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How make-up changes us

How make-up changes us | plastic surgery | Scoop.it
New research shows how make-up influences how we are perceived and how we perceive ourselves. It also highlights some concerning aspects of our culture.
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tommie's comment, March 7, 2014 8:48 AM
Makeup doesn’t only affect us physically but emotionally as well. Half of women in the US said they feel bad about themselves when not wearing makeup. Women are seen as more successful when wearing makeup; people think they have higher earnings, hold a more prestigious job, more competent, more likeable, and more attractive. In a lifetime a woman who wears makeup spend around $230,000 on makeup. In a study women wearing makeup were hit on 33% more than women without makeup. Although makeup may seem like a great thing because it boosts confidence it is also negatively impacting women, in a study teenagers rated appearance more important than their family’s support, and a successful job, when it comes to what makes them feel good about them selves. Makeup is a great way to make your self-confident and highlight perfections and hide imperfections but it should not be the “basis for self-worth.”
tommie's comment, March 26, 2014 8:35 AM
Cosmetics have been important even back in 7000 bc, which is when the worlds oldest perfume bottles were found. In 1400-1500bc the world’s first hair dye was created. In 600bc The Chinese made the first nail varnishes. And ancient romans had hair color, wrinkle removers, breath fresheners, hair curlers, and deodorant that were 2000 years ago! The top European cosmetic markets are Germany ranking number one, France, Italy, UK, and Spain. In the US a survey of how many products a woman used a day was given to women ages 18-25. 67% said they used 0-3 products, 20% said they used 4-7 products and 10% said they used 7-10 products. The three most used makeup products are eye makeup, foundation, and lipstick.
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UPMC Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery | Pittsburgh, PA

UPMC Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery | Pittsburgh, PA | plastic surgery | Scoop.it
Learn more about our specialized plastic and reconstructive surgery programs, which are backed by one of the largest academic departments in the country.
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tommie's comment, February 17, 2014 8:54 AM
Plastic surgery services can be categorized under aesthetic plastic surgery, breast reconstruction surgery, pediatric plastic surgery, skin care, body-contouring surgery after weight loss.<br>Some procedures are breast augmentation, breast lift, breast reduction, brow and forehead lift, ear surgery, eyelid durgery, facelift, facial implants, laser hair removal, lip augmentation, liposuction, microdermabrasion, post bariatric (after weight loss surgery), nose reshaping, and tummy tuck<br>Why people get nose surgery: Some people do not like the shape, size, or the angle of their nose. If they do not feel their nose is the right size for their face. Some people have breathing problems. Some people have a hump in their nose or the tip droops, or to wide. The side effects can be bad such as scarring, and, skin tissue may breakdown. <br>Facial implants are used to change parts of your face. For example to sculpt your cheekbones. People get facial implants because: They may have a chin that does not stick out enough, if they want their cheeks to be more full, if they want to correct any deformities.<br>The side effects: Infection can happen and the implant would ne to be taken out, implant can possibly move, facial nerves may get damaged.<br>Lip enhancements-Why some people get lip enhancements: they cant see their lips when they smile or are very thin, age causes lips to thin, feel unconfident about their lips, to balance out their face.<br>Cons: If you just get filler it will need redone every couple months, taking out implants is hard.<br>
tommie's comment, March 26, 2014 8:41 AM
To make an appoint meant with a plastic surgeon you have to have: Insurance card, insurance referrals if necessary, claim number and contract info, a list o medications, vitamins, and herbal supplements you make be taking, medical history information, family doctor name address and phone number, and referring physician name address and phone number.
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The Art and History of Body Modification

The Art and History of Body Modification | plastic surgery | Scoop.it
In every group of humans in known and recorded history, there have been members who modified their bodies. The reasons behind their choices vary widely, even within a single society.
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tommie's comment, February 11, 2014 9:01 AM
“Body modification means to delibertly alter one’s physical appearance”<br>In some cultures body modifications can be linked to their social status.<br><br>Piercing <br>Ear peircings are popular in almost every culture in history. Nosepiercings are as old as 4,000 years. Nostril and ear percings are even mentioned in the bible.<br>Lip piercings are worn in many tribes in Africa,southeast asia, north and south America. <br><br>Tattooing <br><br>People were found to have tattoos in 3300BCE , Egyptian mummies even had tattoos. Tattoos<br>were first invented over 10,000 years ago. <br>The way tattoos are put on is much different from back then to modern day, <br>Some of the reasons people get tatted are fashion and function.<br>Not everyone who got tattoo wanted one though, people used to get tattoos<br>If they were a criminal or if they had a low social status. Which may be the reason<br>Why a lot of people find tattoos “trashy “ and they are looked down apon.<br><br>Scarification and branding<br>Scarification is more popular with dark skinned people, because of the melanin in their skin, the scarification is much more noticible. The finished result isn’t always the doings of the artist but also the healing of the wearer <br><br>Implanting<br>Implanting is when an object is surgrically put underneath the skin. In history pearling was found popular to south pacific seaman and Japanese yakuza. Pearling is the term for gential beading because pearls used to be the object implanted under the skin.<br>Some other materials used now a days for the genital beading is biocompatible Teflon, silicone beads, or ribs. <br>Implanting isn’t always something very dramatic and unnatural looking though because breast implants, calf and chin implants are done be plastic surgeons everyday.<br><br>
tommie's comment, February 14, 2014 8:45 AM
“Transdermal implants- a surgical implant placed beneath the skin outward like a single-point piercing- and have been experimented with by many underground “cutters,” a term for body modification practioners with a great deal of surgical skill and training who work quasi-legally or illegally performing surgical procedures on select clientele.”<br>Transdermal implants have a problem healing but this does not stop committed body mods. The procedures have been advanced and now anyone can walk into a piercings shop and get a micro dermal, which is a “small bases implanted beneath the dermis in a quick, simple procedure.” The threaded end then heals tight to the skin so that the attachments can be changed. They can be placed anywhere people get metal spike Mohawks, gems, and around tattoos to add a gleaming effect.<br>If someone were to get a micro dermal they need to understand that there is an unstopping commitment.<br><br><br><br>Hardcore<br><br>Some other modifications are ear pointing, tongue splitting, and genital modifications.<br><br>These are done either by “cutters” or board-certified surgeons. <br>
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milady's standard cosmetology book

Cosmetology text book

tommie's insight:

 Principles of hair design

When choosing a hair color for your client it is important to pick one that compliments their skin tone.  For instance a person with a gold skin tone should have a warm based color. When styling a clients hair you should take into consideration their body proportion.  Some one who has a larger body whould have hair with more volume.  While someone with a smaller body should have a smaller hair style.   Another thing that comes into play is facial shape.  
The ideal facial shape you want to achieve is oval. People with a round face you want to create the illusion of length to make it look slimmer so you want a hair style that has volume on top and no volume on the sides.  For someone with a square facial shape you want to give them a more rounded look,  so something that is softer around the temples and jaw, add volume to areas around the temple and jaw, the hair style should fit close the the face.  For someone with a oblong face you want to make the face seem shorter and wider, the hair should keep close to the top of the head and  more volume on the sides and hair should only be to the chin in length.  For some one with a diamond face shape, you want to reduce the length from the cheek bone line, so increase the fullness across jaw line and forehead but keep hair close to the head at the cheekbone line .  inverted triangle, you want to decrease width of forehead and increase width of the lower part of the face, so keep the hair close to the head, dont use any volume. Use a bang or a fringe.  For Someone whos face is considered convex or has a C shape from the side, their hair should fit to the face and a bang would help. For some one with a concave facial shape which is like a backwards C should have hair going away from the face.

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Hair Extensions Club - Free shipping on all of our virgin remy human hair extensions

Hair Extensions Club - Free shipping on all of our virgin remy human hair extensions | plastic surgery | Scoop.it
We provide the biggest selection of virgin remy Free Shipping all over the US - We carry virgin remy indian hair, brazilian hair, malaysian hair, chinese hair and russian hai
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tommie's comment, March 5, 2014 9:02 AM
Invisible hair extensions<br>They are referred to as skin wefts, - “an imitation of the skin with hair “growing out of it.”<br>Using a bonding material the skin weft is applied to the scalp. They can last any where from 5 to 8 weeks. You can use the hair more than once. This is mostly for women that have hair loss. They are well liked because they are not visible even if the wind blows your hair, and they can be attached anywhere. On the downside these extensions are not fit to add a lot of volume to your hair, and are quite expensive. <br
tommie's comment, March 6, 2014 8:47 AM
Shrinkies<br>This attached strand-by-strand using a shrink-link thread and a looping technique.<br>Your extension and natural piece is put into a tube, which is then heated and shrinks around your natural hair and your extension. These can last 3 to 4 months, and take to hours to put in. You should be able to take them out on your own, by reheating the bond and removing the hair extension. <br><br>Clip INS<br>Clip INS can add volume and length, these are very popular because they can be removed and put back in whenever! Sense you put them in your self they are a lot less expensive. Only thing you need to do is buy the hair. These are more popular amongst Caucasians because these extensions don’t cover all your hair. You put them in by a small clip that is sewn to the weft of the extensions, it clips in right by the root of the natural hair, and the rest of your natural hair falls over the weft and hides it.<br>Braid less sew INS<br>It is also called a micro bead method.<br>Are nifty because they leave no bumps or lumps in the hair and there is more flexibility with styling, they are also less painful as braid sew INS. This process takes about 4 hours to install lasts 6-8 weeks. You will need 5 inches of hair or more.<br>How its done is a small bead is clamped onto the hair using a special tool, the natural hair and extensions are clamped together, when they are to be removed you just simply unclamp them.<br><br>Sew in method<br>A sew in is when the natural hair is micro braided and a weave is installed by being sewn in to the braid. It can last between 2 to 3 months. This is gentle on the natural hair, and will even make your healthier when you take it out because it was braided and no heat was used on it. Although this method is bulky and can be felt when touching the head. This can take anywhere from 2 -3 hours and can be removed by yourself.<br><br>Tape INS <br>This method is very fast and an be done at home or in a salon., the natural hair is put between two tape in extensions and pressed, they can be removed with oil so they do not last very long. <br>
tommie's comment, March 7, 2014 8:54 AM
Just because you now have your extensions installed doesn’t mean the work is done, having extensions is high maintanance, and you have to remember they need brushed often and lightly. Using a special shampoo for extensions isn’t mandatory but if you do it will make the hair last longer; you should use a leavin conditioner on them everyday. If you want to swim while wearing your extensions you should put on a leaven conditioner and braid the hair.
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American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS)

American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) | plastic surgery | Scoop.it
Plastic surgery before & after photos, cosmetic & reconstructive surgery facts & more from the world's largest society of board-certified plastic surgeons.
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tommie's comment, February 14, 2014 8:58 AM
Hair replacement surgery<br><br>“Hair transplantation involves removing small pieces of hair-bearing scalp- grafts from a donor site and relocating them to a bald or thinning area.”<br> <br>Normally people think baldness comes from poor scalp circulation, not enough vitamins, dandruff and wearing hats. <br>The fact is hair loss is caused by aging, hormonal changer, and family genes<br>If hair loss occurs early the worse it will become.<br><br>Sense not everyone heals the same; the finished look isn’t 100% predictable.<br>There is always a chance of infection, bleeding and scars called “stretch-back” scars. Sometimes the hair graft doesn’t attach, if the skin plug dies the surgery will need to be done again. <br><br><br>“Hair transplantation involves removing small pieces of hair-bearing scalp grafts from a donor site and relocating them to a bald or thinning area. Grafts differ by size and shape. Round-shaped punch grafts usually contain about 10-15 hairs. The much smaller mini-graft contains about two to four hairs; and the micro-graft, one to two hairs. Slit grafts, which are inserted into slits created in the scalp, contain about four to10 hairs each; strip grafts are long and thin and contain 30-40 hairs.”<br>
tommie's comment, February 14, 2014 9:05 AM
Permanent makeup<br> Permanent makeup is applied using a system called micro pigmentation,<br>Using a device that is like a tattoo gun, a thin needle punctures the skin and pushes the color into the skin wherever you would like it, normally outlining lips, eyes, or eyebrows. <br>