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"As realistically the most documented example, drawing from the history of Athens (ca. 500 BCE to around 322 BCE) direct democracy was analyzed either in its own era (Plato) or after it collapsed (Aristotle) as descending into its own forms of tyranny when corrupted. Tyranny hardly only comes from more royalist or oligarchic frameworks, they argued. It could come from a corrected constitutionalism and direct democracy as well. Following Aristotle's analysis in his Politics, a corrupted constitutional government becomes a form of tyranny which he called 'democracy.' Even most in the Enlightenment, when they discussed 'democracy,' were using this negative use of the term [lknk to the sweden and elgnad book], contrary to some that later attempted to pretend that the Enlightenment was some harbinger or precursor of more widespread mass representative thought about democracy.
Developers say they are less than a year away from deploying prototype satellites that could someday soon broadcast free and universal internet all over the globe from high in orbit.
We are all familiar with the following situation; you’re planning a trip with your fiancé for the coming weekend, you want to know which is the best Italian restaurant to go. Since you believe in the power of the crowd, you tweet and ask your followers “What is the best Italian restaurant to go to?”. And what happens almost immediately? Dora tweets a suggestion for you, describing the delicious salmon pizza she just had at Marco’s Trattoria, which is to die for.
"With the increasing number of students and the structural incapacity of training and profesional insertion the next generations of young people will have to invent their jobs and be able to gather independently the necessary knowledge and practice. At Hackidemia we're trying to channel the makers communities toward the creation of networked local hubs that will provide access to the latest technologies and tools and will allow people from an early age to kickstart their project and solve local grand challenges (access to energy, clean water, healthy food, information and learning, etc).
Amazon and Walmart are prime examples of how in the early twenty-first century, state-of-the-art information technologies can be used to re-create the harsh, driven capitalism of the pre–New Deal era. With their reliance on tens of thousands of workers to shift goods in stores and warehouses, the two corporations depend heavily on a steady supply of unskilled labor very much in the manner of early-twentieth-century industrial sweatshops. But in their capacity to track employee performance, to speed it up, to measure it against targets, managers at Walmart and Amazon are empowered in ways that their predecessors of a century ago could only dream of.
Now, we are entering a third phase in the evolution of ‘making’. 3D printing has made it possible to create rudimentary objects like key rings and iPhone cases, as well as component parts for more complex machines, but so far this has largely failed to set the world on fire. However, so-called factory-in-a-box innovations like the Thing-O-Matic and MicroFactory are taking things a step further by allowing people to make and assemble complex products from scratch in the comfort of their own homes or garages. As Ideo Chief Executive Tim Brown and Director of MIT Media Lab Joi Ito explained in an SXSW session entitled ‘The Future of Making’, long manufacturing supply chains are being replaced by a process of shipping data over the internet to people so they can make products on demand where and when they are needed.
Jay Rogers, a former marine with an MBA from Harvard, and his friend Jeff Jones were still in business school when they hit upon an idea that could one day remake American manufacturing. In 2008, they started an online car company where people could collaborate on design and build their vehicles in a network of local “microfactories.” They called it Local Motors.
This idea comes from the author of It's Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens, danah boyd (the name isn't capitalized), a fellow at the Harvard University Berkman Center for Internet and Society and a principal researcher at Microsoft Research. She's one of the leading thinkers who marketers, tech giants and entrepreneurs turn to when they want to get a handle on how teens use technology.
Gartner’s predictions now suggest that in coming years, OSS’s impact on application software will cross $19 billion, with a five-year CAGR of 44%. With the Open Source Initiative (OSI) organization and thousands of developers worldwide backing OSS, its impact on the $170 billion IT industry needs a closer look.
Fundamentally at stake, the critics say, is the social contract that cultivates science for the common good. They worry that the philanthropic billions tend to enrich elite universities at the expense of poor ones, while undermining political support for federally sponsored research and its efforts to foster a greater diversity of opportunity — geographic, economic, racial — among the nation’s scientific investigators.
"There is no such thing as thought leaders, serotonin is a thought leader, I'm aware"
Join us Wednesday March 12th for the launch of the P2PValue Directory of Commons Based Peer Production.
How can development be conceived? The answer, in our opinion, is anything but obvious. This text is intended to seek an answer to this question and to present a number of historical and contemporary examples underlining our views. In general, development apparently is conceived as the expansion of possibilities by a process of accumulating increasingly greater means to advance development. In other words, this is a perspective of mere quantitative growth. However, development is also characterised by qualitative jumps. Thus the question arises: When does a quantitative process transform into a qualitative process? What are the reasons and what are necessary conditions for this to happen? One of the most advanced models to answer these questions is the Five Step Model we present in the following.
A bioregion is a geographic area that has roughly the same geology and plant life, that is different from the man-made borders imposed upon it. For example, the North Downs, South Downs and the Weald are all distinctive geographic features. Hampshire, Surrey, West Sussex and Kent are all man made counties. The Weald and Downland is possibly a bioregion. It shares distinctive landscape and farming practices, and also building styles, as revealed at the Weald and Downland museum.
It’s become something of a cliché to talk about the disruptive power of technology, but this doesn’t make it any less of a truism. And if SXSW is about anything, it’s about disruption.
Critics of quantitative easing highlight the absurdity of creating money from nothing to paper over terrible investment decisions. Yet, what about all of the money created by banks before 2008? Incorrect narratives of money have misdirected and befuddled our thinking on finance and currency, limiting our responses to the global financial crisis. Can we learn about the internal dynamics of financial and monetary regimes in enough time to develop a positive response to the next financial crisis?
Bitshares earn 5% or more on anything
As I say, capitalism and markets are entirely different things. That the prices of some goods are falling so far that they are ceasing to be scarce, thus ceasing to be economic goods, isn’t a description of anything at all to do with capitalism, which is about who owns the productive assets in society. We have always had goods which are not economic goods precisely because they are not scarce.
In the world of technology, 10-year predictions are akin to crystal ball gazing. Even a few years back, it would have been difficult to envisage a situation in which companies such as Nokia and Blackberry would have to fight for their existence, let alone lose their market leadership positions. However, that is a reality today. Hence, it would be better to estimate changes in technology and analyse if Facebook, as a firm, can adapt to such changes.
In a world where we are surrounded by technology — technology shapes the world around us — [most of our students] know nothing about how those things work.
t 58, Bill Gates is not only the richest man in the world, with a fortune that now exceeds $76 billion, but he may also be the most optimistic. In his view, the world is a giant operating system that just needs to be debugged. Gates' driving idea – the idea that animates his life, that guides his philanthropy, that keeps him late in his sleek book-lined office overlooking Lake Washington, outside Seattle – is the hacker's notion that the code for these problems can be rewritten, that errors can be fixed, that huge systems – whether it's Windows 8, global poverty or climate change – can be improved if you have the right tools and the right skills. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the philanthropic organization with a $36 billion endowment that he runs with his wife, is like a giant startup whose target market is human civilization.
Speaking remotely from Russia on Monday, former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden told attendees at the SXSW Interactive conference in Austin, Texas that encryption is still a powerful deterrent against government surveillance.
There is a whole new world beyond skies and Bitcoins. Like an expanding universe, the number of cryptocurrencies are also growing exponentially. For instance, there were once only a handful of virtual currencies in existence. But currently, there are over 100 twisted versions of Bitcoin in circulation, and only a few among them have been able to amplify their market presence among investors.
Unidentified hackers brought down the Russian presidency’s site and the Central Bank’s web page in a wave of online attacks. The website is now operational for most users.
The fascinating emergence of Bitcoin has been powered largely by a “for us by us” dynamic, the growth of specialists intimately involved with cryptography, embraced by highly technical people of a wider variety. Eventually this bubbled up to the venture capitalist world, with a concerted attempt to “bring Bitcoin to the masses,” including PR campaigns like that recently waged by Marc Andreessen in the New York Times.