PLASTICITIES « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world »
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From a deluge of data, e-science tools bring knowledge

From a deluge of data, e-science tools bring knowledge | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it

Today, many scientific fields can be described as data-intensive disciplines, which turn raw data into information and then knowledge. If this sounds familiar it’s because this represents the late and influential computer scientist Jim Gray’s vision of the fourth research paradigm. Gray divided up the evolution of science into four periods or paradigms. One thousand years ago, science was experimental in nature, a few hundred years ago it became theoretical, a few decades ago it moved to a computational discipline, and today it’s data driven. Researchers are reliant on e-science tools to enable collaboration, federation, analysis, and exploration to address this data deluge, equal to about 1.2 zettabytes each year. If 11 ounces of coffee equaled one gigabyte, a zettabyte would be the same volume as the Great Wall of China.

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PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world »
TRANSDISCIPLINARY NETWORK ON PLASTICITIES    /    RÉSEAU TRANSDISCIPLINAIRE SUR LES PLASTICITÉS  
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Just Published, the last issue of the Plastir Revue (n°44) | Plasticités Sciences Arts

Just Published, the last issue of the Plastir Revue (n°44) | Plasticités Sciences Arts | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it
FROM THE FORMLESS TO THE MULTI-FORM Anaïs LELIÈVRE, plastic artist, formed at the university Paris 1 (PhD in 2012) and in School of Fine Arts of Rueil
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New form of brain plasticity: Study shows how social isolation disrupts myelin production

New form of brain plasticity: Study shows how social isolation disrupts myelin production | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it
Animals that are socially isolated for prolonged periods make less myelin in the region of the brain responsible for complex emotional and cognitive behavior, researchers at the University at Buffalo and Mt.
Via Deborah McNelis, M.Ed, Tom Perran, Francisco Salto Alemany
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Proses de l'inventeur. Ecrire et penser l'invention au XIXè siècle Archives - Épistémocritique

Proses de l'inventeur. Ecrire et penser l'invention au XIXè siècle Archives - Épistémocritique | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it
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Open Humanities Press– The Chernobyl Herbarium

Open Humanities Press– The Chernobyl Herbarium | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it

 “The Chernobyl Herbarium is stunning. Taking ‘plants as their guides’, Michael Marder and Anaïs Tondeur cast us into the ‘exploded consciousness’ resulting from Chernobyl in this arresting collection that pairs philosophical meditations with imprints of radioactive plant specimens. Radiant, dazzling, disturbing, The Chernobyl Herbarium is utterly indispensable for anyone considering cataclysmic yet imperceptible events, the singularity of vegetal life, or the trans-species solidarities of exposure.” Stacy Alaimo, University of Texas at Arlington – author of Exposed: Politics and Pleasure in Posthuman Times and Bodily Natures: Science, Environment, and the Material Self."

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Plastomes on the edge: the evolutionary breakdown of mycoheterotroph plastid genomes

Plastomes on the edge: the evolutionary breakdown of mycoheterotroph plastid genomes | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it

We examine recent evidence for ratchet-like genome degradation in mycoheterotrophs, plants that obtain nutrition from fungi. Initial loss of the NADH dehydrogenase-like (NDH) complex may often set off an irreversible evolutionary cascade of photosynthetic gene losses. Genes for plastid-encoded subunits of RNA polymerase and photosynthetic enzymes with secondary functions (Rubisco and ATP synthase) can persist initially, with nonsynchronous and quite broad windows in the relative timing of their loss. Delayed losses of five core nonbioenergetic genes (especially trnE and accD, which respectively code for glutamyl tRNA and a subunit of acetyl-CoA carboxylase) probably explain long-term persistence of heterotrophic plastomes. The observed range of changes of mycoheterotroph plastomes is similar to that of holoparasites, although greater diversity of both probably remains to be discovered. These patterns of gene loss/retention can inform research programs on plastome function.


Via Pierre-Marc Delaux
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How Humans Evolved Supersize Brains | Quanta Magazine

How Humans Evolved Supersize Brains |  Quanta Magazine | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it
There it was, sitting on the mantelpiece, staring at her with hollow eyes and a naked grin. She could not stop staring back. It looked distinctly like the fossilized skull of an extinct baboon. That was the sort of thing Josephine Salmons was likely to know. At the time — 1924 — she was one of the only female students of anatomy attending the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa. On this particular day she was visiting her friend Pat Izod, whose father managed a quarry company that had been excavating limestone near the town of Taung. Workers had unearthed numerous fossils during the excavation, and the Izods had kept this one as a memento. Salmons brought news of the skull to her professor, Raymond Dart, an anthropologist with a particular interest in the brain. He was incredulous. Very few primate fossils had been uncovered this far south in Africa. If the Taung site really housed such fossils, it would be an invaluable treasure trove. The next morning Salmons brought Dart the skull, and he could see that she was right: The skull was undeniably simian.Dart promptly arranged to have other primate fossils from the Taung quarry sent to him. Later that year, as he was preparing to attend a close friend’s wedding, he received a large crate. One of the specimens it contained was so mesmerizing that he nearly missed the ceremony. It came in two pieces: a natural endocast — the fossilized mold of the inner cranium, preserving the brain’s topography — and its matching skeletal face, with eye sockets, nose, jaw and teeth all intact. Dart noticed right away that this was the fossil of an extinct ape, not a monkey. The teeth suggested that the individual had died at age 6 or so. The point where the spinal cord had joined the skull was too far forward for a knuckle walker, indicating bipedalism. And the endocast, which was a little too large for a nonhuman ape of that age, had surface features characteristic of a human brain. After further study, Dart reached a bold conclusion: this was the fossil of a previously unknown ancestor of modern humans — Australopithecus africanus, the “Man-Ape of South Africa.”

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prgnewshawaii's curator insight, December 17, 2016 11:47 PM

An interesting perspective on how we humans developed "supersized brains." Fascinating topic for those tracing back our most distant roots.


Russ Roberts


Hawaii Intelligence Digest


https://hawaiiintelligencedigest.com

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Art & Science : vient de paraître "Y-fus-je ?" de M-W Debono & Patrica Proust-Labeyrie

Art & Science : vient de paraître "Y-fus-je ?" de M-W Debono & Patrica Proust-Labeyrie | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it
La rencontre en 1994 de Marc-Williams Debono, poète et chercheur en neurosciences avec l’artiste plasticienne Patricia Proust-Labeyrie au premier congrès mondial de la transdisciplinarité à Setubal au Portugal, fût marquée peu de temps après par l’éclosion d’un projet art & science au sein du Groupe des Plasticiens, intitulé « Pensée comme matière : la plastique dans tous ses états ». Il s’agissait déjà de considérer le travail de la matière en fluidité de pensée et le lâcher-prise de l’esprit comme intimement liés. Exploration qui oriente et cristallise leur interaction. On retrouve dans «Y fus-je ? » cette éthologie de la pensée en action si caractéristique de la plasticité : là ou l’un, le poète, sculpte avec des mots, l’autre, tête chercheuse, fait émerger des formes. C’est l’écho réciproque d’une « argile » façonnée à quatre mains qui donne corps à ces mondes utopiques et tente de répondre à la question posée. description
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(appel à participation) Un communiqué des Etats Généraux de la Poésie

 

Le comité préparatoire mis en place n’a pour seul objectif que d’insuffler l’énergie nécessaire à la tenue de ces États généraux, mais il n’en est pas pour autant un comité de pilotage qui, lui, va se constituer dans les semaines qui viennent, avec les suggestions et propositions des uns et des autres.

Si vous souhaitez faire partie du futur comité de pilotage, merci d’adresser votre « candidature » au comité préparatoire.

Si vous voulez participer à l’une des thématiques proposées, ou si vous souhaitez faire des propositions complémentaires, merci également de nous adresser un mail (mdlp@evous.fr) dans ce sens, en précisant bien votre qualité ou votre domaine professionnel d’intervention.

Vous pouvez consulter l’appel, ainsi que la liste des thématiques en cliquant sur le lien ci-dessous :

Les États généraux de la poésie 2017

Nous comptons sur vos retours.

Bien chaleureusement

yVES bOUDIER
président           

vINCENT gIMENO
délégué général


Via Florence Trocmé
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AxoDom Guillerm's curator insight, December 1, 2016 2:02 AM
Le temps de la réflexion
le voici venir, decidé 
il se profile pour l'été
quand c'est encore l'hiver. 
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L’angoisse chez Gilbert Simondon – Une expérience limite révélatrice qui interroge la place du corps vivant dans la société

TOURNEUX Odile – Labo Junior EHVI, séance du 20 mars 2012 L’angoisse chez Gilbert Simondon Une expérience limite révélatrice qui interroge la place du corps vivant dans la société Nous nous proposons ici, à partir de l’expérience critique de l’angoisse, de chercher à comprendre quels liens entretiennent la société et le corps vivant. Mise en … Continuer la lecture de L’angoisse chez Gilbert Simondon – Une expérience limite révélatrice qui interroge la place du corps vivant dans la société
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Scientists Seek to Update Evolution | Quanta Magazine

Scientists Seek to Update Evolution |  Quanta Magazine | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it
evin Laland looked out across the meeting room at a couple hundred people gathered for a conference on the future of evolutionary biology. A colleague sidled up next to him and asked how he thought things were going.

“I think it’s going quite well,” Laland said. “It hasn’t gone to fisticuffs yet.”

Laland is an evolutionary biologist who works at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. On a chilly gray November day, he came down to London to co-host a meeting at the Royal Society called “New Trends in Evolutionary Biology.” A motley crew of biologists, anthropologists, doctors, computer scientists, and self-appointed visionaries packed the room. The Royal Society is housed in a stately building overlooking St. James’s Park. Today the only thing for Laland to see out of the tall meeting-room windows was scaffolding and gauzy tarps set up for renovation work. Inside, Laland hoped, another kind of renovation would be taking place.

In the mid-1900s, biologists updated Darwin’s theory of evolution with new insights from genetics and other fields. The result is often called the Modern Synthesis, and it has guided evolutionary biology for over 50 years. But in that time, scientists have learned a tremendous amount about how life works. They can sequence entire genomes. They can watch genes turn on and off in developing embryos. They can observe how animals and plants respond to changes in the environment.

As a result, Laland and a like-minded group of biologists argue that the Modern Synthesis needs an overhaul. It has to be recast as a new vision of evolution, which they’ve dubbed the Extended Evolutionary Synthesis. Other biologists have pushed back hard, saying there is little evidence that such a paradigm shift is warranted.

Via Wildcat2030
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Les objets technoscientifiques et leur temporalité | Implications philosophiques

Les objets technoscientifiques et leur temporalité | Implications philosophiques | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it
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The Photography of Poet Arthur Rimbaud (1883)

The Photography of Poet Arthur Rimbaud (1883) | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it

Arthur Rimbaud, far-seeing prodigy, “has been memorialized in song and story as few in history,” writes Wyatt Mason in an introduction to the poet’s complete works; “the thumbnail of his legend has proved irresistible.” The poet, we often hear, ended his brief but brilliant literary career when he ran off to the Horn of Africa and became a gunrunner... or some other sort of adventurous outlaw character many miles removed, it seems, from the intense symbolist hero of Illuminations and A Season in Hell.
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'Mind reading' neurones help predict behaviour of others

'Mind reading' neurones help predict behaviour of others | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it
Scientists have discovered a group of neurones that enable one monkey to predict what another monkey is about to do - the first-known instance of neurones calculating another animal's behaviour.

Via Mariaschnee, Monolina Sarkar
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How the Hippocampus Influences Future Thinking

How the Hippocampus Influences Future Thinking | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it
Neuroscience News has recent neuroscience research articles, brain research news, neurology studies and neuroscience resources for neuroscientists, students, and science fans and is always free to join.
Via Dave Vago
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The Origin of Just About Everything, Visualized

The Origin of Just About Everything, Visualized | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it
This brilliantly illustrated science book explains the origins of some of life's most complicated questions.
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Autism as a disorder of prediction

Autism as a disorder of prediction | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it

Autism is characterized by diverse behavioral traits. Guided by theoretical considerations and empirical data, this paper develops the hypothesis that many of autism's salient traits may be manifestations of an underlying impairment in predictive abilities. This impairment renders an otherwise orderly world to be experienced as a capriciously “magical” one. The hypothesis elucidates the information-processing roots of autism and, thereby, can aid the identification of neural structures likely to be differentially affected. Behavioral and neural measures of prediction might serve as early assays of predictive abilities in infants, and serve as useful tools in intervention design and in monitoring their effectiveness. The hypothesis also points to avenues for further research to determine molecular and circuit-level causal underpinnings of predictive impairments.(...) - by Sinha P et al., PNAS,  vol. 111 no. 42, 15220–15225, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1416797111


Via Julien Hering, PhD
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Time and the rhythms of Emancipatory Education. Michel Alhadeff-Jones

Time and the rhythms of Emancipatory Education. Michel Alhadeff-Jones | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it

Michel Alhadeff-Jones' website: scientific publications, photography and video related to education, learning, time, critique, time, rhythms and
complexity..

« Une exploration approfondie des dimensions temporelles de l'éducation. Ce livre est un chef d'oeuvre intellectuel qui va faire pour longtemps référence en la matière. » –– Gert Biesta, Brunel University London, UK 

 « Le fait d'interroger les présupposés communs concernant les rythmes temporels est intrinsèquement transgressif. Dans cette analyse théorique fascinante et novatrice, Michel Alhadeff-Jones explore l'intersection des rythmes temporels, des processus d'apprentissage et des dynamiques d'une éducation émancipatrice. » –– Stephen Brookfield, University of St. Thomas, USA

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Meeting One’s Madness – The Paris Review

Meeting One’s Madness – The Paris Review | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it
Looking for lessons in the age of climate change, Megan Mayhew Bergman rereads Watts’s 1951 naturalist classic.
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The Science - Fractal alerts

The Science - Fractal alerts | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it
Trusted by professionals throughout the financial industry, fractalerts provide the definitive trading strategy, direct to your inbox.
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Domain Specificity of Creativity: Theory, Research, and Practice

Domain Specificity of Creativity: Theory, Research, and Practice | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it
Creativity has commonly been thought of either as a set of domain- general skills that can be applied broadly like a special kind of intelligence or as a general personality trait that colors a person’s approach to any kind of task or problem, but these ways of thinking about creativity are misleading. A better metaphor for creativity than either intelligence or a personality trait is expertise.
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Y Fus-Je ? Dédicaces à la Galerie de Blaye

Y Fus-Je ? Dédicaces à la Galerie de Blaye | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it

"Nous vous invitons à découvrir le livre d'artiste intitulé "Y FUS-JE?" écrit par Marc-Williams Debono (poète et chercheur en neurosciences ) et réalisé par Patricia Proust Labeyrie (artiste plasticienne)…"

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Au Centre Pompidou, l’œil de Brassaï sur le graffiti de Paris

Au Centre Pompidou, l’œil de Brassaï sur le graffiti de Paris | PLASTICITIES  « Between matter and form, between experience and consciousness, the active plasticity of the world » | Scoop.it
'Les formes sont indistinctes, imprécises, on doute de ce que l’on voit. L’univers accroché cet automne dans la galerie de photographie du Centre Pompidou est sombre, en noir et blanc, met e
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