Phytoplasmas are bacteria without cell walls from the class Mollicutes. They are obligate intracellular plant pathogens which cause diseases in hundreds of economically important plants including the grapevine (Vitis vinifera).
This study revealed some fundamental aspects of grapevine interactions with the stolbur 'Bois noir' phytoplasma in particular and some plant interactions with phytoplasmas in general. In addition, the results of the study will likely have an impact on grape improvement by yielding marker genes that can be used in new diagnostic assays for phytoplasmas or by identifying candidate genes that contribute to the improved properties of grape.
By: Hren M, Nikolić P, Rotter A, Blejec A, Terrier, Ravnikar M, Dermastia M, Gruden K; BMC Genomics 2009, 10:460 doi:10.1186/1471-2164-10-460
The most widespread phytoplasmas, vectors and measures for disease control in Slovenia
Phytoplasmas, as fastidious wall-less mollicutes, colonize phloem tissue of many plant species, including grapevine and fruit trees. They are transmitted between plants by vegetative propagation and by sap-sucking insect vectors, which enable spread of the diseases.
‘Candidatus Phytoplasma mali’, associated with apple proliferation, ‘Ca. P. prunorum’, associated with European stone fruit yellows and ‘Ca. P. pyri’, associated with pear decline, were detected in several fruit-growing areas of Slovenia. The most widespread phytoplasma on grapevine in Slovenia was the stolbur phytoplasma, (‘bois noir’), but ‘Flavescence dorée’ phytoplasma, associated with serious disease of grapevine, has been detected in Slovenian vineyards.
Witches' broom disease is sweeping through more than 60 percent of the longan-growing area in the Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta, leaving many farmers with severe losses, according to the Plant Protection Department. The disease appeared in Viet Nam in 2003 from infected longan (Dimocarpus longan) strains imported from neighbouring countries, according to experts. There are no effective measures to prevent or control the disease.
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