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Newly developed rapid water monitoring sensor can be deployed in homes to monitor for E. coli

Researchers at the University of Alberta, Canada, have developed a sensor to monitor the quality of drinking water. Malini Sen reports Most of the urban population in India use UV filtration at...
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Sushanta Mitra of the University of Alberta, Canada, led a team that developed a rapid water monitoring sensor, which can detect a small amount of E. coli (one of the common pathogens) in water.  These innovative, rapid and cheap water monitoring sensors can be deployed in houses as well as industrial waste water treatment units to quantify the level of pathogens and heavy metal in water. 

 

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NSF funds study of bacteria-derived biofuels | Biomassmagazine.com

NSF funds study of bacteria-derived biofuels | Biomassmagazine.com | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
The National Science Foundation has presented Colorado State University researchers with $2 million to investigate biofuels derived from cyanobacteria, which will be modified to convert carbon dioxide into hydrocarbons through photosynthesis.
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Researchers from CSU will modify cyanobacteria, also known as blue-green algae, to convert carbon dioxide into hydrocarbons through photosynthesis. Additionally, the project will explore how various light exposures affect bacteria growth rate and yield, draft computer models that predict the light exposure in specific cultivation systems, develop efficient bacteria harvesting methods and create novel life-cycle analysis approaches to accurately model the productivity of large-scale reactors.

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'Habitat exchange' to keep oil flowing while protecting lesser prairie chicken

'Habitat exchange' to keep oil flowing while protecting lesser prairie chicken | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Ranchers, oil companies and an environmental nonprofit are pitching a 'habitat exchange' as the federal government weighs listing the lesser prairie chicken as endangered.
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Ocean Conservancy: Top 10 Items Found in International Coastal Cleanup

Ocean Conservancy: Top 10 Items Found in International Coastal Cleanup | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
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I can't believe balloons are not prominent. I always found balloons on the Port Aransas beach.

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'Habitat exchange' to keep oil flowing while protecting lesser prairie chicken

'Habitat exchange' to keep oil flowing while protecting lesser prairie chicken | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Ranchers, oil companies and an environmental nonprofit are pitching a 'habitat exchange' as the federal government weighs listing the lesser prairie chicken as endangered.
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Updated: The Economic Effects of 'Extreme' Drought in Oklahoma

Updated: The Economic Effects of 'Extreme' Drought in Oklahoma | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Drought conditions have persisted in Oklahoma for two years, which has had wide-ranging effects on the economy and the budgets of both state and local governments.
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According to estimates by researchers at Oklahoma State University, Oklahoma has suffered $2 billion in losses from the 2011 and 2012 drought.

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$1 Trillion Global Water Market Forecast for 2020

$1 Trillion Global Water Market Forecast for 2020 | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Some 300 scientists, policy-makers, economists and other stakeholders will convene in Ottawa this week for an international conference showcasing latest world research findings and best practices for optimizing water management.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

The water industry is predicted to be valued at $1 trillion per year in 2020; it is estimated today at $400 billion per year.

 

Within a single generation water demand in many countries will exceed supply by an estimated 40%, with one-third of humanity having half the water required for life's basics. In flood-prone places, meanwhile, catastrophic flood events normally expected once a century - similar to those recently witnessed in Pakistan and Australia - can now be expected every 20 years instead.

 

The anticipated crises create a fast-growing need for technologies and services to discover, manage, filter, disinfect and/or desalinate water, improve infrastructure and distribution, and reduce water consumption by households, industry and agriculture - the biggest water user by far at 71% worldwide.

 

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Oklahoma is No. 2 in Oil Spills

Oklahoma is No. 2 in Oil Spills | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
There were 951 oil spills reported in Oklahoma last year, more than every other major energy state state except North Dakota, EnergyWire reports. The news service has been trying to count the number of spills in the U.S.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

Here’s EnergyWire’s breakdown of Oklahoma spills 2009-2012.

Oklahoma Oil Spills: 2009-2012

2012: 951
2011: 928
2010: 879
2009: 1,035

More spills were reported in Oklahoma than in neighboring Texas, the country’s leading oil and gas producer:

Texas Oil Spills: 2009-2012

2012: 913
2011: 851
2010: 706
2009: 614

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In Western Oklahoma, Drought Threatens Trees Planted to Prevent a New Dust Bowl

In Western Oklahoma, Drought Threatens Trees Planted to Prevent a New Dust Bowl | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
The dirty 1930s left a permanent mark on the Great Plains. To help prevent another Dust Bowl, federal foresters planted more than a hundred million trees and built a giant windbreak that stretched from Texas to Canada.
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Climate Change: Effects on the US Energy Sector

Climate Change: Effects on the US Energy Sector | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Climate Change: Effects on Our Energy
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

Today’s report U.S. Energy Sector Vulnerabilities to Climate Change and Extreme Weather examines current and potential future impacts of these climate trends on the U.S. energy sector. Researchers have identified several critical issues, including power-plant disruptions due to drought and the disruption of fuel supplies during severe storms. They’ve also pinpointed potential opportunities that would make our energy infrastructure more resilient to these risks.

 

Three extreme climate trends have caused major issues to the energy sector across the country over the past ten years:

Increasing air and water temperatures;Decreasing water availability across regions and seasons; andIncreasing intensity and frequency of storm events, flooding and sea level rise.

 

Here are some more details from the report:

 

* Climate change has created an increased risk of shutdowns at coal, natural gas and nuclear power plants. Why?

* Changes in the climate mean decreased water availability -- which affects cooling at thermoelectric power plants, a requirement for operation. 

* There are higher risks to energy infrastructure located along the coasts thanks to sea level rise, the increasing intensity of storms, and higher storm surge and flooding.

* Power lines, transformers and electricity distribution systems face increasing risks of physical damage from the hurricanes, storms and wildfires that are growing more frequent and intense. 

* Air conditioning costs will rise due to increasing temperatures and heat waves, along with the risks of blackouts and brownouts in regions throughout the country.

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Congratulations to OU Faculty who received Energy Department Funding to Accelerate Next Generation Biofuels

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University of Oklahoma (up to $4 million; Norman, Oklahoma): The University of Oklahoma will investigate two methods—thermal fractionation and supercritical solvent extraction—to maximize the amount of renewable carbon and hydrogen that can be extracted from biomass and converted to a refinery-compatible intermediate and suitable for final upgrading to a transportation fuel. The multidisciplinary research team includes experts in catalysis, separation, life-cycle analysis and techno-economic assessment.

 

OU Faculty are Lance Lobban, Stephen Crossley and Rick Mallinson.

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Does fracking increase vulnerability to earthquakes?

Does fracking increase vulnerability to earthquakes? | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Scientists found that earthquakes half a world away can also set off quakes at sites of more conventional oil production.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

He stresses the US will continue to experience quakes near wastewater injection sites as pressure builds on faults. In fact, the seismic waves from remote distant quakes act as an early warning system by highlighting those faults close to failure.

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After Sandy, New York aims to fortify itself against next big storm, climate ... - Washington Post

After Sandy, New York aims to fortify itself against next big storm, climate ... - Washington Post | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
After Sandy, New York aims to fortify itself against next big storm, climate ...
Washington Post
“It's not rocket science.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

Having lived on an island in the Texas Gulf Coast for 10 years, I can appreciate the complexity of these issues... and the futility of fighting against climate and weather. 

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New Mexico, Nevada and Idaho NSF funded for West­ern Con­sor­tium for Water­shed Analy­sis, Visu­al­iza­tion and Explo­ration (WC-WAVE)

New Mexico, Nevada and Idaho NSF funded for West­ern Con­sor­tium for Water­shed Analy­sis, Visu­al­iza­tion and Explo­ration (WC-WAVE) | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
The virtual watershed framework will be tested with data from three well-instrumented watersheds, one in each state. In New Mexico, data will be collected from
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SunShot Initiative: Project Highlights

SunShot Initiative: Project Highlights | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
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Several students at Oglala Lakota College in South Dakota are turning their solar lessons into clean electricity. Through a training course offered by the Department of Energy's SunShot Solar Instructor Training Network (SITN), a group of 20 undergraduates and their teachers installed a solar photovoltaic (PV) system on a mobile construction trailer in May. This accomplishment has the students excited to apply their knowledge to not only the tribal houses they are building this summer, but perhaps even to the larger Pine Ridge Reservation community in the future.

The off-grid PV system includes two REC 250 watt solar modules, an Outback Power FP1 preconfigured system (FX inverter/charger with FM80 charge controller), and four sealed Trojan batteries.
Image from Oglala Lakota College

 

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Aeroecology image of bats hunting by @NWSNorman (NWS Norman)

Aeroecology image of bats hunting by @NWSNorman (NWS Norman) | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Ever seen bats on radar? This is a nightly occurrence around sunset near the Greer/Harmon Co. line: http://t.co/r8Ti8r8Bnt #okwx
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Troubled Water: A Deep Dive Into Oklahoma’s Most Precious Resource

Troubled Water: A Deep Dive Into Oklahoma’s Most Precious Resource | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
In many ways, the history of Oklahoma is a story of water. Our geography is drawn by rivers and streams. And our cultural legacy is informed by drought.

History, money and consumption have shaped Oklahoma water policy.
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Understanding basic tornadic radar signatures

Understanding basic tornadic radar signatures | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
When tracking storms on radar, some of the most visually impressive and complex looking storms are tornadic supercells. They often display certain radar characteristics.
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I will be dragging this out again next spring.

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NASA Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles to monitor Hurricane Activity

NASA Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles to monitor Hurricane Activity | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Space News
Earth Science and Climate Monitoring | NASA Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles ...
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What Icebergs Sound Like When They Shatter Underwater (VIDEO) - Huffington Post

What Icebergs Sound Like When They Shatter Underwater (VIDEO) - Huffington Post | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
What Icebergs Sound Like When They Shatter Underwater (VIDEO)
Huffington Post
"It turns out there's an unbelievable amount of ice noise," said Robert Dziak, a marine geologist at OSU's Hatfield Marine Science Center.
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Sandia National Laboratories: News Releases : SWiFT commissioned to study wind farm optimization

Sandia National Laboratories: News Releases : SWiFT commissioned to study wind farm optimization | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
The latest news from around Sandia.
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The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Sandia National Laboratories, and Texas Tech University on July 9 commissioned the DOE/Sandia Scaled Wind Farm Technology site at the Reese Technology Center in Lubbock, Texas. 

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Oklahoma Earthquake Was Largest Linked to Injection Wells, New Study Suggests

Oklahoma Earthquake Was Largest Linked to Injection Wells, New Study Suggests | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
A University of Oklahoma seismologist's research, released today, provides further evidence that Oklahoma's largest-recorded earthquake was triggered by injection wells used by the oil and gas industry.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

The research, which was published March 26 by the geosciences journal Geology, centered on a sequence of earthquakes that occurred in near Prague, Oklahoma. The November 2011 earthquake was the state’s largest recorded with modern instrumentation. Two people were injured in the quake, which destroyed 14 homes, “buckled” pavement and was felt in 17 states. They included a 5.7-magnitude quake on Nov. 6, the largest quake  triggered by injection wells to date, according to the research.

 

The analysis suggests that injection-induced earthquakes could be larger than previously thought,  and that they could occur on much longer timescales. “This is basically a different class of induced earthquake,” Katie Keranen tells State Impact.

 

 

 

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Warm Ocean, Not Icebergs, Causing Most of Antarctic Ice Shelves' Mass Loss

Warm Ocean, Not Icebergs, Causing Most of Antarctic Ice Shelves' Mass Loss | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
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"The traditional view on Antarctic mass loss is it is almost entirely controlled by iceberg calving," said Eric Rignot of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., and the University of California, Irvine. Rignot is lead author of the study to be published in the June 14 issue of the journal Science. "Our study shows melting from below by the ocean waters is larger, and this should change our perspective on the evolution of the ice sheet in a warming climate."

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Space weather could now cause trillions in damage - The Seattle Times

Space weather could now cause trillions in damage - The Seattle Times | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Space weather could now cause trillions in damage
The Seattle Times
Using existing satellites, the National Weather Service's Space Weather Prediction Center in Boulder, Colo., can detect an incoming event that's about 30 minutes away.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

Electric utilities, telecommunications providers and the insurance industry are grappling with a scary possibility. A solar storm on the scale of the “Carrington Event” in 1859 would wreak havoc on power grids, pipelines and satellites. In the worst case, it could leave 20 million to 40 million people in the Northeast without power — possibly for years — as utilities struggled to replace thousands of fried transformers.

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