The House of Salomon
The book also envisioned and lay down the lines for the modern research university, both in pure and applied science. The state-sponsored scientific institution in Bacon's New Atlantis, 'Salomon's House', "which house or college..is the very eye of the kingdom", is described as a college using collaborative efforts of specialized sciences as a means to advance empirical knowlegde, increase man's control over nature, and bring relief to the human condition.
James Hughes, an American sociologist, has argued that Bacon was the first person to combine "transhumanist aspirations with the scientific imagination", citing New Atlantis as portraying "a proto-transhumanist utopia" of scientists who work towards objectives such as life extension, age retardation, restitution of youth, and the conquering of disease.
"The lenghtening of the thread of life itself, and the postponement for a time
of that death which gradually steals on by natural dissolution and the decay of age,
is a subject of which no physician has handled in proportion to its dignity."