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Specific changes in brain structure after different forms of child abuse

Specific changes in brain structure after different forms of child abuse | neuroscience | Scoop.it
Different forms of childhood abuse increase the risk for mental illness as well as sexual dysfunction in adulthood, but little has been known about how that happens. Scientists have now discovered a neural basis for this association.
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Science Daily: News & Articles in Science, Health, Environment & Technology

Science Daily: News & Articles in Science, Health, Environment & Technology | neuroscience | Scoop.it
Breaking science news and articles on global warming, extrasolar planets, stem cells, bird flu, autism, nanotechnology, dinosaurs, evolution -- the latest discoveries in astronomy, anthropology, biology, chemistry, climate & environment, computers,...
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Rescooped by Munjit Samra from Social Foraging
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Exploring the Experience of Social Rejection in Adults and Adoclescents: A Social Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective


Via Ashish Umre
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Rescooped by Munjit Samra from Brain Imaging and Neuroscience: The Good, The Bad, & The Ugly
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Brain scans predict alcoholic relapse | Machines Like Us

Brain scans predict alcoholic relapse | Machines Like Us | neuroscience | Scoop.it
Even the most experienced counselors have difficultly spotting a recovering alcoholic in danger of relapse. (Brain scans predict alcoholic relapse:
Even the most experienced counselors have difficultly spotting...

Via Donald J Bolger
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Neuroscience For Dummies Cheat Sheet - For Dummies

Neuroscience For Dummies Cheat Sheet - For Dummies | neuroscience | Scoop.it

Via Kathleen Cercone
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Kathleen Cercone's curator insight, May 1, 2013 7:31 AM

The most complex structure in the universe (that we know of) is the three pound mass of cells within your skull called the brain. The brain consists of about 100 billion neurons, which is about the same number as all the stars in our Milky Way galaxy and the number of galaxies in the known universe. Like any complex machine, the brain contains a lot of parts, each of which has subparts, which themselves have subparts, all the way down to the “nuts and bolts” — the neurons. In this Cheat Sheet, you find information on the key parts of the brain and the role and function of neurons, the cells that make up the nervous system.

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What's Better for Business: Logic or Emotion? Answers From Neuroscience - Forbes

What's Better for Business: Logic or Emotion? Answers From Neuroscience - Forbes | neuroscience | Scoop.it
What's Better for Business: Logic or Emotion? Answers From Neuroscience
Forbes
Janet Crawford is one of the world's pioneers in applying neuroscience to business.
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How do we locate the spatial position of sounds? Mechanism responsible for creation of giant synapses discovered

How do we locate the spatial position of sounds? Mechanism responsible for creation of giant synapses discovered | neuroscience | Scoop.it
Humans and most mammals can determine the spatial origin of sounds with remarkable acuity.
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Newly understood circuits add finesse to nerve signals

Newly understood circuits add finesse to nerve signals | neuroscience | Scoop.it
An unusual kind of circuit fine-tunes the brain's control over movement and incoming sensory information, and without relying on conventional nerve pathways. The work may provide insight into the design of drugs for autism and movement disorders.
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Special Issue on Mindfulness Neuroscience | Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

Special Issue on Mindfulness Neuroscience | Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience | neuroscience | Scoop.it

From Editorial by Yi-Yuan Tang and Michael I Posner: 

Mindfulness neuroscience is a new, interdisciplinary field of mindfulness practice and neuroscientific research; it applies neuroimaging techniques, physiological measures and behavioral tests to explore the underlying mechanisms of different types, stages and states of mindfulness practice over the lifespan. Mindfulness-based meditation (MBM) or mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) has been a hot topic in psychology, neuroscience, health care and education in recent years (Chiesa and Serretti, 2010;Holzel et al., 2011), and publications have been rapidly growing from only 28 in 2001 to 397 papers listed in ISI during 2011. Many studies indicate the positive effects of MBM or MBI and researchers explore the mechanisms (Lutz et al., 2008; Tang and Posner, 2009; Chiesa and Serretti, 2010; Holzel et al., 2011; Tang et al., 2012a). However, the mechanisms of mindfulness practice are still poorly understood.

 

To improve the understanding of mindfulness mechanisms, we began a special issue on mindfulness neuroscience in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience (SCAN) in the fall of 2010 and invited more than 20 leading research laboratories in this field from all over the world. In this special issue, we include 12 peer-reviewed empirical articles using neuroimaging to address neural mechanisms and clinical issues in mindfulness neuroscience. The articles in this special issue offer a sample of the cutting-edge discoveries being made at the frontier of mindfulness neuroscience.

 

Special Issue on Mindfulness Neuroscience in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. Vol 8, Issue 1, January 2013.


Via Eileen Cardillo
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Eileen Cardillo's curator insight, April 30, 2013 2:49 PM

I know I have posted some of the individual articles presented here, but as I make my way through the rest of the issue, I thought the Table of Contents might be a handy post as well. My apologies if I've put this up already and forgotten. Spring weather is impairing my memory.  

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What are the basics of brain chemistry?

What are the basics of brain chemistry? | neuroscience | Scoop.it
Answer: This is a challenging question because neurochemistry is so complex. However at a high level, here is what is going on.
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Rescooped by Munjit Samra from Neuroscience_topics
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The axon as a unique computational unit in neurons

The axon as a unique computational unit in neurons | neuroscience | Scoop.it

[Review] In the mammalian cortex, axons are highly ramified and link an enormous number of neurons over large distances. The conventional view assumes that action potentials (APs) are initiated at the axon initial segment in an all-or-none fashion and are then self-propagated orthodromically along axon collaterals without distortion of the AP waveform. By contrast, recent experimental results suggest that the axonal AP waveform can be modified depending on the activation states of the ion channels and receptors on axonal cell membranes. This AP modulation can regulate neurotransmission to postsynaptic neurons. In addition, the latest studies have provided evidence that cortical axons can integrate somatic burst firings and promote activity-dependent ectopic AP generation, which may underlie the oscillogenesis of fast rhythmic network activity. These seminal observations indicate that axons can perform diverse functional operations that extend beyond the prevailing model of axon physiology. (...) - by Sasaki T, Neuroscience Research, Volume 75, Issue 2, February 2013, Pages 83–88


Via Julien Hering, PhD
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