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Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources
Combining reports, research findings and topic reviews
Curated by Deborah Verran
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Organ donation: is an opt-in or opt-out system better?

Organ donation: is an opt-in or opt-out system better? | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it


Around the world, organ donation policies vary greatly between countries. So is it better to have a donation system where people have to opt in or one where they opt out?

 

This question was asked recently by some researchers in the United Kingdom. They examined the rates of organ donation in a number of countries around the world according to whether opt in or opt out types of legislation were in place.

 

There appears to be higher rates of deceased donor organ donation in countries with an opt out system whilst the opposite was true for living donation. As outlined in this article there are other factors which contribute to the rates of organ donation both within and between countries.

 

The ex CEO of BC Transplant in Canada (Bill Barrable) outlines why moving to a presumed consent system was not supported back in time within Canada -

 

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-debate/organ-donation-the-perils-of-presumed-consent/article20783431/?__scoop_post=2cd7f780-450d-11e4-a362-001018304b75&__scoop_topic=543333#__scoop_post=2cd7f780-450d-11e4-a362-001018304b75&__scoop_topic=543333

 

Finally, the results of some recently published research on whether there is a region of the brain which can be identified to be associated with altruism in live kidney donors can be viewed via this link-

 

http://www.medicaldaily.com/organ-donor-brains-bigger-region-linked-altruism-neural-roots-generosity-303638?__scoop_post=e685b850-4244-11e4-f327-001018304b75&__scoop_topic=543333#.VB_emdJ6-m4.twitter

 

 

 

 

Deborah Verran's insight:

The rates of organ donation within and between countries represent the end result of many factors which all need to be in place in order for optimal rates of organ donation to be sustained.

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Proceed II International Heart Transplant Trial Results Revealed at ISHLT 34th ... - PR Web (press release)

Proceed II International Heart Transplant Trial Results Revealed at ISHLT 34th ... - PR Web (press release) | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

The Proceed II International Heart Transplant Trial Results are being Revealed at the ISHLT 34th meeting.

 

Preliminary outcome data are favorable for heart transplant outcomes where donor hearts were maintained on the TransMedics Organ Care System device compared to being placed into conventional cold storage prior to transplantation.

 

Further comments from medical professionals on this new technology can be viewed via this link-

http://www.inquisitr.com/1207466/transporting-a-heart-in-a-box-is-a-great-advance-says-dr-mark-plunkett/

 

Deborah Verran's insight:

Promising preliminary results with the use of ex-vivo normothermic heart preservation

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Traits of a Motivated Leader

Traits of a Motivated Leader | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it
If there is one trait that virtually all effective leaders have, it is motivation – a variety of self-management whereby we mobilize our positive emotions to drive us toward our goals. Motivated leaders are driven to achieve beyond expectations – their own and everyone else’s. The key word here is achieve.

Via David Hain
Deborah Verran's insight:

This article will be of interest to professionals who hold leadership roles and/ or responsibilities

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David Hain's curator insight, April 14, 2014 3:35 AM

Goleman on the importance of intrinsic #motivation for #leaders.

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Long term effect of reduced pack sizes of paracetamol on poisoning deaths and liver transplant activity in England and Wales: interrupted time series analyses | BMJ

Long term effect of reduced pack sizes of paracetamol on poisoning deaths and liver transplant activity in England and Wales: interrupted time series analyses | BMJ | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

As reported in the British Medical Journal the objective of this study was to assess the long term effect of United Kingdom legislation introduced in September 1998 to restrict the pack sizes of paracetamol on deaths from paracetamol poisoning and liver unit activity.

 

Although an impact was seen in that there were fewer deaths from paracetamol poisoning, there has not been the same expected drop in the rates of liver transplantation. These results lead the authors of the report to make further recommendations in the discussion section of the report on the marketing of paracetamol.

Deborah Verran's insight:

Paracetamol (or acetaminophen) is the single greatest underlying contributor internationally to cases of acute liver failure due to a medication. This also impacts on the requirement for liver transplantation in the most severe cases.

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