Each year, crowd disasters happen in different areas of the world. How and why do such disasters happen?
Are the fatalities caused by relentless behavior of people or a psychological state of panic that makes the crowd 'go mad'? Or are they a tragic consequence of a breakdown of coordination? These and other questions are addressed, based on a qualitative analysis of publicly available videos and materials, which document the planning and organization of the Love Parade in Duisburg, Germany, and the crowd disaster on July 24, 2010. Our analysis reveals a number of misunderstandings that have widely spread.
Crowd Disasters as Systemic Failures: Analysis of the Love Parade Disaster
Helbing D, Mukerji P
EPJ Data Science 2012, 1:7 (25 June 2012)