The literature of heavy tails starts with a random walk and finds mechanisms that lead to fat tails under aggregation. We follow the inverse route and show how starting with fat tails we get to thin-tails when deriving the probability distribution of the response to a random variable. We introduce a general dose-response curve and argue that the left and right-boundedness or saturation of the reponse in natural things leads to thin-tails, even when the "underlying" random variable at the source of the exposure is fat-tailed.
Where Do Thin Tails Come From?
Nassim Nicholas Taleb