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Peer2Politics
on peer-to-peer dynamics in the field of politics, economics and institutions
Curated by jean lievens
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A message of the Commons Strategies Group on a recent case of communications manipulation

A message of the Commons Strategies Group on a recent case of communications manipulation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

On some occasions, Iacomella wrote phony recommendations for himself, using the P2P Foundation’s name, in order to secure speaking engagements, advisory board memberships, and other roles for himself, when it was Michel who was initially invited. We have also documented that Iacomella forged letters purporting to be from the Right Livelihood Award Foundation as part of a successful attempt to prevent an invited keynote speaker from attending the ECC. In a series of deceptions unrelated to ECC and CSG, Iacomella misrepresented his academic credentials, job titles and organizational affiliations in Argentina for several years now.

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Municipal food sovereignty declared in Sedgwick, Maine

Municipal food sovereignty declared in Sedgwick, Maine | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

“According to the website FoodRenegade.com, Sedgwick is the first city in the U.S. to free itself from the constraints of federal and state food regulation. Published reports say the town has passed an ordinance that gives its citizens the right “to produce, sell, purchase, and consume local foods of their choosing,” regulations be damned. The ordinance includes raw milk, meats that are slaughtered locally, all produce and just about anything else you might imagine.

 

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The internet as a energy hog: what if it isn't true?

The internet as a energy hog: what if it isn't true? | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

“We’ve heard the statistics — the rapid growth of the Internet, the cloud, data centers and computing in general is taking a huge and growing toll on our energy reserves and the climate, by sucking up an ever-increasing amount of electricity to keep going. Even doing a simple Google search takes as much energy as boiling a pot of tea. And–shockingly–using your iPhone blows as much electricity as your refrigerator, when you take wireless connections, data use an battery charging into account.

 
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3Doodler 3D printing pen: hands-on review

3Doodler 3D printing pen: hands-on review | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
3Doodler 3D printing pen: hands-on review. Here in Berlin it's no suprise that everybody is waxing lyrical about Samsung's new Galaxy Gear smartwatch, or the latest new 4K TV revolution from The Acme Corporation.
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Michel Bauwens: Patterns That Point to the Future

Michel Bauwens: Patterns That Point to the Future | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

On Monday, October 24, Michel Bauwens of the Foundation for Peer-to-Peer Alternatives spoke at the Institute for the Future (IFTF) in Palo Alto about how the innovations and values of P2P are enabling a third revolution in human productivity and transforming capitalism. In a talk presented by Shareable and the IFTF, Bauwens argued that the Fordist model of managing society has reached its end and that the P2P model represents a much more productive and egalitarian system of production. Some takeaways from his talk:

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Venus project - redesigning the future

Venus project - redesigning the future | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Take a look at the Venus Project, a vision of a future society very different from how we live today.
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The gift shift: what's social about social media?

The gift shift: what's social about social media? | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

If a picture’s worth a thousand words, the cover art of the July 23rd issue of the New Yorker is a critical disquisition. A middle class family poses for a photo on a sunny tropical beach. Given that this is the New Yorker, we can assume that they are Americans citizens, perhaps in Hawaii or the Bahamas. Presumably they are on holiday. The point that is implied by the image is that, whoever and wherever they are, their attention is somewhere else. Instead of celebrating the moment and being together, they have their heads bent over their mobile phones, texting, tweeting, checking status updates… Who knows, perhaps they are checking the weather. Whatever they are doing, they are not engaging with one another.

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Mindy M Walker's curator insight, September 9, 2013 7:47 AM

When social does not really result in social engagement...

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Netocracy - P2P Foundation

Netocracy - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

"Netocracy was a term invented by the editorial board of the American technology magazine Wired in the early 1990s. A portmanteau of Internet and aristocracy, netocracy refers to a perceived global upper-class that bases its power on a technological advantage and networking skills, in comparison to what is portrayed as a bourgeoisie of a gradually diminishing importance.

 
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Great Transformation - P2P Foundation

Great Transformation - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

"Polanyi’s arguments are complex and remain unfamiliar to majority of economists. They run counter to received wisdom, and are directly opposed to what is taught about economics in leading universities. They are summarized in FIVE points listed below.

 
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Open Source Manufacturing Tools - P2P Foundation

Open Source Manufacturing Tools - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Not all tools are open source, but all are meant to be used for distributed manufacturing on a decentralized scale.

 
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The Age of Outrospection | People-Centered Economic Development

The Age of Outrospection | People-Centered Economic Development | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

The corporations involved in this almost fantastical deployment of the machines and communications infrastructure that we now rely on profited for themselves and their shareholders, and certainly produced social and economic benefit around the world. Those efforts were and are so profound in influence as to transform human civilization itself. That is the Information Revolution, and it is nothing short of astonishing.


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The material footprint of nations

This original research paper addresses a key issue in sustainability science: How many and which natural resources are needed to sustain modern economies? Simple as it may seem, this question is far from trivial to answer and has indeed not been addressed satisfactorily in the scholarly literature. We use the most comprehensive and most highly resolved economic input–output framework of the world economy together with a detailed database of global material flows to calculate the full material requirements of all countries covering a period of two decades. Called the “material footprint,” this indicator provides a consumption perspective of resource use and new insights into the actual resource productivity of nations.

 
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Complexity and Education - Self-organizational Pedagogy on the Edge of Chaos

This paper describes our attempt to develop a pedagogical practice informed by the concepts of complexityapplied to education. The context of our study was the science methods course within an elementary teacher education program. The practice, described here, has overlapped instruction and assignment; teaching and learning; science and the arts; formal and informal education. Prospective teachers, while working in teams of 4–5, taught mini-lessons about science topics to 6th and 7th graders in field settings, and then, collaboratively with the children, produced scientific/artistic digital videos about these topics. As a next step, prospective teachers shared their teaching experiences, classroom observations, and self-produced videos with their university peers. Upon completing this practice, many prospective teachers have changed their ways of thinking about science and science education. We discuss how this practice is informed by and further informs such concepts of complexity as self-organization, chaotic attractors, fluidity, fuzzy boundaries, the edge of chaos, improvisation, adaptation, and transformation.

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Quick guide to 10 recent open access policy and positioning statements

Quick guide to 10 recent open access policy and positioning statements | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

The first ever meeting of G8 joint Science Ministers and national science academies issued astatement in June 2013 that focused heavily on open access.

 
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Imagining a Self-Organised Classroom - Some Gilles Deleuze’s conceptualisations

This paper uses complexity theory as a means towards clarifying some of Gilles Deleuze’s conceptualisations in communication and the philosophy of language. His neologisms and post-structuralisttropes are often complicated and appear to be merely metaphorical. Howevertheir meanings may be clarified and enriched provided they are grounded in the science of complexity and self-organising dynamics. Reconceptualizing communication in a manner consistent with Deleuze’s philosophy enriches our understanding of the complexity involved in the process of learning and the whole ofeducational experience. The paper explores education as “becoming,” that is, a process of growth and becoming-other enabled by creative communication. While the mathematics of complexity is beyond the scope of this paper, some of its conjunctions with Deleuze’s philosophy will be examined for the purpose of addressing such problematic areas in education as, for example, specialisation and the breadth of curriculum. Finally, the paper moves to a practical level so as to construct an image of a self-organised classroom. Self-organising dynamics are posited as consistent with what Noddings called an excellent system of education. Education proceeds without any reference to an external aim. Rather, the “aim” is implicit in the experiential process of self-organisationand, as such, is conducive to students’ learning, creation of meanings, and eliciting broad curricula.

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SoundCloud - Hear the world’s sounds

Explore the largest community of artists, bands, podcasters and creators of music & audio
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Georgia Tech Starter

Georgia Tech Starter | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
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Rhizomatic Systems and the Emergence of Intelligence

“The ‘arborescenť model of thought designates the epistemplogy that informs all of Western thought, from botany to information sciences to theology”. Arbolic thought is a model to describe a system that ishierarchical, centered around a core belief, reductivistic, increasingly specialized, non-cyclical, linear, and ripe with segmentation and striation. Similar to a tree-like description of biological evolution or genealogy, arborescent systems start from a central origin and continue to evolve by branching into successively specialized generations. Vertical in nature, the arbolic is ordered, structured and “scientific”: it has a distinct train of thought, a clear inheritance, an order.

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Announcing Brainhack in Paris, 23-25 October 2013

Announcing Brainhack in Paris, 23-25 October 2013 | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

More information about the Unconference and Hackathon will be available soon, as well as registration details. For further information on Brainhack and the 2012 Unconference, check out:www.brainhack.org The challenge of Brainhack 2013 will be to integrate multiscale knowledge about brain function ranging across gene expression, anatomical connections, intrinsic as well as cognitive networks, and information about the degeneration observed in neurological and psychiatric disorders. Students, postdocs, engineers, clinicians, teachers and researchers from different disciplines (e.g., mathematics, computer science, engineering, neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry, neurology, medicine, genetics, art, etc…) are encouraged to participate. The main motivation is the desire to work closely with researchers across various fields to collaborate around questions that are beyond the expertise of a single discipline.

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[Du 9 au 20 août 2013] Open Science à Montréal et Boston : une histoire de bulles | HackYourPhD

[Du 9 au 20 août 2013] Open Science à Montréal et Boston : une histoire de bulles | HackYourPhD | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Après la Californie et l’Oregon, Montréal puis Boston ont été les premières étapes sur la côte Est. Montréal fut un passage éclair mais riche en remarques pertinentes sur le mouvement Open Science. Pour Boston, c’est surtout la ville mitoyenne, Cambridge, qui a été le terrain d’investigation. En effet, les allers-retours ont été nombreux entre les deux fameuses universités de la ville : le MIT et Harvard. Lors de ces deux étapes, j’ai eu l’impression de naviguer entre des bulles très différentes. Certaines d’entres elles, étaient certes innovantes mais semblaient très éloignées des problématiques de l’Open Science. D’autres en revanche font naître des initiatives des plus rafraîchissantes tant du point de vue des contenus que de leurs formes.

 
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Study reveals 'true' cost of imports

Study reveals 'true' cost of imports | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
New data indicates that the amount of raw materials used to produce goods is far higher than previously thought.
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Interview to the FABTotum Team: the Personal Fabricator that wants to Change the Rules

Interview to the FABTotum Team: the Personal Fabricator that wants to Change the Rules | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
The excitement around the new personal fabrication tool that is raising funds on Indiegogo is growing every day: the funding object has been pulverized in few days and the team is already working on adding new extended stretch goals.
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Peer reviewed papers » Journal of Peer Production

Peer reviewed papers » Journal of Peer Production | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

This paper examines the intersection between Google's desire to "database the world's knowledge" and the many ways in which Google's approach affects both the nature of the information users find and how they find it. The paper will argue that Google has monopolized the socially constructed nature of the World Wide Web; Benkler's concept of social production will be used as an example of this process.  Google capitalizes on the attention economy, using a combination of PageRank and personalization to dominate the search market.  To do so, it must store and retain vast amounts of user data, this data being a representation of the cultural and social relations of Google users.  By storing user data in "centralized" logs, Google's approach to search opens up questions about how such sensitive data should be stored, and what the ownership of such a social 'map' by a private corporation means. To further establish the meaning of Google's position this paper outlines the potential for new contrasting forms of search, that allocate more control to the user. In particular, this paper will analyze the Peer-to-Peer distributed search engine YaCy to see how it can alleviate the specific problems of various censorship and filtering that affects Google search results, and how it can address the wider issue of the private appropriation of social and cultural networks. This comparison of Google and Peer-to-Peer search will allow a clear view of the issues at stake as search is developed over the next decade, issues which will have resonating consequences on what information we receive

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Surveys » Journal of Peer Production

Surveys » Journal of Peer Production | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Statistical Studies of Peer Production (SSoPP) is an open platform for everyone interested about statistical P2P research. It provides tools to conduct web surveys (LimeSurvey), an engine (WordPress) to publish results and network with P2P researchers around the world. SSoPP promotes openness, transparency and open access. Therefore all the raw data from surveys will be provided for others to do further analysis, perhaps combined with data from other sources. SSoPP data is not limited to data gathered with the platform tools mentioned above. We also store statistical P2P related data from non-platform related research efforts.

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When 'Likes' Bias Ratings - Wall Street Journal

When 'Likes' Bias Ratings - Wall Street Journal | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Would you have less faith in the wisdom of crowds if you discovered that a lot of it was really just the behavior of herds?

 

That's the question raised by a new paper reporting that positive online ratings can be strongly influenced by favorable ratings that have come before. The result is a sizable "herding" effect, underscoring the well-known positive bias ...

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Curated by jean lievens
Economist, specialized in political economy and peer-to-peer dynamics; core member of the P2P Foundation