The most widespread phytoplasmas, vectors and measures for disease control in Slovenia
Phytoplasmas, as fastidious wall-less mollicutes, colonize phloem tissue of many plant species, including grapevine and fruit trees. They are transmitted between plants by vegetative propagation and by sap-sucking insect vectors, which enable spread of the diseases.
‘Candidatus Phytoplasma mali’, associated with apple proliferation, ‘Ca. P. prunorum’, associated with European stone fruit yellows and ‘Ca. P. pyri’, associated with pear decline, were detected in several fruit-growing areas of Slovenia. The most widespread phytoplasma on grapevine in Slovenia was the stolbur phytoplasma, (‘bois noir’), but ‘Flavescence dorée’ phytoplasma, associated with serious disease of grapevine, has been detected in Slovenian vineyards.
Mehle N et al. (2012) The most widespread phytoplasmas, vectors and measures for disease control in Slovenia.- Phytopathogenic Mollicutes 2011(1)2 p 65- 76. Online ISSN : 2249-4677. IndianJournals.com