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Case Study: Sri Lanka - Conflict and Harmony in Multi-Ethnic Societies - Resource Guides at National Library, Singapore

Case Study: Sri Lanka - Conflict and Harmony in Multi-Ethnic Societies - Resource Guides at National Library, Singapore | Possibilities, Conflict and Prejudice_Poon Ying Ying | Scoop.it
This LibGuide explores the following themes: 1. causes and effects of conflict in a multi-ethnic society (case studies of Northern Ireland and Sri Lanka and 2. challenges in resolving ethnic conflicts.

Via NeoJiaLing, Chan Loveshislife, Yong Jian, Jun Liang
Poon Ying Ying's insight:

After reading this article, i can see that there is an ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka that lasted for more than 100 years ! It began when they were still under the control of British. There was even violence present because of unfair treatment and they wanted to achieve their goal (to have a separate and independant state), therefore violence errupted. All this chaos caused unemployment and the tourism rate dropped. This war finally ended on 18 May 2009, when the government declared that Tamil Tigers have been defeated. It is estimated around 100,000 deaths, tens of thousands injured and almost a million left homeless. Sri Lanka is now slowly trying to recover their economic, social and political problems.


I think that the people should not involve violence in though there is a conflict, it is not worth it to suffer so much loss just for a conflict that could be put down by just giving in to the other party. It is common for arguments and fight to occur in our lifes, but i feel that the main concern is the pride of people that causes conflicts to grow bigger and hatred to deepen.


I wonder what started the conflict and why did the people not want to let it go?

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Jaslyn Si Jia's curator insight, July 3, 2013 6:45 AM

After reading this article, i learnt that there is a conflict between the Tamils and Sinhalese, which took place in Sri Lanka and lasted for over more than 100 years. As the Sinhalese have many benefits like, more job offers and further education opportunities, which the Tamils are unhappy about, thus conflicts between the two ethnic groups started.

I feel that the two ethnic groups shouldn't use violence to solve their problems. Its not worth it to get people injured or killed just to have that problem evened out. Both should talk to each other what their are unhappy about and give in to each other.

I wonder why they want to pursue the matter for such a long time.

Ameer Artsyrup's curator insight, July 5, 2013 8:59 AM

After reading this article, I believe that in order for a country to achieve progress, social, economical and political stability, it has to first achieve muti-ethnic harmony. this is true as different races in a country need to work in cohesion in order to benefit both the country and themselves. This can be seen as Singapore has gone through much progress since the racial riots end. However if racial instability has struck a multi-ethnic country, this will create a lot of problems for the country like major riots and civil wars. this will cause the country to fall in economical and political terms. This can be seen in Sri Lanka as it went through civil war which killed more than 100000 people. This war greatly affect Sri Lanka's economy and causes a major political instability in the country. Due to this, I believe that a country multi-ethnic country must achieve racial harmony in order to benefit everyone.

Evelynkoh's curator insight, July 5, 2013 11:23 AM

Peace and harmony , don't everyone want to stay that way forever? Thats why i seriously wonder , why would people want to start wars , destroying their paradise. In every country's road to success , there must be lots and lots of ups and downs , between its neighboring countries and even between their own people. We're all living in the 21st century , why would we still think in that manner that violence will solve everything? It never will , it will just make the matter worse and cause it to affect a larger amount of people and to last for an even longer period of time. The matter may start of small but because of the use of violence , the matter will start to enlarge and then it would not only be in-between the people who started the matter but the whole country. It will then be reflected badly on the race of the people and also the country. Bit by bit everything will start to fall. Therefore , to me i wonder , why would people want to make things that are simple into things that are so complicated that will cause major damages?

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Global attractiveness of singapore

Singapore: Star form the east
Singapore was ranked 3th as destination city by more than 107 million people of the global workforce in 2011. To compare, Singapore was ranked 6th in 2009.


Via Ed Burghard, Shiying Tan
Poon Ying Ying's insight:

Using the See-Think-Wonder thinking routine after looking at the slideshare, I can see that Singapore used to ranked 7th most attractive country globally in 2011. But now we ranked 3rd as destination city, the most popular Asian city to work and live in. We have a powerful economy, therefore a preferable workforce.


I think Singapore strived hard to the state we are right now, having so many strong competitors like London and New York for their potential labour market and countries like Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur for regional competitions, also competiting with Sydney and Dubai for industry because of their stong finance and ICT. I think we being Singaporeans should be thankful and appreciative for being so successful and safe to live in. We are not only a safe country but also clean and green. That is why we all should take an extra effort to maintain all this hard work and not bring it down.


I wonder if the other successful countries take the same actions as we do or do they have different strategies? How did Singapore manage to push through everything in our way to the top 3 ranking of destination city? What was all the considerations the government had to take? I wonder how Singapore's going to fare in the future, will we maintain, drop or climb higher? And how are we going to do that?

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WeiJun's curator insight, July 2, 2013 10:40 AM

After browsing through the slideshare about Singapore, I learnt that Singapore stands in the 3rd place as a destination city by more than 107 million people of the global workforce in 2011. It stands as the 7th most popular country to settle down and work in 2011. Singapore have a strong economy and it is the working capital of Southeast Asia. I think that Singapore is one of the most successful and safest countries in the world which is the reason why many foreigners prefer to migrate over and settle down here. Despite being an extremely small country, Singapore rose over the years to become so renowned by everyone in the world at this point in time. 

vengaadesh's curator insight, July 2, 2013 1:10 PM

From this article I can see that Singapore is ranked 3rd as a destination city by more than 107 million people of the global workforce in 2011 and it is the 7th most popular country to settle down and work in 2011. Singapore has one of the best economies in Asia. Hence it is a more preferable workforce compared to other countries. I think that we should appreciate that we have such a good economy. I wonder what we as Singaporeans can do to keep us the good work done by the people of Singapore today.

Coven Chong Weng's curator insight, July 5, 2013 7:35 AM

From this article, i can see that Singapore was ranked 3rd as a destination city by more than 107 million people of the global workforce in 2011 and also that Singapore was ranked 6th in 2009. I think that Singapore has came a long way and also now being a very good country, we as Singaporeans should at least learn to appreciate everything we have now. I wonder what will the challenges that Singapore face next time .

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Rags to riches - Fiji Times

Rags to riches - Fiji Times | Possibilities, Conflict and Prejudice_Poon Ying Ying | Scoop.it
Rags to riches
Fiji Times
Rags to riches. Margaret Wise Friday, June 21, 2013. Cool runnings ... Pedro Virgil never forgets his humble beginning as he enjoys life + Enlarge this image. Cool runnings ...

Via ShengWei Luvs, Leong Kin Wai, Shiying Tan
Poon Ying Ying's insight:

I'm using the See-Think-Wonder thinking route.


From the article, I see that Pedro Virgil is an international photographer whose name is renown in the fashion world. He was born somewhere less fortunate and had to live without electricity. His journey towards success was tough and had to overcome many obstacles. He had to work hard and persist on, to strive for his achievements today. Lucky he had his mother to encourage him and cheer him on persevering on.


From what i see, i think that we should take him as our role model because he has the fighting spirit which is the key to success. I think he must have been determined to achieve his goals and had great aims. And also that we should learn from him to not give up so easily despite all the rejections that turned him down. I think all of us should be like him, despite that he was poor and had many obstacles to overcome, he never blamed anyone or anything, he even thank god and his mother for all the opportunities he was given. We all should appreciate every thing we have, even the slightest thing.


I wonder what did he do whenever he felt demoralised and wanted to give up on his goals. How did he managed to built up all those determination and will to overcome all the difficulties? What motivated him to take the first step towards success?

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WeiJun's curator insight, July 2, 2013 10:33 AM

A SAVUSAVU-born international photographer is now a household name in the fashion world having successfully completed a stint as a judge and lead photographer on the reality show, Caribbean's Next Top Model.

But Pedro Virgil, 40, whose personal portrait belies the face of someone who "comes from the bush", says he will never forget his formative years where life was lived without electricity, and studying at night was accomplished using candles and kerosene lamps.

His mother, Sikiti Lum, is from Namuka-i-Lau while father Charles Wakeham is from Savusavu. This shows that nothing is impossible if he can start from being very poor and not known to being very wealthy and famous.

Coven Chong Weng's curator insight, July 5, 2013 8:21 AM

From this article, i can see that Pedro Virgil who is a SAVUSAVU-born has become a international photographer despite all the challenges he faced when he was young such as studying at night with candles as his house did not have electricity. I think that we should be more appreciative for the things that we have now, as everything is provided by our parents now. I wonder where did he get his motivation from and also what did he do when he was not motivated.

Evelynkoh's curator insight, July 5, 2013 10:55 AM
After reading this article , i have finally understand what the true meaning of 'nothing is impossible' is. Its not an easy task to become successful , it takes years of work , blood and tears to finally succeed in what you hope for and dream for. However , becoming successful isn't any easier to people born in wealthier and better to do families. To succeed , you must work hard and prove to the whole world that you're capable of succeeding. To me , i do believe that everyone has the capability to succeed , its only based on yourself. If you preserve on or fall into the temptations along the way or even giving up at the start , feeling insecure that you'll never do anything right. Well , to succeed , you first have to have confidence and fate in yourself that you can do it no matter what happens. Not forgetting that your will has to be strong as the road to success is never easy , its based on how you see it. You may think people succeed easily but only when you're the one fighting for success then you'll know how tough it is. All these are found in Pedro Virgil , he's a success. He wasn't born from a wealthy family nor was he lucky to be popular in school. However all those didn't matter , he did it. He persevered since young and had knew what he wanted since young therefore he aimed for it and continue work on it till he is now. As we all know , now he's a well known international photographer and thats he's result of working hard. From his case story , we are able to know that as long as we work hard for something , someday it'll come true.
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The Different Types of Prejudice | eHow

The Different Types of Prejudice | eHow | Possibilities, Conflict and Prejudice_Poon Ying Ying | Scoop.it
Prejudice is a preconceived judgment or opinion that is usually based on limited information about a group or groups of people.

Via Lim Xin Hwee, Shiying Tan
Poon Ying Ying's insight:

I'm using the See-Think-Wonder thinking route.


After seeing the article, i understand that prejudice is making an unfavourable and unreasonable judgement of your own without evidence. The most common type of prejudice are on race, gender, sexual orientation and disability. At the mention of racism, people will think of one race less worthy than another. However racism has became less common today. Sexism is usually the belief that men are better than women and should have more power. It often disadvantage women in the society like being responsible for housework and childcare.


I think that we should not make prejudice, everyone deserves to be treatly fairly. I think that we should also have evidence before making any statement in case of accusation. There would be more peace if everybody gets treated equally and not being prejudiced.


I wonder if we could so something to stop prejudice, so that everyone will be treated the same. And is it human nature to make judgement on others, just like first impressions? Why is it so common that people makes prejudice?

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Jasmine Goh's curator insight, July 2, 2013 1:47 PM

This article describes the different types of prejudice that lead to stereotyping and misjudgments. From this article, I have learnt that prejudice is a preconceived judgment or opinion that is usually based on limited information about a group or groups of people. The most common types of prejudice are those based on race, gender, sexual orientation and disability.
I feel that we should not judge people based on their skin colour or gender as it is unfair and rude to make false comments about them. Everyone should be treated with justice in spite of their race, religion and gender. We all should think twice before making comments or evaluating one's character and personality.
I wonder what good can even come out of making judgments and if there are none, why do people still judge?

Ameer Artsyrup's curator insight, July 5, 2013 7:26 AM

From this article i can infer that there are still many acts of discrimination happening in the world today like racism or gender discrimination. There is also social discrimination happening in schools and even in school places. This does not only happen in our time as in the past many acts of discrimination is practised throught the world.This can be seen as the blacks were socially discriminated in europe centuries due to their skin colour. Women in the past are discriminated as they aren't allowed to study, work or have any form of political power in the past as they are females. Eventhough these acts of discrimanation is actively happening in the past it is also rather saddening that mankind does realise his mistakes and infact still practises discrimmination.For example, in school, some of the students are discrimanted as they fat, ugly and slow in processing knowledge. I sometimes wonder when will people change their and begin accepting these group of people in the society. Thus I believe that we should stop discriminating each other but accept each strength and weakness in order to create a utopian society.

Asha Begum's curator insight, July 6, 5:29 AM

This article talks about the different types of acts of prejudice existing today. Prejudice is judgement people make of others which may not be a truth.

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Realizing Your Dreams and Goals

Realizing our dreams and accomplishing our goals can happen much faster if we employ these 3 important keys.

Via Cynthia Chia
Poon Ying Ying's insight:

Using the See-Think-Wonder route, i can see that in order to achieve our goals and turn our dreams into reality, we can not just sit at around and think or talk about it. A miracle will not happen just by wishing for it to happen, however we should work hard towards our goals and consistently close up the gap between a dream and reality. We should be determined about attaining our goals and have passion to be willing to work hard. To achieve our goals and dreams, we have to take 3 important moves. First, we have to be clear what define our dreams and goals. Take note of what actions have to be taken and write down clearly to always remind and motivate yourself. Secondly, you have to start taking actions. Now that you are clear about the steps to take, you will have to act them out. Work towards the right direction and make every act of yours productive. Lastly, you will have to draw the distance of your dream closer to you.


I think that it is complicated to think about doing all these to achieve our goals, but once we start to work towards our dreams, it will be much simple. Also i think it is not easy to work towards our dreams, but it is rather easy talking about acting it out and end up procrastinating, which is commonly seen. Therefore we all will need lots of determination and passion in order to take action. I feel that it is true about noting down our goals and steps to take, that is a reminder and motivation for us.


However i wonder how long will it take on average to reach our goals, if it require a very long period of time, how will people manage to persevere on? Will people get thoughts of giving up on the way towards their dreams because they are too tired pushing themselves to the limit? And how will they usually reject all the negatives thought and continue working hard?

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Kyle Tan's curator insight, July 1, 2013 8:53 AM

I can see that if anyone wants to realize their dreams and goals, a lot of hard work must be done. All of us have dreams but we shouldn't just be dreaming to achieve it, we must work towards it. Goals cannot be achieved if they do not work for it. I think that the techniques shown are very useful for people to use to accomplish their goals. These could help many people realise what they could only dream of having. I wonder if there are even more methods to realise what we want to achieve.

Jasmine Goh's curator insight, July 2, 2013 1:12 PM

This article has clarified the factors leading to the realization of reaching possibilities. There are many factors that add up to achieving our dreams and goals. Some of which are being positive, willing to sacrifice and having the determination to succeed. However, after reading this article, there more more important aspects that help us realize our goals. First, we have to be clear of what we want to do. We have to know what exactly we want to accomplish, and involve our feelings in it so that we will be able to experience it on an emotional level. Secondly, we have to make adjustments and be flexible to go in the correct direction of being successful. Lastly, we have to change our perspective of attracting our dreams to us, and visualize ourselves in the future. These factors have really changed my mindset and influenced me to pursue my dreams.

Jaslyn Si Jia's curator insight, July 4, 2013 6:12 AM

After reading the article, I see that dreaming wouldn't help in achieving our goals and dreams but instead hard work does. In order to achieve our desired goals, we should work hard for it, for if no work is done, goals that we desire to get may be hard to come by. The article which shows techniques in achieving our desires are really helpful and I do hope that people actually uses these few techniques to actually work towards drawing their goals towards themselves. I wonder if people who use these techniques actually had the patience and perseverance (if it takes a long time to achieve the goal) to work towards their long awaited goals.