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Peer2Politics
on peer-to-peer dynamics in the field of politics, economics and institutions
Curated by jean lievens
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In the on-demand economy, flexibility isn't control and algorithms won't protect workers' rights

In the on-demand economy, flexibility isn't control and algorithms won't protect workers' rights | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
The rise of the on-demand workforce requires new ideas about protecting workers’ rights, but if it’s going to be fair, that readjustment can’t be based on the dictates of a handful of tech platforms.
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Algorithms Are Replacing Unions As The Champions of Workers - TechCrunch

Algorithms Are Replacing Unions As The Champions of Workers - TechCrunch | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Quality of life is perhaps the single largest factor underpinning human happiness, and that quality is largely determined by one’s job. It should be no wonder then that so many activists and politicians have made improving work a key element of their advocacy for generations. The history of America is, in many ways, the history of work.

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The Black Box Society — Frank Pasquale | Harvard University Press

The Black Box Society — Frank Pasquale | Harvard University Press | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Every day, corporations are connecting the dots about our personal behavior -- silently scrutinizing clues left behind by our work habits and Internet use. But who connects the dots about what firms are doing with all this information? Frank Pasquale exposes how powerful interests abuse secrecy for profit and explains ways to rein them in.
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The Growing Problem of Data-Driven Discrimination

The Growing Problem of Data-Driven Discrimination | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

In 1977, the U.S. agency of Housing and Urban Development audited the real estate industry and discovered that blacks were shown fewer properties (or were told they were unavailable) and treated less courteously than their white counterparts. Today, the Information Age has introduced modern discrimination problems that can be harder to trace: From search engines to recommendation platforms, systems that rely on big data could be unlocking new powers of prejudice. But how do we figure out which systems are disadvantaging vulnerable populations—and stop them?

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Librarians of the Future? | Common Futures

When Andrew Carnegie made grants to libraries in the C20th, he described them as ‘instruments for the elevation of the masses of the people’. Libraries were to provide access to learning and advancement for people who would otherwise have limited opportunities – specifically, for education and self-improvement. Carnegie intended, then, that the purpose of a library should be educational, and Carnegie envisaged a facility open to everyone in a community who wanted access to books and learning.

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The Power of Algorithms: How software formats the culture | CCCB LAB

The Power of Algorithms: How software formats the culture | CCCB LAB | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

The use of the Internet has spread further than computers and beyond the bounds of any specific discipline, and has come to permeate the texture of our reality and every aspect of our daily lives. The ways in which we relate to each other, obtain information, make decisions… that is, the ways in which we experience and learn about our surroundings, are increasingly mediated by the information systems that underlie the net. Massive amounts of information are generated by this constant interaction, and the only way to manage this data is through automated processing using algorithms. A humanist understanding of how this ‘algorithmic medium’ has evolved and how we interact with it is essential in order to ensure that citizens and institutions continue to play an active role in shaping our culture.


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Long live the link, an interview with David de Ugarte - Computerklaus

Long live the link, an interview with David de Ugarte - Computerklaus | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

On February 14th, a council of ministers passed a reform on the copyright laws in Spain. According to the reform, content aggregators including Google News, Yahoo News, Bing News and Spain’s famous Menéame would have to depart from part of their income in favor of the original content publishers. As for now it is uncertain how, at what percentage and when this tax will be effective. Google alone is supposed to have had a publicity income in Spain during 2013 close to US$ 50 million and with perspectives to increase by 14% its turnover in 2014.

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The algorithm method: how internet dating became everyone's route to a perfect love match

The algorithm method: how internet dating became everyone's route to a perfect love match | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Six million Britons are looking for their perfect partner online before Valentine's day on Friday, but their chance of success may depend on clever maths rather than charisma
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Is Reddit's Success The Result Of A Coding 'Happy Accident'? - Forbes

Is Reddit's Success The Result Of A Coding 'Happy Accident'? - Forbes | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

A post Monday by software developer Ian Greenleaf Young, claims thatReddit’s empire is founded on a flawed algorithm. In question is the site’s “Hot” ranking algorithm, one of the most important pieces of code behind the self-proclaimed “front page of the internet.” Greenleaf Young has examined and tested the code and concludes that a simple transposition of terms is responsible for some seriously counterintuitive effects. He, and others, have reported this as a “bug” but Reddit does not seem to be interested in fixing it. Why would this be?

 
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Algorithmic Governance and the Ghost in the Machine

Algorithmic Governance and the Ghost in the Machine | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

 Moore’s Law has granted to 21st-century organizations two new methods for governing complexity:  locally powerful god-algorithms we’ll call Athenas and omniscient but bureaucratic god-algorithms we’ll call Adjustment Bureaus. 


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Is ‘massive open online research’ (MOOR) the next frontier for education? | KurzweilAI

Is ‘massive open online research’ (MOOR) the next frontier for education? | KurzweilAI | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
UC San Diego is launching the first major online course that prominently features massive open online research (MOOR). In “Bioinformatics Algorithms
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US Military Scientists Solve the Fundamental Problem of Viral Marketing | MIT Technology Review

US Military Scientists Solve the Fundamental Problem of Viral Marketing  | MIT Technology Review | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Network theorists working for the US military have worked out how to identify the small “seed” group of people who can spread a message across an entire network
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How algorithms rule the world

How algorithms rule the world | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
The NSA revelations highlight the role sophisticated algorithms play in sifting through masses of data. But more surprising is their widespread use in our everyday lives. So should we be more wary of their power?
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Curated by jean lievens
Economist, specialized in political economy and peer-to-peer dynamics; core member of the P2P Foundation