Paraguay, Michael Gerbitz
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Paraguay, Michael Gerbitz
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Paraguays demographics

Paraguay (US /pɛərəɡw/, UK /pærəɡw/), officially the Republic of Paraguay (Spanish: República del Paraguay [reˈpuβlika ðel paɾaˈɣwaj], Guaraní: Tetã Paraguái [teˈtã paɾaˈɣwaj]), is a landlocked country in South America. It is bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest. Paraguay lies on both banks of the Paraguay River, which runs through the center of the country from north to south. Due to its central location in South America, it is sometimes referred to as Corazón de América, or the Heart of America.[6]

The Guaraní have been living in Paraguay since before the arrival of Europeans in the 16th century, when Paraguay became part of the Spanish colonial empire. Following independence from Spain in 1811, Paraguay was ruled by a series of dictators who followed isolationist and protectionist policies. This development was truncated by the disastrous Paraguayan War (1864–1870) in which the country lost 60% to 70% of its population and large amounts of territory. During a large part of the 20th century, Paraguay was ruled by Alfredo Stroessner, who led one of South America's longest lived military dictatorships. In 1989 Stroessner was toppled and free elections were celebrated in 1993. In 1994 Paraguay joined Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay to found Mercosur.

As of 2009 the population was estimated at 6.3 million. The capital and largest city is Asunción. The official languages are Spanish and Guaraní, both being widely spoken in the country, with around 92% of the general population speaking Spanish and 98% speaking Guaraní.

Paraguay has a population of 6,669,086. The capital and largest city is Asunción. The official languages are Spanish and Guaraní, both being widely spoken in the country, with around 92% of the general population speaking Spanish and 98% speaking Guaraní. In the last century as a result of European immigration and "whites" are now estimated at 20% or one-fifth of the country's population. German settlers founded several towns as Hohenau, Filadelfia, Neuland, Obligado, Nueva Germania, About 56% of Paraguayans live in urban areas.

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Map of Paraguay

Map of Paraguay | Paraguay, Michael Gerbitz | Scoop.it
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Flag of Paraguay

Flag of Paraguay | Paraguay, Michael Gerbitz | Scoop.it

Paraguay's flag is composed of on red stripe above a white stripe which is in turn above a blue stripe.The emblem on the front side is the national coat of arms of Paraguay: a yellow five-pointed star surrounded by a green wreath capped by the words REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY ("Republic of Paraguay"), all within two concentric circles); the emblem on the back side is the seal of the treasury (a yellow lion below a red Phrygian cap and the words Paz y Justicia ("Peace and Justice") capped by REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY, again within two circles.

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Country and Capitol

Paraguay's capitol city is Asuncion, it is located on the banks of the Rio Paraguay, right on the Paraguay-Argentina border.

 

Paraguay obtained independence from Spain on 15 May 1811 In the disasterous War of the Triple Alliance (1865-70) - between Paraguay and Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. Paraguay lost 2/3 of all adult males and much of its territory. Following the Chaco War of 1932-35 with Bolivia, Paraguay gained a large part of the Chaco lowland region. At one time the country was a dictatorship, but now its a constitutional republic.The national anthem is   "Republica o muerte!" (The Republic or Death!)

 

Link to listen-http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=LT4iAI6ec0A 

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