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Peer2Politics
on peer-to-peer dynamics in the field of politics, economics and institutions
Curated by jean lievens
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The New Green: Cooperative business model rules the year - UConn Daily Campus

The New Green: Cooperative business model rules the year - UConn Daily Campus | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
One of the most hopeful movements toward a prosperous, human and environmentally responsible economy is the rise of the cooperative business model. Cooperatives, or “co-ops,” are businesses in which ownership of the company is shared, and since the Great Recession, they are rapidly rising in popularity. Last year was officially dubbed “The Year of the Cooperative” by the United Nations, and co-ops were the feature topic of the Spring 2013 edition of *Yes!* magazine. The magazine explained that there are four major types of co-ops: consumer cooperatives, owned by the people who buy goods or services from the business, a local example would be theWillimantic Food Co-op, producer cooperatives. Companies or individuals joining together to market their products, a local example is the Farmer’s Cow cooperative for dairy farmers, purchasing cooperatives (in which small businesses band together to compete with large corporations, examples include Ace and True Value hardware stores), and worker cooperatives, an example is the Massachusetts-based Equal Exchange. Many people may be surprised to know that co-ops already play a major role in the global economy – they have operated for about two hundred years alongside traditional corporately owned businesses, and today they account for over 100 million jobs worldwide, which is 20 percent more than multinational corporations. In the U.S. there are over 300,000 co-ops that provide 2 million jobs and $75 billion in wages and benefits.
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Newsroom - Newsletters - Newsletter February 2013 - International Fab Lab Association

Newsroom - Newsletters - Newsletter February 2013 - International Fab Lab Association | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

This is the February 2013 Newsletter of the International Fab Lab Association. It is an association of individuals interested in and/or involved in the Fab Lab community. It is a democratic organization run by its members. We will inform you about what is happening in the Fab Lab world and how you can participate. Feel free to forward this Newsletter!

 
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Digital Grab: Corporate Power Has Seized the Internet

Digital Grab: Corporate Power Has Seized the Internet | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

If your daily routine took you from one homegrown organic garden to another, bypassing vast fields choked with pesticides, you might feel pretty good about the current state of agriculture.

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Book Review of Virality: Contagion Theory in the Age of Networks - Huffington Post

Book Review of Virality: Contagion Theory in the Age of Networks - Huffington Post | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

The rise of the network society is a reality -- though certainly not everyone around the world is participating; but at some point it is likely that most will be because the growing market of information-exchange depends on it. Consequently, the dependence of communities on networked information demands a contemporary evaluation of crowd behavior in both physical and online social spaces.

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Two More Pirate Parties On Cusp Of Electoral Success: Iceland, Croatia - Falkvinge on Infopolicy

Two More Pirate Parties On Cusp Of Electoral Success: Iceland, Croatia - Falkvinge on Infopolicy | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Two more Pirate Parties are approaching electoral victory scenarios. Iceland’s Píratar is polling just below the parliamentary threshold for their elections one month out, and Croatia’s Piratska Stranka is polling at levels that may give it a seat in the European Parliament in three weeks. This is a very positive sign for the movement, as it is much harder for new countries to enter the political fray than it is to defend existing positions.

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Hacking Culture

Hacking Culture | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Jesse Robbins explains how to evangelize & overcome cultural resistance to change while sharing his own painfully funny lessons on how not to do it.
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Coverage and capacity crossroads: grow green or reduce red - The Networked Society Blog

Coverage and capacity crossroads: grow green or reduce red - The Networked Society Blog | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Operators that are preparing for small-cell deployments face a strategic choice between revenue growth and cost-reduction strategies.
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A Sharing Economy? – BuyMyWardrobe Blog

A Sharing Economy? – BuyMyWardrobe Blog | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Today we have alternative choices to outright ownership.  You can hire a designer dress at Wish-Want-Wear or Girl Meets Dress, rent a room in someone else’s home through One Fine Stay ,  park in a strangers drive/garage  at Park At My House, store your excess in your neighbours unused space at sharemystorage.com, hitch hike the digital way with gocarshare.com, share a car with City Car Club, borrow your neighbours drill at neighborgoods.net and buy and sell your wardrobe at  buymywardrobe.com

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Jeremy Rifkin: Energy Storage Conference Address

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Prototyping and infrastructuring in design for social innovation

During the past five years design has been recognised as a powerful innovation driver. Design methods and tools have also been applied in new fields. One of them is social innovation, which is aimed at developing new ideas and solutions in response to social needs. While different initiatives have demonstrated how design can be a powerful approach in social innovation, especially when it comes to systemic thinking, prototyping and visualising, some concerns have been raised regarding the limitations of applying design in this field. Through a specific case, this paper will discuss and suggest some approaches and concepts related to design for social innovation. Coming from a participatory design tradition, we focus on the idea of infrastructuring as a way to approach social innovation that differs from project-based design. The activities that are carried out are aimed at building long-term relationships with stakeholders in order to create networks from which design opportunities can emerge. We also discuss the role of prototyping as a way to explore opportunities but we also highlight dilemmas.

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Democratizing production: challenges in co-designing enabling platforms for social innovation

Democratizing production: challenges in co-designing enabling platforms for social innovation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

In the social innovation field it has been recognized the need for infrastructures to support the flourishing of social innovation: intermediaries that should facilitate the connections between diverse stakeholders and resources. Design research has contributed to the idea of intermediaries by developing the concept of enabling platforms. These are situated systems of human and non-human actors, which should support bottom-up initiatives and cross-sector networks by responding to the meta-technological demands of social innovation activities. In order to fulfil this scope they should be deeply rooted in the specific context where they are operating, valuing local stakeholders and resources. Furthermore they should be characterized by a certain degree of indeterminacy, which leaves to the involved stakeholders the possibility to initiate their own activities by performing design actions after the design of the platform is concluded, the so called design-after-design.

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Medea - Building Fabriken: Design for Socially Shaped Innovation

Medea - Building Fabriken: Design for Socially Shaped Innovation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

ABSTRACT – Recently, there has been a growing attention to innovation processes based on the involvement of diverse actors in co-creation activities. A new innovation model is evolving, relying on collaboration, openness and participation as drivers for the development of novelty in diverse fields. This model has a central role in social innovation, which is claimed to arise from collaborations across various sectors and social structures. In trying to understand how innovation arises in co-creation processes, this paper relies on the idea of socially shaped innovation, according to which novelty emerges from local interactions through tensions and argumentation.

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Was Mancur Olson Wrong? — The American Magazine

Was Mancur Olson Wrong? — The American Magazine | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

In 1965, a young University of Maryland economist named Mancur Olson (the first name is pronounced “mansir”) formulated a crucial part of the answer in his book The Logic of Collective Action. To organize a group is costly for the organizer in money, time, and energy. Constituencies with narrow, focused interests can surmount that problem more easily than can constituencies with broad, diffuse interests, because the broader group will have more of a problem with free riders: people who sit back and let others do the hard work of organizing while expecting eventually to partake of the booty. “In short,” wrote Olson, “the larger the group, the less it will further its common interests.”

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Ecological Headstand: Hours and Gases

Ecological Headstand: Hours and Gases | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

A few years ago, the Sandwichman started wondering why nobody paid attention to the energy intensity of employment. People talk about "decoupling" GDP from energy consumption but not about decoupling work. I guess the explanation for that is that there are no half-full hourglasses there to crow about -- they're all more than half empty and getting emptier.

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Social Accounting - P2P Foundation

Social Accounting - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

"What I proposed in "Time on the Ledger" is a social accounting framework for evaluating the net social productivity of different hours of work arrangements. The basic idea is that first, there are fixed social cost to labor that are not reflected in capitalist accounting and the way that employers can shed their labor costs by laying off workers and second, there is a technologically-determined optimal length of working time per worker exceeding which subtracts from net social product over the longer period. The information from this process can guide collective bargaining and public policy advocacy while at the same time inculcating a commons mentality in practitioners. It is not enough to translate back and forth between capitalist accounting perspective and a commons ideal. One must become fluent in a new social accounting language." (http://ecologicalheadstand.blogspot.ca/2013/02/the-new-charter-of-industrial-freedom.html)

 
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The Logic of Collective Action: The Fall of an Iconic Theory? | David Bollier

The Logic of Collective Action: The Fall of an Iconic Theory? | David Bollier | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Was Mancur Olson wrong?  That is the question posed by an essayist at an unlikely website, the American Enterprise Institute.  You wouldn’t think that a conservative American think tank would wish to entertain this possibility because Olson’s The Logic of Collective Action has been a revered touchstone for free-market champions since its publication in 1965.  It's been rivaled only by similar arguments that Garrett Hardin made in his famous “tragedy of the commons" parable three years later.

 

 

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WikispeedCA: 100 Miles Per Gallon - Making It Reality

WikispeedCA: 100 Miles Per Gallon - Making It Reality | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
So the Wikispeed car design is ultralight and runs with a Honda F1 racing engine (internal combustion).  The car weighs under 1500 pounds right now but doesn't have all the interior amenities we have all come to know and love.
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Michel Bauwens on p2p politics

Wikisprint Barcelona 2013 at IGOPnet with OKFN
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Report: Twitter To Hit $1 Billion In Revenues Next Year - Forbes

Report: Twitter To Hit $1 Billion In Revenues Next Year - Forbes | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

In a new report, eMarketerpredicts Twitter’s advertising revenues will more than double this year, to almost $583 million.Next year, revenues will hit almost $1 billion, the market research firm says.

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A Changemaker Profile of Michel Bauwens

A Changemaker Profile of Michel Bauwens | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
 Michel Bauwens is a co-founder and leading activist of the P2P Foundation (Foundation for Peer-to-Peer Alternatives), which works in collaboration with a global group of researchers exploring peer production/governance/property and the open/free, participatory, and commons-oriented modes of human cooperation. He is a member of the Advisory Board of Kosmos Journal.

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The internet helps politicians listen better to their electors. If they want to - The Economist

The internet helps politicians listen better to their electors. If they want to - The Economist | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

TRANQUIL and picturesque, Friesland in northern Germany might seem an unlikely spot for an experiment in digital politics. Its population is ageing, its broadband patchy. Yet for five months local people have developed and submitted recommendations to their councillors using a website called LiquidFeedback, best known as the policy-setting platform favoured by the Pirate party, a tech-loving outfit that has won seats in four regional parliaments. Some citizens have voted for the council to stop publishing the location of speed cameras (on the ground that this helps drivers avoid them); others demand more say in how schools spend their money. Sönke Klug of the local council says he gets telephone calls every week, from big cities and small towns, asking for advice.

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20 Most Popular Cloud-Based Apps Downloaded into Enterprises - Forbes

20 Most Popular Cloud-Based Apps Downloaded into Enterprises - Forbes | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

The office of the 1970s was built on paper files, the office of the 1980s was built on word processing, spreadsheets, and other PC software, and the office of the 1990s was built on websites.  These days, the office is is built on cloud-based apps.

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Open access: The true cost of science publishing - Nature.com

Open access: The true cost of science publishing - Nature.com | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Michael Eisen doesn't hold back when invited to vent. “It's still ludicrous how much it costs to publish research — let alone what we pay,” he declares. The biggest travesty, he says, is that the scientific community carries out peer review — a major part of scholarly publishing — for free, yet subscription-journal publishers charge billions of dollars per year, all told, for scientists to read the final product. “It's a ridiculous transaction,” he says.

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Elon Musk: The mind behind Tesla, SpaceX, SolarCity ...

Entrepreneur Elon Musk is a man with many plans. The founder of PayPal, Tesla Motors and SpaceX sits down with TED curator Chris Anderson to share details about his visionary projects, which include a mass-marketed electric car, a solar energy leasing company and a fully reusable rocket.
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Positive Disruption Q&A: Melinda Gates and Chris Anderson on TEDx as a Force for Change

Positive Disruption Q&A: Melinda Gates and Chris Anderson on TEDx as a Force for Change | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Wednesday April 3rd, Melinda Gates hosts TEDxChange: Positive Disruption at the Gates Foundation Campus in Seattle, Washington.
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Curated by jean lievens
Economist, specialized in political economy and peer-to-peer dynamics; core member of the P2P Foundation