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Water, Sanitation & Hygiene - Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Water, Sanitation & Hygiene - Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

More great work by Bill & Melinda Gates & Foundation: 

In the developing world, 2.5 billion people practice open defecation or lack adequate sanitation facilities; an additional 2.1 billion urban residents use facilities that do not safely dispose of human waste.

Poor sanitation contributes to 1.5 million child deaths from diarrhea each year.

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25th Anniversary of CAPS - Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms

Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

CAPS began in 1989 as one of the first National Science Foundation’s Science and Technology Centers, charged with creating the first non-hydrostatic numerical weather prediction model for the forecasting of thunderstorms.

Twenty-five years later, CAPS continues to lead cutting edge research in numerical modeling and data assimilation, with expansion into new fields including coupled hydrological modeling, urban and air quality modeling, forecasting renewable energy production, and regional climate prediction.  But most importantly, CAPS continue to educate and build an international community of top scientists around the world, dedicated to improving our understanding and modeling of the earth’s environment.

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Meet the Nexus: How are Food, Water and Energy Connected | IssueLab

IssueLab, a service of the Foundation Center, provides free access to thousands of case studies, evaluations, white papers, and issue briefs produced by the social sector.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

Increased awareness of ways in which water, food and energy are interdependent; for example, the amounts of water required to produce food. Eye-opening.

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Fact Sheet: Climate Adaptation at the Federal Level | IssueLab

Fact Sheet: Climate Adaptation at the Federal Level | IssueLab | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
IssueLab, a service of the Foundation Center, provides free access to thousands of case studies, evaluations, white papers, and issue briefs produced by the social sector.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

Climate change adaptation is a risk-management strategy characterized by adjustments to natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climate change. 

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Climate change fight in the balance - UPI.com

Climate change fight in the balance - UPI.com | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
UPI.com Climate change fight in the balance UPI.com Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky, walks to a news conference with House Republicans on the EPA's recently proposed greenhouse gas standards for new power plants and the impact they...
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

Legislation with climate implications.

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Thousands Flee As Super Typhoon Rages Toward Philippines

Thousands Flee As Super Typhoon Rages Toward Philippines | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
MANILA, Philippines -- MANILA, Philippines (AP) — Thousands of people evacuated villages in the central Philippines on Thursday before one of the year's strongest typhoons strikes the region, including a province devastated by an earthquake last...
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

The U.S. Navy's Joint Typhoon Warning Center in Hawaii said it was the strongest tropical cyclone in the world this year, although Cyclone Phailin, which hit eastern India on Oct. 12, packed winds of up to 222 kph (138 mph) and stronger gusts.

 

President Benigno Aquino III warned people to leave high-risk areas, including 100 coastal communities where forecasters said the storm surge could reach up to 23 feet (7 meters). 

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Anthropogenic aerosols increasing over India

Anthropogenic aerosols increasing over India | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Aerosol particles in the Earth's atmosphere scatter and absorb light differently at different wavelengths, thereby affecting the amount of incoming sunlight that reaches the planet's surface and the amount of heat that escapes, potentially altering...
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

Indication of the effects of human behavior on the climate.

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These Countries Face The Biggest Threats From Climate Change

These Countries Face The Biggest Threats From Climate Change | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
The expected costs of climate change are painting a grimmer and grimmer picture of the future for people around the world.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

Very powerful graphic of the 2014 Index: Most vulnerable countries are Bangladesh, Guinea-Bissau, Sierra Leone, Haiti, South Sudan, Nigeria, DR Congo, Cambodia, the Philippines, and Ethiopia.

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National Weather Service Forecasts Frustration of Furloughed Workers - National Journal

National Weather Service Forecasts Frustration of Furloughed Workers - National Journal | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
National Weather Service Forecasts Frustration of Furloughed Workers
National Journal
6, 2010. Center: Forecast using NOAA satellite technology. Right: Forecast without using satellite data.(Source: National Weather Service).
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Two New Wind Farm Projects Planned for Oklahoma Panhandle

Two New Wind Farm Projects Planned for Oklahoma Panhandle | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
One of the state's largest utilities says it has agreed to decades long contracts for power from new wind farm projects in northwest Oklahoma.
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First test of Venice's 5.4 billion euro flood barriers

First test of Venice's 5.4 billion euro flood barriers | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Flood-prone Venice on Saturday carried out the first test of its 5.4 billion euro ($7.3 billion) barrier system known as "Moses", designed to protect the Renaissance city from rising sea levels.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

Fingers crossed for a priceless city.

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Researchers use climate model to better understand electricity in the air

Researchers use climate model to better understand electricity in the air | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
(Phys.org) —Electrical currents born from thunderstorms are able to flow through the atmosphere and around the globe, causing a detectable electrification of the air even in places with no thunderstorm activity.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

A research team led by the University of Colorado Boulder has developed a global electric circuit model by adding an additional layer to a climate model created by colleagues at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).

The results show that the atmosphere is generally less conductive over the equator and above Southeast Asia and more conductive closer to the poles, though the atmosphere's conductivity changes seasonally and with the weather.


Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2013-10-climate-electricity-air.html#jCp

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Team demonstrates quantum dots that assemble themselves

Team demonstrates quantum dots that assemble themselves | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
(Phys.org) —Scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory and other labs have demonstrated a process whereby quantum dots can self-assemble at optimal locations in nanowires, a breakthrough that could improve...
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

This is a potentially significant breakthrough for solar cells. Wow!

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Water in stratosphere plays key role in Earth's climate

Water in stratosphere plays key role in Earth's climate | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Water vapor changes in the stratosphere contribute to warmer temperatures and likely play an important role in the evolution of Earth's climate, says a research team led by a Texas A&M University professor.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

The researchers found that increased surface temperatures, such as from the addition of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, leads to increased humidity in the stratosphere. Because stratospheric water vapor is a greenhouse gas, this leads to additional warming, they said. This cycle is frequently called a climate feedback.

Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2013-10-stratosphere-key-role-earth-climate.html#jCp

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New Government Report Warns of 'Cascading System Failures' Caused By Climate Change

New Government Report Warns of 'Cascading System Failures' Caused By Climate Change | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
WASHINGTON -- From roads and bridges to power plants and gas pipelines, American infrastructure is vulnerable to the effects of climate change, according to a pair of government reports released Thursday.

The reports are technical documents suppor...
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

Technical reports support the National Climate Assessment, a major review compiled by 13 government agencies that the U.S. Global Change Research Program is expected to release in April. Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory put together the reports, which warn that climate-fueled storms, flooding and droughts could cause "cascading system failures" unless there are changes made to minimize those effects. Island Press has published the full-length version of the reports, which focus on energy and infrastructure more broadly.

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Hydraulic Fracturing & Water Stress: Water Demand by the Numbers | IssueLab

Hydraulic Fracturing & Water Stress: Water Demand by the Numbers | IssueLab | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
IssueLab, a service of the Foundation Center, provides free access to thousands of case studies, evaluations, white papers, and issue briefs produced by the social sector.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

This Ceres report is targeted toward investors to help them understand the implications of fracking. The following is an excerpt.

 

The U.S. portion of the analysisis based on hydraulic fracturing water-use data from 39,294 oil and shale gas wells hydraulically fractured between January 2011 through May 2013, as reported to the website FracFocus.org.2  The research shows that 97 billion gallons of water were used, nearly half of it in Texas, followed by Pennsylvania, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Colorado and North Dakota. Among more than 250 operating companies reporting to FracFocus in the United States, Chesapeake (ticker:CHK) had the largest amount of water use reported, using nearly 12 billion gallons, followedby EOG Resources (EOG), XTO Energy (owned by Exxon,XOM) and Anadarko Petroleum (APC). Halliburton (HAL), a service provider to many shale energy operators, handled the largest volume of hydraulic fracturing water overall, nearly 25 billion gallons, over a quarter of the water used for hydraulic fracturing nationally, followed by Schlumberger (SLB) and Baker Hughes (BHI).

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Investing in the Clean Trillion: Closing the Clean Energy Investment Gap | IssueLab

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To have an 80 percent chance of maintaining this 2 °C limit, the IEA estimates an additional $36 trillion in clean energy investment is needed through 2050 -- or an average of $1 trillion more per year compared to a "business as usual" scenario over the next 36 years.

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This Is Why You're Late All The Time (And What To Do About It)

This Is Why You're Late All The Time (And What To Do About It) | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Last week, HuffPost blogger Greg Savage asked the question, "How Did It Get to be OK for People to Be Late for Everything?" And if the 350,000 Facebook likes (and counting) on his post are any indication, he's not the only one wondering.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

The issue might have something to do with fundamental differences in the way we think, according to DeLonzor. In her own research, she's found that late-arrivers tend to actually perceive time differently than their punctual peers.

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Global warming led to dwarfism in mammals—twice

Global warming led to dwarfism in mammals—twice | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Mammal body size decreased significantly during at least two ancient global warming events, a new finding that suggests a similar outcome is possible in response to human-caused climate change, according to a University of Michigan paleontologist...
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

Mammal body size decreased significantly during at least two ancient global warming events. Researchers have known for years that mammals such as primates and the groups that include horses and deer became much smaller during a period of warming, called the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM), about 55 million years ago.

 

A University of Michigan paleontologist Philip Gingerich and his colleagues found evidence that mammalian "dwarfing" also occurred during a separate, smaller global warming event that occurred about 2 million years after the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM), about 53 million years ago.

 

This research suggests a similar outcome is possible in response to human-caused climate change.

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Is It Too Late to Prepare for Climate Change?

Is It Too Late to Prepare for Climate Change? | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
A leaked draft of an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report was apparently intended to embarrass the authors, but it seems to have had the opposite effect.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

The leaked draft includes this: Climate change will reduce yields of major crops by up to two per cent each decade for the remainder of this century.

 

Since the global population is projected to grow throughout the century—to eight billion by 2025, nine billion by 2050, and almost eleven billion by 2100—this is obviously rather bad news.

 

The incidence of flooding, drought, and general weather-related mayhem will increase, and already-vulnerable populations will be pushed closer to the edge, or, quite possibly, over it. Conflict is bound to ensue.

 

Climate change “will increasingly shape national security policies,” the report warns.

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From Antarctica to America, US turns out the lights on science research

From Antarctica to America, US turns out the lights on science research | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Two weeks of sliced budgets and suspensions following Congressional gridlock have been a disastrous setback to a variety of American science programs, wasting millions of dollars and months if not years of research.
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Innovation in renewable-energy technologies is booming

Innovation in renewable-energy technologies is booming | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
The number of patents issued for renewable-energy technologies has risen sharply over the last decade, according to new research from MIT and the Santa Fe Institute (SFI).
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

The increase was most dramatic in patents related to renewable energy, chiefly solar energy and wind. Patents in fossil-fuel technologies showed a more modest increase, while those in nuclear technology were flat.

USA and China combined barely bypass Japan in patents.

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Wind Energy: Electricity and Economic Potential in Oklahoma

Wind Energy: Electricity and Economic Potential in Oklahoma | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Wind energy is expanding in Oklahoma, especially in western parts of the state.

As a resource, Oklahoma's wind ranks No. 9 in the nation, according to the American Wind Energy Association.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

I am generally a fan of wind energy - but it sure doesn't beautify the spots where it lives.

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OU Research Campus Named 2013 Outstanding Research Park by ...

OU Research Campus Named 2013 Outstanding Research Park by ... | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
A series of five “Partners Place” buildings, totaling 362,000 square-feet, enable the public and private sector collaboration on weather and radar research; innovation and entrepreneurship; and water, climate, and energy.
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

Shout out to my University for the Outstanding Research Park of 2013.

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People must pay the full cost of water, says EEA

People must pay the full cost of water, says EEA | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
As the UN marks the anniversary of the decision to make the right to water
legally binding, the European Environment Agency has called for governments
to charge the full price for water, to cut down waste.
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Marilyn Korhonen's curator insight, October 3, 2013 1:41 PM

Would we use less water if we paid incrementally higher rates? I think my family would be more mindful.

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Twitter / TxStormChasers: Lightning hitting the water ...

Twitter / TxStormChasers: Lightning hitting the water ... | Water, Weather, Climate | Scoop.it
Lightning hitting the water tower on the campus of Texas A&M! Taken by meteorology student @JoshJohnsWx #txwx http://t.co/QnDhY6cJcr
Marilyn Korhonen's insight:

I have so many Aggie jokes on the tip of my tongue.

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