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Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources
Combining reports, research findings and topic reviews
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The Ethics Of Solving The Transplant Organ Shortage

The Ethics Of Solving The Transplant Organ Shortage | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

At the 2014 AAAS meeting in Chicago, medical ethicist Mark Siegler laid out a framework for a potentially provocative solution to the shortage of kidneys available for transplantation.

 

His recommendations all pertain to enhancing live kidney donation as a means of increasing the number of kidney transplants that can be performed, particularly within the United States.

Deborah Verran's insight:

In order to optimise the number of live donor kidney transplants that are able to be undertaken within any country it is important to examine where barriers may exist

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The Dead-Donor Rule and the Future of Organ Donation — NEJM

The Dead-Donor Rule and the Future of Organ Donation — NEJM | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

Two articles which fall into the category of Perspective from The New England Journal of Medicine have now been published in full text online.

 

The first— The Dead-Donor Rule and the Future of Organ Donation- 

http://t.co/WvLMW6ZQ5i explores the issues surrounding the circumstances where potential organ donors do not become actual organ donors when certain criteria are not able to be met. This includes scenarios where the potential donor after the declaration of circulatory death (DCD) does not decease within the accepted timeframe and hence organ donation is unable to proceed.

 

 

 The second explores why the Dead Donor Rule is in place within the United States and what are the implications of either continuing to adhere to this rule or moving to change it. This can be viewed via-

http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1308078

 

 

Deborah Verran's insight:

Essential reading for ethicists, policy makers and everyone who has a professional interest in organ donation systems.

 

The background context to these articles appearing at this point in time are the case scenarios that are outlined in the first artcle.

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ATS publishes statement on organ donation after circulatory determination of death - EurekAlert (press release)

ATS publishes statement on organ donation after circulatory determination of death - EurekAlert (press release) | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

ATS publishes statement on organ donation after circulatory determination of death EurekAlert (press release) The American Thoracic Society has released an official statement on the ethical and health policy considerations surrounding adult and paediatric controlled Donation After Circulatory Death.

Deborah Verran's insight:

The latest guideline document pertaining to DCD organ donation

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The Ethics of Organ Transplantation: A Brief History, US Perspective

Throughout the history of the development of organ transplantation, the transplant community in a number of countries has taken pauses, to make sure that transplantation was truly a boon to patients and to ensure that there was genuine ethical engagement.

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New book highlights shortage of organ donors - beds.ac.uk

New book highlights shortage of organ donors - beds.ac.uk | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

Have an interest in policy underpinning organ donation and transplantation? Looking for a written resource containing interesting information?

 

Organ Donation and Transplantation - Public Policy and Clinical Perspectives, is packed with expert chapters and has just been released as an e-Book in the United Kingdom. It provides specialist information via chapters on public policy as well as clinical developments in organ transplantation.

 

The link to the eBook is- http://www.intechweb.org/books/show/title/organ-donation-and-transplantation-public-policy-and-clinical-perspectives

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Ethical dilemmas surround those willing to sell, buy kidneys on black market - CBS News

Ethical dilemmas surround those willing to sell, buy kidneys on black market - CBS News | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

This article outlines the ethical dilemmas that surround those willing to sell, and buy kidneys on the black market and is posted online via
CBS News in the United States.

 
There's no denying that there is a shortage of organ donations in the United States and that this leads to some individuals looking to 'buy a kidney'. However what is less well known are some of the risks with this approach as well as the downsides.

 

The article is in advance of a programme on this topic which will air via HBO in the United States in November. However for those who are interested there is a short video of an interview held with ethicist Arthur Kaplan on the topic of paying live kidney donors.

Deborah Verran's insight:

This will be of interest to healthcare professionals associated with both live and deceased donor organ donation programmes

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How Social Media Is Changing Organ Donation

How Social Media Is Changing Organ Donation | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

In the age of social media, doctors, patients, and ethicists face new dilemmas over organ transplants.

 

With patients being able to make direct requests for a donor organ via social media platforms, this creates new challenges with respect to fairness and equity which are outlined and explored in the article.

Deborah Verran's insight:

More about the pro's and con's of the current use of social media in the field of organ donation, with a number of perspectives also outlined

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Organizing an Organ Donation System in China is Complicated Operation - Caixin Media

Organizing an Organ Donation System in China is Complicated Operation - Caixin Media | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

In recent years there have been a number of concerning reports featuring news about organ donation practices within China. This report outlines attempts by the ministry of health in China to ensure that a properly structured and managed system for organ donation is established across the country. Many challenges are still faced.

 

Hence the title of the report: Organizing an Organ Donation System in China is a Complicated Operation. Huang Jiefu, the vice minister for health, said the creation of an ethical and sustainable organ donation system was imminent.

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Organ Donation After Circulatory Death: Vital Partnerships : AJN The American Journal of Nursing

From the American Journal of Nursing a Case study of organ donation. The authors present the case of a woman in her mid-50s who sustained extensive brain injury and proceeded down the donation after circulatory death pathway.

 

There is a full discussion of the ethics of the case as well as the need for there to be collaborative work practices established for all who are involved in the organ donation process.

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