plant cell genetics
Follow
Find tag "Arabidopsis"
8.5K views | +7 today
plant cell genetics
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Rescooped by Jean-Pierre Zryd from plant developments
Scoop.it!

Role of actin cytoskeleton in brassinosteroid signaling and in its integration with the auxin response in plants (Developmental Cell)

Role of actin cytoskeleton in brassinosteroid signaling and in its integration with the auxin response in plants (Developmental Cell) | plant cell genetics | Scoop.it

In plants, developmental programs and tropisms are modulated by the phytohormone auxin. Auxin reconfigures the actin cytoskeleton, which controls polar localization of auxin transporters such as PIN2 and thus determines cell-type-specific responses. In conjunction with a second growth-promoting phytohormone, brassinosteroid (BR), auxin synergistically enhances growth and gene transcription. We show that BR alters actin configuration and PIN2 localization in a manner similar to that of auxin. We describe a BR constitutive-response mutant that bears an allele of the ACTIN2 gene and shows altered actin configuration, PIN2 delocalization, and a broad array of phenotypes that recapitulate BR-treated plants. Moreover, we show that actin filament reconfiguration is sufficient to activate BR signaling, which leads to an enhanced auxin response. Our results demonstrate that the actin cytoskeleton functions as an integration node for the BR signaling pathway and auxin responsiveness.


Via GMI Vienna, PMG
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Jean-Pierre Zryd from Arabidopsis
Scoop.it!

Reverse breeding in Arabidopsis thaliana generates homozygous parental lines from a heterozygous plant (Nature Genetics)

Reverse breeding in Arabidopsis thaliana generates homozygous parental lines from a heterozygous plant (Nature Genetics) | plant cell genetics | Scoop.it

Traditionally, hybrid seeds are produced by crossing selected inbred lines. Here we provide a proof of concept for reverse breeding, a new approach that simplifies meiosis such that homozygous parental lines can be generated from a vigorous hybrid individual. We silenced DMC1, which encodes the meiotic recombination protein DISRUPTED MEIOTIC cDNA1, in hybrids of A. thaliana, so that non-recombined parental chromosomes segregate during meiosis. We then converted the resulting gametes into adult haploid plants, and subsequently into homozygous diploids, so that each contained half the genome of the original hybrid. From 36 homozygous lines, we selected 3 (out of 6) complementing parental pairs that allowed us to recreate the original hybrid by intercrossing. In addition, this approach resulted in a complete set of chromosome-substitution lines. Our method allows the selection of a single choice offspring from a segregating population and preservation of its heterozygous genotype by generating homozygous founder lines.


Via GMI Vienna
more...
No comment yet.