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Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources
Combining reports, research findings and topic reviews
Curated by Deborah Verran
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Organ donation: is an opt-in or opt-out system better?

Organ donation: is an opt-in or opt-out system better? | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it


Around the world, organ donation policies vary greatly between countries. So is it better to have a donation system where people have to opt in or one where they opt out?

 

This question was asked recently by some researchers in the United Kingdom. They examined the rates of organ donation in a number of countries around the world according to whether opt in or opt out types of legislation were in place.

 

There appears to be higher rates of deceased donor organ donation in countries with an opt out system whilst the opposite was true for living donation. As outlined in this article there are other factors which contribute to the rates of organ donation both within and between countries.

 

The ex CEO of BC Transplant in Canada (Bill Barrable) outlines why moving to a presumed consent system was not supported back in time within Canada -

 

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-debate/organ-donation-the-perils-of-presumed-consent/article20783431/?__scoop_post=2cd7f780-450d-11e4-a362-001018304b75&__scoop_topic=543333#__scoop_post=2cd7f780-450d-11e4-a362-001018304b75&__scoop_topic=543333

 

Finally, the results of some recently published research on whether there is a region of the brain which can be identified to be associated with altruism in live kidney donors can be viewed via this link-

 

http://www.medicaldaily.com/organ-donor-brains-bigger-region-linked-altruism-neural-roots-generosity-303638?__scoop_post=e685b850-4244-11e4-f327-001018304b75&__scoop_topic=543333#.VB_emdJ6-m4.twitter

 

 

 

 

Deborah Verran's insight:

The rates of organ donation within and between countries represent the end result of many factors which all need to be in place in order for optimal rates of organ donation to be sustained.

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The truth behind organ donation in Portugal - The Portugal News

The truth behind organ donation in Portugal - The Portugal News | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it
It is not a widely-known fact, but anyone residing in Portugal, Portuguese or foreign, is presumed a consenting organ donor unless the contrary is manifested by obtaining a legal document that states the person does not want to be considered for...
Deborah Verran's insight:

Interesting article on the presumed consent legislation that is in place in Portugal as well as how some aspects of the organ donation system are functioning. There is one inconsistency in the article where it is stated that presumed consent is also in place in Australia-which is incorrect.

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Capps Introduces Legislation to End Research Ban On Organ Donation From HIV-Positive Donors to HIV-Positive Transplant Recipients | Congresswoman Lois Capps

Capps Introduces Legislation to End Research Ban On Organ Donation From HIV-Positive Donors to HIV-Positive Transplant Recipients | Congresswoman Lois Capps | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

News from the United States of legislation being introduced via the #HOPEAct to overturn the ban on organ donation from HIV positive donors. Click on the banner headline to read the report... http://t.co/H1izJ2Lg

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Desperation, Lack of Donors Drives Organ Trafficking in Latin America - InSight Crime

Desperation, Lack of Donors Drives Organ Trafficking in Latin America - InSight Crime | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

Reports on organ trafficking are beginning to surface again and partly appear to be linked to the economic turn down related to global financial issues, as well as a need for organ donors.

 

In this report via Insight Crime "Lack of Donors Drives Organ Trafficking in Latin America" one of the issues raised is a need for passing legislation for minimum penalties for this crime in the countries where the crime originates. Of note a number of Western countries have such legislation already in place- i.e. organ trafficking is illegal.

 

A second report via the New York Times focusing on Eastern Europe can be sourced via- http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/29/world/europe/black-market-for-body-parts-spreads-in-europe.html?pagewanted=all

 

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