proper job, especially females who have a family to support. There might be females that are able to do a better job than the males in that particular job. Will this kind of gender discrimination continue to affect the poverty of those families?

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» The Vicious Cycle of Poverty and Mental Health - World of Psychology

» The Vicious Cycle of Poverty and Mental Health - World of Psychology | Poverty Assignment_Lee Li Ying | Scoop.it
There is a vicious, self-reinforcing cycle of poverty associated with mental illness. You become poor. Sometimes through circumstances well beyond your control,

Via britishroses
Lee Li Ying's insight:

After reading this article, I understand how Poverty is connected to Health.

 

The title of the article “The Vicious Cycle of Poverty and Mental Health - World of Psychology” tells me that there is a vicious, self-reinforcing cycle of poverty associated with mental illness, which are caused by circumstances well beyond the control of a person, such as losing a job. As a result, people sought help from the government. The picture on the left illustrates homeless people sitting on and lying along the pavements. It is stated that living in poverty for a significant length of time increases all sorts of risk factors for health and mental health problems. As one gets more stressed worrying about money constantly, their nutritional intake becomes worse. A person starts to consume more processed foods as such foods are often cheaper than nutritional foods. Statistics shows that 34 000 patients have been hospitalized at least twice for mental illness over a period of 7 years. It is concluded that poverty acting through economic stressors such as unemployment and lack of affordable housing is more likely to precede mental illness. It is believed that being poor is not a life-long condition one has to be resigned to for the rest of their lives. As a result, recovery from poverty and mental illness should be everyone’s goal.

 

There are many different types of people in this world. The way each of them face a problem is different. Some chooses to be optimistic and looks at the brighter sight of the problem. As a result, they do not have much stress on them and is able to move on with life without much difficulty. On the other hand, some chooses to be pessimistic and looks at the darker side of the problem. As a result, they tend to have much stress on them. These people usually suffer from depression in which their minds are often filled with negative thoughts and this causes their mental state of health to deteriorate. Therefore, they do nothing to improve their situation and have difficulty moving on with life.

 

There are a few questions I would like to ask. Is the government doing much to help these people? Have you ever thought if the people who lost their jobs were in the wrong? For example, they were fired because they offended their employer? It is really necessary for these people to be that pessimistic until they suffer from mental health problems? For example, losing a job may be quite a shock for a person to handle. However, if another person is able to approach it in an optimistic way and move on with life, I don’t see why that person is unable to do so.

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Eliza Koh JL's curator insight, February 4, 2013 9:13 AM

People who live in poverty are at increased risk of mental illness compared to their economically stable peers. Their lives are stressful. They are both witness to and victims of more violence and trauma than those who are reasonably well off, and they are at high risk of poor general health and malnutrition. The converse is also true: When people are mentally ill, they are at increased risk of becoming and/or staying poor. They have higher health costs, difficulty getting and retaining jobs, are less productive at work, and suffer the social stigma and isolation of mental illness. There are different types of interventions undertaken in several low and middle-income places. The authors first looked at programs intended to improve individual or family economic status and monitored changes in measures of mental health including stress and depression in adults, childhood behavior problems, childhood cognitive development, and adolescent self-esteem.

 

Iris Lee's curator insight, February 4, 2013 9:53 AM

Poverty not only affects the person physically but also mentally as the person will feel more stress with the unknown future, whether they will live or die.  Since their fate cannot be controlled by them, they will have the insecurity and would be more prone to suffer from mental illness. I think that these people should at least be given a chance to earn some money. It is saddening when you see all those people living in poverty lying at the sides of the streets. However, do the people feel this way for them? 

Hilal Iryandy's curator insight, January 25, 2014 4:06 AM

This article shows that poverty led to both mantal illnesses and diseases. They have suffer hunger and stress causing both diseases and emotional breakdowns.They lost their family, friends and belongings. I just wonder what can be done to make their lives happy.

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Poverty and Water in Africa

Poverty and Water in Africa | Poverty Assignment_Lee Li Ying | Scoop.it
Learn how poverty relief in Africa begins with access to clean water. Discover how water can help end poverty and hunger.

Via waimoe
Lee Li Ying's insight:

After reading this article, I understand how Poverty is connected to Water.

 

The first sub-heading “Poverty and Water are related” tells me that the lack of water is an insurmountable obstacle to helping oneself. The picture on the right side illustrates two African females collecting water from the river. It is said that one of the greatest causes of poverty in Africa is also the most overlooked, which is the lack of access to clean drinking water. Statistics shows that nearly one billion people do not have access to clean and safe water, which is equivalent of 1 in 8 people on the planet. The article further describes the process of water collection from unclean water sources and the amount of time wasted. Instead of attending school, children would have to help out collecting water. Instead of taking care of their families, expanding minimal farming to sustainable levels, and even running small businesses, parents would have to spend more time collecting water. With much of one's day already consumed by meeting basic needs, there is not much time left for something else. The hours lost to gathering water are often the difference between time to do a trade and earn a living.

 

Water is a need and is essential for the survival of living organisms. Without water, no one is able to stay replenished and alive. The two females are gathering water from a dirty river. Drinking from unclean water sources can lead to waterborne illnesses. People in developed countries have access to clean and safe water. With just a turn of the tap, purified water comes flowing out of it. As a result, they take the availability of drinking water for granted. However, those in undeveloped countries have a different experience. They do not have access to clean and safe water. They have to collect water from unclean sources, which cause them to fall sick and suffer from diseases. They have to go through so much hardship to just gather water for their families, and oftentimes, the water they have gathered is not even safe for drinking. Not to mention the amount of valuable time the people have wasted fetching unclean water for consumption. With access to clean drinking water, they could have saved and invested those minutes spent for better uses.


There are a few questions I would like to ask. Is there anything I can do to help these people suffering from lack of access to clean and safe drinking water? They prioritized fetching water over attending schools and improving the lives of family members. Are they doing the right thing? How do these people plan to survive if they keep doing that? The government is indeed doing something to help these people. Then why is there still lack of access to clean and safe drinking water in Africa? Is the government using the most efficient way to solve this problem, which is asking for donations?

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Eliza Koh JL's curator insight, February 4, 2013 8:13 AM

Water is essential for life. Safe, abundant water is vital to our ability to prosper and fulfilled our potential. Without it, we face a continual decline in our well-being. No access to clean water, and almost no access to clean sanitation, causing widespread suffering from malaria, typhoid, dysentery and many other diseases.  These illness not only stop people working, going to school and causing pain but they kill many more young children before the age of 5 than happens in the developed world. They also kill people younger so children are left without parents and people in work die off leaving projects unfinished, and expertise gaps.  Apart from this effect upon our health, the loss of productivity that results from water-related illnesses holds back our progress. Population is growing rapidly each year, but the lack of safe water and sanitation reduces our economic growth at twice that rate. And a growing population must be properly fed. We need to increase our water production by half. How will we achieve this without reducing the amount and quality of the remaining water resources which we will need for drinking and sanitation? Clearly, the provision of sustainable, clean water for our people should be high priority. Sustainable supplies of water, its better management and protection are the key to this success - just as increased agricultural productivity holds the key to spreading prosperity and our other development goals.

Huang Ziqian's comment, January 29, 2014 12:12 PM
Water is the most essential and basic need for anyone or any countries. In Africa, there is an extremely limited sources of water. This makes the lives of people there more and more difficult. Besides, there are already many problems have appeared in Africa, the government has not taken any measures to solve them. In other words, the solutions may not be very efficient. To reduce poverty in Africa, the government as well as the whole society must think of solutions to help. For example, water can be transported from other countries to Africa. Although it will be costing a great amount of money, it is necessary. Charities can be set up, however, to prevent corruption, things for daily use or supplies can be collected instead of money.
Cappy's curator insight, March 7, 2014 12:24 PM

Poverty may be a result of many man made causes, but one of the greatest causes of poverty is also the most overlooked, which is the lack of access to clean water. Lack of water is often an obstacle in helping oneself. You can’t grow food, built house, stay healthy, and children would have no time for school. People spend couple hours a day to find and transport any water they can find whether it’s clean or not. Their containers can weigh up to a lot, and they need to carry it almost more than three hours everyday. It is estimated that the Sub-Saharan Africa loses about 40 billion hours per year collecting water. These people don’t have enough time to do anything else because they lose about 3 hours each day collecting water. The Water Project is trying to help by providing clean water, using money from donations they will create wells.


I realised that children in dry regions of Africa are using most of their time to find and transport water. This left them with less time for their education and other activities. Poverty is also the result of people lacking time to develop their wealth. When clean water is provided, people’s health improved, and hunger will be reduced because water is provided for the crops. The article tells me that it is possible to break Africa’s poverty cycle by providing access to clean water.


I realised how much Africa’s climate can affect people’s way of life, and how much it changed their life. I do agree that we should provide the people access to clean water to reduce their time on getting water and to let them use their time on something else. Most of the water people found were dirty and uncleaned, which result in infected residents from waterborne diseases. I think that providing clean water to these people is the best way to cure poverty.


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Breaking the Cycle of Poverty Through Education and Job Training

Breaking the Cycle of Poverty Through Education and Job Training | Poverty Assignment_Lee Li Ying | Scoop.it
For too long, the national dialogue about college education has been focused on access and affordability.

Via britishroses
Lee Li Ying's insight:

After reading this article, I understand how Poverty is connected to Education.

 

The title “Breaking the Cycle of Poverty Through Education and Job Training” tells me that Student Rising Above (SRA) has built a model that is addressing the crisis in college completion rates among low-income students and other disadvantaged youths. It is stated that SRA has consistently demonstrated that when capable students get financial support, on-going guidance through college, and job training upon graduation, they can achieve their full potential. The article further describes how SRA identifies promising students and helps them afford college by providing tuition assistance and securing financial aid from the college or university.

 

I feel that SRA is indeed an award-winning non-profit community dedicated to impacting the future through the cultivation of extraordinary youth. It is great to hear that effort is being made to help low-income students and other disadvantaged youths. In my opinion, there will be lesser discrimination between the rich and the poor, since it was often believed that only the rich could afford education. Now, both social statuses will be on equal standing with each other and everyone gets a chance to succeed in life.

 

There are a few questions I would like to ask. The article states that “In today's world, a college degree is essential to obtaining meaningful employment”. However, must you really acquire a college degree to succeed in life? Is it 100% guaranteed that you will get a job if you do?

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Eliza Koh JL's curator insight, February 4, 2013 9:35 AM

Education is the brightest hope for breaking the cycle of multi-generational poverty. But, kids born to poor, under-educated parents aren't likely to succeed at school without help that targets their family situations, and that help is most needed during their earliest years. Newborn was born poor, and nearly half of those babies went on to spend at least half of their childhood in poverty. Poor children were born into "deep poverty" to parents living on incomes less. Parents' low educational attainment was shown to predict persistent poverty for their children more consistently than any other factor the study investigated including single motherhood, family unemployment, young age of parents or living in inner-city neighborhoods. Earning a high school diploma can help break the cycle of multi-generational poverty, but persistent poverty makes earning that diploma a tough challenge. Children who spend more than half of their childhoods poor are more likely than never-poor children to enter their 20s without completing high school. Poverty strikes its most innocent victims hardest of all. Stresses associated with poverty including malnutrition, lack of mental stimulation, poor health care, frequent moving and general insecurity have their direst effect on newborns and children up to age two. Children who live in poverty in those first years of life are likely to complete high school than children who became poor later in childhood. I think what this report is saying is that early interventions are very important and targeting resources to these kids from birth is vital, because home environment in early years is so important to brain development. So when parents are stable, kids are stable.

 

Iris Lee's curator insight, February 4, 2013 10:00 AM

Education is important as we live in an era where you can only gain confidence in people and get a job when you have complete education. Many children who are poor, do not get a chance to go to school and learn. When given the chance, I am sure that most of them would wish to go to school and study. Many of these children work to earn money instead of studying as they cannot afford to pay for it. However, I believe that every child deserves a chance to be educated in a school, regardless of how rich or poor they are. Even though education is not something that can be totally free of charge, why not allow all children to go to school and learn the basics of the subjects, so that they would at least have enough knowledge to get a proper job.

Brandon Lee's curator insight, February 4, 2013 11:31 AM

As highlighted in the article, we could achieve our goals by breaking the cycle of poverty by having a good and fundamental education through a college degree. Students from low income group with a college degree could contribute to society and become role models.The article mentioned that from an award winning program(SRA), graduants could easily seek employment embarking on  a career opportunity into the workforce.

In my opinion, a healthy society needs to nurture a good education program which in turn have good return through rewarding investment in education.

Rewarding careers and new emerging generation to tackle workforce issues, often kept me wondering how one day I would blend myselff into this.

 

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Poverty and food: The nutrition puzzle

Poverty and food: The nutrition puzzle | Poverty Assignment_Lee Li Ying | Scoop.it

Why do so many people in poor countries eat so badly—and what can be done about it?... Even where there is enough food, people do not seem healthier. On top of 1 billion without enough calories, another 1 billion are malnourished in the sense that they lack micro-nutrients (this is often called “hidden hunger”). And a further 1 billion are malnourished in the sense that they eat too much and are obese. It is a damning record: out of the world population of 7 billion, 3 billion eat too little, too unhealthily, or too much. Malnutrition is attracting attention now because the damage it does has only recently begun to sink in. The misery of lacking calories—bloated bellies, wasted limbs, the lethargy of famine—is easy to spot. So are the disastrous effects of obesity. By contrast, the ravages of inadequate nutrition are veiled, but no less dreadful.


Via Alexander J. Stein, Luigi Guarino
Lee Li Ying's insight:

After reading this article, I understand how Poverty is connected to Food.

 

Children suffering from poverty have limited access to food, which causes them to suffer from malnutrition as well. The picture at the bottom of the article illustrates a child eating a rotten-looking mango. Malnutrition used to be pervasive and invisible, but as more and more children suffer from it, people start to notice and are doing something about it. Malnutrition is attracting attention because of the damages it does. The misery of lacking calories leads to bloated bellies and wasted limbs. Statistics shows that malnutrition is associated with over a third of children's deaths and is the single most important risk factor in many diseases. It is said that malnourished children are less likely to go to school, less likely to stay there, and more likely to struggle academically. They earn less than their better-fed peers over their lifetimes, marry poorer spouses and die earlier. Governments around the world are paying increasing attention to nutrition. They are thinking of the best way to improve nutrition, with less stress on providing extra calories and food, and more on improving nutrition by supplying micro-nutrients such as iron and vitamins. It is stated that fixing micro-nutrient deficiencies is cheap, whereby vitamin supplements cost next to nothing and bring life-long benefits. Nutrition can also be improved in all sorts of ways, including by better sanitation, which reduces intestinal diseases and enables people to absorb more nutrients; by investing in smallholder farming, to increase dietary variety; by vaccinating children against diseases; by educating women to breastfeed babies for longer and improved immunity.

 

People in developed countries have easy access to food. As they believe that food is around them everywhere, they take the availability of food for granted. However, those in undeveloped countries have a different experience. They have do not have access to food. If the children are lucky, they may find scraps of contaminated food. To them, food is very precious and difficult to come by. As food is difficult to come by, these children usually suffer from malnutrition. Lack of nutritional intake can lead to starvation and eventually death.

 

There are a few questions I would like to ask. Is there anything I can do to help these people suffering from lack of access to food? We know that there are people suffering from poverty and do not have access to food. Then why are we still wasting food? It is stated that the government only takes action when malnutrition becomes visible. Why are they not being proactive? Is it because the problem is not of importance yet?

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Wu Weiyang's curator insight, February 3, 2013 10:40 AM

There is plenty of food in the world for everyone. The problem is that hungry people are trapped in severe poverty. They lack the money to buy enough food to nourish them. Being constantly malnourished, they become weaker and often sick. This makes them increasingly less able to work, which then makes them even poorer and hungrier. This downward spiral often continues until death for them and their families. Many people are trying to help them problem is still remain unsolved.by donating daily necessaries. However, these things can only last for a short while, the main problem is still remain unsolved. Once they finished the things we donated, how are they going to survive?

 

Poon Ying Ying's curator insight, February 4, 2013 7:15 AM

In this article, we can see that the poor are having difficulty eating proper meals. People living in poverty are starving or malnourished, they do not get enough calories and nutrition from the food they consume or even die from diseases because they consume leftover food found in the bins which are unhygienic and contaminated. We have easy access to food everyday and everywhere, but we are not appreciating it. We tend to waste food and complain about the food we eat. That is not the way, we should think of those living in poverty and spare a thought for them. They have to consume unhygienic food or even starve, when we get to consume the clean food of enough nutrition. I wonder how can we waste food at the thought of those living in poverty? How can this people survive on contaminated food everyday?

Jasmine Tan's curator insight, March 2, 2013 12:36 PM

See. Think. Wonder.

From this article, I can see that children are suffering from the lack of food. In some countries, the children starve for almost the whole day and they will only get food if they come to school. Starving is bad for their health and they will suffer from different malnutrition symptoms in the long run if they do not treat the probolem of lack of food seirously now.

It gets me thinking of the amount of children who die each day because they cannot take the hunger, and die of some diesease or just plainly starvation, although in some countries, food is nothing important to the people because food is taken for granted.

I wonder how will the children feel about their lives, if they knew that they are leading worse lives than those who are more fortunate than them. Would they feel that it is unfair? or are they just contented with what they have?