Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources
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Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources
Combining reports, research findings and topic reviews
Curated by Deborah Verran
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Does China still harvest organs of executed? Doctors divided (not really!)

Does China still harvest organs of executed? Doctors divided (not really!) | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

A Canadian patient's receipt of a kidney transplant recently after waiting just three days during a recent visit to China raised an immediate red flag among surgeons at the Montreal-based Transplantation Society. A turnaround that quick indicates the organ likely came from the body of an executed prisoner. 


The case adds to doubts among many doctors internationally about whether China has met its pledge to stop harvesting the organs of executed inmates. The practice is widely condemned by the World Health Organization and others because of concerns over coercive practices and fears it could encourage executions. China officially claims it ended the harvesting of executed inmates' organs in January 2015. 


China sought to use the Transplantation Society's decision to hold its annual meeting in Hong Kong this last month as validation of its organ donation system. 


But Dr. Philip O'Connell, the society's president, rejected that interpretation, even if it appeared some reforms had been successful. In a country that routinely suppresses discussions of human-rights issues and cracks down on lawyers and independent groups, government officials and state media have been relatively open about China's problems with organ donation. 


Dr. Huang Jiefu, head of the system that supervises transplants in Chinese hospitals, has been the public face of the country's attempts to change its transplant practices. Huang publicly admitted in 2005 that doctors used executed prisoners' organs. In 2011, Huang and other officials estimated that 65 percent of transplanted organs from the deceased came from executed prisoners. In an interview Friday with The Associated Press, Huang said he was confident hospitals under his purview were moving to donated organs, but that black-market surgeries still persist. "We still have a long way to go," Huang said. According to the government, Chinese doctors performed 10,057 organ transplants in 2015.  


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Deborah Verran's insight:
Nb the word harvest in the title of this story needs to be replaced by either organ recovery or organ retrieval in 2016. Nevertheless this latest online post provides some additional detail on the current issues with organ donation in China along with confirmation from a senior official that there are still unresolved problems,
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Need a kidney? Inside the world’s biggest organ market

Need a kidney? Inside the world’s biggest organ market | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

This report explores the illicit kidney trade in South Asia which has now exploded as brokers use social media to find donors.

 

In this detailed article it becomes evident to the reader that the information has been obtained by interviewing anonymous individuals who are currently involved in the trading of kidneys. It is very clear how the organ trading is now being facilitated and where it may currently be occurring.

 

Brokers are using social media platforms to assist in sourcing the potential live donors for recipients who are prepared to pay in order to receive a kidney.

 

This activity appears to involve individuals (and professionals) who are currently based both in India and Sri Lanka.

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Iran’s cash-for-kidney programme not without controversy

Iran’s cash-for-kidney programme not without controversy | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

Iran’s kidney  transplant programme stands apart from other organ donation systems around the world by openly allowing payments, typically of several thousand dollars to live kidney donors.


Although there is some oversight of the relevant processes including at the level of the hospitals, where this particular programme attracts international concern is whether the financial payment acts as an inducement to live kidney donors.


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Nepal's Organ Trail: How traffickers steal kidneys

Nepal's Organ Trail: How traffickers steal kidneys | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

Reported online via the CNN Freedom Project. In Nepal, organ traffickers are duping villagers into having operations and taking their kidneys.

 

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Deborah Verran's insight:

Yet another example of 'needy' individuals being paid (not a lot of money) to donate one of their kidneys with brokers involved in the transactions. Of most concern is how some of the donors are being coerced into actually going ahead.

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