The article discusses the how(s) and why(s) of timeout. I would clarify a bit more, indicating that timeout is "time AWAY from THAT which is reinforcing: to be part of the group, you must check yourself. You cannot participate if you are out of bounds. We will try it again and I am sure you will get it right this time". It is not a punishment..........but instead an opportunity to teach and practice. Ideally, it happens in a place that is nearby where they can view the activities without participating The key is: they must WANT to participate. The activities must be enticing. If the child is trying to escape an undesired activity, timeout will NOT work! Then it is time to look more closely at the REAL problem.