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Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources
Combining reports, research findings and topic reviews
Curated by Deborah Verran
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Desperately needed organs from anonymous living donors are saving lives but raise ethical concerns

Desperately needed organs from anonymous living donors are saving lives but raise ethical concerns | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

The National Post in Canada was recently invited to document one woman's altruistic living kidney donation — an act that still generates controversy and is even banned in some U.S. hospitals. In the process an exploration was undertaken to also explore some of the ethical issues around altruistic live organ donation which contribute to the reluctance of some transplant hospitals to offer this service.

 

Concerns over the safety and the long term well being of a live organ donor who is not related in any way to the transplant recipient have helped contribute to the high degree of caution around this process.

 

The live donor featured in this article is interviewed along with members of her surgical team as well as other health professionals with expertise in the assessment of live organ donors. The full text of this interesting article can be viewed by clicking on the banner headline.

Deborah Verran's insight:

A well written article that will be of interest to anyone with an interest in live organ donation

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How Much for a Kidney? Should live donors be compensated?

How Much for a Kidney? Should live donors be compensated? | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

How best to encourage and support organ donation is the subject of an this online series of articles which debate this topic.


Titled How Much for a Kidney? the series is published via the New Yprk Times and focuses on kidney transplantation. 

 

According to the World Health Organization, 80,000 kidney transplants are performed worldwide each year, yet the demand now out strips the supply of donor kidneys.

 

To access the series of articles, click on the banner headline.

 

To read the article on why the testing of well thought out incentives for organ donation now needs to be considered click on the following link-

http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2014/08/21/how-much-for-a-kidney/test-incentives-for-organ-donations-theres-no-reason-not-to

 

Deborah Verran's insight:

Polished, professional series of viewpoints on how best to increase organ donation published via the New York Times

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Ethical dilemmas surround those willing to sell, buy kidneys on black market - CBS News

Ethical dilemmas surround those willing to sell, buy kidneys on black market - CBS News | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

This article outlines the ethical dilemmas that surround those willing to sell, and buy kidneys on the black market and is posted online via
CBS News in the United States.

 
There's no denying that there is a shortage of organ donations in the United States and that this leads to some individuals looking to 'buy a kidney'. However what is less well known are some of the risks with this approach as well as the downsides.

 

The article is in advance of a programme on this topic which will air via HBO in the United States in November. However for those who are interested there is a short video of an interview held with ethicist Arthur Kaplan on the topic of paying live kidney donors.

Deborah Verran's insight:

This will be of interest to healthcare professionals associated with both live and deceased donor organ donation programmes

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Official: Kidney for Ohio Transplant Put in Trash

Official: Kidney for Ohio Transplant Put in Trash | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

Part of the organ donation process includes packaging of the organs for subsequent transplantation into recipients. There are usually defined procedures and systems in place encompassing all donor scenarios. Tnis is important in order to both ensure and maintain quality as well as mitigate against possible errors.

 

This brief report out of the USA details an incident where a kidney was discarded due to human error. A health commissioner says a nurse accidentally disposed of a kidney from a living donor at an Ohio hospital that later suspended its kidney transplant program.

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New US kidney allocation rules give hope to people waiting for donated kidneys

New US kidney allocation rules give hope to people waiting for donated kidneys | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

This last week a number of new rules around the allocation of deceased donor kidneys have come into place within the United States.

 

The new rules change the way that organ allocation now occurs for people waiting for a new kidney. It includes a formula which allows for longevity matching of the donor kidneys with potential recipients. Doctors hope that this new allocation system will now maximize the outcomes of transplanting these relatively scarce donor organs.

 

The media release from the United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS) can be viewed via the following link-

http://www.unos.org/about/index.php?topic=newsroom&article_id=2897

 

Deborah Verran's insight:

This represents major change to the kidney allocation algorithms within the United States with the aim of achieving better patient outcomes.

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India has addressed blood donation, it must now do the same with organ donation

India has addressed blood donation, it must now do the same with  organ donation | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

This detailed article outlines the multiple factors which contribute to an unmet need for organ donation within India.

 

Although living kidney and living liver transplantation are both performed, these are costly procedures and hence only available to those who can afford to pay.

 

A similar perspective from Dr Avnish Seth, the Director of Fortis Organ Retrieval & Transplant can be viewed via the following link-

http://blog.organdonationday.in/?p=30

 

 

Deborah Verran's insight:

There remain challenges within India with respect to establishing a robust system for deceased donor organ donation across the country

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Ferritin plays central role in kidney damage by controlling iron - UAB News

Ferritin plays central role in kidney damage by controlling iron - UAB News | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

It appears that Ferritin plays central role in kidney damage by controlling iron as reported via UAB News. In a research model a protein known as, ferritin, appears to protect the kidneys against a damaging after-effect of injury, heart failure or hardened arteries by controlling levels of iron, according to this research study...

Deborah Verran's insight:

Untangling the role of iron in the kidney, more complex than previously believed

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