Peer2Politics
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Peer2Politics
on peer-to-peer dynamics in politics, the economy and organizations
Curated by jean lievens
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Paul Chiusano: The failed economics of our software commons, and what you can about it right now

Progress in the software industry has been crushed under the weight of technical debt accumulated over the last 40 years. The tools, languages, libraries, and platforms we all rely on suffer from massive incidental complexities responsible for billions of dollars in wasted productivity. Anyone who spends any amount of time as a developer and loses days, weeks, or months implementing some library that “should” exist or working around some shitty software tech to implement a task that “should be simple” knows, deep down, that this can’t be the best humans are capable of. It’s not that we don’t know any better. Given more time and resources that could be devoted to tasks other than shipping the next release, most programmers at least have ideas for how to do things better. But we never seem to get these resources because of the failed economics of our software commons. I’ll explain the problem and tell you can what you can do right now to start changing the game. (Spoiler: check out snowdrift.coop, and after you’re convinced what a great idea it is go fund their launch.)
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Bans Don’t Scare Uber. But This Proposed Law Might.

Bans Don’t Scare Uber. But This Proposed Law Might. | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Uber is accustomed to barging into cities and continuing to operate regardless of what local regulators do and say. But in San Antonio the company is currently trying a different strategy: threaten to leave if it doesn't get its way.

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To lose one decade may be misfortune...

To lose one decade may be misfortune... | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

FOR many Japanese the boom years are still seared on their memories. They recall the embarrassing prices paid for works by Van Gogh and Renoir; the trophy properties in Manhattan; the crazy working hours and the rush to get to the overcrowded ski resorts at the weekend, only to waste hours queuing at the lifts.

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Repair Café » Start a Repair Café

The Repair Café Foundation supports local groups around the world to start their own Repair Café.
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FairCoop: Earth’s cooperative for economic fairnes

FairCoop: Earth’s cooperative for economic fairnes | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Fair.coop is an open global cooperative, self-organized via the Internet and remaining outside nation-state control.
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MANUEL DELANDA: Emergence

MANUEL DELANDA: Emergence | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
[Note: The following essay is the Introduction to a new book by Manuel DeLanda, easily the most important philosopher of the present day, concerning topics and concepts of particular relevance, I believe, for contemporary and future architects. It is considerably longer than my usual posts, but the clarity of DeLanda’s writing makes it a compelling read. It is published here under rights of Fair Use in international copyrights law, meaning for educational and research purposes only. The book, entitled Philosophy and Simulation: The Emergence of Synthetic Reason, will be published by Continuum, London, in January 2011. LW]
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Owning is the New Sharing | P2P Foundation

Owning is the New Sharing | P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
One chilly morning last winter, I reconnected with an old friend, Joel Dietz, on a video chat. We hadn’t seen each other for years, and we’d each had several starts and stops in our lives since. He began telling me about his latest undertaking, Evergreen, a digital currency system that he described as “organic” and “without additives.” I was doing all I could to understand it, and he was struggling to fund it in a way that suited his vision. He needed money, and quickly, but he didn’t want to sabotage his ideals in the process.
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Book of the Day: Occupy Movement and Social Media in Crisis Capitalism | P2P Foundation

Book of the Day: Occupy Movement and Social Media in Crisis Capitalism | P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
The Occupy movement has emerged in a historical crisis of global capitalism. It struggles for the reappropriation of the commodified commons. Communications are part of the commons of society. Yet contemporary social media are ridden by an antagonism between private corporate control (YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, etc.) and self-managed, commons-based activist media. In this work, Christian Fuchs analyses the contradictory dialectic of social media in the Occupy movement. Drawing on a political economy framework and interpretation of the results of the OccupyMedia! Survey, in which more than 400 Occupy activists reported on their social media use, OccupyMedia! The Occupy Movement and Social Media in Crisis Capitalism shows how activists confront the contradictions of capitalism and communication in the age of crisis and social media. The book discusses the contradiction between commercial and alternative social media and argues that the existence of a surveillance-industrial complex expressed in the PRISM system shows the urgent necessity to create social media beyond Facebook and Google.
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Local Communities Dismantling Corporate Rule Part 1 | P2P Foundation

Local Communities Dismantling Corporate Rule Part 1 | P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Community Rights educator Paul Cienfuegos explains how “We The People” are exercising the authority to govern ourselves and fight corporate rule. When small farmers in rural Pennsylvania wanted to say “no” to a corporate factory farm coming into their community, they learned they couldn’t, because it would violate the corporation’s “rights” and state pre-emption laws. So they did something technically illegal — their town passed an innovative ordinance banning corporate factory farming.
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▶ Sir Tim Berners-Lee on Magna Carta for the Internet - YouTube

On 18 November, 2014 Sir Tim Berners Lee, the father of the internet, discussed the future of the internet with EIF members & friends, looking at the threats to the web’s wide-open spaces and addressing the most important question: what web do we want?
MEER WEERGEVEN
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Imagine... The transnational co-operative university

“Imagine a minimalist ‘university’, on a regional or even national scale, to which autonomous units prepare and present candidates. Why go it alone rather than help to form an open, cooperative university network designed for learners and learning in our times? There is potential for students, teachers, managers and support staff to socialize massive, open online courses (Moocs), to prevent autonomy at single institutional level working for a co-operative difference rather than a competitive sameness. Imagine a university -‘universal’ was a favourite Owenite word – as a complex local and global cluster of federally-linked mutual societies of diverse sizes fit for their purpose and for meeting members’ needs. Some might be as small as seminar rooms; others as large as science parks and with no social or technical obstacles to communication between them or, for that matter, with anyone else who wishes to learn to follow the argument wherever it leads.”
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#CFP: Journal of Peer Production on Alternative Internets

Here is a Call for Papers from the Journal of Peer Production that came to my inbox today. CFP: Alternative Internets States are attempting to consolidate their control over the Internet, turning i...
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Peer production and the opportunities and struggles of constructing a more humane production system | Open Thoughts 2014 - Linkis.com

Peer production and the opportunities and struggles of constructing a more humane production system | Open Thoughts 2014 - Linkis.com | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Peer production and the opportunities and struggles of constructing a more humane production system. http://t.co/GHaAhUHbzf
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Britain must provide enough food for the people – and that’s the law

Britain must provide enough food for the people – and that’s the law | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Feeding Britain, a new report of the All-Party Parliamentary Inquiry into Hunger and Food Poverty, has been greeted with some fanfare. It details the full extent of the UK’s food poverty crisis and urges the government to confront the reality of the situation.
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P2P Research Clusters

P2P Research Clusters | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
States are attempting to consolidate their control over the Internet, turning it into an instrument for minute surveillance, whilst a handful of tech-corporations seek to use it as a means to manipulate human behaviour toward their own objectives and siphon off the wealth from local and national markets. In response, alternative technologies have arisen, aiming to restore the Internet’s initial values of net neutrality, distributed control, freedom of speech, and self-organization. Community networks, offline networks, darknets, peer-to-peer systems, encryption, anonymization overlays, digital currencies, and distributed online social networks appear today as examples of alternative technologies aiming at emancipation, redistribution, and maximal autonomy. However, these tools are as ambiguous as the contradictory values and claims that have been invested in them. We can therefore expect alternative infrastructures to be appropriated for ends deemed illegitimate, such as tax evasion or arms trading, thus renewing the calls for restoring “law and order” on the Internet.
Can we learn from the past and avoid the transformation of the utopian promises of these technologies into a dystopian future as, arguably, is happening to the promises of the early Internet?
In order to address such concerns, this special Journal of Peer Production issue seeks to document and critically assess past and ongoing efforts to alter the commercial development process of mainstream Internet technologies in order to build viable alternatives. What are the futures awaiting these alternatives, which contradictions and ambiguities will they undergo, and which steps can be taken today to avoid failures and disappointments?
Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:
•Technical, social, political, economic and legal hurdles faced by alternative projects.
•The evolution of utopian imaginaries when mediated through socio-technical artifacts and the conflicting interests of multiple stakeholders.
•The strategic trade-off between “voice and exit”: going off-grid, developing offline and online alternative networks, or engaging in the public sphere on mainstream platforms.
•The politics of self-organization: actors, local and global institutions, trust, design, regulation, ambiguities. What is an “alternative” imagined to be, how is it concretely realised?
•Lessons learned from the history of the Internet and other communcation networks.
•Utopias, dystopias, and pragmatic imaginaries of the future Internet and its role in society.
•How market or state actors develop their own visions of alternative Internets to foster business interests (e.g. the proposition for a tiered Internet by dominant telecom operators) or facilitate social control (e.g. Iran’s “halalnet”).
•Hijackings and détournements of existing infrastructures to serve purposes other than those first intended.
•The environmental challenges raised by communications technologies and possible responses for ensuring their sustainability and resilience in the face of the mounting ecological crisis.
Submission abstracts of 300-500 words are due by February 8, 2015 and should be sent to alternets@peerproduction.net. All peer reviewed papers will be reviewed according to Journal of Peer Production guidelines. Full papers and materials (peer reviewed papers around 8,000 words; testimonies, self-portraits and experimental formats up to 4,000 words) are due by June 31st, 2015 for review.
While the issue will be mainly comprised of academic papers, we also welcome 1-page poster-like “visual”, more or less artistic, submissions, without format restrictions, on stories from the past (alternatives to the current Internet that didn’t survive), today’s alternative technologies, real-life experiences and case studies, as well as future imaginaries. These contributions which could range from diagrams and cognitive maps to paintings, photos, installations, even poems, will be included as an appendix to the main volume. The deadline for submission is June 31st, 2015
Editors: Félix Tréguer (EHESS), Panayotis Antoniadis (ETH Zurich), Johan Söderberg (Göteborgs Universitet)
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Podemos: the political upstart taking Spain by force | ROAR Magazine

Podemos: the political upstart taking Spain by force | ROAR Magazine | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Some frequent questions about the political singularity that now leads the polls in Spain. Just who are Podemos? And could they be a force for change?
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Ecosystemic Community | Forum New important project: FairStarts, Network of Incubators of venture commons | Fair·Coop

Ecosystemic Community | Forum New important project: FairStarts, Network of Incubators of venture commons | Fair·Coop | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Our plan is to setup this network of local incubators in different parts of the world, in a sense, that when a new global project is promoted from one local incubator, the others help to extend it at the global level, promoting local nodes of the same global startup. This could be seen as a further step beyond the current examples of the so-called collaborative economy, where a startup, for example blablacar,  profits from the collaborations between their users. We would like to promote the idea that everyone: funders, sellers, consumers, etc, be part of the open coop startup, and get involved at the economic and political level.
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The Economic Realms: The Global Brain

The Economic Realms: The Global Brain | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
In the future, and indeed, in economics itself information, and complexity, and how to deal with it will become vital. However, such knowledge is very incomplete, and often inaccurate. With Transfinancial Economics in its advanced state it would be possible to get a highly accurate understanding of the workings of economics in Real-Time. As for the "Global Brain" presented here, this could also play a vital role in the future. Hence, its inclusion. It is also similar to the proposal of the Universal Debating Project in which we would have a Wikipedia of the pro, and con arguments for specific topics. http://www.p2pfoundation.net/Universal_Debating_Project
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Podcast of the Day: Primavera de Filippi on Ethereum | P2P Foundation

Podcast of the Day: Primavera de Filippi on Ethereum | P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
In this audio presentation Primavera de Filippi explores the possibilities and pitfalls of blockchain-derived platforms developed through Ethereum.
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Regulating Innovation in the Sharing Economy | P2P Foundation

Regulating Innovation in the Sharing Economy | P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
“In the middle of a complicated scenario for Airbnb and Uber in Catalunya, the Catalan Competition Authority (ACCO) issued the study “P2P transactions and competition”. The document is an approach to the technology innovation of marketplaces (websites or mobile applications) that turn out to be a meeting point between supply and demand, and which make it easy for nearly any citizen to become a goods and services supplier in exchange of a payment to any other citizen. The report explains that the launching of these marketplaces is a global and fast growing tendency with increasing significance that brings along benefits in terms of competition and, although at the same time poses challenges, it does neither seem convenient nor possible to stop it. So, a market environment that would be propitious to its development is advisable.”
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André Gorz‘s Concrete Utopia of the Knowledge-Based Society | Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung Southeastern Europe

André Gorz‘s Concrete Utopia of the Knowledge-Based Society | Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung Southeastern Europe | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
In the early 2000s, André Gorz chose an approach to the issue of knowledge-based society which significantly differed in comparison with the mainstream. The generally shared standpoint at the time was that all industrial societies had passed through a process of formation change that seemed to know only one direction: the change from the industrial society to a knowledge-based society. In fact, ever since the 1970s there was a noticeable decline of the manufacturing industry in the creation of value along with the simultaneous growth of importance of services. However, there was more at stake. It was also a matter of the assumption that knowledge, besides capital, was becoming an increasingly important production factor of the modern economy. In connection to this stood the demand that education needs to play a more important role compared to the one in the industrial society. To put it more precisely: that higher education should be assigned a greater significance. Namely, the requirements towards the subjectivity of labor forces are growing, as well as their qualifications that are supposed to keep pace with the rising level of complexity of technological processes and the extra-functional competences of the subjects: their communication skills, cooperation skills, their skill to keep in view longer-term processes and to overcome backlashes.
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Manifesto for a Media Revolution — Medium

Manifesto for a Media Revolution — Medium | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Dominated by special interests — whether corporate lobbies, financial power, ideological bias, chauvinistic institutional racism, the entrenched problems are well-documented.
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The Economic Realms: Decentralize Everything..

The Economic Realms: Decentralize Everything.. | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
- When I say 'decentralize everything', I am referring to the 4 elements mentioned at the end of the video: information, authority, wealth & energy.
- The decentralization of these industries is going to happen whether you like it or not... technology is liberating the individual, but will cause traditional establishments to do whatever they can to maintain centralised control.
- The decentralization of industries such as energy etc. is not an overnight thing - it is generational. We are going to see huge changes occur over the next 40 years, and we must do all we can to keep progressing forward if we have any hope of surviving as a human race by the end of the century.
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Alternative Internets » Journal of Peer Production

Alternative Internets » Journal of Peer Production | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Journal of Peer Production CFP: "Alternative internets" http://t.co/JsqKTaC2Ym - abstracts due February 8, 2015
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Open Source Business Models

Open Source Business Models | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
I’ve had a few startups ask me recently regarding the pros-and-cons of going the open source route especially regarding the types of business models that are viable for open source based...
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