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Ten Years After Decriminalization, Drug Abuse Down by Half in Portugal

Ten Years After Decriminalization, Drug Abuse Down by Half in Portugal | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Ten Years After Decriminalization, Drug Abuse Down by Half in Portugal – Secrets of the Fed http://t.co/LO7CmriJ...
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Donna Sharp's comment, November 6, 2012 12:08 AM
I think that this was a pretty risky experiment as they call it, but it actually worked. Which I guess does make a little since, adults and children alike seem to be lured to acts and behaviors that tend to be risky and/or illegal and with the stigmata gone because it was no longer illegal people were less drawn in. It makes me think about underage drinking…honestly I drank more before the age of 20 then I have since turning 21 but while I was underage it was exciting you are doing something you are not supposed to be doing and then once a person turns 21 and its legal to drink it wasn’t as appealing, if that makes since. I also think that it was a great idea that Portugal had when they stopped their war on drugs and focused on the treatment of those who were addicted and it’s amazing the results they have had. I don’t think that the US will ever go this far as to decriminalize ALL drugs but if it could work in another country the only way we would ever find out would be to try it and wait for the outcome.
Benjamin Russell's comment, November 15, 2012 2:02 AM
I do not find this article convincing. Not only are the results hard to believe, but the source seems very bias and the article is very sloppy and vague. Setting that aside though, experiments similar to this one are always going to be very inaccurate because there is no accurate way to measure how many people were on drugs in the first place because only a low percentage of people will give up that sort of information in the first place. Secondly, legalizing the drug isn't going to do anything to help lower numbers of individuals that are already on the drugs. There is no way that a crack head is going to decide to give up the pipe just because it is legal now. The only way to stop the usage of hard drugs like that is to prevent it from being used in the first place.
Chris Castillo-Romo's comment, November 17, 2012 11:14 AM
Not at all surprised by the results of Portugal's revision in policy. I've always had faith in the tenets of Restorative Justice and I'm glad to see further evidence of its efficiency, particularly in a field as long-standingly troubled as drug enforcement. The decriminalization of all drugs was interesting addition to the restorative efforts as well, I feel that this helped provide a change in perspective not just in "sentencing" but also throughout the Portuguese judicial system.
RE: Ben Russel: I agree that some experiments are difficult to gauge accurately, but when you see a reduction as large as half, a concession to its effectiveness, I feel, must be made. Secondly, Portugal didn't legalize drugs, merely decriminalized them, and while the change in legislation doesn't bring existing numbers down, it has obviously put a dent in the rates of usage increasing, which goes in keeping with your belief that drug prevention should be the main focus. As for those who already are addicts, the reversal from punishment to treatment covers that concern as could best be expected.
Police Problems and Policy
Examining the possibilities of abuse of power without the constraint of New Public Administration.
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On Monday, the LAPD Will Start Wearing Body Cameras | VICE | United States

Many have reservations about the program, which promises to equip nearly 7,000 officers with body cameras in the coming months.
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Bentham’s Fallacies, Then and Now

Bentham’s Fallacies, Then and Now | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it

MELBOURNE – In 1809, Jeremy Bentham, the founder of utilitarianism, set to work on The Book of Fallacies. His goal was to expose the fallacious arguments used to block reforms like the abolition of “rotten boroughs” – electorates with so few electors that a powerful lord or landowner could effectively select the member of parliament, while newer cities like Manchester remained unrepresented.

Bentham collected examples of fallacies, often from parliamentary debates. By 1811, he had sorted them into nearly 50 different types, with titles like “Attack us, you attack Government,” the “No precedent argument,” and the “Good in theory, bad in practice” fallacy. (One thing on which both Immanuel Kant and Bentham agree is that this last example is a fallacy: If something is bad in practice, there must be a flaw in the theory.)

Bentham was thus a pioneer of an area of science that has made considerable progress in recent years. He would have relished the work of psychologists showing that we have a confirmation bias (we favor and remember information that supports, rather than contradicts, our beliefs); that we systematically overestimate the accuracy of our beliefs (the overconfidence effect); and that we have a propensity to respond to the plight of a single identifiable individual rather than a large number of people about whom we have only statistical information.

 


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The professors and the police: How a Minneapolis project may change the way cops everywhere relate to the public

The professors and the police: How a Minneapolis project may change the way cops everywhere relate to the public | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
A year ago, he took a leave from the U to return to the DOJ to take part in the federal investigations into the Ferguson and the Baltimore police departments, and to work to implement many of the programs pushed by the Obama administration. “We have evidence-based practices that work around the country,” he said. “Why don’t we collect those practices and disseminate them broadly throughout the country?”

Addressing three aspects of community-police relations — implicit bias, procedural justice and racial reconciliation — the new initiative is being led not by cops or politicians but by academics from UCLA, Yale Law School and the John Jay College of Criminal Justice (as well as several institutes, ranging from UCLA's Center for Policing Equity to the National Network for Safe Communities). 
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It's worth a shot.  There's a pragmatism in policing, though, that can't be glossed over.  Cops will support this under one condition: it must work.  If it's a "bullshit party", cops will do what they must to cooperate, but they won't have ownership.

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7 Deputies Walk Off Job After Oregon Sheriff Allegedly Beats Handcuffed Suspect

An attorney for the deputies union said that the officers requested the leave to protect themselves from retribution.
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book excerpt: Our Enemies in Blue: Police and Power in America

The excerpt is about feminist, alternative forms of (criminal) justice. All published on bitch. This is an excerpt from the book Our Enemies in Blue: Police and Power in America, whose third edition came out from AK Press this July.  The above photo is of a Black Lives Matter protest in Las ...


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How To Stop Managing And Start Actually Leading

How To Stop Managing And Start Actually Leading | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
True leadership is specific, substantial, and sets its own course. If you want to truly lead, following familiar patterns is rarely ever enough.
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Jacksonville hires former military police officer under new law

Jacksonville hires former military police officer under new law | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
North Carolina law now recognizes military-police certification in civilian law enforcement. Hollis is the first to wear the badge under the new legislation effective June 3, according to N.C. General Statutes.
Under the new law, N.C. Criminal Justice Education and Training Standards Commission “shall waive an applicant’s completion of the commission-accredited training course and issue probationary certification to a current or honorably discharged former military police officer,” according to General Statutes.
To become a police officer with military certifications under the law, former service members must have:
• Completed a military-police training program.
• Been awarded a “military police specialty occupancy rating.”
• Performed duties as a military police officer at least two years of the five years before applying for civilian law-enforcement certification.
• And meet other standards required of law-enforcement officers.
Hollis is completing 120 hours of basic law-enforcement training education sections pertaining to state law, he said.
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Maybe New York City Needs Older Cops for Community Policing

Maybe New York City Needs Older Cops for Community Policing | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Right now, a person can take the NYPD exam only until age 35, although if a person served in the military he or she can extend the age limit for up to six years. The thinking behind the age restriction is pretty obvious: Younger people are more likely to be able to handle the physical requirements of training and, over the course of a career, any job.

That is true, on average. All else being equal, a 20-year-old is probably going to beat a 40-year-old in a foot race, and a 40-year-old is likely going to best a 50-year-old over the same distance.

But being 40 or 50 today is very different from what it was 20 years ago. People are living longer. They are smoking less. Folks who care about their health are eating better and exercising more. Plenty of people in their 50s, even in their 60s, are in extremely good physical condition. There are 40-year-olds playing professional baseball and football, even boxing. If you have run in a road-race recently, chances are someone who was 20 or 30 years your senior finished with a better time. While there is certainly a drop-off in physical assets—especially reflexes and the ability to recover from injuries—as one ages, exercise and diet can slow those declines and prevent steep losses in strength and stamina. I'd bet that many people in their late 30s and 40s reading this are in better shape now than they were in their mid-20s.
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They have a good point.  I'd also argue that adding a pre-academy physical training camp would entice an even wider group to apply.  One of the best cops that I knew in my career was an auto mechanic until they were 38.  I wonder what the job would look like if we had a bunch of folks with mindsets more akin to farmers, mechanics, craftspeople, chefs.

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What We Don't Know About Policing, Race and Mental Illness - The Intercept - First Look Media

What We Don't Know About Policing, Race and Mental Illness - The Intercept - First Look Media | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
A promising young man went on an inexplicable rampage. Could better training and data on dealing with people in crisis have prevented cops from shooting him?
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See David Rothman's excellent book: The Discovery of the Asylum.  Early in the history of the American Republic, we became reluctant to take local ownership of mental illness.  It's difficult to ask a community to take care of those who just roll into town and have no ties and have never contributed to that community.  Thus, we view mental illness as the responsibility of the central/vertical government.

 

The problem is that as long as we expect both: a. that mental illness is a problem solved by central government; and, b. that we won't spend any public funds to actually solve this problem; then we'll have this imperfect handling of those with mental illness.  Neither cops nor the public are equipped.

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Police forces must reform to survive cuts, says new chief - BBC News

Police forces must reform to survive cuts, says new chief - BBC News | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Police services in England and Wales need radical reform if they are to survive tough budget cuts, a leading officer says.
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In New York, Testing Grounds for Community Policing

In New York, Testing Grounds for Community Policing | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
See on Scoop.it - World Politics and news
“ The 101st Precinct in Far Rockaway, a low-income neighborhood wary of the police, has seen halting progress as the department seeks...
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Toronto police G20 commander apologizes after being convicted of misconduct | Toronto Star

Toronto police G20 commander apologizes after being convicted of misconduct | Toronto Star | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
The charges stemmed from Fenton’s orders to blockade protesters in so-called “kettles” twice. The first occurred on June 26, 2010, after a small group of protesters smashed windows and lit fire to police cars in the downtown core. Fenton ordered officers to “kettle,” or box in, protesters in front of the Novotel hotel on the Esplanade, and more than 260 people were arrested and taken to a makeshift prisoner processing centre.
The next day, just moments after coming on shift, the upper command officer ordered police to box in hundreds of people at the intersection of Queen St. W. and Spadina Ave. during a thunderstorm.
In total, approximately 1,100 people were arrested and detained during the G20 summit weekend.
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Western Nepal: Protesters kill police with spears, axes - CNN.com

Western Nepal: Protesters kill police with spears, axes  - CNN.com | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Protesters in western Nepal have killed at least seven police officers as violent clashes broke out over the country's proposals for a new constitution.
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Johnson: A deeply conservative appeal

Johnson: A deeply conservative appeal | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
The moral power of King's speech is unimpeachable. Its historical role is similarly unquestionable. His revolutionary words delivered in front of the Lincoln Memorial would leave America changed. But what is striking is something that is largely lost to modern rhetoric: King's constant evocation of ancient laws and age-old values. With radical intent, King appealed to America with a deeply conservative speech. 

To have invented rights would have been preposterous. Instead, King reminded his audience what Thomas Jefferson wrote: "That all men—yes, black men as well as white men—would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." King had come to redeem a two-century-old debt, a "promissory note" that America had defaulted on, or, riffing further, "a bad check". Again, the conservatism: responsible people do not write checks they cannot cover.

But the preacher in King reached back further, into the source of morality that nearly all Americans of his time held dear to their hearts, and the book they read and quoted memorised passages of. While the Baptist Bill Clinton, the born-again George Bush and the black-church-influenced Barack Obama have all salted their speeches with Biblical allusions, for King faith was not an added bit of spice but the meal itself, the base of his thinking—as it was for his listeners.
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Follow a More Human Form of Justice--Be Found in Contempt of Court: Gadsden Sheriff found guilty of indirect criminal contempt

Follow a More Human Form of Justice--Be Found in Contempt of Court: Gadsden Sheriff found guilty of indirect criminal contempt | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Young’s attorneys presented evidence that Young’s predecessor, the late Sheriff W.A. Woodham, also authorized furloughs, including three inmates with felony charges. Liberty County Sheriff Nick Finch and former Monroe County Sheriff Allison DeFoor both testified they had granted furloughs, but did not provide legal authority for their actions.

Pittman maintained Meggs targeted Young for political reasons.

“This same furlough process, which is currently practiced by other sheriff’s offices in North Florida, has not been placed under the same level of proprietorial scrutiny in other counties,” he said. “We believe this kind of selective prosecution illuminates the political motivation behind the State Attorney’s decisions to continue this witch hunt at the expense of taxpayer dollars.”
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Police Brutality Statistics: Law Enforcement Departments Receive Failing Grades In Twitter-Based Report Card

Police Brutality Statistics: Law Enforcement Departments Receive Failing Grades In Twitter-Based Report Card | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
If police departments were graded by social media users the way a high school teacher grades homework, many of them would flunk or barely pass, according to a new analysis of public sentiment toward law enforcement on Twitter. The drug addiction resource organization DrugAbuse.com released Thursday a report card on municipal police forces based on highly-positive and highly-negative tweets transmitted in the first half of the year.

Using a series of tweeted keywords that commonly represent descriptions of law enforcement, the organization found that nearly half of Americans give their police department a “D” grade or a failing grade. The most positively rated state and city police departments were in New Hampshire and Columbus, Ohio. Arkansas and Ferguson, Missouri, had the most negatively rated state and city police, according to the report.
Rob Duke's insight:

Terrible methodology: all that one can say is so what?  This isn't reliable or valid.  For instance: Alaska gets a C, but I can tell you from living here that the Troopers, for example, are generally beloved.  So much for social media giving us significant results....

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Suspect, victims identified in deadly Sunset rampage

Suspect, victims identified in deadly Sunset rampage | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
St. Landry Sheriff Bobby Guidroz says the two deceased victims are Sunset Police Officer Henry Nelson, 52, and Shameka Johnson, 41. Surlay Johnson, 34, is critical condition at Lafayette General Hospital after being stabbed. The suspect's wife, Courtney Jolivette, was also stabbed and is currently in critical condition at Rapides Medical Center. Surlay and Shameka…
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Lawsuit over license plate scanners heading to California Supreme Court

Lawsuit over license plate scanners heading to California Supreme Court | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Two advocacy groups suing the Los Angeles Police Department and the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department for access to data from automated license plate readers have won a chance to argue before the California Supreme Court.The Americ
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The Art of Creating the Moral Panic: the thief-thief technique

The Art of Creating the Moral Panic: the thief-thief technique | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it

The thief-thief technique, as Noam Chomsky puts it, is when your hand is someone’s pocket and you point to someone else and say, “Thief! Thief!”, hoping everyone forgets you are the robber. It is used by petty crooks, tenth-rate lawyers, propagandists, the press and, when talking about race, by Whites and their hangers-on.

 

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Community Village Sites's curator insight, August 26, 12:23 PM

I have heard this technique used frequently.  We need to call people out on this immediately when they use it. People want to deflect from the issue being discussed rather than have sympathy or consider solutions.


Bill O'Reilly is guilty of this and he is paid a fortune to deflect guilt for White America and attempt to put guilt on others. Donald Trump is guilty of this too.

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Place-based approaches to policing research | OUPblog

Place-based approaches to policing research | OUPblog | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
“For policing scholars, space, places, and the physical and social environment have served as significant contextual backdrops," state Cynthia Lum and Nicholas Fyfe, Special Editors of the Policing Special Issue. To mark Policing’s new Special Issue on ‘Space, Place, and Policing: Exploring Geographies of Research and Practice’, we’ve put together a map showcasing the global and place-based approaches the journal’s contributors have taken towards policing research. Explore the map below to dis
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Police: Trooper slaying suspect investigated in 2nd death - CNN.com

Police: Trooper slaying suspect investigated in 2nd death - CNN.com | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
The man suspected of killing Louisiana trooper Steven Vincent in Lake Charles is believed to have killed his roommate beforehand, police say.
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More on this tragic story....

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Stop-and-Frisk Attorneys Welcome Court Approval of NYPD Reforms

Stop-and-Frisk Attorneys Welcome Court Approval of NYPD Reforms | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
The court also approved a pilot program to provide a stop receipt, requiring officers to identify themselves and provide to the person stopped the reason for the stop and information about how to file a complaint.
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It should have a Field Interview Form on the other side with a carbon that the officer keeps.  I like the idea of taking away everyone's anonymity.

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Anti-Violence Advocate Calls for Stop-and-Frisk to Curb Illegal Guns

Anti-Violence Advocate Calls for Stop-and-Frisk to Curb Illegal Guns | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
In the wake of violence that left six people dead in the past week, a prominent Indianapolis anti-crime advocate is calling for the use of Stop-and-Frisk to get illegal guns off the streets.
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There's a community demand for more policing when lawless elements get too bold.  Stop and Frisk seems a tool custom made for these times.  Shouldn't we raise the "speed limit" during times of high violence allowing cops to use this more intrusive tools?

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Md. attorney general recommends anti-profiling standard for police

Md. attorney general recommends anti-profiling standard for police | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Frosh (D) has prepared a “guidance memorandum” stating that police activities must be neutral with respect to characteristics such as race, national origin and religion, except when the traits are legitimate components in crime investigations.

The document, scheduled for release during a news conference Tuesday morning, does not carry the weight of law or create enforceable rights, but it confirms that discriminatory profiling runs afoul of the U.S. and Maryland constitutions, according to the attorney general’s office. Local police departments would have to adopt the same guidelines in order to make it enforceable.

“We believe that this standard will provide an important measure of fairness and respect for members of all these groups, while improving the environment in which law enforcement conducts its work,” Frosh said in prepared remarks.
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I'm not sure that this adds much to the discussion....cops maintain that they have not done this and critics continue to suspect that they do....

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What's the right police body camera policy?

What's the right police body camera policy? | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
depriving officers the right to view the video of an incident before they write their reports will often set them up for failure. In the eyes of a skeptical public, the unfavorable comparison of the officers' inevitably imperfect memories to the video footage will likely be perceived as evidence of deceit. Rather than experience body cameras as a vital ally, officers will come to perceive them as a threat, an enemy.
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An op-ed from one of my old Chiefs (Jim Bueermann).

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