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Peer2Politics
on peer-to-peer dynamics in the field of politics, economics and institutions
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Pat Conaty on the History and the Rediscovery of the Cooperative Commonwealth

“Solidarity Co-operatives have been developed as a unique multi-stakeholder Co-operative system since the 1980s. They are unique because co-production members include paid workers, volunteers, service users and social investors. In Italy they provide social care, health services and educational services for local communities. There are now over 14,000 of these Co-ops across Italy providing services to 5 million. The Solidarity Co-op movement has spread in Europe to France, Spain, Portugal, Hungary and Poland. They have been developed in Quebec and in the UK there is early work underway to develop them in England and Wales.

 

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Why the Mode of Production Needs to Preceed the Revolution - P2P Foundation

Why the Mode of Production Needs to Preceed the Revolution - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

" The political aim of revolutionaries in the French revolution ranged from constitutional monarchism to radical democracy, but economically the ideas of how the economy would change were dominated by an envy of England. By contrast, the masses of society in the Russian revolution took up the banner of socialism. They were not looking to replace the economic system with that of a competitor, but instead hoped to forge a new one from scratch. The complete collapse of the Tsarist regime and the incompetence, financial weakness and disorganisation of the middle classes gave a window for the better organised Bolsheviks to take a stab at power buoyed by the help of a supportive mass movement of peasants and workers.

 
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#Occupy: The Naiveté of Nihilism

#Occupy: The Naiveté of Nihilism | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
How Occupy challenged the way we think, speak and act upon resistance.
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Role of Cooperatives in Societal Transition - P2P Foundation

Role of Cooperatives in Societal Transition - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

"The question of which system is desirable, in detail, is quite important. Unfortunately we cannot determine in abstract which system will work best and what problems will develop, though we can make guesses. To fully understand the consequences of an economic system can only be decided experimentally. This leads us to the chicken and the egg problem. How can we promote a new system without knowing what it will look like and if we don’t have a new system to promote, how can we convince the broad masses that we should remove the presently existing system – however deformed our present system becomes.

 
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An Uncritical Critique of The Critical Net Critic | Spirit of Contradiction

An Uncritical Critique of The Critical Net Critic | Spirit of Contradiction | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Recently a friend in a reading group suggested that we read The Critical Net Critic. While the piece is somewhat long and meandering it is also very good at helping to answer some of those fundamental questions about what is changing in the present economy and how we should understand (Information Technology) IT in relation to the rest of the productive economy.

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Econophysics: scientific approach based on the network behavior of human beings, as related to economic and financial issue

Econophysics: scientific approach based on the network behavior of human beings, as related to economic and financial issue | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

"The term “econophysics” was introduced by analogy with similar terms, such as astrophysics, geophysics, and biophysics, which describe applications of physics to different fields. Particularly important is the parallel with biophysics, which studies living creatures, which still obey the laws of physics. It should be emphasized that econophysics does not literally apply the laws of physics, such as Newton’s laws or quantum mechanics, to humans, but rather uses mathematical methods developed in statistical physics to study statistical properties of complex economic systems consisting of a large number of humans. So, it may be considered as a branch of applied theory of probabilities. However, statistical physics is distinctly different from mathematical statistics in its focus, methods, and results.

 
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Interview: Paul Cockshott on Econophysics and Socialism | Spirit of Contradiction

Interview: Paul Cockshott on Econophysics and Socialism | Spirit of Contradiction | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Paul Cockshott is a Scottish computer scientist and a reader at the University of Glasgow. His major areas of work includearray compilers, econophysics and thephysical foundations of computability.

 
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Changing the mode of production | Spirit of Contradiction

Changing the mode of production | Spirit of Contradiction | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

The idea of a mode of production has its genesis amongst the political-economy theorists of the 19th century, a subject which was attracting so much interest was capitalism.  Capitalism – quite a new system – represented a sharp change from the prior mode which was based on direct taxation of subsistence agriculture.

 
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Designing Futures for Peer-to-Peer Learning @ CSCW

Open, online learning environments, such as MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) and open learning communities have been promoted as a way to expand equitable access to quality education. Such learning experiences are potentially enriched via extensive networks of peer learners. Even though challenges exist to realize these aspirations, open, online learning environments can serve as a mechanism for how we provide transformative learning experiences. This workshop aims to bring researchers, designers, and practitioners from diverse disciplinary backgrounds to explore how the body of CSCW knowledge can better support the vision of sustaining peer-to-peer learning in online environments.

 
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Phonemic Individualism - P2P Foundation

Phonemic Individualism - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

"Whereas division of labour is seen by Smith as the result of a top-down, managerial intent, as a production masterplan that sets everyone in a well-defined role, Benkler, when he deals with the ‘green’ world, sees the division of labour as an emergent phenomenon stemming from interactions between individuals: out of the constant dialogues, discussions and debates fluid roles arise. Like eddies in a stream, these roles enjoy relative, but only relative, stability. Individuality, in this perspective, sums up the possible role shifts one person may live through.

 
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Peercoin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Peercoin

Peercoin Central bank None. The Peercoin peer-to-peer network regulates and distributes through consensus in protocol.[1] Date of introduction 12 August 2012, 17:57:38 UTC User(s) International Inflation Limited release rate plus 1% decentralized inflation due to the proof-of-stake system.[1] [2] Subunit  0.001 mPPC (millicoin)  0.000001 μPPC (microcoin)  0.00000001 Smallest unit Symbol Ᵽ, PPC Nickname Peercoin, PPCoin, P2PCoin, PPC Plural PPC, Peercoins Peercoin (code: ), also known as PPCoin and Peer-to-Peer Coin is the first cryptocurrency based on an implementation of a combined proof-of-stake (PoS)/ proof-of-work system (PoW).

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Peercoin - P2P Foundation

Peercoin - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

"Peercoin (code: PPC), also known as PPCoin and Peer-to-Peer Coin is the first cryptocurrency based on an implementation of a combined proof-of-stake (PoS)/proof-of-work system (PoW).

 

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Review: “Makers” by Chris Anderson and “Makers” by Cory Doctorow

Review: “Makers” by Chris Anderson and “Makers” by Cory Doctorow | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Once upon a time not so long ago, computer programmers wore starched white shirts and stodgy ties, and worked in immaculate corporate spaces with giant machines called ENIAC and Colossus. But the anarchic, transformative power of these tools was too great to be constrained by the corporate world, and a generation of hippie hackers with names like Jobs, Wozniak and Gates threw off their ties and sparked an information revolution from their California garages. It’s a story we know well, but it’s also one we’re about to see retold in the field of manufacturing. Additive manufacturing, digital fabrication – however we choose to label it, the radical shift in “making” has broken the old model of assembly lines, of hierarchical shiftwork and production, and even of factories themselves. Ladies and gentlemen, manufacturing has – quite literally – left the building.

 
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Project of the Day: KeyRing, a UK initiative for social care

“We know how public service innovators like the charity Keyring are opening up the care system for vulnerable adults in ways that are crucial for the future of our public services – creating volunteer-led neighbourhood networks that enable skills sharing and resource sharing between vulnerable adults and the wider community” – Joost Beunderman*

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The Demonetization Agenda – replacing transactions with social relations

“The question of how we deal with and act within the given monetary environment is crucial for the commons movement, since the monetary logic and the commons logic are opposites. Contrary to the claims of mainstream economics, money is not neutral or simply an informational means for mediating transactions. Thus, replacing currencies with alternative currencies of different designs basically does not change the underlying monetary logic. It amounts to changing the tools while keeping the workshop.

 

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The Transition | Spirit of Contradiction

The Transition | Spirit of Contradiction | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

The question of which system is desirable, in detail, is quite important. Unfortunately we cannot determine in abstract which system will work best and what problems will develop, though we can make guesses. To fully understand the consequences of an economic system can only be decided experimentally. This leads us to the chicken and the egg problem. How can we promote a new system without knowing what it will look like and if we don’t have a new system to promote, how can we convince the broad masses that we should remove the presently existing system – however deformed our present system becomes.

 

The most viable solution to this Gordian knot is to attempt to create the new modes of production experimentally…… now. It is the corporation which gives us the best experimental laboratory currently within reach and it is the democratically controlled corporation, or cooperative, which gives us the form most likely to succeed in a radically egalitarian programme of transformation.

 

This idea is not new at all. In fact, it was believed to be a necessary component of the struggle for socialism by both Marx and the Anarchists during the first international. The instructions given to delegates of the first international in 1866 which we put here gives a flavour of just how accurately the early socialists were thinking about this component

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Local Government Wisely Considers Collaborative Consumption

A new article has appeared in LGAT News, the official publication representing the Local Government Association of Tasmania.  It features one of our valued official partners here at Performance Frontiers - Lauren Anderson who is co-founder of the worldwide, Collaborative Consumption movement and Chief Knowledge Officer for Collaborative Lab.

 
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About MyThinkTank.net

About MyThinkTank.net | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Building a World-Wide Collective Intelligence, to Solve the Problems of Today, to Build Innovations for Tomorrow, and to Unearth the Wisdoms of our Past.
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The Heretic's Guide to Global Finance: Hacking the Future of Money: Building Creative Commons: The Five Pillars of Open Source Finance

The Heretic's Guide to Global Finance: Hacking the Future of Money: Building Creative Commons: The Five Pillars of Open Source Finance | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
This is an article about Open Source Finance. It's an idea I first sketched out at a talk I gave at the Open Data Institute in London. By 'Open Source Finance', I don't just mean open source software programmes. Rather, I'm referring to something much deeper and broader. It's a way of framing an overall change we might want to see in the financial system. To illustrate this, I set up an analogy between computer systems and economic systems, and I then explore what financial 'code' might be. I then sketch out the five pillars that could underpin an open finance movement.
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Sorry, neoliberals: Inequality is driven by greed, not technology - Salon

Sorry, neoliberals: Inequality is driven by greed, not technology - Salon | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

They find that changes in the occupation structure do not affect the wage structure, so if technology causes a shift from manufacturing to retail, this doesn’t necessarily entail a shift in the wage structure. They find that inequality is increasing within occupations, not between occupations as the SBTC narrative would predict. The SBTC narrative relies on the idea of an “education premium,” i.e., people with higher education reap the benefits of technological progress. But Mishel et al. find that wage inequality has grown strongly since the mid-’90s while the education wage premium grew little. Wages for college graduates have flattened over the last 10 years, even among science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) and business occupations.

 
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Colleges are teaching economics backwards - Washington Post (blog)

Colleges are teaching economics backwards - Washington Post (blog) | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

“The world has changed, the syllabus hasn't.” That’s the motto of the Post-Crash Economics Society, a group of students at the University of Manchester who demand reforms to the way undergraduate economics is taught in light of the worldwide economic crisis. Similar activism is occurring in other elite undergraduate institutions: There was the well-publicizedOpen Letter to Greg Mankiw from students in the introductory economics class at Harvard, during the height of the Occupy movement. Meanwhile, institutions like the Institute for New Economic Thinking (INET) are getting involved by launching a pilot program to revamp the undergraduate economics curriculum.

 
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"The Human 'Super Brain' Emerged 75000 Years Ago" --New Insights (Holiday ... - The Daily Galaxy (blog)

"The Human 'Super Brain' Emerged 75000 Years Ago" --New Insights (Holiday ... - The Daily Galaxy (blog) | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

"Humans obviously evolved a much wider range of communication tools to express their thoughts, the most important being language," said John Hoffecker, a fellow at the University of Colorado's Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research. "Individual human brains within social groups became integrated into a neurologic Internet of sorts, giving birth to the mind."

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Crowdfunding: Trends in the Sharing Economy

Crowdfunding:  Trends in the Sharing Economy | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

 
The sharing economy is taking off - whether it's peer-to-peer rentals, skill sharing, crowdfunding, ridesharing or unused parking spots.

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The Alchemist's Dream: Make Anything

The Alchemist's Dream: Make Anything | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

When Capital Jean-Luc Picard wants a steaming beverage in his ready room aboard the Starship Enterprise, he just utters those words. The ship’s “replicator” then assembles the necessary atoms — including those for the cup — and produces it, ready for the drinking. Picard thinks nothing of it — it’s hardly more remarkable to him than a microwave oven is to us today. Just as we now use radio waves to excite atoms and generate heat in our own kitchens (which would have been mind-blowing in the 1950s), his replicator uses some fancy energy technology that is never quite specified in Star Trek: The Next Generation to get atoms to self-assemble into food and drink.

 
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Richard Stallman on good things and bad things about Bitcoin

Online currency Bitcoin has now almost overtaken gold in value. A single bitcoin currently trades for one thousand two hundred dollars - just shy of an ounce...
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Curated by jean lievens
Economist, specialized in political economy and peer-to-peer dynamics; core member of the P2P Foundation