Philosophy of the body
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Universal Shamanism: The Japanese Context

Universal Shamanism: The Japanese Context | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it

One thing is certain: wherever humans went, so too did shamanism.

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Yamuna Flaherty's curator insight, September 25, 2013 3:31 PM

I dare say the world is no longer waiting for "shamanic christianity" as it can be found in the syncretic practise of Santo Daime, a fusion of Christianity and Amazonian shamanism.

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Roles of a Shaman: A Brief Overview of Shamanism, Part 3

Roles of a Shaman: A Brief Overview of Shamanism, Part 3 | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it

The various roles in which a shaman undertakes are closely related to the cultures that one is likely to find shamanism (Walsh, 1989). This is because a shaman plays many roles for their culture. The cultures in which we are likely to find shamans are “simple nomadic hunting and gathering societies” (p. 8).

 

In these kinds of cultures, people do not generally rely on agriculture and have very little political organization or social class. As such, the shaman is left to play many roles: “medicine man, healer, ritualist, keeper of cultural myths, medium, and master of spirits” (p. 8). Krippner (2000) stated similar roles that shamans play: “Shamans were probably humanity’s original specialists, combining the roles of healers, storytellers, weather forecasters, performing artists, ritualists, and magicians” (p. 98).

 

Krippner (2002) added “shamans appear to have been humankind’s first psychotherapists [and] first physicians” (p. 970). References to shamans as physicians can be seen more than once in the literature. Shortly, we will liken a shaman to a ‘general practitioner... (click title for more)


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The History of Shamanism: A Brief Overview of Shamanism, Part 1

The History of Shamanism: A Brief Overview of Shamanism, Part 1 | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it

In this paper, I will explore the history of shamanism along with the origins of the word shaman. I will identify varying definitions of what it means to be a shaman and explain some of the different roles that a shaman may carry out. I will identify how some shamans have lost their roles through the development of political/social stratification. I will also examine how it is that one becomes a shaman and have a small dialogue with regard to schizophrenia. To begin, we will delve into some of the history of shamanism along with a derivation of the word ‘shaman.’

 

History of Shamanism

Shamanism has been part of history for quite some time, but that does not necessarily mean that there is agreement within the academic community as to when shamanism began. According to Walsh (1996), “Paleolithic art from Europe dated to over 17,000 [years] ago and from South Africa dated to 25,000 years ago appear to show shamanic practices” (p. 96). However, the earliest known archaeological record of a shaman excavation was from a burial site in... (Click title for more) 


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Art, Philosophy and Semiotics

Art, Philosophy and Semiotics | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it
ART and SEMIOTICS - painting the LANDSCAPE: searching for a sacral dimension in the landscape -...
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Yeats’s Leda and the Swan: the power of poetry - Aeon Video

Yeats’s Leda and the Swan: the power of poetry - Aeon Video | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it
How the brevity and unnerving beauty of W B Yeats’s tightly coiled ‘Leda and the Swan’ reveals poetry’s potent, enduring significance
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Olivia Laing - Loneliness in New York

Olivia Laing - Loneliness in New York | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it
Loneliness is a shameful hunger, a shell, a dangerous landscape of shadowy figures. But it is also a gift
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M.-A. Paveau, 2013, Discours et mémoire 8. La shoah au corps. Les cicatrices mémorielles de Marina Vainshtein, La pensée du discours [carnet de recherche]

M.-A. Paveau, 2013, Discours et mémoire 8. La shoah au corps. Les cicatrices mémorielles de Marina Vainshtein, La pensée du discours [carnet de recherche] | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it

Grâce à Régine Robin, qui fait partie des fées et enchanteurs heureusement croisés sur les chemins ouverts par les désirs épistémologiques et leurs compagnons émotionnels, j’ai découvert Marina Vainshtein...


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Le décryptage fascinant des tatouages des prisonniers du Goulag

Le décryptage fascinant des tatouages des prisonniers du Goulag | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it
“ En URSS des planches de dessins ont servi à décoder les tatouages inscrits sur la peau des prisonniers du Goulag, elles furent toutes réalisées par un ancien officier du ministère de l'Intérieur soviétique : Dantsig Baldaev (1925-2005).”
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Tatouage Polynésien Cou

Tatouage Polynésien Cou | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it
“ 7 Merveille de Tatouages pour les Hommes inspiration Polynésien et modèle/dessin Samoa Maori encrés sur une partie très personnelle du corps: le cou et derrière/devant les oreilles. Tous gentillesse from le Studio Californien Sef Samatua Island Tattoo.”
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The Pentagon Basically Wants to Merge You With a Robot

The Pentagon Basically Wants to Merge You With a Robot | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it

From artificial mammal brains to prosthetics that feel like real limbs, the military’s blue-sky researchers are aiming to bring man and machine closer than ever before.


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Mlik Sahib's curator insight, March 7, 2014 1:27 PM

"DARPA doesn’t just want machines to get smarter; it wants them to work better, together. We’re talking about drones, which have already changed how the U.S. wages war. But the potential of drones is far from untapped and this year’s DARPA budget is brimming with research for new ways to leverage advances in robotics. The $5 million “Swarm Challenge” looks to see if a flock of small drones can all play well together. It involves the development of algorithms that would allow a number of small unmanned systems to work in unison and solve problems. Darpa envisions the drone hive-mind could be useful supporting troops in air, ground and maritime operations and could even help out in obstacle-clearing and search and rescue operations."

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Body Atlas Reveals Where We Feel Happiness and Shame

Body Atlas Reveals Where We Feel Happiness and Shame | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it
“ New research shows emotional states are associated with distinct bodily sensations regardless of culture and so specific that they can be mapped.”
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Carl Jung: Perfectly normal people can have visions in certain moments.

Carl Jung: Perfectly normal people can have visions in certain moments. | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it

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In the Future Your Greatest Orgasm Will Be Due to a Robot (NSFW) - SERIOUS WONDER

In the Future Your Greatest Orgasm Will Be Due to a Robot (NSFW) - SERIOUS WONDER | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it

In the near future, you will achieve your greatest orgasm ever. And guess what? It'll be because of a robot! - B.J. Murphy for Serious Wonder


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Religion or not religion – a discourse analysis of shamanism

Religion or not religion – a discourse analysis of shamanism | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it

"In the study of indigenous religions, one of the issues a scholar faces is the gap between self-representation and scholarly classification, particularly with regard to the concept of ‘religion’. So how does the scholar of religion approach this issue? Shamanism is an interesting example, one which illustrates this problem, as this term was also coined by scholars, derived from one group in Siberia and applied cross-culturally to others, which then influenced diverse peoples to adopt the term when describing their traditions to outsiders, often in distinction to what is regarded as ‘religion’."  by author Suzanne Owen

 

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How One Becomes a Shaman: A Brief Overview of Shamanism, Part 2

How One Becomes a Shaman: A Brief Overview of Shamanism, Part 2 | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it

How One Becomes a Shaman

Given the seemingly differing opinions on the history of shamanism and the definition of a shaman, there seems to be substantially more agreement on the process by which one must undergo to become a shaman. According to Merchant (2006):

 

The ‘call of the spirits’ to the shamanic vocation is experienced as a serious and disturbing psychological phenomenon early in life (often at adolescence) and this initiatory illness is interpreted as a (mostly unsolicited) calling, which is not only experienced as a destiny/fate but is articulated in these cultures as an election by the spirits. A strenuous and difficult initiation follows, involving altered states of consciousness, dismemberment imagery and death/rebirth phenomena. (p. 133-4)

 

The candidate is not fully recognized by their cultural group as a shaman until they are able to demonstrate their abilities of mastery over the spirits and communicate with them to acquire information for the purposes of healing (Merchant, 2006). Metzner (1998), like Merchant (2006), referred to a process where the shaman-to-be has visions in which they see themselves being dismembered...(Click title for more)


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fototazo: The Image: Paul Kwiatkowski, from "Haitian Vodou"

fototazo: The Image: Paul Kwiatkowski, from "Haitian Vodou" | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it

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Sophie Scott on conversation - Aeon Video

Sophie Scott on conversation - Aeon Video | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it
There’s more to speaking than words: conversations affect our bodies, reinforce social order, and reveal the health of relationships
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Are you alone? (In the Universe) - Aeon Video

Are you alone? (In the Universe) - Aeon Video | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it
An appraisal of the puzzles of human existence, which is both cosmically trivial and inextricably linked to everything that ever was
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Hacking humans: Building a better you

Hacking humans: Building a better you | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it
“ 'Man is something that shall be overcome,' wrote Nietzsche. He may have never envisioned today's efforts to re-engineer the body, but he looks prophetic as pioneers aim to push the envelope of human capability.”
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Arkansas Passes a Bill That Cracks Down On People With Tattoos, Piercings, and Body Art

Arkansas Passes a Bill That Cracks Down On People With Tattoos, Piercings, and Body Art | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it
“ Clearly the Arkansas legislature doesn't care about individual freedom. The question, though, is this: Do you?”
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Les bonnes questions à se poser quand on veut se faire tatouer

Les bonnes questions à se poser quand on veut se faire tatouer | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it
“ TATOUAGES - Pas toujours facile de passer à l'acte, même quand on en meurt d'envie. Les doutes sur le dessin que l'on souhaite ou sur la partie du corps que l'on veut tatouer, qui choisir, comment?”
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MAP's curator insight, May 4, 2014 5:03 PM

Autour de l'exposition du musée du Quai Branly qui s'ouvre le 6 mai

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Technology Is Completely Upending the Traditional Idea of the Self

Technology Is Completely Upending the Traditional Idea of the Self | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it

A qualitative change in our information environment that is every bit as seismic as the meteor that marked the end of the dinosaurs. Deity-scale information capability. Complexity driving cognition to ever more competent techno-human networks. Perceptual, conscious, and subconscious processing increasingly outsourced to technology systems. Fragmentation of self across avatars in various increasingly engaging virtual realities. But any such list is misleadingly simplistic. The technological evolution impacting the self is not simply a case of interesting but isolated case studies but, rather, represents profound and accelerating evolution across the entire technological frontier. And the conscious self is where these must be integrated, or at least collated.


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Brain Implants: The Laser Eye Surgery of the Future?

Brain Implants: The Laser Eye Surgery of the Future? | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it

Brain implants today are where laser eye surgery was several decades ago, fraught with risk, applicable only to a narrowly defined set of patients – but a sign of things to come.


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aanve's curator insight, March 20, 2014 3:34 AM
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zwilenkosi's curator insight, March 25, 2014 2:41 PM

new brain implants that could revive your memory and makes you to learn things fast.

 

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Detecting Emotional Contagion in Massive Social Networks

Detecting Emotional Contagion in Massive Social Networks | Philosophy of the body | Scoop.it

Happiness and other emotions spread between people in direct contact, but it is unclear whether massive online social networks also contribute to this spread. Here, we elaborate a novel method for measuring the contagion of emotional expression. With data from millions of Facebook users, we show that rainfall directly influences the emotional content of their status messages, and it also affects the status messages of friends in other cities who are not experiencing rainfall. For every one person affected directly, rainfall alters the emotional expression of about one to two other people, suggesting that online social networks may magnify the intensity of global emotional synchrony.


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