INTENSIVE FISH FARMING : BY BREEDING AND CRAMMING FISH INTO SMALL CONTAINED, MANAGEABLE FACILITIES, OVERHEADS ARE REDUCED, PROFIT INCREASES, AND OUR HEALTH AND THAT OF THE OCEANS REMAIN AT RISK. THE ISSUE IS OVERFISHING OF OUR OCEANS.
CAN WE DOMESTICATE WILD FISH
AND SHOULD WE?'
FACTORY FARMING, CAGING OUR FISH
TAMING THE BLUE FRONTIER
Conservation Magazine, University of Washington
Ten thousand years ago, humans made the shift on land from hunting and gathering to farming. Now the same transformation is taking place at sea....
Many of today’s coastal fish farms have decimated habitat and spread disease into local fish populations. Making matters worse, fish farms represent a net drain on populations of wild fish, which are often caught just so they can be ground into feed for salmon and other species.
Despite these concerns, a shift is underway. Some members of the environmental community are concluding that widespread aquaculture must be pursued if we are to save the oceans and feed the planet. Aquaculture production must double by 2050 just to keep up with per capita demand. But merely scaling up current methods would only exacerbate the problems.
In other words, the world needs new, sustainable aquaculture practices, and it needs them fast. It took 10,000 years for domestic agriculture to transform the land, but viable ocean farming schemes must be developed in one one-hundredth of that time if they are to forestall the oceans’ demise. This urgency is spurring some leading environmentalists and scientists to lend their knowledge and support, instead of their opposition. In a recent lecture, the renowned marine ecologist Jeremy Jackson discussed the threat of overfishing and announced, “the most important scientific challenge we now face is how to make aquaculture ecologically sustainable.”... http://conservationmagazine.org/2009/04/taming-the-blue-frontier/
SafeBee, January 20, 2015
-▶ FARMED FISH: YAY OR NAY? Is farmed fish good for your health — or the environment? http://www.safebee.com/food/farmed-fish-yay-or-nay
-▶ FISH FARMING — A SAD "SOLUTION" TO AN UNNECESSARY PROBLEM J. Morris Hicks, author http://hpjmh.com/2011/07/17/fish-farming-a-sad-solution-to-an-unnecessary-problem/
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) February 05, 2014
▶ FISH FARMS TO PRODUCE NEARLY TWO THIRDS OF GLOBAL FOOD FISH SUPPLY BY 2030 http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/213522/icode/
Guardian Environment, May 19, 2014
-▶ FARMED FISH CONSUMPTION AT RECORD HIGH, UN REPORT REVEALS http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/may/19/farmed-fish-consumption-un-report-wild-stock
CNCNews, February 18, 2015
▶ AQUACULTURE RULE CHANGES RAISE PESTICIDE CONCERNS IN CANADA : WHO EXPORTS FISH TO USA
THE PROBLEM WITH FARMED SALMON:
AQUAFARMING IN CANADA AND PESTICIDES
EXPORTED TO USA
Grist, June 18, 2012
▶ SICK FARMED FISH: ANOTHER VIRUS CRASHES CANADA'S SALMON FARMS http://grist.org/food/sea-sick-another-virus-crashes-canadas-salmon-farms/
Blue Planet Society, February 15, 2015
▶ WE MUST DEMAND SEAL-SAFE FARMED SALMON http://blueplanetsociety.blogspot.com/2009/07/it-is-now-time-for-seal-friendly-farmed.html
The Fish Site, February 09, 2015
▶ PANCREAS DISEASE THREAT TO WILD SALMON FROM ESCAPED NORWEGIAN FARMED SALMON http://www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/25085/pancreas-disease-threat-from-escaped-norwegian-salmon
SALMON FARMS vs. WILD SALMON
Dr. David Suzuki, April 29, 2014
HAS ANYTHING CHANGED AFTER A DECADE OF CONTROVERSY? http://ecowatch.com/2014/04/29/salmon-farms-wild-salmon-controversy/
August 24, 2013 Herald Scotland
-▶ SCIENTISTS CLAIM SEA LICE IN FISH FARMS KILL ONE THIRD OF WILD SALMON http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/home-news/scientists-claim-sea-lice-in-farms-kill-one-third-of-wild-salmon.21946288
Summit Voice, March 11, 2014
▶ DO FARMED SALMON THREATEN WILD POPULATIONS? http://summitcountyvoice.com/2014/03/11/do-farmed-salmon-threaten-wild-populations/
-▶ WHY CURRENT FISH FARMING IS UNSUSTAINABLE AND HARMING THE PLANET AND YOU http://www.onegreenplanet.org/animalsandnature/why-fish-farming-is-unsustainable-and-harming-the-planet/
Epoch Times, July 15, 2014
▶ 5 REASONS TO AVOID FACTORY-FARMED FISH http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/802171-5-reasons-to-avoid-factory-farmed-fish/
-▶ FOOD SAFETY AGENCY SHOULD PROTECT PUBLIC, NOT COVER UP VIRUS FOR SALMON FARMING INDUSTRY http://commonsensecanadian.ca/food-safety-agency-should-protect-public-not-cover-up-virus-for-salmon-farming-industry-cfia-isav-kibenge/
April 24, 2013 Guardian Environment
▶ GM SALMON'S GLOBAL HQ - 1,500 HIGH IN THE PANAMANIAN RAINFOREST - WHAT DO THEY HAVE TO HIDE? http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2013/apr/24/genetically-modified-salmon-aquabounty-panama-united-stat
FARMED SALMON EXPOSED: THE WORST FISH YOU CAN EAT - http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2010/11/30/farmed-salmon-exposed.aspx
Tidal Vision, December 23, 2014
-▶ THREE FACTS ABOUT FARMED SALMON THAT WILL SHOCK YOU http://tidalvisionusa.com/3-facts-about-farmed-salmon-that-will-shock-you/
Jan/Feb 2012 Mother Jones, Tom Philpott
▶ TODAY'S SEAFOOD SPECIAL: PIG MANURE, ANTIBIOTICS AND DIARRHEA BUGS http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2013/01/imported-seafood-shrimp-fda
EENews, November 20, 2014
-▶ OCEANS: DEBATE CHURNS AS NOAA IS SET TO OPEN U.S. FEDERAL WATERS TO AQUACULTURE. Should the ocean be farmed like the land, with fish instead of livestock? And if so, how sustainable is sustainable enough? http://www.eenews.net/stories/1060009321
SALMON CONFIDENTIAL 1:09:14
2013 British Columbia Documentary
INDUSTRIAL SALMON FISH FARMS VIRUSES
DESTROYING NATURAL SALMON POPULATION
CBC News, January 08, 2015
▶ SEA LICE PESTICIDES USED IN SALMON FARMING INDUSTRY MAY BE HAZARDOUS http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/new-brunswick/sea-lice-pesticides-used-in-salmon-industry-may-be-hazardous-1.2894258
▶ SALMON MUST BE PROTECTED FROM PESTICIDES http://earthjustice.org/features/salmon-must-be-protected-from-pesticides
▶ SCOTTISH FISH FARMERS USE RECORD AMOUNTS OF PESTICIDES, DESTROYING MARINE ECOSYSTEMS http://sco.lt/4i52I5
Oceana, July 22, 2014
▶ CHILEAN SALMON FARMING INDUSTRY FOUND TO USE HIGHEST AMOUNT OF ANTIBIOTICS WORLDWIDE http://oceana.org/en/blog/2014/07/chilean-salmon-industry-found-to-use-highest-amount-of-antibiotics-worldwide
FACTORY FARMED FISH
▶ THE MASSIVE POLLUTION AND CONDITION UNDER A FISH FARM IN NORWAY : Lerøy west (English subtitle) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nAIShIjPbIE
Quartz, July 21, 2014
▶ AMERICA CATCHES SOME OF THE WORLD'S BEST SALMON BUT EATS SOME OF THE WORST. THE CRAZY EXPORT, IMPORT BUSINESS OF WILD FISH Instead of demanding their own Pacific salmon, Americans are mostly eating the blander-tasting, farmed Atlantic variety imported from countries like Norway and Chile, or other farmed fish from China. The crazy export, re-import business of wild fish http://qz.com/234197/america-catches-some-of-the-worlds-best-salmon-but-eats-some-of-the-worst/
SEAFOOD SURPRISE. WAIT...WHAT AM I EATING?
Psys.Org, August 20, 2014
-▶ TRACKING GENETICALLY FARMED FISH ESCAPING INTO THE WILD. WHY THIS IS IMPORTANT http://phys.org/news/2014-08-genetically-tracking-farmed-fish-wild.html
The Scotsman, April 20, 2014
▶ SALMON FARM 'KILLING OFF WILD STOCK' "...since 1989 (we have known) that the collapse of sea trout populations in West Highland Scotland was being driven by the large numbers of sea lice associated with the cage rearing of salmon. “It is a problem which continues to get worse and also greatly depletes salmon populations in fjordic systems.
“Efforts to reduce sea louse numbers to levels which do not threaten the wild fish have failed dismally, despite the large-scale use of dangerous chemicals which ultimately threaten the valuable lobster, prawn and crab fisheries of the Highlands and Islands.
“Add to this assault on sea trout and salmon populations the effects of bacterial and virus disease and the widely reported problem of genetic introgression. Healthy wild sea trout and salmon populations cannot exist in the presence of the cage-reared salmon.” http://www.scotsman.com/news/scotland/top-stories/salmon-farms-killing-off-wild-stock-1-3382113
World Fishing & Aquaculture, March 10, 2014
▶ RESEARCHERS LOOK AT STERILIZATION OF FARMED FISH TO AVOID CONTAMINATING WILD FISH. Researchers at the UK’s University of East Anglia (UEA) believe farmed salmon should be sterilised to avoid breeding with wild fish. http://www.worldfishing.net/news101/industry-news/researchers-look-at-wild-fish-reproduction
UNESCO, February 22, 2012
-▶ MARINE SCIENTIST ALARMED ABOUT INCREASING THREAT TO OCEAN ECOSYSTEMS. In the last 30 years, coastal resources such as mangroves, coral reefs and fishery resources have become depleted on a large scale. For example, more than 60 per cent of Asia’s mangroves have already been converted to aquaculture farms (ESCAP and ADB, 2000). The region is losing its resource bases to support people’s livelihoods and sustain future economic development. http://www.unescobkk.org/news/article/marine-scientists-alarmed-about-increasing-threats-to-ocean-ecosystems/
THE FUTURE OF AQUACULTURE
Wall Street Journal:
TAMING THE WILD TUNA: WHY FARMED FISH ARE TAKING OVER OUR DINNER PLATES http://online.wsj.com/articles/why-farmed-fish-are-taking-over-our-dinner-plates-1415984616
Grist, July 30, 2014
-▶ FARMING BLUEFIN TUNA MIGHT BE OUT OF OUR DEPTHS (AND TOO SHALLOW FOR THEIRS) http://grist.org/news/farming-bluefin-tuna-might-be-out-of-our-depths/
September 11, 2012 - The Guardian -
-▶ AQUA FARMS CRAM FISH INTO SMALL SPACES (#CAFOs)
The chemicals used are highly toxic to many marine species, especially crustaceans. The treatments use organophosphates, which attack the nervous system of sea lice and teflubenzuron, which interferes with their ability to grow shells. Marine scientists have shown the chemical is extremely threatening to young lobsters, crabs and prawns, Staniford said....
▶ FARM-RAISED TUNA MAY NOT BE THE ANSWER TO OVERFISHING - TOO LARGE TO RAISE IN CRAMPED FACTORY-FARMED CAGES http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-01-08/farm-raised-tuna-may-not-be-the-answer-to-overfishing
August 16, 2013 The Fish Site
-▶ PACIFIC TUNA STOCKS IN ALARMING DECLINE: TOO MANY INDUSTRIAL FISHING VESSELS PLUNDERING THE OCEANS WITH HIGHLY DESTRUCTIVE FISHING TECHNIQUES http://www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/21031/pacific-tuna-stocks-in-alarming-decline#sthash.MgpLJS46.dpuf
Business Insider, July 0, 2014
▶ FORGET TUNA: THESE ARE THE SEA FOODS WE'LL BE EATING IN THE FUTURE http://www.businessinsider.com/seafood-well-be-eating-in-the-future-2014-6
Quartz, December 15, 2014
▶ FARMED SHELLFISH: THE WORLD'S SCALLOPS AND OYSTERS ARE MYSTERIOUSLY DYING OUT. British Columbia’s share of Canada’s aquaculture industry is in a tailspin. http://qz.com/311345/the-worlds-scallops-and-oysters-are-mysteriously-dying-out/
Bloomberg, December 15, 2014
-▶ OYSTER HERPES' KILLER VIRUS THREATENS $4 BILLION INDUSTRY http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-12-14/oyster-herpes-killer-virus-threatens-4-billion-industry.html
THE MASSIVE HIDDEN ENVIRONMENTAL PRICE TAG
DESTROYING MANGROVE FORESTS AND OUR OCEANS
Truthout, December 07, 2014
- ▶ ENCLOSING THE AQUATIC COMMONS IN BRAZIL - AQUACULTURE: THE PARTITIONING OF BRAZIL'S OCEAN AND RIVERS THREATENS SMALL-SCALE FISHING FAMILIES. The federal government has implemented a plan for privatizing water resources that can then be used by private companies for fish farming, and its objective is to produce 20 million tons of fish annually through aquaculture. Privatizing the water in this way enables companies to intensively produce one type of fish in an area, without the fish having to compete with other species for food and space. Raising fish through aquaculture, however, requires the use of countless chemicals and has led to the displacement of small-scale fishermen and women. http://truth-out.org/news/item/27824-the-partitioning-of-brazil-s-ocean-and-rivers-threatens-small-scale-fishing-families
THE BUSINESS CASE FOR SEAFOOD TRACEABILITY
Energy Live News, July 01, 2014
-▶ SEAFOOD "COULD BE COOKED BY CLIMATE CHANGE" We could reach a point where governments battle it out over dwindling pockets of seafood. Big predators such as tuna could move and aquacultures – which can farm carnivorous species such as salmon – need fishmeal and if these smaller fish move there could be a real “price hike”.
Earth Policy Institute, March 27, 2014
▶ FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE FACT SHEET http://www.earth-policy.org/press_room/C68/fisheries_and_aquaculture_fact_sheet
World Fishing & Aquaculture, January 14, 2014-
▶ NEW TEST FOR SALMON DNA TRACING FOR ESCAPED FARMED SALMON : Farmed salmon can now be more efficiently tested to trace where they have come from http://www.worldfishing.net/news101/industry-news/new-test-for-salmon-dna-tracing
FORAGE FISH (USED FOR FISH FARMING)
KEY TO A HEALTHY OCEAN FOOD WEB GOING, GOING
NPR, January 3o, 2012
▶ PACIFIC MACKEREL STOCKS THAT FEED FARMED SALMON IN MASSIVE DECLINE. Farmed salmon, that ubiquitous pink fish decorated with ribbons of fat, can thank the forage fish of the southern Pacific ocean – like anchovy and jack mackerel – for their calorie-rich diet. Indeed, more than 5 pounds of jack mackerel typically can go towards raising one pound of farmed salmon. But that food supply – and the ocean ecosystem that supports it — may be in peril, according to a new report by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists. According to scientists the ICIJ spoke to, "supertrawler" fishing vessels from Asia, Europe and Latin America have contributed to a 63 percent decline in jack mackerel stocks since 2006. At the current rate of overfishing, the world's stock of jack mackerel, which is largely located off the coast of Chile, could collapse soon.
▶ FACTORY FARMED FISH: TODAY'S SEAFOOD SPECIAL: PIG MANURE, ANTIBIOTICS, PESTICIDES AND DIARRHEA BUGS http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2013/01/imported-seafood-shrimp-fda
GENETICALLY ENGINEERED FARMED-FISH
▶ “FATALLY FLAWED" FDA ASSESSMENT TO UNLEASH GENETICALLY ENGINEERED SALMON ONTO YOUR DINNER PLATE, NO REGULATIONS, NO OVERSIGHT, NO LABELING http://sco.lt/8ZDraz
-▶ WHEN FARMED FISH ESCAPE: YOU COULD BE EATING GENETICALLY ENGINEERED FRANKENFISH WITHOUT EVEN KNOWING IT http://gizmodo.com/5916306/you-could-be-eating-genetically-engineered-frankenfish-without-even-knowing-it
The Blog Aquatic November 21, 2014
- ▶ 5 REASONS YOU DEPEND ON HEALTHY FISHERIES http://blog.oceanconserva
EMagazine.com, May 1, 2013
▶ FREE RANGE FISH: THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROMISE OF OPEN OCEAN FISH FARMS? open ocean fish farms may be the solution to a whole range of environmental problems. Not the crowded, close-to-shore pens where fish are trapped like caged chickens, requiring doses of antibiotics which leak, along with the concentrated wastes, into surrounding water. But submersible net pens, more than 150 feet apart, where ocean currents disperse waste, and fish swim and live in the closest possible approximation to their natural habitat. Free-range fish. - See more at: http://www.emagazine.com/magazine/free-range-fish/
August 19, 2013 National Geographic
-▶ CAN NEW SHARK-RESISTANT NETS SPUR RESPONSIBLE AQUACULTURE? http://newswatch.nationalgeographic.com/2013/08/19/can-new-shark-resistant-nets-spur-responsible-aquaculture/
August 17, 2012 The Fish Site
▶ NIGERIA: N1.17 BILLION INVESTED ON BAYELSA AQUACULTURE FARMS http://www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/21030/n117-billion-invested-on-bayelsa-aquaculture-farms
QUESTScience, February 13, 2014
ARE VEGETARIAN FISH THE KEY TO SUSTAINABLE FISH FARMING?
INFOGRAPHIC: FARMED FISH DIETS
IS 'SUSTAINABLE' SEAFOOD A FANTASY?
FARMED FISH vs WILD FISH
WRECKING THE OCEAN ECOSYSTEM: OVERFISHING
COLLAPSING FISHERIES, OCEAN DEPENDENT SPECIES STARVING - WHAT ARE WE DOING? http://sco.lt/84rBVx
EMPTYING OUR OCEANS
THE WORLD'S LARGEST FACTORY FISHING TRAWLER
▶ WE MAY BE THE LAST GENERATION TO CATCH FOOD FROM THE OCEANS http://sco.lt/8uHn7Z
July 07, 2012 TIME Magazine
▶ THE END OF THE LINE - THE FUTURE OF NATURALLY GROWN FISH
Fish are the last wild food, but our oceans are being picked clean. Can farming fish take the place of catching them?
"Fish are the last wild food," says Paul Greenberg, author of Four Fish, one of the best books on the state of seafood. "And we're just realizing it."
But we may be coming to that realization too late, because it turns out that even the fathomless depths of the oceans have limits. The U.N. reports that 32% of global fish stocks are over-exploited or depleted and as much as 90% of large species like tuna and marlin have been fished out in the past half-century. Once-plentiful species like Atlantic cod have been fished to near oblivion, and delicacies like bluefin tuna are on an arc toward extinction. A recent report by the International Programme on the State of the Ocean found that the world's marine species faced threats "unprecedented in human history" — and overfishing is part of the problem. Read more: http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,2081796,00.html#ixzz2Ll3nuhqO
EXCEPTIONAL DOCUMENTARY (1:29:00)
"PLANET OCEAN" - WHO OWNS THE OCEANS?
How The Health of The Oceans Are The Pivot
For all of Earth's Healthy Eco Systems
GROWING FISH AND ORGANIC LEAFY GREENS TOGETHER
WHAT IS AQUAPONICS?
▶ THE FARMING TECHNIQUE THAT COULD REVOLUTIONIZE THE WAY WE EAT http://sco.lt/7YO4vZ
The Ideas Arcade, March 02, 2014
▶ GROWING FRESH ORGANIC VEGETABLES AND FISH TOGETHER - WITHOUT SOIL: FEEDING THE WORLD WITH AQUAPONICS http://www.theideasarcade.com/growing-food-without-soil-feeding-world-aquaponics/
AQUAFARMS - GOOGLE IMAGES
IT'S MUCH MORE PROFITABLE, AND EASIER TO CONTROL FISH PRODUCTION CONFINED IN SMALL CONTAINERS. BUT FISH STAY HEALTHY AND POPULATIONS FLOURISH BY BEING IN THEIR OWN NATURAL OPEN, HEALTHY OCEAN ECOSYSTEMS.
WHEN CONFINED, CAGED, ENSLAVED, MORE USE OF ANTIBIOTICS AND PESTICIDES ARE NEEDED TO CONTROL LICE AND DISEASE PUTTING QUANTITY OVER QUALITY ... AND THAT PRESENTS A HIGHLY LIKELY-HOOD OF DEVASTATION TO BOTH OCEAN AND HUMAN HEALTH....AS IN ALL CONFINED ANIMAL FACTORY FARMING....
▶ WHY EVERYONE SHOULD BE ANGRY ABOUT CORPORATE FACTORY FARMING http://sco.lt/7kUpVp
@pdjmoo CURATING THE FOLLOWING SCOOPIT's
-▶ CLIMATE CHANGE WILL IMPACT US ALL http://www.scoop.it/t/changingplanet
-▶ BIODIVERSITY IS LIFE http://www.scoop.it/t/biodiversity-is-life?page=1&cp=49
-▶ CORPORATE "SOCIAL" RESPONSIBILITY? http://www.scoop.it/t/environmental-and-human-health
-▶ YOUR FOOD, YOUR HEALTH http://www.scoop.it/t/agriculture-gmos-pesticides
-▶ OUR OCEANS NEED US http://www.scoop.it/t/our-oceans-need-us
THE SIXTH MASS EXTINCTION IS UPON US