The economical world consists of a highly interconnected and interdependent network of firms. Here we develop temporal and structural network tools to analyze the state of the economy. Our analysis indicates that a strong clustering can be a warning sign. Reduction in diversity, which was an essential aspect of the dynamics surrounding the crash in 2008, is seen as a key emergent feature arising naturally from the evolutionary and adaptive dynamics inherent to the financial markets. Similarly, collusion amongst construction firms in a number of regions in Japan in the 2000s can be identified with the formation of clusters of anomalous highly connected companies.
Ecosystems perspective on financial networks: diagnostic tools
Eduardo Viegas, Misako Takayasu, Wataru Miura, Koutarou Tamura, Takaaki Ohnishi, Hideki Takayasu, Henrik Jeldtoft Jensen