The third industrial revolution will be based on renewable energy sources and the Internet. It developed nations must embark to overcome the dependence on oil. So says the American economist Jeremy Rifkin, one of the foremost experts on energy policies. After a hydrological and agricultural revolution and the beginning of the writing he became a mechanical revolution driven by fossil fuels and starring the printing press, the steam engine and phone. Now, according to Rifkin, has time to make a new evolutionary leap based on renewable energies and instant communications. We are facing the end of the carbon finance, of oil, gas and uranium, which turns out to be unsustainable and polluting. These fossil fuels are elite, they tend to be centralized, they require huge capital for its processing and marketing, as well as strong investments military to ensure its security.