Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources
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Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources
Combining reports, research findings and topic reviews
Curated by Deborah Verran
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Head transplant team’s new animal tests fail to convince critics

Head transplant team’s new animal tests fail to convince critics | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

The latest report of research performed on animals in preparation for the first possible so called head transplant has not convinced critics of the procedure. A dog has reportedly recovered the ability to walk after an injection into its damaged spinal cord, but some have criticized the standard of the study as outlined in this online report.


Although there are plans for the first head transplant to be performed in China in 2017, concerns continue to be expressed around both the safety and efficacy of the procedure. Of note the patient will actually undergo a body transplant, that is their body will be replaced.


There are significant barriers to this procedure being successful in practice, of which 5 are identified in this online article posted via Business Insider-

http://www.businessinsider.com.au/italian-surgeon-head-transplant-dog-experiment-2016-9?r=UK&IR=T




Deborah Verran's insight:
The latest news on the so called head transplant which may be performed in China in 2017
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The Chinese Claim That The World Accepts Its Organ Transplant System Are Rebutted

The Chinese Claim That The World Accepts Its Organ Transplant System Are Rebutted | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

After it was revealed in the media that delegates from China were speaking at the Transplantation Society meeting in HongKong, concern was raised as to the veracity of their claims that the use of organs from executed prisoners within China has largely subsided. This followed publication of an article in the American Journal of Transplantation where further concerns were raised about organ donation in China. The previous article from the New York Times can be viewed via this link-

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/18/world/asia/debate-flares-on-chinas-use-of-prisoners-organs-as-experts-meet-in-hong-kong.html


The head of the Transplantation Society Professor Philip O'Connell (pictured), stated that the decades-long practice of using the organs of executed prisoners, which China claims it has stopped, had horrified the rest of the world.


There now seems to be ongoing uncertainty over whether the claims being made by Chinese officials can actually be supported by accurate data. Whatever the outcome it is clear that the majority of transplant professionals around the world are not supportive of unscrupulous organ donation practices. 

Deborah Verran's insight:
Important issue which will not go away until the appropriate management and governance practices are both adopted and promulgated within China
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$11mn, 36-hour historic head transplant to be carried out in China in 2017

$11mn, 36-hour historic head transplant to be carried out in China in 2017 | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

Italian doctor Sergio Canavero, along with his Chinese colleague Ren Xiaoping, appear set to conduct the world’s first head transplant on a 30-year-old Russian patient (pictured) suffering from a rare degenerative disease. The operation is planned for December 2017.

 

Details remain sketchy at this stage as to how the donor body will be sourced along with as to which hospital will be involved.

 

Related video footage can be viewed via the following link-

https://youtu.be/YsgJPteCwww

 

Deborah Verran's insight:

The world now waits to see whether this so called planned procedure will actually now take place

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Monkey makes medical history after having a successful liver transplant from a ... - Daily Mail

Monkey makes medical history after having a successful liver transplant from a ... - Daily Mail | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

Reported in detail via the Daily Mail is this story of a monkey undergoing a liver transplant from a cloned pig. This is otherwise known as xenotransplantation.

The Tibetan macaque as pictured lies in an intensive care unit ten days after undergoing a liver transplant at the Xijing Hospital in Xian, China.

Deborah Verran's insight:

Previous attempts at xenotransplantation internationally have not usually led to long term survival of the recipient animals. Hence a further update on the longer term outcome will be important.

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Shanghai to test out transplant project - China Daily

Shanghai to test out transplant project - China Daily | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it
As reported via the China Daily Shanghai will be the first city to test out a new transplant project within China, which also aims to establish a well organised and managed system for organ allocation from organ donors.

Further commentary from the vice minister for health can be accessed via-
http://europe.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2012-12/15/content_16019987.htm

Time will tell whether the pilot project is successful and as a result the planned roll out of the project nationally across China occurs.
Deborah Verran's insight:

This is an important development within China

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Does China still harvest organs of executed? Doctors divided (not really!)

Does China still harvest organs of executed? Doctors divided (not really!) | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

A Canadian patient's receipt of a kidney transplant recently after waiting just three days during a recent visit to China raised an immediate red flag among surgeons at the Montreal-based Transplantation Society. A turnaround that quick indicates the organ likely came from the body of an executed prisoner. 


The case adds to doubts among many doctors internationally about whether China has met its pledge to stop harvesting the organs of executed inmates. The practice is widely condemned by the World Health Organization and others because of concerns over coercive practices and fears it could encourage executions. China officially claims it ended the harvesting of executed inmates' organs in January 2015. 


China sought to use the Transplantation Society's decision to hold its annual meeting in Hong Kong this last month as validation of its organ donation system. 


But Dr. Philip O'Connell, the society's president, rejected that interpretation, even if it appeared some reforms had been successful. In a country that routinely suppresses discussions of human-rights issues and cracks down on lawyers and independent groups, government officials and state media have been relatively open about China's problems with organ donation. 


Dr. Huang Jiefu, head of the system that supervises transplants in Chinese hospitals, has been the public face of the country's attempts to change its transplant practices. Huang publicly admitted in 2005 that doctors used executed prisoners' organs. In 2011, Huang and other officials estimated that 65 percent of transplanted organs from the deceased came from executed prisoners. In an interview Friday with The Associated Press, Huang said he was confident hospitals under his purview were moving to donated organs, but that black-market surgeries still persist. "We still have a long way to go," Huang said. According to the government, Chinese doctors performed 10,057 organ transplants in 2015.  


To read the full story click on the banner headline

Deborah Verran's insight:
Nb the word harvest in the title of this story needs to be replaced by either organ recovery or organ retrieval in 2016. Nevertheless this latest online post provides some additional detail on the current issues with organ donation in China along with confirmation from a senior official that there are still unresolved problems,
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Rabies cases probably linked to kidney donor in China: Study | Outbreak News Today

Rabies cases probably linked to kidney donor in China: Study | Outbreak News Today | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it
It appears that two renal transplant recipients have been diagnosed with rabies which appears to have been transmitted by a deceased donor in Southern China.

More on the case can be viewed via this link  - https://t.co/qtRj4wyksm
Deborah Verran's insight:
Encephalitis in a potential organ donor can be due to an infectious agent and hence is usually a contraindication to organ donation proceeding.
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Registry to open for organ donors - Xinhua

Registry to open for organ donors - Xinhua | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

Reported via XinhuaNet -- news that mainland China's first online volunteer organ donor registry will be launched this month to help ease the shortage of organs for transplant. A Red Cross Society of China spokesperson provides details in the article of how much of the country will initially be covered by the planned donor registry.

 

For more information click on the banner headline...

Deborah Verran's insight:

Another step in the progress towards establishing a national system for organ donation in China

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On the Impacts of Traditional Chinese Culture on Organ Donation

On the Impacts of Traditional Chinese Culture on Organ Donation | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

中国の文化的伝統と臓器提供 From the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy an article on the Impacts of Traditional Chinese Culture on Organ Donation http://t.co/aLWUZqH0td

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Organizing an Organ Donation System in China is Complicated Operation - Caixin Media

Organizing an Organ Donation System in China is Complicated Operation - Caixin Media | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

In recent years there have been a number of concerning reports featuring news about organ donation practices within China. This report outlines attempts by the ministry of health in China to ensure that a properly structured and managed system for organ donation is established across the country. Many challenges are still faced.

 

Hence the title of the report: Organizing an Organ Donation System in China is a Complicated Operation. Huang Jiefu, the vice minister for health, said the creation of an ethical and sustainable organ donation system was imminent.

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