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Rescooped by Gzaiel Tafish from PlantBioInnovation
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Biotechnology for Biofuels | Abstract | The flat-plate plant-microbial fuel cell: the effect of a new design on internal resistances

Abstract (provisional)

Due to a growing world population and increasing welfare, energy demand worldwide is increasing. To meet the increasing energy demand in a sustainable way, new technologies are needed. The Plant-Microbial Fuel Cell (P-MFC) is a technology that could produce sustainable bio-electricity and help meeting the increasing energy demand. Power output of the P-MFC, however, needs to be increased to make it attractive as a renewable and sustainable energy source. To increase power output of the P-MFC internal resistances need to be reduced. With a flat-plate P-MFC design we tried to minimize internal resistances compared to the previously used tubular P-MFC design. With the flat-plate design current and power density per geometric planting area were increased (from 0.15 A/m2 to 1.6 A/m2 and from 0.22 W/m2 to and 0.44 W/m2)as were current and power output per volume (from 7.5 A/m3 to 122 A/m3 and from 1.3 W/m3 to 5.8 W/m3). Internal resistances times volume were decreased, even though internal resistances times membrane surface area were not. Since the membrane in the flat-plate design is placed vertically, membrane surface area per geometric planting area is increased, which allows for lower internal resistances times volume while not decreasing internal resistances times membrane surface area. Anode was split into three different sections on different depths of the system, allowing to calculate internal resistances on different depths. Most electricity was produced where internal resistances were lowest and where most roots were present; in the top section of the system. By measuring electricity production on different depths in the system, electricity production could be linked to root growth. This link offers opportunities for material-reduction in new designs. Concurrent reduction in material use and increase in power output brings the P-MFC a step closer to usable energy density and economic feasibility.


Via Biswapriya Biswavas Misra
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Rescooped by Gzaiel Tafish from Plant roots and rhizosphere
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Root architecture and root and tuber crop productivity

Root architecture and root and tuber crop productivity | plant physiology | Scoop.it

It is becoming increasingly evident that optimization of root architecture for resource capture is vital for enabling the next green revolution. Although cereals provide half of the calories consumed by humans, root and tuber crops are the second major source of carbohydrates globally. Yet, knowledge of root architecture in root and tuber species is limited. In this opinion article, we highlight what is known about the root system in root and tuber crops, and mark new research directions towards a better understanding of the relation between root architecture and yield. We believe that unraveling the role of root architecture in root and tuber crop productivity will improve global food security, especially in regions with marginal soil fertility and low-input agricultural systems.


Via Christophe Jacquet
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Scooped by Gzaiel Tafish
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A Plant That Actually Eats Heavy Metal Has Recently Been ...

A Plant That Actually Eats Heavy Metal Has Recently Been ... | plant physiology | Scoop.it
In the Philippine jungles, scientists found a plant that accumulates 18000 ppm of metal on its roots and leaves without being poisoned.
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Rescooped by Gzaiel Tafish from Sustainable agriculture and GMOs
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Transient expressions of synthetic biology in plants

Transient expressions of synthetic biology in plants | plant physiology | Scoop.it

Recent developments in transient expression methods have enabled the efficient delivery and expression of multiple genes within the same plant cell over a timescale of days. In some cases, the vectors deployed can be fine-tuned to allow differential expression of the various genes. This has opened the way to the deployment of transient expression for such applications as the production of macromolecular complexes and the analysis and manipulation of metabolic pathways. The ability to observe the effect of gene expression in a matter of days means that transient expression is becoming the method of choice for many plant-based synthetic biology applications.


Via Christophe Jacquet
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