Starting in the 19th century (...) and culminating with a 1963 paper by MIT meteorologist Edward Lorenz (...), a series of developments revealed that the notion of deterministic predictability, although appealingly intuitive, is in practice false for most systems. Small uncertainties in an initial state can indeed become large errors in a final one. Even simple systems for which all forces are known can behave unpredictably. Determinism, surprisingly enough, does not preclude chaos.
Chaos at fifty
Adilson E. Motter and David K. Campbell
Physics Today / Volume 66 / Issue 5, May 2013, page 27
Via Complexity Digest