The recent paper published in New Phytologist, Wang et al. (2014; this issue pp. 679–683), purports in its title that ‘A novel 5-enolpyruvoylshikimate-3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase transgene for glyphosate resistance stimulates growth and fecundity in weedy rice (Oryza sativa) without herbicide’ and in the paper claims that weedy rice expressing the transgene is more competitively fit than the wild type in the absence of glyphosate treatment. While this may be so, there is a lack of evidence in the paper that the transgene confers glyphosate resistance, or that the transgenic weedy rice is more competitively fit than its wild type. As this paper has generated extensive media coverage facilitated by the authors, we feel it imperative to analyze the paper in depth to ascertain whether the claims made in title, summary, and text have been met, whether criteria necessary for publication have been achieved, as well as whether the media reportage was justified in the form released by the authors.