Philosophy and Co...
Follow
2.4K views | +0 today
Philosophy and Complexity
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by John Symons
Scoop.it!

Science for Designers: Complex Adaptive Systems - Sharp End of ...

Science for Designers: Complex Adaptive Systems - Sharp End of ... | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it
This is a key lesson from the relatively recent understanding of the dynamics of “complex adaptive systems,” and from applications in fields like biology and ecology. At issue is not just avoiding failures.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by John Symons
Scoop.it!

Organic Computing – A Paradigm Shift for Complex Systems ...

Organic Computing – A Paradigm Shift for Complex Systems ... | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it
Christian Müller-Schloer, Hartmut Schmeck, Organic Computing - A Paradigm Shift for Complex Systems 2011 | English | ISBN: 3034801297 | 657 pages | PDF.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by John Symons from Technoculture
Scoop.it!

Timeline of NSA domestic spying

Timeline of NSA domestic spying | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it

All of the evidence found in this timeline can also be found in the Summary of Evidence we submitted to the court in Jewel v. NSA. It is intended to recall all the credible accounts and information of the NSA's domestic spying program found in the media, congressional testimony, books, and court actions.


Via Luca Baptista
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by John Symons
Scoop.it!

Steven Strogatz on sync | Video on TED.com

Mathematician Steven Strogatz shows how flocks of creatures (like birds, fireflies and fish) manage to synchronize and act as a unit -- when no one's giving orders. The powerful tendency extends into the realm of objects, too.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by John Symons from Social Foraging
Scoop.it!

Science in a Complex World: What is ‘democracy,’ and does everybody want it?

Science in a Complex World: What is ‘democracy,’ and does everybody want it? | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it

Everybody wants to live in a democracy. Right? Isn’t that why we fought the British? And isn’t that what the 2011 Arab Spring was all about? Like most Americans, this is what I had assumed, until I started gathering the thoughts of people in one of the world’s newest democracies: Mongolia.

 

This question of whether democracy is a universal human desire or a conceit of U.S. policy is, I think, a good one for my field, anthropology. It’s also a question that relates to the research of some of my colleagues at the Santa Fe Institute, who are interested in how complex societies and institutions have emerged in human history, co-evolving with human culture, biology, the environment and economic organization, for example.


Via Ashish Umre
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by John Symons from Digital Presentations in Education
Scoop.it!

Visual complexity - visual exploration on mapping complex networks

Visual complexity - visual exploration on mapping complex networks | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it

Visualcomplexity.com is a unified resource space for anyone interested in the visualization of complex networks.

Great source of information for projects and presentations.


Via Baiba Svenca
more...
bricoleuric's curator insight, March 11, 2013 12:18 PM

Nice work for generating simple insights from complex systems

Rescooped by John Symons from From Complexity to Wisdom
Scoop.it!

Can The World Handle Complexity?

Can The World Handle Complexity? | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it

Despite the fact that global issues are incredibly complicated, people tend to break them down into easy-to-understand, black and white terms. But is a new generation prepared to embrace nuance?


Via Erika Harrison
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by John Symons
Scoop.it!

32 out of sync metronomes end up synchronizing

When you move the metronome and put on a table that moves multiple metronome that ticks all the metronome sound at the same time as it is known in sync event...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by John Symons
Scoop.it!

NECSI Seminar Video Library | NECSI

NECSI Seminar Video Library | NECSI | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it
#PHOTONICS #TECHNOLOGY #NEWS Complex Systems Institute AFTER SANDY, MANAGING CRISES http://t.co/kWVVVmtkn7 < http://t.co/v7gcR0Hyhe >
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by John Symons
Scoop.it!

An Introduction to Natural Computation (Complex Adaptive Systems): Dana H. Ballard: 9780262522588: Amazon.com: Books

An Introduction to Natural Computation (Complex Adaptive Systems) [Dana H. Ballard] on Amazon.com. *FREE* super saver shipping on qualifying offers.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by John Symons
Scoop.it!

Complex and Adaptive Dynamical Systems: A Primer (Springer: Complexity): Claudius Gros: Amazon.com: Kindle Store

Complex and Adaptive Dynamical Systems: A Primer (Springer: Complexity): Claudius Gros: Amazon.com: Kindle Store (Complex and Adaptive Dynamical Systems: A Primer (Springer: Complexity) http://t.co/Gjxs3Ogfop)...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by John Symons
Scoop.it!

Abstractivate: Two Models of Computation: or, Why I'm Switching Trains

Abstractivate: Two Models of Computation: or, Why I'm Switching Trains | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by John Symons
Scoop.it!

Big Data Needs a Big Theory to Go with It: Scientific American

Big Data Needs a Big Theory to Go with It: Scientific American | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it
Just as the industrial age produced the laws of thermodynamics, we need universal laws of complexity to solve our seemingly intractable problems
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by John Symons
Scoop.it!

Be the Toolkit: Discussing complex systems with ... - Oxfam Blogs

Be the Toolkit: Discussing complex systems with ... - Oxfam Blogs | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it
Based on her understanding of complex systems, complexity physicist Jean Boulton (who also came up with the life expectation tip) suggested a few telltale signs: Increased swings and instability; Trust your instinct/judgement ...
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by John Symons from Complexity & Resilience
Scoop.it!

Complexity Rising: From Human Beings to Human C...

Complexity Rising: From Human Beings to Human C... | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it
The New England Complex Systems Institute (NECSI) is an independent educational and research institution dedicated to advancing the study of complex systems.

Via David G Wilson
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by John Symons from Papers
Scoop.it!

Information Driven Self-Organization of Complex Robotic Behaviors

Information Driven Self-Organization of Complex Robotic Behaviors | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it

Information theory is a powerful tool to express principles to drive autonomous systems because it is domain invariant and allows for an intuitive interpretation. This paper studies the use of the predictive information (PI), also called excess entropy or effective measure complexity, of the sensorimotor process as a driving force to generate behavior. We study nonlinear and nonstationary systems and introduce the time-local predicting information (TiPI) which allows us to derive exact results together with explicit update rules for the parameters of the controller in the dynamical systems framework. In this way the information principle, formulated at the level of behavior, is translated to the dynamics of the synapses. We underpin our results with a number of case studies with high-dimensional robotic systems. We show the spontaneous cooperativity in a complex physical system with decentralized control. Moreover, a jointly controlled humanoid robot develops a high behavioral variety depending on its physics and the environment it is dynamically embedded into. The behavior can be decomposed into a succession of low-dimensional modes that increasingly explore the behavior space. This is a promising way to avoid the curse of dimensionality which hinders learning systems to scale well.

 

Martius G, Der R, Ay N (2013) Information Driven Self-Organization of Complex Robotic Behaviors. PLoS ONE 8(5): e63400. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0063400

http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063400


Via Complexity Digest
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by John Symons from COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEMS IN NATIONAL SECURITY
Scoop.it!

Emergent Sensing of Complex Environments by Mobile Animal Groups

Science 1 February 2013: 
Vol. 339 no. 6119 pp. 574-576 
DOI: 10.1126/science.1225883

 

ABSTRACT

The capacity for groups to exhibit collective intelligence is an often-cited advantage of group living. Previous studies have shown that social organisms frequently benefit from pooling imperfect individual estimates. However, in principle, collective intelligence may also emerge from interactions between individuals, rather than from the enhancement of personal estimates. Here, we reveal that this emergent problem solving is the predominant mechanism by which a mobile animal group responds to complex environmental gradients. Robust collective sensing arises at the group level from individuals modulating their speed in response to local, scalar, measurements of light and through social interaction with others. This distributed sensing requires only rudimentary cognition and thus could be widespread across biological taxa, in addition to being appropriate and cost-effective for robotic agents.

 


Via Complexity Digest, Betty Cares
more...
Shady El Damaty's curator insight, February 4, 2013 6:22 AM

Fascinating paper published in February's edition of Science. We often consider intelligence as an emergent phenomena at the scale of individual organisms.  Yet, complex social systems and structures may also exhibit behavior reflecting the predispositions of its members as a whole.  Perhaps we can view the dynamics of societies from this scaled perspective to better understand the issues facing our modern society.

Rescooped by John Symons from The 21st Century
Scoop.it!

Case Based Method and Complexity Science, Part II (The SACS Toolkit)

Case Based Method and Complexity Science, Part II (The SACS Toolkit) | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it

My goal here is to introduce the case-based complexity science method my colleagues and I have developed for modeling complex systems. Our case-based modeling technique is called the SACS Toolkit--which stands for the Sociology and Complexity Science Toolkit.


Via Susan Bainbridge
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by John Symons from From Complexity to Wisdom
Scoop.it!

The True Hive Mind – How Honeybee Colonies Think

The True Hive Mind – How Honeybee Colonies Think | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it

"This extends to decision-making, which is the main subject of Honeybee Democracy. The bees exercise a collective intelligence that mimics not just small-group decision-making but the cognitive deliberations of our own brains:"


Via Howard Rheingold, Erika Harrison
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by John Symons from COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEMS IN NATIONAL SECURITY
Scoop.it!

franz contemplates complexity

A brief animated video on complex systems theory.

Via Anne Caspari, Betty Cares
more...
Anne Caspari's curator insight, February 1, 2013 10:32 AM

this is great food for thought; nicely done! 

Spaceweaver's curator insight, February 3, 2013 10:06 AM

Excellent introduction and some reference books at the end

Luciano Lampi's curator insight, March 25, 2013 9:48 AM

a cool start...

Scooped by John Symons
Scoop.it!

Aid and Complex Systems cont'd: Timelines, Incubation Periods and ...

Aid and Complex Systems cont'd: Timelines, Incubation Periods and ... | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it
I'm at one of those moments where all conversations seem to link to each other, I see complex systems everywhere, and I'm wondering whether I'm starting to lose my marbles. Happily, lots of other people seem to be suffering ...
more...
Dmitry Alexeev's curator insight, June 3, 2013 12:59 AM

Very profound view on complexity 

Scooped by John Symons
Scoop.it!

Introduction to Complex Systems: Patterns in Nature

Introduction to Complex Systems: Patterns in Nature | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it
This video provides a basic introduction to the science of complex systems, focusing on patterns in nature.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by John Symons
Scoop.it!

The Fiftieth Anniversary of Chaos - Wired (blog)

The Fiftieth Anniversary of Chaos - Wired (blog) | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it
Wired (blog)
The Fiftieth Anniversary of Chaos
Wired (blog)
Several decades ago, Edward Lorenz noticed something seemingly minor: his computational weather models yielded very different results if he changed the input variables only a tiny bit.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by John Symons
Scoop.it!

More data isn't always better, says Nate Silver

More data isn't always better, says Nate Silver | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it
Big data may seem to promise big insights to users, but more isn't always better, cautions statistician Nate Silver.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by John Symons
Scoop.it!

Signals and Boundaries: Building Blocks for Complex Adaptive ...

Signals and Boundaries: Building Blocks for Complex Adaptive ... | Philosophy and Complexity | Scoop.it
John H. Holland, Signals and Boundaries: Building Blocks for Complex Adaptive Systems English | ISBN: 0262017830 | 2012 | PDF | 316 pages | 4 MB John H.
more...
No comment yet.