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Peer2Politics
on peer-to-peer dynamics in the field of politics, economics and institutions
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Future of Work - Impact Hub's Unlikely Allies summit

Why do we work? Leading thinkers and Impact Hub founders from around the world shared their thoughts on the future of work at #UnlikelyAllies (Impact Hub ...
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Decentralization as a mean of empowerment

Decentralization as a mean of empowerment | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
“To transform bureaucratic hierarchies into technology driven networks” (Fred Wilson). That is what the actors from the GETDecentralized community want to achieve. Their next meetings are in San Francisco and Paris.
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Podemos: A Monolithic, Vertical, and Hierarchical Party?

Podemos: A Monolithic, Vertical, and Hierarchical Party? | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
The Podemos ‘convention process’ (consolidating the new party’s structures) which began on September the 15th, ended on Saturday, November the 15th with the election of Pablo Iglesias  as General Secretary. He won 88.7% of the votes cast (96.9% valid). His list won the 62 posts for the ‘Citizens’ Council’ and 10 for the Safeguards Commission.
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Seattle WTO Uprising Still a Force in World Events, 15 Years Later - Mintpress News (registration) (blog)

Seattle WTO Uprising Still a Force in World Events, 15 Years Later - Mintpress News (registration) (blog) | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
We live in an era in which it is increasingly normal for individuals not only to reject the power of corporations over their lives, but for some to even occupy public space and defy police and established authorities.
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(239) Michel Bauwens's answer to What can be done to accelerate a networked society to replace the hierarchy structure from the business model so that a cooperative model dominates the global econo...

Cooperatives are traditionally understood as entities that are owned by their members, whether these are consumers or producers/workers. I don't think incentives are really the problem, since coops already hire more workers than private multinational companies (Page on davegraceassociates.com) and for example, 80% of tech coops still exist after 3 years vs 60% for private startups.
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What if Psychological Distress came from inequality and domination ? | P2P Foundation

What if Psychological Distress came from inequality and domination ? | P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

“The impression of healthy competition among a wide variety of counselling and therapy approaches that this picture may give is, in my view, in itself misleading, for in fact they all share one very important assumption. What’s more, despite the appearance of radical contrast, they share it also with psychiatry. This is the assumption that psychological disturbance has its origin within the individual, whether the latter is conceived of as mind or body.

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Hope in Common (David Graeber) | The Anarchist Library

Hope in Common (David Graeber) | The Anarchist Library | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
  1. We seem to have reached an impasse. Capitalism as we know it appears to be coming apart. But as financial institutions stagger and crumble, there is no obvious alternative. Organized resistance appears scattered and incoherent; the global justice movement a shadow of its former self. There is good reason to believe that, in a generation or so, capitalism will no longer exist: for the simple reason that it’s impossible to maintain an engine of perpetual growth forever on a finite planet. Faced with the prospect, the knee-jerk reaction — even of “progressives” — is, often, fear, to cling to capitalism because they simply can’t imagine an alternative that wouldn’t be even worse.

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Networks vs. Hierarchies: Which Will Win? Niall Furguson Weighs In

Networks vs. Hierarchies: Which Will Win? Niall Furguson Weighs In | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

The most recent, and perhaps most important, network challenge to hierarchy comes with the advent of virtual currencies and payment systems like Bitcoin.Since ancient times, states have reaped considerable benefits from monopolizing or at least regulating the money created within their borders. It remains to be seen how big a challenge Bitcoin poses to the system of national fiat currencies that has evolved since the 1970s and, in particular, how big a challenge it poses to the “exorbitant privilege” enjoyed by the United States as the issuer of the world’s dominant reserve (and transaction) currency. But it would be unwise to assume, as some do, that it poses no challenge at all.
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Today, by contrast, the hierarchies seem to be in much more trouble. The most obvious challenge to established hierarchies is the flow of information unleashed by the advent of the personal computer, email, and the internet, which have allowed ordinary citizens to organize themselves into much larger and more dispersed networks than has ever been possible before. The PC has empowered the individual the way the book did after the 15th-century breakthrough in printing.
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Since ancient times, states have exploited their ability to issue currency, whether coins stamped with the king’s likeness or electronic dollars on a screen. But if the new networks are in the process of creating an alternative form of money, such as Bitcoin purports to be, then perhaps the time-honored state privilege to debase the currency is at risk. Bitcoin offers many advantages over a fiat currency like the U.S. dollar. As a means of payment—especially for online transactions—it is faster, cheaper, and more secure than a credit card. As a store of value it has many of the key attributes of gold, notably finite supply. As a unit of account it is having teething troubles, but that is because it has become an attractive speculative object. It is too early to predict that Bitcoin will succeed as a parallel currency, but it is also too early to predict that it will fail. In any case, governments can fail, too.



Where governments fail most egregiously, new networks may well increase the probability of successful revolution.

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The Tyranny of Stuctureless

The earliest version of this article was given as a talk at a conference called by the Southern Female Rights Union, held in Beulah, Mississippi in May 1970. It was written up for Notes from the Third Year (1971), but the editors did not use it. It was then submitted to several movement publications, but only one asked permission to publish it; others did so without permission. The first official place of publication was in Vol. 2, No. 1 of The Second Wave (1972). This early version in movement publications was authored by Joreen. Different versions were published in the Berkeley Journal of Sociology, Vol. 17, 1972-73, pp. 151-165, and Ms.magazine, July 1973, pp. 76-78, 86-89, authored by Jo Freeman. This piece spread all over the world. Numerous people have edited, reprinted, cut, and translated "Tyranny" for magazines, books and web sites, usually without the permission or knowledge of the author. The version below is a blend of the three cited here. 
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Rethinking Viral: Why the Digital World Is Not as Democratic as We Think - Pacific Standard

Rethinking Viral: Why the Digital World Is Not as Democratic as We Think - Pacific Standard | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

For the most part, behind any mass online phenomenon there is a powerful group with a megaphone—still usually a big media outlet—doing most of the yelling. We often think of social media platforms as somehow more democratic, but they often function as yet another television channel. Most content is consumed passively.

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After Liberalism: Complexity in the Governance of a Networked Global Society | The World Financial Review

After Liberalism: Complexity in the Governance of a Networked Global Society | The World Financial Review | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Today’s adversaries are decentralized transnational networks that appear in many sizes and shapes; they are not geographically fixed, hierarchically governed, or bureaucratically managed.


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Can A Big Old Hierarchical Bureaucracy Become A 21st Century Network? - Forbes

Can A Big Old Hierarchical Bureaucracy Become A 21st Century Network? - Forbes | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

One of the most difficult management challenges is taking a big old hierarchical bureaucracy, and turning it into a nimble 21st Century networked organization that can cope with the challenge of today’s dynamic marketplace and compete with younger organizations that have been networked from the outset.

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Review of David Graeber's 'The Utopia of Rules', plus some discussion of left politics in the UK

This is an extended summary and discussion of David Graeber's book 'The Utopia of Rules'. It also contains some comments on what the book might offer our analysis of the current failures of radical left politics in contemporary Britain.
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The Author-ity Wedge - TechCrunch

The Author-ity Wedge - TechCrunch | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
“Authority” is an interesting word to contemplate. On the one hand it invokes images of dictators and repression. But it also breaks down as author-ity. A..
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Henry Tam: words & politics: Cooperation Unbound: a reciprocal model for democratic education

Henry Tam: words & politics: Cooperation Unbound: a reciprocal model for democratic education | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

The problem with undemocratic institutions – be they the government of a country or a business – is that they do the bidding of those in charge at the top, without being accountable to others who have to live with the consequences of their actions.

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Why Top-Down Efficiency Programs Are So Expensive and What We Can Do ... - Greentech Media

Why Top-Down Efficiency Programs Are So Expensive and What We Can Do ... - Greentech Media | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
As Matt Golden explains, Mass. is No. 1 in efficiency. But it also has the most expensive program in the country. What’s wrong?
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What Is Wirearchy ? - Pulse

What Is Wirearchy ? Pulse In that context of ubiquitous impact, reams have been written about the erosion of the effectiveness of command-and control as the dominant model for leading and managing purposeful organized activities in business,...
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Fire Your Boss: How Companies Without Hierarchy Are Getting Ahead

Fire Your Boss: How Companies Without Hierarchy Are Getting Ahead | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

It used to be the man made the company. Great businesses were personified in the figures of their visionary bosses like Jack Welch, Michael Ovitz, Bill Gates, and Steve Jobs, around whom a carefully constructed hierarchy of managers assembled to ensure maximal success. There has always been something aspirational in this, a collective desire to invent a symbolic vessel for greatness none of us suspect we could have on our own. After decades of pursuing charismatic leaders to magically create growth in any industry—from app design to car manufacturing—a number of big corporations have turned toward non-hierarchical, leaderless structures and are actually outperforming many of their more structured competitors.

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How to Crowdsource Better Governance in Authoritarian States

How to Crowdsource Better Governance in Authoritarian States | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

I was recently asked to review this World Bank publication entitled: “The Role of Crowdsourcing for Better Governance in Fragile States Contexts.” I had been looking for just this type of research on crowdsourcing for a long time and was therefore well pleased to read this publication. This blog posts focuses more on the theoretical foundations of the report, i.e., Part 1. I highly recommend reading the full study given the real-world case studies that are included.

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P2P Foundation » Blog Archive » Essay of the Day: Why the Soviet Internet Failed

P2P Foundation » Blog Archive » Essay of the Day: Why the Soviet Internet Failed | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Ben Peters, Assistant Orofessor of Communication at the University of Tulsa, presents preliminary findings of a dissertation chapter examining why the Soviets did not succeed in building an ARPANET equivalent. In particular, he examines Soviet bureaucratic and social structures as decentralized networks, compares them to conventional critiques of centralized power, and speculates on the chapter’s relevance for modern-day practices of power distribution.

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Why Uber & Airbnb Sit Atop the 'Social Economy Pyramid' - BostInno

Why Uber & Airbnb Sit Atop the 'Social Economy Pyramid' - BostInno | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it


And social sharing companies Uber and Airbnb, the quickest to reach the $10 billion valuation mark, sit atop the pyramid. Why?

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Networks and Hierarchies - The Market Oracle

Networks and Hierarchies - The Market Oracle | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

I have a big-picture piece for you today from a big-time thinker, my good friend Niall Ferguson. This is a little bit different for Outside the Box, but then isn’t that what this letter is supposed to be? Something to make us think and to come at a problem with a little bit different viewpoint?

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What the future of work looks like - Fortune

What the future of work looks like - Fortune | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
While workers are becoming more and more mobile and entrepreneurial, traditional organizations are becoming less appealing. Here are seven powerful models for work that aim to redefine the traditional organization.
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Understanding The Effects Of Hierarchy In Society

“So what do baboons teach the average person, don’t bite somebody because your having a bad day, don’t displace on them in any sort of manner, social affiliation is a remarkably powerful thing and that’s said by somebody who lives in a world where ambition and drive and type-A-ness and all of that sort of thing dominates, those things are real important, and one of the greatest forms of sociality is giving rather than receiving and all those things make for a better world.


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