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Plant health
Research, new developments and findings of organisms, harmful to plants.
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DNA-based Data Storage Here to Stay | The Scientist Magazine®

DNA-based Data Storage Here to Stay | The Scientist Magazine® | Plant health | Scoop.it
The second example of storing digital data in DNA affirms its potential as a long-term storage medium.

Researchers have done it again—encoding 5.2 million bits of digital data in strings of DNA and demonstrating the feasibility of using DNA as a long-term, data-dense storage medium for massive amounts of information. In the new study released today (January 23) in Nature, researchers encoded one color photograph, 26 seconds of Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech, and all 154 of Shakespeare’s known sonnets into DNA.

 

The researchers calculated that 1 gram of DNA could hold more than 2 million megabytes of information, though encoding information on this scale will involve reducing the synthesis error rate even further.

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The original article is not brand new, but it is worth mentioning: N. Goldman et al., “Towards practical, high-capacity, low-maintenance information storage in synthesized DNA,” Nature, doi: 10.1038/nature.11875, 2013.

This revolutionary experiment could develop into a new option for archival data storage, wherein DNA is not thought of as a biological molecule, but as a straightforward non-living data storage medium...

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Horizon 2020 - the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation - European Commission

Horizon 2020 - the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation - European Commission | Plant health | Scoop.it

The European Commission's Horizon 2020 is a framework document. The proposal is divided into three priority areas: Excellent Science; Industrial Leadership; Societal Challenges. In addition the roles of the JRC and the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) are specified.

 

In 2011 the European Commission drafted proposals for a Regulation to establish the development of the next Framework Programme to replace the Framework Programme 7 (FP7) which was coming to an end. This was entitled Horizon 2020. The European Commission has agreed the proposals and it is expected that final agreement of the European Parliament will be reached in 2013, with the launch of the first calls expected in 2014.

 

The continuation of identifying research priorities and communicating these priorities to DG Research and Innovation, the Joint Research Centre (JRC) as well as the Member States is an aspect of European Food Safety Authority's Science Strategy relating to the strengthening the scientific evidence for risk assessment and risk monitoring. Contributing to the developing Horizon 2020 programme will be integral in meeting the objectives in this area.

 

Within the proposal Part III, Societal Challenges relates directly to the policy priorities and societal challenges identified in the Europe 2020 Strategy. One of the main objectives in this part focuses on “Food security, sustainable agriculture, marine and maritime research, and the bio economy” with the specific objective “to secure sufficient supplies of safe and high quality food and other bio-based products, by developing productive and resource-efficient primary production systems, fostering related ecosystem services, along side competitive and low carbon supply chains.” Plant health with research on harmful organisms fits to this safe food reference in the proposal. The broad lines of activities under this part include „sustainable and competitive agri-food sector for a safe and healthy diet‟.

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Research collaboration with Australian plant biosecurity center set to secure food supplies, increase academic exchanges

Research collaboration with Australian plant biosecurity center set to secure food supplies, increase academic exchanges | Plant health | Scoop.it

Research collaboration between US (Kansas State University will be the only American university involved) and Australian plant biosecurity center.


Officials at Kansas State University and at Australia's leading plant pests research center are finalizing an agreement for a collaboration aimed at increasing agricultural security in both countries.

Once formalized, the six-year partnership will pair Kansas State University plant pathology and entomology experts with those from the Australian Plant Biosecurity Cooperative Research Centre, or CRC. The center is a consortium among several of Australia's leading governmental research institutions and universities. Through this partnership, researchers will study emerging plant diseases and insect pests that threaten American and Australian agricultural systems and develop new strategies and technologies to defend against them.


NewsReleaseWire.com

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How Could Twitter Influence Science (And Why Scientists Are on Board) - Forbes

How Could Twitter Influence Science (And Why Scientists Are on Board) - Forbes | Plant health | Scoop.it

Via @haydn1701: The recent revelation that Twitter and social media can influence science is good news for people who want to understand the broader impacts of a more social world. But does the evidence stack up?....articles that many people tweeted about were 11 times more likely to be highly cited than those who few people tweeted about.

 

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Novel approach to curing crop diseases tested

Novel approach to curing crop diseases tested | Plant health | Scoop.it

PhysOrg.com - Sugar may be a treat for humans, but for aphids it can be life threatening. A $452,000 grant to Cornell and Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research (BTI) will fund research exploiting this vulnerability to control agriculturally important insect pests.

When aphids and similar insects feed on plants, they transmit viruses, bacteria and other disease-causing microbes to the plant, there is an urgent need for new strategies for insect control, because insects are developing resistance to traditional broad spectrum insecticides. Douglas and Georg Jander, an associate scientist at BTI, proposed a new method to deter insects: genetically engineering plants to protect themselves by disrupting crucial processes in the insect gut for coping with the high levels of sugar in their diet of plant sap.

Genes in the insect can be specifically targeted without any side effect on the plants. RNA interference (RNAi) or gene silencing will be tested in two model plant species - Arabidopsis and tobacco - and with insect pests including the peach-potato aphid, the sweet potato whitefly and the potato psyllid. 

 

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New wheat varieties resist global wheat threat - PhysOrg.com

New wheat varieties resist global wheat threat - PhysOrg.com | Plant health | Scoop.it

Speaking as a panelist in the "Emerging Risks in the Global Food System" a session organized by William Fry, Cornell professor of plant pathology, Singh noted: "... enhanced breeding techniques such as shuttle breeding are helping create new durable disease-resistant varieties of wheat that will increase yields to better meet global demand."

PhysOrg.com

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2012 Annual Letter From Bill Gates | Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

2012 Annual Letter From Bill Gates | Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | Plant health | Scoop.it
Read Bill Gates’ 2012 Annual Letter update on the Gates Foundation’s work in health, poverty, and education.


Bill Gates: "We can help poor farmers sustainably increase their productivity so they can feed themselves and their families.
But that will only happen if we prioritize agricultural innovation."

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