Most modern organic farming techniques take their roots from old agricultural practices that promote ecological sustainability and conserve natural resources such as soil and water. These farming techniques are used by organic farmers to complement the processes and elements of nature that are already present in their farmlands. That is, farmers use organic farming techniques in order to cultivate good healthy crops and harvest good yields without harming the ecosystem. To do so, modern organic farmers combine old traditional practices with scientific knowledge to maintain a healthy balance that permeates across the soil, the water system, the air, and the various organisms that make up the local ecosystem.
Expert organic farmers combine several farming techniques to achieve the most beneficial effect not only to the farm and its produce but also to its immediate environs. In addition, true organic farmers are ecologically intuitive and consider ‘pests’ and ‘weeds’ as natural inhabitants of any organic farm and seek only to manage their population instead of eradicating them completely. Basically, organic farming techniques address four fundamental challenges in agriculture: 1) how to maintain soil structure and fertility in order to produce healthy crops; 2) how to control pests, diseases, and weeds; 3) how to conserve farm resources such as water; and, 4) how to implement good, ecologically sound husbandry if the farm also outputs animal products. Some of the common organic farming techniques include composting, green manure, crop rotation, mulching, biological management of pests and weeds, and the use of organic pesticides and fertilizers.
The cultivation of the same crop year after year has been found to significantly reduce soil fertility and may cause a rise in the population of pests and weeds. Organic farmers “rotate” the planting of crops from one plot of farmland to another wherein the crop is prevented from being planted to the original site until after three to four years. Crop rotation allows the build-up of nutrients by one type of crop for the later consumption of the said nutrients by another crop type. Crop rotation also allows natural predators to thrive in the organic farm.
Organic fertilizers are soil-enriching materials that naturally occur in nature or are produced through a completely natural process without the aid of synthetic elements or additives. The main ingredients of organic fertilizers are animal or plant matter, or a combination of the two. Organic fertilizers include manure, compost, peat, slurry, worm castings, seaweed, and guano. Basically, any material that occurs naturally and has undergone the process of decomposition may be considered as an organic fertilizer.
Green manure are also called cover crops and are used to improve soil structure and fertility. They simulate the beneficial effects of synthetic fertilizers but are cheaper and free from chemicals that degrade the environment. Green manure also increases the water holding capacity of soils and prevents erosion and weed growth.
Composting is a process which includes natural decomposition of plant and animal matter so that it is eventually used as a soil additive. Made up of leaves, fruit skins, or animal manure, compost is easy to prepare and may be used to improve soil quality or prevent the build up of pests and diseases.
Organic Weed Control
For organic farmers, weeds are natural inhabitants of the farm ecosystem and should be managed as such. This means that the objective is not to completely eradicate them by potent herbicides but to curb their spread through various ecologically sound methods. Crop rotation, manual hoeing, application of mulches, green manure, and introduction of natural weed consumers are some of the methods organic farmers use to manage weeds.
Everybody wants a piece of Robert Redford. Young filmmakers ask him up for advice in the street. A stewardess on a plane mentions her son has this idea. The guy with a videotape under his arm who looked so grungy Redford thought he was a tramp.
In Cabaret Voltaire, Chris Watson used tape loops and field recordings as a pioneer of industrial music. Now, he is a sound recordist for BBC nature programmes who also works on installations, films and his own albums.
"Less is more" is a principle that made the success of some great products. Take the iPhone in its early days for instance: much less features than competing smartphones at that time but a beautiful interface that brought an ease-of-use never seen before.
Medium seems to be going down that path by focusing on delivering true wysiwyg editing on an online service while removing a lot of the bells and whistles that Wordpress and other platforms have.
While this is certainly interesting and exciting, I wonder whether it won't make this too impressive for the casual blogger or writer. With Medium, it seems like you won't be able to rely on anything else than the simple power of words. But then again, it might be the intention: getting the best storytellers excited about the platform rather than an attempt to democratize publishing?
My name is Ally Greer. I’m a marketer with expertise in content marketing and curation. You’ve probably never heard of me.
With over 500 million users on Twitter, 175 million on LinkedIn, and over a billion on Facebook, you probably haven’t heard of most people on the Internet. The bad news is that this also means most of those people probably haven’t heard of you either.