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Poverty and Water in Africa

Poverty and Water in Africa | Poverty Assignment_Koh Jun Lin Eliza | Scoop.it
Learn how poverty relief in Africa begins with access to clean water. Discover how water can help end poverty and hunger.

Via waimoe, Ming Ting
Eliza Koh JL's insight:

Water is essential for life. Safe, abundant water is vital to our ability to prosper and fulfilled our potential. Without it, we face a continual decline in our well-being. No access to clean water, and almost no access to clean sanitation, causing widespread suffering from malaria, typhoid, dysentery and many other diseases.  These illness not only stop people working, going to school and causing pain but they kill many more young children before the age of 5 than happens in the developed world. They also kill people younger so children are left without parents and people in work die off leaving projects unfinished, and expertise gaps.  Apart from this effect upon our health, the loss of productivity that results from water-related illnesses holds back our progress. Population is growing rapidly each year, but the lack of safe water and sanitation reduces our economic growth at twice that rate. And a growing population must be properly fed. We need to increase our water production by half. How will we achieve this without reducing the amount and quality of the remaining water resources which we will need for drinking and sanitation? Clearly, the provision of sustainable, clean water for our people should be high priority. Sustainable supplies of water, its better management and protection are the key to this success - just as increased agricultural productivity holds the key to spreading prosperity and our other development goals.

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yee melissa's curator insight, February 4, 2013 7:34 AM

Without water, people cannot do things like growing agriculture, building house, not being able to stay healthy,not being able to attend school due to helping family to transport water and to go to work. But most importantly, they WASTE their time collecting water. People as young as five years old collect water and women carrying water with the weight of a baby hippo. Collecting their daily needs,water, takes up alot of time and there will not be sufficient time to do other things.Africa use up 40 billion hours per year to collect waters and that is alot of time. There are people not being able to access to clean water and wants more people to be aware of it and to spread awareness. After reading this article, i will really treasure accessing to clean water and definitely not to waste water. In Singapore, just by opening the tap and we have the access to clean water. Not like Africa, when muddy, dirty water is already considered as a blessing to them. People are helping to build a well. But building a well does not means it is safe and clean as the well is deep and more prone to accidents. People there have no food thus having no energy. They may end up falling in to the well and polute it. People may throw some dirty stuff into the well. If the person throw his/ her blood and she/ him has HIV, the people collecting the water will be infected by his illness. 

Huang Ziqian's comment, January 29, 12:12 PM
Water is the most essential and basic need for anyone or any countries. In Africa, there is an extremely limited sources of water. This makes the lives of people there more and more difficult. Besides, there are already many problems have appeared in Africa, the government has not taken any measures to solve them. In other words, the solutions may not be very efficient. To reduce poverty in Africa, the government as well as the whole society must think of solutions to help. For example, water can be transported from other countries to Africa. Although it will be costing a great amount of money, it is necessary. Charities can be set up, however, to prevent corruption, things for daily use or supplies can be collected instead of money.
Cappy's curator insight, March 7, 12:24 PM

Poverty may be a result of many man made causes, but one of the greatest causes of poverty is also the most overlooked, which is the lack of access to clean water. Lack of water is often an obstacle in helping oneself. You can’t grow food, built house, stay healthy, and children would have no time for school. People spend couple hours a day to find and transport any water they can find whether it’s clean or not. Their containers can weigh up to a lot, and they need to carry it almost more than three hours everyday. It is estimated that the Sub-Saharan Africa loses about 40 billion hours per year collecting water. These people don’t have enough time to do anything else because they lose about 3 hours each day collecting water. The Water Project is trying to help by providing clean water, using money from donations they will create wells.


I realised that children in dry regions of Africa are using most of their time to find and transport water. This left them with less time for their education and other activities. Poverty is also the result of people lacking time to develop their wealth. When clean water is provided, people’s health improved, and hunger will be reduced because water is provided for the crops. The article tells me that it is possible to break Africa’s poverty cycle by providing access to clean water.


I realised how much Africa’s climate can affect people’s way of life, and how much it changed their life. I do agree that we should provide the people access to clean water to reduce their time on getting water and to let them use their time on something else. Most of the water people found were dirty and uncleaned, which result in infected residents from waterborne diseases. I think that providing clean water to these people is the best way to cure poverty.


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Asian women workers risk "persistent vulnerability, poverty and exploitation"

Asian women workers risk "persistent vulnerability, poverty and exploitation" | Poverty Assignment_Koh Jun Lin Eliza | Scoop.it

BANGKOK (TrustLaw) – Women workers in Asia face the risk of “persistent vulnerability, poverty and exploitation” despite a recovering economy and their huge potential due to prejudice, according to a report by the International Labour Organisation and Asian Development Bank. A large majority of women here are stuck in lower-end, lower-pay jobs in vulnerable, informal and insecure sectors with little social protection and at the lowest rung of the global supply chain, it said. While progress has been made in past decades addressing gender inequalities, “discrimination against women remains pervasive throughout the labour markets of the region,” Women and labour markets in Asia: Rebalancing Gender Equality said. According to the report, the Asia Pacific region is losing $24 billion to $47 billion annually because of women’s limited access to employment opportunities and another $16 billion to $30 billion as a result of gender gaps in education.
Also listen to the following radio broadcast on Radio Australia
http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/connectasia/stories/201104/s3203663.htm


Via Cindy Sullivan, Ming Ting
Eliza Koh JL's insight:

Although the poverty gender gap is higher than any other developed country, the “feminization of poverty” is a global problem. This is not because women do less work. Quite the opposite: Women produce half of the world’s food and by some estimates work two-thirds of the world’s working hours. Women and men did different work based on the demands of childbearing and the community’s reproduction, but all people were valued for their contributions to the survival of their society. Women were held in the highest esteem. Once society separated into social classes, however, women were pushed into a subordinate role. Men dominated private property and its inheritances from generation to generation. Women became the property of their fathers and husbands in the same way that slaves were the property of their owners. Women, both enslaved and free, were largely without independent property and legal rights. Under feudalism, the product of their labours, both in the home and outside of it, was controlled by the men.

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Theodore Tan's curator insight, February 3, 2013 10:25 AM

many parts of asia,woman are not given the basic education. only man are given basic education. womans should have a chance to study.

Tan Jun Wei's curator insight, February 3, 2013 1:28 PM

This is my insight using one of the thinking methods. As stated in the article, a large majority of women are stuck in lower-end, lower-pay jobs in vulenrable, informal and insecure sectors with little social protection. According to the report, the Asia Pacific region is losing $24 billion to $47 billion annually because of women's limited access to employment opportunites and another $16 billion to $30 billion as a result of gender gaps in education. I think that both males and females should be treated equally the same with the same job opportunites and also recieving proper education as both males and females ara humans too and therefore we need to have the same job opportunies and recieve proper education so that we can earn enough money for ourselves and family and also to help out with the growth of the country. I wonder if the government or any other organisations will help out by setting up campaigns to support the idea of both males and females to have equal rights.

Iris Lee's curator insight, February 4, 2013 10:09 AM

This article depicts the inequality of the priviledges of the females and the males. The males are seen as superior, having a more stable job than the females, who were given a lesser paying job. However, gender discrimination is not something that can be easily passed off as both genders contribute an equal amount of hard work, except that they contribute to different categories in the industry, based on their strengths. I think that females should also be given a chance to have a proper job, especially females who have a family to support. There might be females that are able to do a better job than the males in that particular job. Will this kind of gender discrimination continue to affect the poverty of those families?

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» The Vicious Cycle of Poverty and Mental Health - World of Psychology

» The Vicious Cycle of Poverty and Mental Health - World of Psychology | Poverty Assignment_Koh Jun Lin Eliza | Scoop.it
There is a vicious, self-reinforcing cycle of poverty associated with mental illness. You become poor. Sometimes through circumstances well beyond your control,

Via britishroses, Nigel Leong
Eliza Koh JL's insight:

People who live in poverty are at increased risk of mental illness compared to their economically stable peers. Their lives are stressful. They are both witness to and victims of more violence and trauma than those who are reasonably well off, and they are at high risk of poor general health and malnutrition. The converse is also true: When people are mentally ill, they are at increased risk of becoming and/or staying poor. They have higher health costs, difficulty getting and retaining jobs, are less productive at work, and suffer the social stigma and isolation of mental illness. There are different types of interventions undertaken in several low and middle-income places. The authors first looked at programs intended to improve individual or family economic status and monitored changes in measures of mental health including stress and depression in adults, childhood behavior problems, childhood cognitive development, and adolescent self-esteem.

 

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Jovan Chua's curator insight, February 4, 2013 8:52 AM

While no one chooses to have mental issues, seeking help from the government forever should not be an option for the long term. Even though people have little control over such things, they should try to support themselves in small ways if possible intead of wasting their days away unless the are left without a choice.

Iris Lee's curator insight, February 4, 2013 9:53 AM

Poverty not only affects the person physically but also mentally as the person will feel more stress with the unknown future, whether they will live or die.  Since their fate cannot be controlled by them, they will have the insecurity and would be more prone to suffer from mental illness. I think that these people should at least be given a chance to earn some money. It is saddening when you see all those people living in poverty lying at the sides of the streets. However, do the people feel this way for them? 

Hilal Iryandy's curator insight, January 25, 4:06 AM

This article shows that poverty led to both mantal illnesses and diseases. They have suffer hunger and stress causing both diseases and emotional breakdowns.They lost their family, friends and belongings. I just wonder what can be done to make their lives happy.

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Poverty and Water in Africa

Poverty and Water in Africa | Poverty Assignment_Koh Jun Lin Eliza | Scoop.it
Learn how poverty relief in Africa begins with access to clean water. Discover how water can help end poverty and hunger.

Via waimoe, Ming Ting
Eliza Koh JL's insight:

Water is essential for life. Safe, abundant water is vital to our ability to prosper and fulfilled our potential. Without it, we face a continual decline in our well-being. No access to clean water, and almost no access to clean sanitation, causing widespread suffering from malaria, typhoid, dysentery and many other diseases.  These illness not only stop people working, going to school and causing pain but they kill many more young children before the age of 5 than happens in the developed world. They also kill people younger so children are left without parents and people in work die off leaving projects unfinished, and expertise gaps.  Apart from this effect upon our health, the loss of productivity that results from water-related illnesses holds back our progress. Population is growing rapidly each year, but the lack of safe water and sanitation reduces our economic growth at twice that rate. And a growing population must be properly fed. We need to increase our water production by half. How will we achieve this without reducing the amount and quality of the remaining water resources which we will need for drinking and sanitation? Clearly, the provision of sustainable, clean water for our people should be high priority. Sustainable supplies of water, its better management and protection are the key to this success - just as increased agricultural productivity holds the key to spreading prosperity and our other development goals.

more...
yee melissa's curator insight, February 4, 2013 7:34 AM

Without water, people cannot do things like growing agriculture, building house, not being able to stay healthy,not being able to attend school due to helping family to transport water and to go to work. But most importantly, they WASTE their time collecting water. People as young as five years old collect water and women carrying water with the weight of a baby hippo. Collecting their daily needs,water, takes up alot of time and there will not be sufficient time to do other things.Africa use up 40 billion hours per year to collect waters and that is alot of time. There are people not being able to access to clean water and wants more people to be aware of it and to spread awareness. After reading this article, i will really treasure accessing to clean water and definitely not to waste water. In Singapore, just by opening the tap and we have the access to clean water. Not like Africa, when muddy, dirty water is already considered as a blessing to them. People are helping to build a well. But building a well does not means it is safe and clean as the well is deep and more prone to accidents. People there have no food thus having no energy. They may end up falling in to the well and polute it. People may throw some dirty stuff into the well. If the person throw his/ her blood and she/ him has HIV, the people collecting the water will be infected by his illness. 

Huang Ziqian's comment, January 29, 12:12 PM
Water is the most essential and basic need for anyone or any countries. In Africa, there is an extremely limited sources of water. This makes the lives of people there more and more difficult. Besides, there are already many problems have appeared in Africa, the government has not taken any measures to solve them. In other words, the solutions may not be very efficient. To reduce poverty in Africa, the government as well as the whole society must think of solutions to help. For example, water can be transported from other countries to Africa. Although it will be costing a great amount of money, it is necessary. Charities can be set up, however, to prevent corruption, things for daily use or supplies can be collected instead of money.
Cappy's curator insight, March 7, 12:24 PM

Poverty may be a result of many man made causes, but one of the greatest causes of poverty is also the most overlooked, which is the lack of access to clean water. Lack of water is often an obstacle in helping oneself. You can’t grow food, built house, stay healthy, and children would have no time for school. People spend couple hours a day to find and transport any water they can find whether it’s clean or not. Their containers can weigh up to a lot, and they need to carry it almost more than three hours everyday. It is estimated that the Sub-Saharan Africa loses about 40 billion hours per year collecting water. These people don’t have enough time to do anything else because they lose about 3 hours each day collecting water. The Water Project is trying to help by providing clean water, using money from donations they will create wells.


I realised that children in dry regions of Africa are using most of their time to find and transport water. This left them with less time for their education and other activities. Poverty is also the result of people lacking time to develop their wealth. When clean water is provided, people’s health improved, and hunger will be reduced because water is provided for the crops. The article tells me that it is possible to break Africa’s poverty cycle by providing access to clean water.


I realised how much Africa’s climate can affect people’s way of life, and how much it changed their life. I do agree that we should provide the people access to clean water to reduce their time on getting water and to let them use their time on something else. Most of the water people found were dirty and uncleaned, which result in infected residents from waterborne diseases. I think that providing clean water to these people is the best way to cure poverty.


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Breaking the Cycle of Poverty Through Education and Job Training

Breaking the Cycle of Poverty Through Education and Job Training | Poverty Assignment_Koh Jun Lin Eliza | Scoop.it
For too long, the national dialogue about college education has been focused on access and affordability.

Via britishroses, Ming Ting
Eliza Koh JL's insight:

Education is the brightest hope for breaking the cycle of multi-generational poverty. But, kids born to poor, under-educated parents aren't likely to succeed at school without help that targets their family situations, and that help is most needed during their earliest years. Newborn was born poor, and nearly half of those babies went on to spend at least half of their childhood in poverty. Poor children were born into "deep poverty" to parents living on incomes less. Parents' low educational attainment was shown to predict persistent poverty for their children more consistently than any other factor the study investigated including single motherhood, family unemployment, young age of parents or living in inner-city neighborhoods. Earning a high school diploma can help break the cycle of multi-generational poverty, but persistent poverty makes earning that diploma a tough challenge. Children who spend more than half of their childhoods poor are more likely than never-poor children to enter their 20s without completing high school. Poverty strikes its most innocent victims hardest of all. Stresses associated with poverty including malnutrition, lack of mental stimulation, poor health care, frequent moving and general insecurity have their direst effect on newborns and children up to age two. Children who live in poverty in those first years of life are likely to complete high school than children who became poor later in childhood. I think what this report is saying is that early interventions are very important and targeting resources to these kids from birth is vital, because home environment in early years is so important to brain development. So when parents are stable, kids are stable.

 

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Ameer Artsyrup's curator insight, February 4, 2013 9:01 AM

This is my insight after reading the article using the see-think-wonder method. From this article, i found out that quality education plays an important role in helping us eradicate poverty. Quality education will help us eradicate poverty as quality education education meant better jobs. Better jobs meant better pay. Better pay meant less people affected by porverty. Thus quality education is needed in order to lessen or stop poverty. However not many people are able to have the luxury to enjoy quality education as not many, ecspecially poor people have the sufficient amount of money to pay for quality education. For this reason, I believe that this method will not be able to stop or lessen poverty unless if someone rich or a group of reach poeple help the poor by making schools in poverty-hit areas and giving the poor the priviledge of receiving free quality education in order to help them and at the same time help lesson poverty. If the rich do this then quality eduacation will be able to break the cycle of peverty.

Iris Lee's curator insight, February 4, 2013 10:00 AM

Education is important as we live in an era where you can only gain confidence in people and get a job when you have complete education. Many children who are poor, do not get a chance to go to school and learn. When given the chance, I am sure that most of them would wish to go to school and study. Many of these children work to earn money instead of studying as they cannot afford to pay for it. However, I believe that every child deserves a chance to be educated in a school, regardless of how rich or poor they are. Even though education is not something that can be totally free of charge, why not allow all children to go to school and learn the basics of the subjects, so that they would at least have enough knowledge to get a proper job.

Brandon Lee's curator insight, February 4, 2013 11:31 AM

As highlighted in the article, we could achieve our goals by breaking the cycle of poverty by having a good and fundamental education through a college degree. Students from low income group with a college degree could contribute to society and become role models.The article mentioned that from an award winning program(SRA), graduants could easily seek employment embarking on  a career opportunity into the workforce.

In my opinion, a healthy society needs to nurture a good education program which in turn have good return through rewarding investment in education.

Rewarding careers and new emerging generation to tackle workforce issues, often kept me wondering how one day I would blend myselff into this.

 

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UK's food poverty revealed: nutrition falls as fruit and veg prices rise

UK's food poverty revealed: nutrition falls as fruit and veg prices rise | Poverty Assignment_Koh Jun Lin Eliza | Scoop.it

Annual food survey shows that households are ditching fresh, healthy foods and 'trading down' to counter rising prices

The UK's poorest households are being disproportionately hit by the impact of soaring food prices, according to new government figures that also show the consumption of every major nutrient has fallen in the last four years.

In order to cut costs since 2007, UK households have bought less bread, lamb, beef, fish, fruit, vegetables, potatoes and alcoholic drinks – but more bacon.

The government's annual Family Food survey, which provides the most detailed annual snapshot of food and drink spending and consumption, found that weekly spending per person on all household food in 2011 was £27.99, an increase of 1.5% on the previous year. But because of price rises, that bought less food - 4.2% less in 2011 than in 2007.


Via @AngloCatalans, Ming Ting
Eliza Koh JL's insight:

Some countries with poverty benefitted from a tropical climate with lush vegetation and a diverse range of crops that grow all year round. This highlights just how important agriculture is to reducing poverty in some countries. As those who have poverty will have the vegetation and crops that they got and they can eat without searching for any vegetation and crops desperately. So the lesser the vegetation and crops import from other countries, the higher the price it can be.  The country should be part of the biggest exporters of a variety of products, and a much larger proportion of peoples should reap the fruits of this trade. In general, whenever the country experiences periods of economic growth, they match improvements in agriculture. It provides tons of food, jobs, raw material for other sectors (e.g. cattle) and higher income. Even today as the service sector is taking off; agriculture remains an important aspect in the country’s economy. Several studies confirmed what was obvious to everyone: people with larger farm land, those with access to loans or production assets, as well as people closer to local markets all showed much lower poverty rates than the rest. Integrating thousands of households into local markets and teaching more advanced agricultural techniques are also essential aspects to reducing poverty in some countries. In many ways this implies more government intervention, at least to invest in basic infrastructure such as roads and cheap public transportation so that people are given the opportunity to go to town and sell their crops.

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Tan Jun Wei's curator insight, February 3, 2013 12:46 PM

This is my insight using one of the thinking methods. As stated in the article, people are poorer are affected by the raising prices of food and they are unable to afford enough food for themselves. The new government figures also show the consumption of every major nutrient has fallen in the last 4 years. I think that it is important for everyone to have enough food as food is an imporant factor for our survival and also food provides us with important nutrients so as to unable us to have enough energy to go out and work and earn more money to make our lives better. I think that the governement or other organisations can help out by setting up stations at different parts of the country to provide food so that the people can proceed to the nearest stations to get enough food for their family daily.

Iris Lee's curator insight, February 4, 2013 9:45 AM

Nutrients are important, especially important for children when they need the nutrients to grow. Without these nutrients, people might have deficiency diseases due to lack of nutrients or obesity due to consuming junk food and sugary drinks. I think that household markets should have an affordable prices for average household families to buy their essential daily needs. If the prices of the products are continuously increasing, I doubt that any of the families will be able to afford it and both the families and the supermarket will suffer. In my opinion, I think that the government should manage the rising prices of products in the supermarket, instead of helping out the families with financial difficulties as a larger number of people will benefit.

Jasmine Tan's curator insight, March 2, 2013 1:04 PM

See. Think. Wonder.

From this article, I can see that many people are starting to not consume or buy fruits and vegetables, because they are increasing in price and instead bought quite unhealthy food. I believe this is because if the lack of harvest, thus the markets are selling things at a higher price.

It makes me think of the other countires which have fuits and vegetables of the same pricing as usual, why do people still not want to buy them? They know that fruits and vegetables are healthy for them. This also brings back to the point where the lack of money does not let one eat well and healthily.

I wonder if the country can import more fuirts and vegetables from other countires so that they have more to sell, and that they would not have to increase the price of the things which they are selling.