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Peer2Politics
on peer-to-peer dynamics in politics, the economy and organizations
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Primavera De Filippi on stigmergy, swarming, collective intelligence and the evolution of cooperation | P2P Foundation

Primavera De Filippi on stigmergy, swarming, collective intelligence and the evolution of cooperation | P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Interesting Tedx talk by Primavera De Filippi which also focuses on the potential of blockchain technology in the context of human cooperative abilities: “The animal kingdom contains numerous examples of individuals cooperating with one another to achieve impressive outcomes without the need for planning, control, or even direct communication between agents – examples are bees, …
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Stigmergic Cognition

Stigmergic Cognition | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
All things stigmergy Special Issue of Cognitive Systems Research Join the Linkedin Stigmergy group: Agents interact with others and their environment to circumvent cognitive limitation. Stigmergy i...
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The remarkable self-organization of ants

The remarkable self-organization of ants | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Knowing the rules behind ant-made structures could help scientists understand how other complex systems emerge in nature
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STIGMERGIC LEARNING AND GLOBAL GUERRILLAS - Global Guerrillas

STIGMERGIC LEARNING AND GLOBAL GUERRILLAS - Global Guerrillas | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Stigmergy is a term used in biology (from the work of french biologist Pierre-Paul Grasse) to describe environmental mechanisms for coordinating the work of independent actors (for example, ants use pheromones to create trails and people use weblog links to establish information paths, for others to follow). The term is derived from the greek words stigma ("sign") and ergon ("to act"). Stigmergy can be used as a mechanism to understand underlying patterns in swarming activity. As such, it can be applied to the understanding of swarming attacks by diverse bands of global guerrilla. The stigmergic information system that operates in Iraq is the bazaar of violence. A knowledge of stigmergy is a key to understanding how these groups learn.

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This horde of tiny robots swarms toward artificial intelligence

This horde of tiny robots swarms toward artificial intelligence | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

“This is a ‘collective’ of robots – a group of robots that work together to complete a common goal,” said Harvard computer scientist Michael Rubenstein, who led the study. “If you call collective artificial intelligence the ability of a ‘collective’ to start to behave as a single entity, you could call this collective artificial intelligence.”

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Stigmergy as a Universal Coordination Mechanism - P2P Foundation

Stigmergy as a Universal Coordination Mechanism - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

"The concept of stigmergy has been used to analyze self-organizing activities in an ever-widening range of domains, from social insects via robotics and social media to human society. Yet, it is still poorly understood, and as such its full power remains underappreciated. The present paper clarifies the issue by defining stigmergy as a mechanism of indirect coordination in which the trace left by an action in a medium stimulates a subsequent action. It then analyses the fundamental components of the definition: action, agent, medium, trace and coordination. Stigmergy enables complex, coordinated activity without any need for planning, control, communication, simultaneous presence, or even mutual awareness. This makes the concept applicable to a very broad variety of cases, from chemical reactions to individual cognition and Internet-supported collaboration in Wikipedia.

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Tony Smith's curator insight, July 28, 2014 9:15 PM

Mark Elliot of Collabforge wrote his thesis on Stigmergic Collaboration: http://mark-elliott.net/blog/?page_id=24 

 

Maybe the issues cities like Melbourne have providing infrastructure to serve developer-led growth suggests a limit to what can be achieved without more widely grounded strategic planning taken out of the hands of politically volatile interests.

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Market Anarchism as Stigmergic Socialism on Feed 44

Market Anarchism as Stigmergic Socialism on Feed 44 | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

C4SS Feed 44 presents “Market Anarchism as Stigmergic Socialism” from the book Markets Not Capitalism, written by Brad Spangler, read by Stephanie Murphy and edited by Nick Ford.

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Stigmergic Epistemology, Stigmergic Cognition | Learning Change

If social epistemology has the formation, acquisition, mediation, transmission and dissemination of knowledge in complex communities of knowers as its subject matter, then its third party character is essentially stigmergic.
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Collective Intelligence among Insects

Ecologist Hema Somanathan explains how insects accomplish complex tasks through collective intellgience.
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Stigmergic epistemology, stigmergic cognition

To know is to cognize, to cognize is to be a culturally bounded, rationality-bounded and environmentally located agent. Knowledge and cognition are thus dual aspects of human sociality. If social epistemology has the formation, acquisition, mediation, transmission and dissemination of knowledge in complex communities of knowers as its subject matter, then its third party character is essentially stigmergic. In its most generic formulation, stigmergy is the phenomenon of indirect communication mediated by modifications of the environment. Extending this notion one might conceive of social stigmergy as the extra-cranial analog of an artificial neural network providing epistemic structure. This paper recommends a stigmergic framework for social epistemology to account for the supposed tension between individual action, wants and beliefs and the social corpora. We also propose that the so-called “extended mind” thesis offers the requisite stigmergic cognitive analog to stigmergic knowledge. Stigmergy as a theory of interaction within complex systems theory is illustrated through an example that runs on a particle swarm optimization algorithm.

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Stigmergic Organisation Experiment

Animation which explores the potential of using the Stigmergic logic as a means of organising walkable path ways in an urban centre.
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Stigmergic Economy And Large-Scale, Decentralized Networks - Matan Field

What would it look like if billions of people would be spontaneously, freely and systematically cooperating with each other, on anything? Imagine a ...
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Center for a Stateless Society » Market Anarchism as Stigmergic Socialism on Feed 44

Center for a Stateless Society » Market Anarchism as Stigmergic Socialism on Feed 44 | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

C4SS Feed 44 presents “Market Anarchism as Stigmergic Socialism” from the book Markets Not Capitalism, written by Brad Spangler, read by Stephanie Murphy and edited by Nick Ford.

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Robot Cooperation Through Stigmergic Communication

There are 5 set of tasks which are to be executed sequentially. There are 5 agents each of which can perform 1 task. Now the robots do not know how to perfor...
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One Of The Best Examples Of Collective Intelligence You'll Ever See

Individual ants are not very smart, but ants working together in a colony are capable of extraordinary feats.
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▶ From Crystal Ball to Magic Wand: The New World Order in Times of Digital Revolution - YouTube

From Crystal Ball to Magic Wand: The New World Order in Times of Digital Revolution.

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Emergence in Stigmergic and Complex Adaptive Systems

Emergence in Stigmergic and Complex Adaptive Systems | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Complex systems have been studied by researchers from every discipline: biology, chemistry, physics, sociology, mathematics and economics and more. Depending upon the discipline, complex systems theory has accrued many flavors. We are after a formal representation, a model that can predict the outcome of acomplex adaptive system (CAS). In this article, we look at the nature of complexity, then provide a perspective based on discrete event systems (DEVS) theory. We pin down many of the shared features between CAS and artificial systems. We begin with an overview of network science showing how adaptive behavior in these scale-free networks can lead to emergence through stigmergy in CAS. We also address how both self-organization and emergence interplay in a CAS. We then build a case for the view that stigmergic systemsare a special case of CAS. We then discuss DEVS levels of systems specifications and present the dynamic structure extensions of DEVS formalism that lends itself to a study of CAS and in turn, stigmergy. Finally, we address the shortcomings and the limitation of current DEVS extensions and propose the required augmentation to model stigmergy and CAS.

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Mass Collaboration and the Challenge of Integration | Epic Collaboration

Mass Collaboration and the Challenge of Integration | Epic Collaboration | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

At the heart of every mass collaboration is a core of heavy-lifters dealing with a high level of complexity. What does this mean for Epic Collaboration and efforts like it? Hailey Cooperrider provides a bit of insight on the topic, and relates it to the Epic Collaboration story as it is currently unfolding.


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Stigmergic Self-organization and the Improvisation of Ushahidi

There has been considerable investigation into the nature, effectiveness and performance of virtual organizationsvirtual teams and virtual collaboration based on the affordances of  information and communications technology (ICT). The recent emergence of location-based social network technologies has resulted in new modes of ad hoc virtual organizations. Developers appear to improvise systems by cobbling together existing applications and technologies, almost overnight, with uncoordinated contributions rather than traditional designs or project plans. Heylighen theorizes that stigmergic self-organization explains this kind of system development. As defined by the biologist Grassestigmergy has been defined as a sequence of indirect stimulus and response behaviors that contribute to the coordination of actions among insects through their environment, for example termites coordinating their nest building activities. Heylighen likens human cognitive self-organization to stigmergy. In recent years, the advent of distributed ICTs like worldwide internet computing and pervasive ubiquitous networks have made traditional top-down techniques of system development increasingly irrelevant for software application  development. Instead, modular, adaptable and self-managing end-user components are combined in mash-ups. Similarly, software development teams are spontaneous and ad hoc, functioning as virtual organizations. In this study, the actions leading to the creation of the Ushahidi software platform and its subsequent adaptations are identified using longitudinal case study methodology and content analysis methods applied to newspaper, magazine, website, journal and social networking publications. Based on a socio-technical theoretical framework, the Ushahidi system is framed as a dynamic, ad hoc virtual organization in the context of emergency response. The actions leading to the instantiation of the Ushahidi system are examined as examples of human cognitive stigmergic response to critical incidents and naturalistic development of complex adaptive systems.

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Stigmergic Fibers – A new approach to material behaviour

Stigmergic Fibers – A new approach to material behaviour | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Stigmergic Fibers tackles the prospect of fiber aggregation under the influence of varying environmental and material properties, to produce controlled boundary and spatial conditions. The project was initiated by research on plant fiber and biology. To extract information from the behavioral methodologies of plant growth and structure, various experiments were conducted on differentiated growing conditions.

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