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On Moral Progress: Reason and Logic or Empathy and Emotion

On Moral Progress: Reason and Logic or Empathy and Emotion | Positive futures | Scoop.it

On Moral Progress: Reason and Logic or Empathy and Emotion

Is the human conscience led by the head or the heart? Is the moral progress we have enjoyed – religious freedom, the abolition of slavery, anti-war movements, civil, women’s, and gay rights – a gift of empathy and emotion, or of reason and logic? Psychologist and author Steven Pinker and philosopher and novelist Rebecca Newberger Goldstein survey the history of moral progress in human society, a history, they say, suggesting that reason and logic have had a surprisingly powerful role in shaping the human condition.  


Via Edwin Rutsch
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Johnice Reid-English's comment, January 28, 2013 8:29 AM
Actually for the issues mentioned I believe that a combination of
"Reason and Logic/Empathy and Emotion" worked hand and hand to accomplish said goals, legislatively. There were plenty against these legislative outcomes, as I recall, things could easily have gone south for each one. Gone south literally: a continuation of the antebellum beliefs of the south may have prevailed but if not for a strong empathetic and logical mind set in the then sitting congress and POTUS signing these laws in to effect.
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6 Ways to Develop Greater Willpower and Discipline

Self-control. Willpower. Determination. Perseverance. Doing what you need to do, day after day, with total focus and resolve...that's how you succeed. And that's why we all want to develop greater willpower and self-control. Willpower, determination, and resilience help successful people keep working hard to achieve their long-term goals.

But how exactly do you develop greater willpower and self-control?

Wishing and hoping don't work--but taking advantage of the science of self-control will.

The following is from Belle Beth Cooper and Buffer, a social-media management tool that lets you schedule, automate, and analyze social-media updates.
David Hain's insight:

Delayed gratification and impulse control are key success indicators. Here's what you need to know, even if only to choose when to break the rules!

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Want to be Smarter? Learn to Say “I Don’t Know”

Want to be Smarter? Learn to Say “I Don’t Know” | Positive futures | Scoop.it
None of us are ever right. Certainty is an illusion, and there is no shame in being wrong because, by nature, our entire perception of the world is wrong.
Over time, we progress and thrive in our surroundings by being less wrong. We feel around, we test, and we question ourselves until something works.
Uncertainty isn’t a condition to be avoided, but a tool for better decisions.
David Hain's insight:

This simple wisdom takes a long time to learn!

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Social connection provides key to wellbeing

Social connection provides key to wellbeing | Positive futures | Scoop.it
Decades of research suggest that the quality of our social ties might be the single biggest predictor of our well-being.

Social connections are sometimes called “social capital” for good reason: They are a valuable resource in life, creating moments of positivity and fun, supporting us through good times and bad, and exposing us to new ideas and new people. If we cultivate healthy connections, the research promises a longer, happier, and more prosperous life. 

“Resonant relationships are like emotional vitamins, sustaining us through tough times and nourishing us daily,” writes Daniel Goleman in Social Intelligence: The New Science of Human Relationships.
David Hain's insight:

The life-changing benefits of social interaction!

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China leads the world in bike sharing — and now its ‘Uber for bikes’ model is going global

China leads the world in bike sharing — and now its ‘Uber for bikes’ model is going global | Positive futures | Scoop.it
Bike-sharing schemes are good for the environment. They help to reduce emissions and provide valuable first/last mile transportation to bridge the gaps in a commute by train or subway, where people might otherwise jump in a cab.
Mobike claims that “Mobikers” have cycled a combined distance of over 2.5 billion kilometers in the year since its first bikes hit the streets — the equivalent of taking 170,000 cars off the road.
In fact, according to a white paper by the company, cycling has doubled in usage over the last year, accounting for more than 11.6% of total transportation today versus 5.5% a year ago.
And China is a world leader in bike-sharing schemes, according to the Financial Times.
David Hain's insight:

Cycling will be hug in the future - and China is leading the way on how to exploit that!

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15 Leadership Books Every Future Leader Should Read (or anyone actually)

15 Leadership Books Every Future Leader Should Read (or anyone actually) | Positive futures | Scoop.it
Many times I've had people ask me, "In addition to coaching and training, what else can I do to learn more about how to improve myself? How can I learn to be a great leader that propels myself and others towards greater growth and greater opportunities?"

 My answer is simple, read. Read everything you can about successful leaders and the steps that they have taken to achieve peak performance for themselves and their organisations.

 The following is a list, and brief overview, of some of the best books that I have read about leadership.
David Hain's insight:

If you only have a small bookshelf and a thirst for leadership wisdom, here's a good way to fill it!

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Jerry Busone's curator insight, June 23, 7:46 AM

being honest not all these are what I'd call 21st century reads... lesson is simple read something about our craft and make yourself better . Read my book #offthebenchleadership or another ... but read 

Ian Berry's curator insight, June 24, 7:37 PM
What I do is compare recommended reading lists When the same books appear I get them As is this case with this list a few make my lists too http://www.ianberry.biz/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/IanBerrysrecommendedreadinglist.pdf
Kudos's curator insight, July 13, 10:36 AM
Good list of books worth the read. Take a look. This is a what we are reading - http://kudosnow.com/en/blog/story/what-we-are-reading-on-employee-engagement-volume-1 Enjoy. 
 
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Introducing the Whole Person Index – Postcards from 2035 

Introducing the Whole Person Index – Postcards from 2035  | Positive futures | Scoop.it
In your world, you strive towards individualism: more credentials, more stuff, more recognition, more things that show the world how successful you are. In our world, the only thing we strive toward is holism. That basically means we celebrate collectives rather than individuals; the whole is bigger than the sum of its parts. Left thinking teaches ‘parts of whole things’; right thinking teaches ‘whole things.’ So we never measure our success as individuals. We don’t get grades, we don’t win medals and we don’t display status symbols. The only public display of our success is our Whole Person Index, which forms a part of our digital identity — our Trust Cloud.
Every individual’s Whole Person Index is a ratio of a range of inputs and variables that are constantly updated and recalculated. Our devices, our clothes and sensors all over the world record and track data about every aspect of our well-being. I understand that you’re uncomfortable with data collection, but that’s only because in your world, data is collected by others. In our world we collect and own our own data. The more we collect, the better we can analyse and improve — ourselves and our world.
David Hain's insight:

Meet the Whole Person Index - a measure of success for the future? Interesting, @StandardOfTrust?

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Common Purpose: Realigning Business, Economies, and Society

Common Purpose: Realigning Business, Economies, and Society | Positive futures | Scoop.it
Underlying the bitter politics of our time is a simple, prevalent reality: Too many people feel that they are being left behind by a system unfairly stacked against them. For a number of generations, citizens in the world’s wealthiest nations perceived themselves as participants in a long chain of ever-increasing prosperity. Now many see themselves as worse off than their parents. They also believe their children’s lives will be worse than their own, and often with good reason. They resent the global financial system and perceive that its benefits are going only to a small minority of people — which does not include them.

These perceptions are now so widely shared that they add up to a political and economic malaise. This is not limited to the “populists” who are angry and active; they are prominent because of the role they have played in influencing major elections. No matter what your own political perspective may be, our times are marked by a fundamental loss of confidence: in the reliability and impact of economic growth; in the institutions of our interconnected world (and the trust people have in them); and in the apparent ability of government, business, and civil society to respond.
David Hain's insight:

In our divided and increasingly uncertain future, the only certainty is a need to realign society. A thoughtful essay on how we got here...

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The importance of debate

The importance of debate | Positive futures | Scoop.it
Debate: a formal discussion, often in front of an audience, in which two or more people put forward opposing views on a particular subject; any general discussion on a subject, not necessarily in one place or at one time. 13th Century, from French ‘debatre’ meaning ‘to discuss’. Chambers Dictionary.

The importance of fair discussion and a chance to challenge and explore new opinions and ideas cannot be overstated.

Leaders, debating is your chance to explain what you know, win supporters for your strategies and probe and improve the goings-on throughout the company.

Team-members, innovate in a collaborative and iterative manner by putting your solutions through a debate.

Shareholders, find out whether a strategy is in your best interest, or decide how to move forward.

Staff, solve problems and improve transparency and communication by talking openly about issues and opinions.

Debating in the workplace can have a number of uses:
David Hain's insight:

Now more than ever, we need dialogue. Dialogue means debate. Some good advice on debating here.

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The Primary Barrier Stopping You From Everything You Want In Life?

The Primary Barrier Stopping You From Everything You Want In Life? | Positive futures | Scoop.it
Jack Canfield once said, “Everything you want is on the other side of fear.” And he’s right. But I’m going to take it one step further.
Pain, discomfort, shock, boredom, impostor syndrome, awkwardness, fear, being wrong, failing, ignorance, looking stupid: your avoidance of these feelings is stopping you from a life beyond your wildest imagination.
These are the feelings that accompany a life of success. And yet, these are the very feelings you relentlessly avoid!
Interesting how that works, right?
David Hain's insight:

"Discomfort is very much part of my master plan." Jonathan Lethem

No discomfort, no growth?

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On the Brink of Massive Change: Is This The Future You Want?

On the Brink of Massive Change: Is This The Future You Want? | Positive futures | Scoop.it

Our world is going to look and operate drastically different over the next two decades. Powered by exponential technology, the cost of storage and computing are near zero making it possible to crunch gigantic data sets and enabling a new generation of artificial intelligence (AI). Application development tools and enabling technologies (i.e., sensors, cameras, robots) have improved dramatically. The combination makes it possible to automate even super complex tasks like driving.

“They already are much smarter than us at many things,” said Harvard’s Erik Brynjolfsson. “The question is ‘Can we adapt fast enough?’”

It is hard to tell exactly how this will all play out, but there four primary reasons you and the young people you care about should pay attention to artificial intelligence–we think it’s time to #AskAboutAI.

David Hain's insight:

Artificial Intelligence will dominate the future, like it or not. One thing we can do is to learn all about it...

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Naming, Taming, and Erasing Your Fear Patterns: The 7 Universal Obstacles 

Naming, Taming, and Erasing Your Fear Patterns: The 7 Universal Obstacles  | Positive futures | Scoop.it
But here comes the tricky part. As the Fear Patterns are mostly unconscious behavior and habits, we are often not aware of them. We are mostly oblivious to how they can play havoc in our lives, the lives of others, and in our workplaces, through harmful and destructive behavior. Being in the throes of an egoic fear attack saps us of our full energy and personal power, and can prevent us from making a difference through our voices and actions. That is why it is vitally important to be able to recognize, name, tame, and even erase these Fear Patterns and move through these Obstacles.  By now I trust you are curious enough to want to discover the other Fear Patterns and start pondering which ones are your biggest adversaries. As I mentioned before, there are 7 Fear Patterns or Universal Obstacles and they work in pairs:

The 7 Universal Fear Patterns / Obstacles:

Pair 1: Self-Destruction and Greed

Pair 2: Self-Deprecation and Arrogance

Pair 3: Martyrdom and Impatience

Stands alone: Stubbornness
David Hain's insight:

Are these some of the patterns that might subconsciously be holding you back?

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8 mistakes I made as a manager and how you can avoid them

8 mistakes I made as a manager and how you can avoid them | Positive futures | Scoop.it
Winning business is so distractingly sexy that we keep making the same mistake over and over: we prioritize business development over fostering good managers.

I know “growth” is the word to emblazon across the sky, but without good managers a healthy culture and retention are simply not possible.

When I first became a manager, I made every mistake in the book.

David Hain's insight:

I made most of these mistakes too...

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How to Be a Lifelong Learner

How to Be a Lifelong Learner | Positive futures | Scoop.it
People around the world are hungry to learn. Instructor Barbara Oakley discovered this when her online course “Learning How to Learn”—filmed in her basement in front of a green screen—attracted more than 1.5 million students.
Part of the goal of her course—and her new book, Mindshift: Break Through Obstacles to Learning and Discover Your Hidden Potential—is to debunk some of the myths that get in the way of learning, like the belief that we’re bad at math or too old to change careers. These are just artificial obstacles, she argues. 

“People can often do more, change more, and learn more—often far more—than they’ve ever dreamed possible. Our potential is hidden in plain sight all around us,” Oakley writes.
She should know: Throughout her early schooling, she flunked math and science classes and resisted family pressure to pursue a science degree. Today? She’s a professor of engineering at Oakland University, after many different jobs in between.
Her book aims to help readers discover their hidden potential, by offering them both the tools and the inspiration to transform themselves through learning. 
David Hain's insight:

Learning to learn - and never stopping the learning journey - is one of the secrets of a long, fulfilled and successful life!

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Five Ways Mindfulness Makes Your Relationship Happier

Five Ways Mindfulness Makes Your Relationship Happier | Positive futures | Scoop.it
Mindfulness is an attitude to living that helps you be more open, compassionate, and self-aware.  It involves deliberately directing your attention away from autopilot and negative, judging thoughts, allowing you to be more present and connected to whatever is happening right now.  It’s not a big stretch to imagine that more mindful people might make better relationship partners. And now there is clear research support for this relationship. A meta-analysis published in the Journal of Human Sciences and Extension last year found that higher levels of mindfulness predict happier, more satisfying relationships.
David Hain's insight:

Thankfully, mindfulness has moved way beyond fad or fashion, as this article by Melanie Greenberg amply demonstrates.

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Developments to Watch – Postcards from 2035 – Medium

Developments to Watch – Postcards from 2035 – Medium | Positive futures | Scoop.it
All that’s required to build the world of 2035 is a unique combination of technologies that already exist. Here’s a list of likely suspects.
David Hain's insight:

The future is here already, it's just not connected up enough yet...Interesting experiments!

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New Book: Future directions in wellbeing

New Book: Future directions in wellbeing | Positive futures | Scoop.it
The Benefit Mindset has made its way into its first academic book!

The books forward is by David Cooperrider and the Benefit Mindset is explored in the Chapter ‘Why We Need Positive Education 2.0’. The chapter was co-authored with Mathew A. White PhD, Director of Wellbeing at St Peter’s College.

Access the book here >

Abstract: What’s next in well-being? We argue it’s Positive Education 2.0. The American psychologist Corey Keyes explains, “It is often said that our youth is this nation’s future. If true, then there is too much mental illness to look forward to in the future”. Never before have schools received the call to educate a new generation to lead global challenges of such complexity. Notwithstanding Keyes observations, this is a global challenge and it requires a global approach. We need Positive Education 2.0, which is informed by entrepreneurship, innovation and hands-on discovery for young people. We believe in doing this; positive education should now move toward programs that teach innovation through project-based learning teams, in which students will focus on solving real-life challenges.
David Hain's insight:

Mindset/wellbeing  gradually being recognised for the game-changer that could make such a difference globally to our futures.

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15 Uncomfortable Things That Will Make You More Successful

15 Uncomfortable Things That Will Make You More Successful | Positive futures | Scoop.it
In a truly beautiful letter to his daughter Yolande, Sociologist W.E.B. Du Bois extolled the virtues of being uncomfortable.
Yolande was headed to a new school halfway around the world from the neighborhood and people she knew. It was years before women had the right to vote, and decades before the Civil Rights Movement.
Du Bois knew she would have more than a few fish-out-of-water moments. Instead of trying to shield her from them, he asked her to revel in them:
“Don’t shrink from new experiences and custom. Take the cold bath bravely. Enter into the spirit of your big bed-room. Enjoy what is and not pine for what is not. Read some good, heavy, serious books just for discipline: Take yourself in hand and master yourself. Make yourself do unpleasant things, so as to gain the upper hand of your soul. Above all remember: your father loves you and believes in you and expects you to be a wonderful woman.”
David Hain's insight:

Thoughts on personal growth - it doesn't happen without some discomfort!

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donhornsby's curator insight, June 23, 9:57 AM
Here are a handful of uncomfortable situations in which you should take De Bois’ advice and “Take the cold bath bravely.” You’ll be better off as a result. Brace yourself. It’s about to get awkward.
 
Ian Berry's curator insight, June 24, 7:34 PM
How we deal with the uncomfortable is definitely a reflection on our leadership. What I find and witness is that when we just confront the uncomfortable most situations turn out better than our fear was suggesting to us
Marc Kneepkens's curator insight, June 27, 8:09 AM

Amazing article, much to learn...

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Using AI to program humans to behave better

Using AI to program humans to behave better | Positive futures | Scoop.it

If we agree that some biases perpetuate existing, unacceptable behaviors (racism, sexism, ageism), then we also have to agree that there are desired behaviors we should design for. This suggests a more hopeful dimension to this story: we can proactively program our AI systems to reward behaviors like kindness, empathy, thoroughness, and fairness. We can make AI a force for good.

David Hain's insight:

Could AI accelerate good behaviours? Apparently so!

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30 ideas to reboot equality in Europe | Nesta

30 ideas to reboot equality in Europe | Nesta | Positive futures | Scoop.it
The European Social Innovation Competition has selected 30 semi-finalists with ideas to spread the benefits of technological change in Europe.

In response to digitalisation’s transformative effect on the labour market, the 2017 Competition aims to ‘reboot’ equality and shape future society by inspiring fresh approaches to digital inclusion, collaborative economy, connectivity and skills development.

The 30 selected projects have been chosen from almost 800 entries by our judging panel. They come from all corners of Europe and Horizon 2020 participant countries, with 15 different nations represented including Greece, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and Turkey.

David Hain's insight:

Lots of ideas to manage technology, equality and social justice here!

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Elevating the strength of character strengths

Elevating the strength of character strengths | Positive futures | Scoop.it

“The purpose of life is to discover your gifts. The meaning of life is to give your gifts away” — David Viscott


It’s one thing to use our strengths for our personal growth and wellbeing, but where the strength in strengths really shines is when we infuse them with purpose. Using our strengths to express our whole, authentic selves in a way that contributes to our own wellbeing – and the wellbeing of the communities and ecosystems we belong.

David Hain's insight:

Focus on your strengths, there are so many ways to find them out and to utilise them!

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Confirmation Bias: Why You Should Seek Out Disconfirming Evidence

Confirmation Bias: Why You Should Seek Out Disconfirming Evidence | Positive futures | Scoop.it
In The Case for Motivated Reasoning, Ziva Kunda wrote “we give special weight to information that allows us to come to the conclusion we want to reach.” Accepting information which confirms our beliefs is easy and requires little mental energy. Yet contradicting information causes us to shy away, grasping for a reason to discard it.

In The Little Book of Stupidity, Sia Mohajer wrote:

The confirmation bias is so fundamental to your development and your reality that you might not even realize it is happening. We look for evidence that supports our beliefs and opinions about the world but excludes those that run contrary to our own… In an attempt to simplify the world and make it conform to our expectations, we have been blessed with the gift of cognitive biases.
David Hain's insight:

Confirmation bias distorts our judgement, as this poem by Shannon L. Adler illustrates:

Read it with sorrow and you will feel hate.
Read it with anger and you will feel vengeful.
Read it with paranoia and you will feel confusion.
Read it with empathy and you will feel compassion.
Read it with love and you will feel flattery.
Read it with hope and you will feel positive.
Read it with humor and you will feel joy.
Read it without bias and you will feel peace.
Do not read it at all and you will not feel a thing.

 

HT to the excellent Farnham Street blog - but, then, I'm probably biased!

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Ian Berry's curator insight, May 31, 7:56 PM
Love this article and the refs. I'm contrarian by nature. I surround myself with people who will disagree with me and push back when I show bias
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What makes life worth living in the face of death

What makes life worth living in the face of death | Positive futures | Scoop.it
In this deeply moving talk, Lucy Kalanithi reflects on life and purpose, sharing the story of her late husband, Paul, a young neurosurgeon who turned to writing after his terminal cancer diagnosis. "Engaging in the full range of experience — living and dying, love and loss — is what we get to do," Kalanithi says. "Being human doesn't happen despite suffering — it happens within it."
David Hain's insight:

How we treat people at the end of life (and remember, young people die, too) is a critical measure of our society. if this doesn't make you think about that, nothing will...

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7 Signs That You’re Lying

7 Signs That You’re Lying | Positive futures | Scoop.it
New research by Dr. Leanne ten Brinke at the Haas School of Business suggests that, while most of us have pretty good instincts when it comes to recognizing liars, we hesitate to call out lying in professional environments because we feel guilty for being suspicious. Calling someone a liar for no good reason is a frightening proposition for most.

Dr. ten Brinke’s research points to objective, well-documented physiological and behavioral changes - or “tells” - that we can use to make accurate assessments of other people’s truthfulness. Both her work and that of Dr. William Ury (Harvard) in Getting to Yes, can help us recognize autonomic behaviors in others and ourselves, in order to increase our truthfulness. Here are seven “tells” that may indicate someone is lying:

David Hain's insight:

Useful guidelines for your personal crap detector!

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Top Employers Say Millennials Need These 4 Skills in 2017

Top Employers Say Millennials Need These 4 Skills in 2017 | Positive futures | Scoop.it
Millennial job seekers receive conflicting messages from employers and career advisors: on the one hand, we’re told robots will someday replace our technical skills, so why bother. On the other hand, we’re told hard skills are a hot commodity.

Which is it?

Employers value technical skills, to be sure. But I asked more than 100 top HR managers, recruiters and CEOs which was more important for entry-level job seekers, and nearly all of them said soft skills. “We look for candidates with a solid foundation of soft skills and trust so that the rest can be built upon it,” Emőke Starr, Head of HR at Prezi, said. Likewise, Wayfair's Global Senior Director of Talent Management and Employee Development, Marcy Axelrad, said that Wayfair often doesn’t require entry-level candidates to “have the exact experience in the area for which she/he is interviewing.”

Traditional soft skills include leadership, communication and collaboration. Millennials tend to excel at these or, at the very least, know they should. But there are four additional soft skills that are under-discussed, rare and essential in the modern workforce:
David Hain's insight:

4 areas of soft skill to focus on if you are looking for a job?

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How To “Hack” Human Communication 101 

How To “Hack” Human Communication 101  | Positive futures | Scoop.it
I’ve been failing at human communication for 26 years now, so I think I’m more than qualified to talk about this.
Over the years, I have pulled countless communication doozies. I have wiggled my way around questions, nodded my head when I should have shaken it, said “yes” when I mean to say “no,” refused to ask for help, failed to give compliments, and I hated saying “sorry.”
I started getting a little better each year since 2011, so I’m improving. Here are six communication “hacks” from those past six years:
David Hain's insight:

Succinct sense on the journey to communication clarity!

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