The Time To the Most Recent Common Ancestor (TMRCA) based on human
mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is estimated to be twice that based on the
non-recombining part of the Y chromosome (NRY). These TMRCAs have special
demographic implications because mtDNA is transmitted only from mother to
child, and NRY from father to son. Therefore, mtDNA reflects female history,
and NRY, male history. To investigate what caused the two-to-one female-male
TMRCA ratio in humans, we develop a forward-looking agent-based model (ABM)
with overlapping generations and individual life cycles.