Paraguay, Bria Reynolds
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Animals in Paraguay

Animals in Paraguay | Paraguay, Bria Reynolds | Scoop.it

There are so many different species of animals living in Paraguay, a lot of them are very unique to this country. There are different species of deer, and armadillos, and lots of water animal species since their is a vast water source. The rivers and swampy areas are home to tons of jaguars. If a person is traveling through Paraguay they can expect to see many different animal species along the way. There are so many unique and beautiful animals living there.

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Education in Paraguay

Historically, Paraguay has not valued education highly. During Alfredo Stroessner Mattiauda’s presidency (1954–89), education initiatives took a backseat to economic concerns and the task of controlling political adversaries, and teacher salaries fell to extremely low levels. The constitution of 1992 attempted to remedy the long neglect of education. Article 85 of the constitution mandates that 20% of the government dibudget be designated for educational expenditures. This measure, however, has proven to be impractical and has been largely ignored.[1]

Nevertheless, democratization has been accompanied by a gradual improvement in the education system. Spending on education has increased, reaching 4.7 percent of gross domestic product in 2000, up from 1.7 percent in 1989. Much of the increased funding went to raise teacher salaries and update curricula. Students are required to attend school from ages seven to 13, and surveys indicate that Paraguay has a net primary school attendance rate of 92 percent. Public education is free to all, but dropout rates remain high.[1]

Until the 1990s, the state National University and the Catholic University served Paraguay’s entire population. As part of the educational reforms of the 1990s, the government created 10 new universities. In 2003 Paraguay’s national military academy admitted female cadets for the first time, opening another door for women pursuing education.[1]

Paraguay has not valued education highly. They have never really though of it to be important. Over the years, democratization have made imporovements in the education system. The spending on education has increased by a 4.7 percent gross domestic product. Students are now required to attend school from ages 7 to 13. Public education is free to everyone who live there, but the dropout rates are very high.

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Current Weather in Asuncion Paraguay

Current Weather in Asuncion Paraguay | Paraguay, Bria Reynolds | Scoop.it

The weather in Paraguay at this time of year stays in the 70/80s and gets to 100 degrees. It feels like Summer there at this time. There have been having a lot of thunderstorms lately. They are having summer weather right now while we are having winter weather. When they have their snowy winter while we have summer weather.

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Famous People from Paraguay- Pedro Juan Caballero, Alfredo Stroessner Matiauda, Hugo Rodríguez Alcalá

Pedro Juan Caballero was a leading figure of Paraguayan independence. He played a significant role in the Revelution of Independence. The Paraguayan city Pedro Juan Caballero was named after him. Alfredo Stroessner Matiauda was a Paraguayan military officer and dictator. Hugo Rodríguez Alcala was a Paraguayan writer, essayist, poet, and narrator.

 

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Paraguay Timeline

There were many important events throughout history in Paraguay. One of them was on August 15, 1537 when a spanish pioneer named Juan de Salazar founded Asuncion, Paraguays capital. Another important event in history was on August 14, 1811 whenever Paraguay declared their independence from Spain. One of the first major wars was South America's War of the triple alliance when Argentina , Brazil and Uraguay aligned against Paraguay because they believed they were undermining the regions political stability. The war ended in a crushing defeat of Paraguay with 90% of the male population killed, that started in 1865 and ended in 1870. There were many huge events that took place throughout Paraguay's history, some that influenced it, and some that caused a lot of it's problems.

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Agriculture in Paraguay

Throughout its history, agriculture in Paraguay has been the mainstay of the economy. This trend has continued today and in the late 1980s the agricultural sector generally accounted for 48 percent of the nation's employment, 23 percent of GDP, and 98 percent of export earnings.[1] The sector comprised a strong food and cash crop base, a large livestock subsector including cattle ranching and beef production, and a vibrant timber industry.

Growth in agriculture was very rapid from the early 1970s to the early 1980s, a period when cotton and soybean prices soared and cropland under cultivation expanded as a result of agricultural colonization.[1] Growth in agriculture slowed from an average of 7.5 percent annual growth in the 1970s to approximately 3.5 percent in the mid-to-late 1980s.[1] Agricultural output was routinely affected by weather conditions. Flooding in 1982 and 1983 and severe droughts in 1986 hurt not only agriculture, but, because of the key role of the sector, virtually every other sector of the economy as well.

In the aggregate, however, the advances experienced by the sector during the 1970s and 1980s did not reach many of the small farmers, who continued to use traditional farming methods and lived at a subsistence level. Despite the abundance of land, the distribution of the country's farmlands remained highly skewed, favoring large farms. Epitomizing the country's economic activity in general, the agricultural sector was consolidating its quick expansion over the two previous decades and only beginning to tap its potential in the late 1980s.[1]

Paraguay is extremely rich in agriculture and land for it. They have a huge growth and demand for cotton and soybeans. People wanted cotton for clothes, and soybeans as wheat. Tobacco and coffee were another huge product grown in Paraguay. Tobacco was made and produced for centuries to make cigarettes and cigars as a foreign exchange.

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Currency and Exchange Rate

Paraguay has a market economy characterized by a large informal sector. Agriculture dominates the economy, but unequal land distribution has resulted in a large class of peasant farm laborers. A large portion of the population is uninvolved in the formal economy, instead existing as subsistence farmers. In recent years, the economy has grown as a result of increased agricultural exports, especially soybeans. Reforms in fiscal and monetary policy also have improved Paraguay’s economy. Inflation has dropped, and the currency has appreciated gradually. Nevertheless, urban unemployment and underemployment have been problems throughout Paraguay’s history. Paraguay has the economic advantages of a young population and vast hydroelectric power but has few very bad mineral resources, and political instability has undercut some of the economic advantages present. The government welcomes foreign investment.[4] Paraguay is a middle-income country that changed rapidly in the 1970s and 1980s as a result of hydroelectric development, agricultural colonization, construction, and cash crop exports. Nevertheless, the country's gross domestic product (GDP) in 1986 was approximately US$3.4 billion, or roughly US$1,000 per capita, ranking Paraguay only ahead of Bolivia among the Spanish-speaking countries of South America. Paraguay was the most agricultural economy of South America, and that sector influenced the performance of virtually every other sector of the economy.

Traditionally isolated and underpopulated, Paraguay was one of the last countries in Latin America to enjoy the region's rapid growth in the post-World War II period. Paraguay entered a phase of sustained economic growth in the late 1950s. Its economy grew at the fastest pace of all the Latin American countries during most of the 1970s as the Paraguayan-Brazilian project, the Itaipu Dam, the world's largest hydroelectric plant, was constructed. During that decade, cotton and soybeans came to dominate agriculture, mostly as a result of high export prices and agricultural colonization. Paraguay's economy also was characterized by a large underground sector, in which smuggling and contraband had become normal features by the 1970s.

The Paraguayan economic miracle of the 1970s came to a halt in 1982 because of the completion of construction at Itaipú, lower commodity prices for cotton and soybeans, and world recession. The economy recovered in 1984 and 1985, stagnated in 1986, and continued to expand in 1987 and 1988. Despite its rapid growth, the Paraguayan economy became increasingly dependent on soybeans and cotton for exports and overall economic dynamism. These two crops, however, remained subject to external price fluctuations and local weather conditions, both of which varied considerably.

Agriculture dominates Paraguay's entire economy. It has a market economy that is characterized by a large informal sector. The currency, (1Guarani PYG) equals 100 centimos. One American dollar equals PYG6155. Inflation fell drastically between 2003 and 2004. It fell from 14.2% to a 30 year low of 4.3%.

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Sahm Timon McGinnity's curator insight, April 28, 2014 1:55 PM

in the beginning, Paraguay was one of South Americas last countries to prosper from the post world war 2 expansion. It's political instability and isolated land causes the slow expansion that was expected. In 1970' they had a mini miracle as they completed the construction of Itaipú, which revolutionized their crop. It sent on to stimulate rapid growth in the 1980's and led to lowering the high inflation. 

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Religions - Paraguay

Religions - Paraguay | Paraguay, Bria Reynolds | Scoop.it

In Paraguay, there is so officicial religion. The dominant religion is Roman Catholicism, however, all the people who live there are able to follow whichever faith they choose. The total population in Paraguay is about 90% Roman Catholic. The other 10% consists of Protestant, evangelical Christian, Jewish, Mormon, and Muslim. There were also Mennonite communities that originally came into the country in several waves between 1800 and 1950 so they could avoid religious persecution.

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Paraguay Area - Geography

Paraguay Area - Geography | Paraguay, Bria Reynolds | Scoop.it

The total land area of Paraguay is 406,752 sq. km. The total land area is 397,302 sq km, and the toatal water area is 9,450 sq km. The total area is the sum of all the land and water areas in the country. The total land area is all the surfaces of the coastlinw. The total water area is the sum of all the surfaces of all inland water bodies, such as lakes, rivers, or reservoirs.

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Flag of Paraguay

Flag of Paraguay | Paraguay, Bria Reynolds | Scoop.it

Each side of the flag consists of three equal horizontal bands: red, white, and blue, with an emblem centered in the white band. The emblem on the obverse side is considered to be the national coat of arms of Paraguay. It is a yellow five-pointed star surrounded by a green wreath capped by the words REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY ("Republic of Paraguay".) The emblem on the reverse side is the seal of treasury (a yellow lion below a red Phrygian cap with the words Paz y Justica (peace and justice) capped around the two circles. The colors resemble the modern flag of the Netherlands.

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Map of Country

Map of Country | Paraguay, Bria Reynolds | Scoop.it

Paraguay is the size of California. It's surrounded by Brazil, Bolivia, and Argentina in South America. The thickest population is settled on the grassy slope that inclines towards the Paraguay River. It is surrounded by rivers, and marshes on all sides. It has a lot of small cities located in it.

 

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Sports played in Paraguay

Sport in Paraguay is an important part of Paraguayan national culture. Football is the most popular sport, while other sports such as rugby union, volleyball, basketball, and tennis all have significant popularity. Chess, futsal, golf, motorsport, and rowing are also noteworthy Paraguayan sports and pastimes.

Football is by far the most popular sport in Paraguay to the point that it is part of the nation's culture. Football was first introduced in Paraguay by Dutchman William Paats, who moved from the Netherlands to Asunción in 1888. [1] In 1900, small tournaments were held at the Plaza de Armas, a plaza located in downtown Asunción. By 1906 the number of football clubs in Paraguay had increased and the Paraguayan Football Association, the governing body of football in Paraguay, was founded. The Paraguayan Football Association joined CONMEBOL in 1921, and FIFA in 1925. Football has grown enormously since then, and there are over 1600 teams spread throughout Paraguay participating in multiple leagues.[2] Each of those teams try to make their way to the first division by clearing the different levels of lower divisions. The growth and evolution of Paraguayan football can be seen in the achievements made in the club level and by the Paraguayan national football team. The national team has participated in eight World Cups, won two Copa América tournaments, and obtained a silver medal at the Olympic Games in 2004. All these accomplishments established Paraguay as the fourth most successful football nation in South America behind Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. At the club level, Olimpia Asunción has won a total of eight international tournaments, including three Copa Libertadores and one Intercontinental Cup. Among the most important and successful football players in Paraguayan history are Arsenio Erico, Aurelio González, Romerito and José Luis Chilavert.[3]

Rugby union is another popular sport in Paraguay. With 4,355 registered players and nineteen clubs, the country currently ranks 38th worldwide and 5th in South America.[4] The sport's governing body, the Paraguayan Rugby Union (Union de Rugby del Paraguay), was founded in 1970 and joined the IRFB in 1989.[5] South American rugby has historically been dominated by Argentina, and to a lesser extent Uruguay (both of which have qualified for the Rugby World Cup), but the sport can be found in almost all nations in South America, including Paraguay. This is partly due to massive immigration from Europe, notably the British Isles, France, and Italy.[5] It is difficult to single out one of these nations as being primarily responsible for the birth of Paraguayan rugby, as illustrated by Asuncion Rugby Club, which was formed by two Britons, two Argentines, a Dutchman, and a New Zealander.[6] The French have also taken a special interest in Paraguayan rugby, to the point of supplying a paid director of coaching, Jean-Pierre Juan Chich.[5]

Sports are a very important part of Paraguay's culture. Soccer is the most popular sport played. Other sports such as Rugby Union, Volleyball, Basketball, and Tennis are also popular to play. Chess, golf, motorsport, and rowing are also noteworthy Paraguayan sports played. People of Paraguay take sports very seriously, and are extremely competitive.

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Paraguay Clothing

Paraguay Clothing | Paraguay, Bria Reynolds | Scoop.it

People of Paraguay think that dressing nice and neatly is very important . The women wear a rebazo which is a shall. The women also wear bright clothing, which is the complete opposite of the mens clothing. The men wear dark suits with ties. Women like to wear colorful clothing to show their fashionable side.

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Top Attractions in Paraguay

Iguassu Falls is one of the most beautiful, and most common visited tourist attraction in Paraguay. It's size and beauty are what attracts it to tourists. The legend behind it is that God was supposed to marry a beautiful woman named Naipi who fled with her mortal lover Taroba in a canoe. In rage, the god sliced the river, creating the waterfall and condemning the lovers to an "eternal fall".

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Important Holiday- All Saint's Day

All Saint's Day is celebrated on November 1st. It is a Christian holiday that honors and recognizes all of the saints of the Christian church. The church set this day aside so they could celebrate over 10,000 recognized saints. All Saints Day is historically known as Hallomas. It used to be celebrated in May, but it was moved to November so that the Pagan holidays (Halloween) would slowly die away.

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Important Industries

Paraguay has many important industries in its country. Sugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products, steel, metallurgic, and electric power are the major industries of Paraguay. These important industries are what make up the economy. They rely on them as a result of their income. It is not only a huge demand in their country, but in the United States as well. These products bring in a big portion of their money, and foreign exchanges as well.

 

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Literacy Rate

The average literacy rate in Paraguay ranges from 74% to mid 90%. That includes people who are 15 and older. They are the ones who are considered to be literate. That means that they are able to read and write short simple statements about their everyday lives, with a basic understanding of what they are doing. Most of them do not have a full education, only what they have been taught by parents, friends, etc.

 

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Paraguay Bread- Typical Foods

The typical Paraguayan foods, are a result of the combinational culinary techniques of Hispanics, Natives, and Spaniards. They mainly use vegetables, rice, and meat products. The basic product of paraguayan food is corn that is grinded, baked or fermented, and then goes into the preparation of the dish. One of the main traditional dishes is the "Paraguayan Soup". Another traditional dish is the Chipa or Paraguayan Bread.

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Federico Franco - Leader of Paraguay

Federico Franco - Leader of Paraguay | Paraguay, Bria Reynolds | Scoop.it

Frederico Franco is a Paraguayan politician who became president on June 22, 2012. He took office after former president Fernando Lugo was impeached. He was born in the city of Asuncion on July 24, 1962. He was elected deputy of Paraguay for the period of 2008-2013. He married Emelia Alfaro on February 20, 1982, and he is the father of 4 children.

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Population/Demographics of Paraguay

Population/Demographics of Paraguay | Paraguay, Bria Reynolds | Scoop.it

Paraguay has one of the most homogeneous populations in South America. About 95% of the people are mestizo (spanish and Guarani Indian mixed). 75% of all Paraguayans speak Spanish or Guarani. The population as of 2010 was 6,455,000. There is a pretty even amount of men and women throughout the country.

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Type of Government

Type of Government | Paraguay, Bria Reynolds | Scoop.it

 

The capital of Parauay is Asuncion. It is located in the middle of Paraguay. It is a relatively small country. It is officially considered the "Republic of Paraguay."  It is sometimes referred to as Corazon de America, or the Heart of America.

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Country name and capital

Country name and capital | Paraguay, Bria Reynolds | Scoop.it

My country is Paraguay. The capital of Paraguay is Asuncion. It is located in the middle of South America. It seems to have a lot of rivers throughout the country. It is a relatively small country. 

The capital of Parauay is Asuncion. It is located in the middle of Paraguay. It is a relatively small country. It is officially considered the "Republic of Paraguay." It is sometimes referred to as Corazon de America, or the Heart of America.

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